Constitution Chapter - still to do




zoning still needed! despite the extreme liberalization embodied by the eminent domain section, certain structures must still be regulated - e.g.   broadcast and power distribution towers (cosmetic impact, warning light pollution, air traffic hazard, etc.), relatively taller buildings (cosmetic, air traffic), and other structures relatively taller than surroundings.

zoning law addressing noise, vibration, light, odor, and vehicular/foot traffic congestion as a function of time of day, and degree and type of danger, deforestation, and height/visual incongruity/obstruction. address type and purpose of development decomposing into the above. types are:
  -industrial (broadcast tower, power plant, refinery, warehouse
  (including major fluid storage facility (usually fuels)), factory,
  junk yard, dump, slaughterhouse, road maintenance depot)
  -office (private and municipal)
  -retail/high-traffic business (including small/medium/large retail
  store, bank, mall, restaurant, bar, club (small venue), gas station,
  auto repair, casino), kennel
  -residential (plots, multiunit buildings, flush buildings)
  -hotel/motel
  -farming (crop, penned animal, free range)
  -transportation (including corridor, parking lot, rail yard, rail
  station, seaport, airport, bus station)
  -entertainment (museums, indoor/outdoor coliseum, golf course,
  resort, amusement park, zoo)
  -primary school campus (predominantly non-adult), secondary and
  higher learning institution campus (adult)
  -convalescent home (elderly, drug rehab, mild mental illness)
  -municipal public facilities (library, courthouse)
  -emergency services: fire station, police station, hospital
  -prison, mental hospital (major or dangerous (to others) mental
  illness), half way house, remedial kibbutzen, etc.
  -military base, live fire range
  -nature preserve, natural park, beach

address proximity issues in depth, particularly proximity of residential zones to other zones.

zoning cannot affect any activity which does not produce noise, vibration, light, odor, or congestion, that is directly disruptive to another property owner or tenant while that owner or tenant is on that property.

zoning: cannot prohibit clustering, e.g.   of girlie shows :-) (the not-giuliani-time clause)

zoning mostly replaced by covenants.

land property and structure covenents: can require that the buyer enter the covenant.

for zoning: need to create a market in which people can buy and sell variances to the parameters of the zone.   the property owners of a zone must be able to change the zone by a direct vote in which each property owner's vote has a weight equal to the area of his property, and the vote-weights for minus the vote-weights against is greater than 50%.

check out Houston TX, which purportedly has no zoning.


enumerated qualification requirements for certain offices, in particular justices and elected members of the military? are there any elected members of the military? just the president of the military? president of the military must not be elected! (he is appointed, described below)

aptitude testing for all state employees:

aptitude tests for all elected employees must be approved by the appropriate legislature, or by direct vote.

a performance threshold for eligeability for elected legislative office must be enforced, approved by the appropriate legislature or by direct vote.

a direct vote must in some way take precedence over an indirect (legislative) vote.

performance on aptitude tests for elected offices in the enforcement branch is a multiplicand in determining the outcome of elections.

aptitude tests and thresholds for top non-elected officers in the investigative and military branches must be approved by the appropriate legislature.

aptitude tests and thresholds for other non-elected officers are to be determined by directives within the chain of command, subject to legislative/referendum override.

honesty on tests is immaterial.   this forces the tests to be purely about aptitude.


publicity protection, likeness protection, protection beyond grave?


the prohibitions on key divulgence enumerated in § Human Identification Infrastructure are another restriction on speech.


is it unlawful prima facie to violate the terms of a contract? NO.   is there any penalty if no penalty is specified within the contract? NO.   contracts name individuals and incorporated entities.   statutes do not.   however, if a contract specifies forced labor or incarceration as a penalty for a breach, and the injuring party fails to perform, then to be a meaningful guarantee state law enforcement officers must take the individual into custody and compel incarceration.


class action suits - even in the absence of tort, it is in the interests of justice and efficiency for a set of complainants to prosecute a case in a combined manner.


probation


immunity granting, publicly announced, by legislatures?


need uniform procedure for legislative approval/rejection/substitution of non-legislative nominees


registration of all equipment capable of genetic manipulation with basepair granularity, strict confidentiality of register


a failure to file information with the state is, at most, a minor non-physical crime.


limits and forms of delegation of rule-making authority to members of branches other than the legislative.


enumeration of forms and limits of actions taken by state in defense of ecosystems


apportionment of state resources:

specification of limits on discretionary allocation of funds, and direct control by the citizenry over such allocations


conduct and claims of guests on private property

definition of lease

enumeration of rights and responsibilities of tenants, rentors, lessors


gifts and payments to officeholders

wages of legislators


divide court system into contract law and rest of law

define and differentiate criminal and tortious (actually there is no tort law now)


enumerate appeal process, lawyer-client privacy, ***sufficient proof***, and lots of other stuff from the USA.


restitution to victims must always be paid in full before fine money is collected (fine money? is there ever fine money? yes in contract law - still this is basically irrelevant now).


explicitly set aside multiple microwave bands for point-to-point, medium-range, license-free, unregulated-content (except liability of a content generator as delineated in this document), unregulated-protocol/encoding, narrow beam links.


employees of any monopoly are forbidden from striking. needs to be a bit more detailed.


definition of war

declaration of war (democratic component?)

delineation of what constitutes legitimate war


conflict of interest, no investigation of self


consistent with the principle that licensing can be required only for activities which directly impinge on the bodily safety of others, no state or peer recognition can be requisite for an individual to act in the capacity of attorney to himself or to another.


general restrictions on concurrency, both in appointed and in elected offices?


general parliamentary procedural guidelines: living presence required in session? etc.

also, duration and frequency of sessions.   this interact with the above.   need to have sessions every year that last for at least 9 months total, and this means, practically, that session of the non-national legislature some portion of the session has to be off-campus.   could even make it an hour-a-day type thing by computer.


general court procedural guidelines: particularly, conflict of interest stuff.


need extensive treatment of inadvertent/negligent killing. need detailed definitions of all major types of crimes.


"No law shall embrace more than one subject, which shall be expressed
  in its title." (from SD constitution) - damn ill-defined, but something to think about.


"In all other cases where a general law can be applicable no special law shall be enacted." (after SD constitution)


enumerate the departments of the investigative branch, and mandate logical inclusion of all investigative activities under one or more of the enumerated departments?

employee-owned privatization: much of the investigative and military branches should be done this way.   explore this in depth, specify what can, must, and must not be thusly privatized.   these private companies are formal units in the state hierarchy, though no state component can appear below a private component.

the concept of a web site for each component in the state hierarchy, including not only departments and constituent agencies, but also private conponents, must be formalized.   each component must be required to maintain a site.   each component's site must contain conspicuous links to its parent component(s) and child component(s). all information produced by a component must be published on its web site, except that information whose security context precludes such publication.


legitimize deliberate use of lethal force to stop kidnapper/child snatcher, predatory rapist, attempted-murderer, or major-assaulter, in the act proper.

distinguish defense of self from defense of another, insofar as deliberate killing in defending self from a bodily and/or injury/life-threatening predatory attack is legitimate, but deliberate killing per se in defense of another is not legitimate by default, but only legitimate when the death of the perp could reasonably be expected to be the result of a good faith minimal force response.


need intercurrency unit ("ICU")! taxation, wage statistics, instantaneous value of a stock/bond, are all expressed in ICU's. how does this work?


disposal tax cannot exceed the price of long underwear.   (i.e., no idea how to bracket it.   another to-do way way below describes disposal tax as a "boondoggle".)


no payment or other penalty can be demanded or requested for incarceration, or other law enforcement expenses, prior to a conviction.

upon conviction the convict is required to reimburse the state for these cost, or if unable, assumes the amount as debt.

**must provide ceilings on potential reimbursement requirements!

THIS IS FLAWED - must not force defendants to put money in the state's pocket in an amount proportional to the length and depth of the trial!

moreover it is likely flawed for incarceration costs to be borne by entirely by the incarcerated.   it should be split, maybe just 50/50 by the prisoner and tax dollars.

jury still out on above.


definition of siege


no direct monetary or other liquid compensation for bodily or emotional injury


tricky:

explicitly guard against an individual assuming a tax liability by buying a product whose constituent substance has not been properly or fully taxed.


abolishment of age-seniority (privileges and distinctions) in the state.

in particular, in legislatures, tenure-driven seniority is an unacceptable subsidy for incumbents.


some details on publication/availability of legislative and court proceedings.


constraints on delegation of authority of state officeholders (delegation only permissable when explicitly so stated in law)


dynamics of treaty compliance!

constraints on form of treaties which can be legally entered

delineation of negotiation/pledging procedures

Consistency and Reciprocity in International Relations - i think this is already implemented in § Constraints on Latitude of Treaties?

a treaty does not take effect or create an authority unless and until it has been confirmed by the national legislature and passed court muster.


succession, esp.   in investigative branch!

temporary medical incapacitation


enumerate process whereby constitutionality of a statute is challenged in courts.


enumerate absence of "civil" (tort) law (instead just contract law).


ban on property taxation is implicit in the existing taxation section. mention this explicitly in the section for good measure.


flying, boating, and all other types of private transport (motorized or otherwise) that do not include a manufactured right of way, must be rights predicated only upon display of proficiency, demonstrated knowledge of / respect for relevant law, and use of equipment that adheres to technical safety mandates.


restrictions on terms of fines-in-kind: where, when, and what performed (this todo sortof antiquated now)


make it explicit that the criminal court system does not implement justice (revenge), but only deters crime and responds to it in such a manner that the threat presented to society (other individuals) by the perpetrator is attenuated, and the general expectation of punishment for the behavior remains credible.   generalized sentencing guidelines must be outlined along these lines.

maximum term of incarceration of what? 15 years? 20 years? except for life imprisonment.   no crime can carry a life imprisonment requirement unless such a requirement is set forth in this document.


constraints on size of legal codes.   constraints on mass of aggregate unique legislation along various trajectories.   constraints on mass of aggregate constitutional code along various trajectories.


must define espionage and treason.   must specify perpetual incarceration in an incommunicado prison staffed only by people with security clearance equal to or above that of the prisoners upon conviction for the most severe types of espionage and treason, which types necessarily involve the improper transfer of sensitive military or diplomatic secrets, such that serious injury or loss of life results or can plausibly be expected to result from transfers which have transpired or which can transpire as a consequence of exposure of the convicted individual to sensitive military or diplomatic secrets.


anything specific needed to encourage reciprocality treaties, e.g.   for firearms, automobiles, etc.?


reminiscent of treaty constraints: prohibition on trade with another nation contrary to law of that nation? this avoids, e.g., retaliation by a drug-ban nation for export of drugs.

but yeah, not export to or import from another nation in violation of law of that nation.   exempted from this is the personal property accompanying an emigrant to this country.


run through citation of forfeitures based on violent/destructive crime, make sure it wouldn't more appropriately require intentionality.


some sort of general ban on exclusivity arrangements e.g.   retailers with mfr's


delineate special crimes involving assault and/or death of infant less than 18 months post-conception.

statute of limitations on infanticide - person living beyond reach of society's medical infrastructure has to have an effective exemption in the form of a statute of limitations.   if they're really in the middle of nowhere, no one can know it happened.


defn of rape, permanent incarceration for predatory sexual assault, for sexual assault of a non-adult not in one's immediate family, and for any recidivist sexual assault

sleep rape and molestation


no conjugal visits to prisoners, and strict gender segregation (the latter is probably redundant).


all contractor proposals submitted to the state must be archived permanently.


ban on any instruments of state policy which constrain wages outside the state


no concurrent sentences - except maybe, concurrent incarceration and punitive labor?


trial minutae


general mandates to operate according to personal estimation of reality, esp.   for justices.


prisoner access to law library and attorney


finer delineation of the form that testing takes, for adulthood, cars, and PDDW's in particular.

competence testing must be scheduled to take place not more than one week following a request.   permit must be granted not more than 2 weeks following successful completion of competency test, except that granting can be delayed or rejected only by court order uniquely identifying the applicant, and only for cause.

must be restrictions on attempts to take the test again - a waiting period or a defraying fee and no wait or something else.

all licenses are granted permanently, and can be revoked only by court order uniquely identifying the applicant.


relaxation of requirement that subjects of state surveillance be informed

delineation of search and arrest warrant procedures


must enumerate procedures for compulsory decryption of documents for use as evidence in trial (pre-trial? judge's warrant?)


must enumerate types of and constraints on warrants judges can issue.


no law can require special accomodation for the functional deficiencies of physically or mentally impaired, deformed, or unusual individuals.


law of vehicular and aeronautic conduct and equipment, law of self-protection and weapons law, law of communication (particularly, RF), and law mandating and/or delineating registration, permission, and/or tracking, for articles and/or substances, can be enacted only at the national level.


pets! bengal tiger? rhinocerous? ocelot? ostrich? dolphin? dog? koala bear? hog?


no law can be logically predicated in its terms or consequences on a law enacted or enactable at a finer granularity of state.   (this is a bit hiccupy, refine to slightly narrower)


prohibition on striking and other assaults on inmates in prisons? videotaping req? broadcasting req?


general description of the legitimate activities of state


investigative mandates


enumerate that failure to answer responsively in court/legislative testimony is an obstruction of justice and itself a crime.


no concept of a crime of "contempt of court" - no courtroom naziism. however, realistically certain behavior must lead to forcible removal from the courtroom, and engaging in such behavior can result in a charge of obstruction of justice, or in a charge of failure to appear.


suspension of certain rights of adults for duration of punitive labor sentence for a crime?


section to require state to record all traffic of goods and people into or out of the nation - problem with secrecy invasion regarding goods.


no bounty hunters - no arrests other than by appointed officers of the state except at time and place of committment or in the course of a concomitant pursuit


no crimes of possession except as enumerated in this document


libraries? pro: libraries are repositories of IP.   people who make IP pay for half or more of state operations.   having them cover the mild expense of libraries to make the IP accessible is reasonable.   and the benefit of having a real repository of first-rate IP available to everyone free is undeniable.   con: people who don't use libraries pay to let people who do use libraries use them for free, and people who can afford to pay for access to IP pay so that those who can't afford IP can have access to it anyway.

but, to dispense with the con, the people who pay for the libraries are the people who make money off the synthetic IP infrastructure. this is a no-brainer; public libraries it is!


businesses must be required to fully and truthfully report their number of employees and the average wage of an employee in their employ.

publishing of wage stats gathered from employers


except as specified generally or specifically in this document, the behavior of state employees while not working cannot be constrained by law beyond the constraints on the general citizenry.


no state contract award or fulfillment decision can be made by an individual with a material interest in the applicant contractors.


requirement of sexual/hormonal maturity to become an adult? this is a question because of the significant emotional shifts that usually accompany adolescence.


reservation for amateur use of at least one section within each range of frequencies bounded above and below by propagational distinctions (each band).

broadcast law near borders with other nations


on dealing with major disasters (national aid, that sort of crap - the FEMA question)

the same item below that implements the last item deals with this.


describe non-hysterical thresholding for erection of wage/tax-compensatory tariffs

maybe the wage discrepancy compensation tariffs should be eliminated. maybe it should be tied to similarities in the trading partner's conception of human rights, and to various types of reciprocality arrangements including ones relating to intellectual property, and to environmental policy and successful implementation thereof.


crimes by diplomats and other official representatives of foreign states - no immunities.


specification of mandates and constraints on seizure/forfeiture of material means and spoils of crime

compulsory surrender of physical control over private property can occur only as an implicit consequence of legitimate seizure as outlined elsewhere in this document.   in particular, no inspection requirement of any licensing scheme can compel surrender of physical control over private property, or provide material inconvenience or penalty for a refusal to surrender physical control over private property.

clarification for § On Seizure of Evidence: unlawfully held property is stolen property (uncompensated seizure, returned to owner, current custodian irrelevant), substances and machinery controlled by the const when not properly licensed/registered (fully compensated seizure, kept or liquidated by state, custodian implicitly relevant), and the non-theft spoils of crime (uncompensated seizure, liquidated by state with proceeds providing tax relief, only when custodian has knowledge that the goods at issue are the spoils of crime (must be demonstrated in court and receive a vote-weight >50% from the justices)).


rejection of an appeal must itself be appealable all the way to the highest court.


freedom of assembly

right to private group military training/exercises


except as enumerated in this document, no law can be made, nor any action taken by the state, to prevent, cause, discourage, or encourage, the endangering, injury, killing, or other harm, of an individual by his own volitional autonomous actions.


military-style command hierarchy for investigative branch


explicit recognition of the role, virtue, legitimacy, and sovereignty of the nation-state.

address the issue of multinational judicial and legislative bodies, military actions, sanctions and embargoes, etc.


penalties for individuals or incorporated entities whose actions cause or are intended to cause law-breaking, particularly environmental abuse, outside the nation.


establishment of residency sufficient to render eligible to vote in local elections - definition of residency (currently, § On Private Law Enforcement Officers defines this in a manner involving 180 days).


hierarchical license masking - necessary since an offense causing revokation of a license in one locale is a no-op in another.

it's not as simple as climbing the hierarchy, since siblings and cousins^n, and their descendents, can contribute crimes that affect licenses.

which brings up: similar manner of publishing an individual's record of convictions.   this is obviously a prerequisite for the license stuff.


do chimpanzees have fingerprints?
        LONDON (Reuter) - Koala bears have fingerprints so close to those of people that they could easily be mistaken by police at the scene of a crime, Australian scientists say.

        The cuddly marsupials are the only other animal found to have true fingerprints.   Not even our closest relatives, the chimpanzees, do.

        Maciej Henneberg, a biological anthropologist and forensic scientist at the University of Adelaide, told New Scientist magazine that animals apparently evolved fingerprints for the same reason humans did -- to help them climb.


state sales of guns - transaction documents

public inventory of state-owned weapons - serial#, descrip, custodian, location, purpose, except that for WMD, custodian and location are omitted


no fee can be charged for access to anonymously accessible state data resources such as license suspension/revocation databases.   data transit must be paid for as usual, and load abuses have to be deterred somehow.


reporting to state of deaths and irreversible mental incapacitations. procedures and automatic actions upon death or irreversible mental incapacitation - this is a fairly dramatic change to § Privacy of Births and Deaths.


explosives licences

demolition licenses

private ownership of grenades, mines, missiles, bombs

parade and demonstration licenses


very tight constraints on responsibility by association (accessory/conspiracy) and a blanket refutation of the concept that one can be responsible for the actions of a criminal without having any knowledge of the criminal's intent or material influence over his actions.

in particular, weapon makers and sellers not in such a position of knowledge or control can under absolutely no circumstances whatsoever be held accountable, or penalized, in any way, for actions taken by others with weapons or other devices they have made or sold.


an individual is the owner of his body and all its constituent organs and tissues.


a stolen organ must be either returned in living viable condition to the individual or facility it was stolen from, or if this is impossible, to the inheritor according to § Assets and Obligations at Time of Death.   if the organ must be removed from the body of another individual in order that it can be returned, that individual must surrender the organ in living, viable condition within one day, in a fashion coordinated to assure successful return to its rightful owner.


because of the cost of training, certain soldiers must make certain committments.   the minimum term must be roughly proportional to the cost of training.   in general the committment is that the soldier be a reserve soldier, subject to activation as needed, and participating in maintenance training on a periodic basis.


cohabiting family privilege in lawsuits - requires recognition in law of an arrangement of cohabitation! this privilege should probably not exist.   perhaps there shouldn't even be attorney-client privilege.   or maybe both should exist.   tricky.   other privileges? cohabitees can only be asked questions the prosecutee has already been asked?

also "partner" appears in § Assets and Obligations at Time of Death


no punishment of imprisonment specified in a contract can be levied at state expense, even temporarily in the form of debt assumed by the imprisoned.   funds sufficient to defray the cost of imprisonment must be delivered when due; availability of these funds can be guaranteed by deposit in private escrow, or can be paid by anyone when due.


state prosecuting attorneys are part of the investigative branch.

It should perhaps be made impossible to capriciously flush out DA's replacing them in a cronyistic or otherwise corrupt manner.


the PDDW transfer record mechanism must be extended to other items, such as cars, planes, etc.   in fact, any item that is forensically traceable (must define standard of traceability) must use this mechanism if it is tracked at all.   only items that are not forensically traceable AND for which tracing is specifically directed by this document, can require actual owner/location registration (this applies to DNA synthesis machines, for example).


extraction, construction/demolition, and disposal taxes, are collected by the unit of state whose scope is the smallest that contains the act.   when it occurs in a waterway that divides two counties, the province administers the taxation.   when in a waterway that divides two provinces, or when in an ocean, the national state administers the taxation.   the tax-collecting body keeps a proportion of the tax proceeds, to be specified by statute, and passes the rest to the immediate containing unit of state, until the national unit is reached.   a unit of state has the authority to monitor and audit the tax payment and collection activities in all units of state they contain.

IP taxation is administered and collected directly and entirely by the national unit of state.

sale of licenses for foreign IP to domestic licensees is taxed as though the IP were of domestic origin.   sale of IP licenses to foreign licensees is according to law of the particular foreign nation at issue, and cannot be taxed by the domestic state.


there should be an attempt to minimize the size of the standing army and concentrate on the part-time (except in wartime) participation of a high proportion of the able adult population.   marketing of the armed forces is necessary and marketing directly by the state in advertising arenas ought perhaps to be a component of the system.

below, this is more or less implemented at length.


need to define policy scaffolding for emergency preparedness - define emergency, enumerate methods and levels of preparedness.   this basically raises the spectre of a generalized conception of national security, which is a valid construct if carefully reigned in.   in order that it is strategically viable to forbid any increase in authority after an emergency has begun, it is necessary for preparations to include the citizenry en masse, particularly those citizens involved in industry and transportation.   this should take the form of a series of emergency manuals, preferably multimedia, and organized state-run testing.   above a minimum threshold of useful competence (for which a baseline amount is awarded), bonuses are awarded proportional to the individual's score on the test.   these awards are funded by tax money.   retesting in a specialty that achieves a higher score results in award of the difference between the amount already awarded for competence in that specialty, and the amount that would be awarded for the present score if it were the first test in that specialty.   tests can cost up to three times an average wage per unit time, and can last up to three hours.   all tests include a face-to-face verbal portion and a procedural portion in which aptitude in relevant operating procedures is assessed.   tests are administered by active or reserve military personnel, and take place at military bases.

before taking the test for certain specialties, the trainee can be required to acquire equipment required for exercise of the skills of that specialty, and can be required to bring that equipment with him when he appears for testing, both to certify that the equipment has been acquired, and for actual use in the testing process.

test performance awards are paid for directly by the tax money of the town of the trainee's primary residence, unless those funds are completely depleted, in which case the next larger unit of state pays for the award, continuing to larger units of state until funds are available, and necessarily available from the national unit of state.

certain specialties are not available to individuals who have been convicted of certain serious crimes, to be specified by law. individuals precluded by law from obtaining the license prerequisite for purchase and custody of equipment required for a particular specialty, are of course excluded from that specialty.

specialties cannot consist in their bulk of skills that must be mastered to gain one or more particular state licenses.

in order to take a test, an individual must have a state-certified public key.   test scores are maintained by the national military.   all information maintained by the military about civilians is classified personal military secret.

awards must also be offered for performance on maintenance proficiency tests.

A provisional rank must be associated with the individual, consonant with his proficiency, experience, and tenure.   This provisional rank does not confer any responsibility or authority, within the military hierarchy or otherwise.

Any reservist can become an active member of the military, and his provisional rank become his actual rank, simply by enlisting as such.

the amount of any award is doubled if the test taker agrees that, in an emergency, he is on call for military duty and required upon call to perform up to 100 hours per month of work or additional training in any or all of his specialty skill areas.   the amount is tripled if he is on call for active, full time deployment.

  (though he can offer to work more than 100 hours per month, or to work or train outside his pre-existing skill areas),

Upon call-up, his provisional rank becomes his actual rank, and the authorities and responsibities thereof are conferred upon him.   He is subject to the military command hierarchy and military law while on duty.   He is paid a wage consonant with his rank and tenure.

Before an individual can agree to be on call for military duty, he must first demonstrate basic competence on a test of military law, the military command hierarchy, and military administrative procedure.

additionally, the individual must be sponsored by an active soldier, who must personally interview the candidate and approve his application to be on call.   only this active soldier, soldiers above him in the command hierarchy, the prospective commanding officer (as described immediately below), and soldiers above him in the command hierarchy, have the authority to call up that individual.   upon call-up, the soldier who calls up the individual assigns to him a commanding officer of higher rank (who may be himself) with similar specialties, or who has need for soldiers with such specialties as the individual's.   a prior meeting of the individual with a prospective commanding officer must be arranged whenever feasible, and personality compatibility as assessed and expressed by the individual, by the prospective commanding officer, and when possible, by the individual's prospective unit mates, must whenever possible be considered in the assignment decision.

A prospective commanding officer can invite an individual to participate in exercises, or require him to as a precondition of automatic assignment to that commanding officer upon call-up. required exercises must be on weekends, and cannot be more frequent than once every three months.

The exercises can be either with other civilians on call, with reserve or active soldiers, or with a mixture thereof.   these exercises serve to investigate performance and compatibility, and to extend and refine skills.   They are paid at a rate consonant with provisional rank, with additional compensation for expenses incurred in travel to and preparation for the exercises, as appropriate.

the individual is encouraged to apply in advance for a security clearance, as high as possible.

note that the above requires an exemption from the ban on education by the state, and adds a new form of funds disbursement.

also, state needs to enter contracts with farmers, manufacturers, shippers, engineering firms, etc., that formalize an agreement that they will sell to the state on a pre-arranged basis supplies and services sufficient to respond to emergencies.

the difference between these on-call civilians and reservists is that reservists are required to participate in regular training activities, are paid to do so, and all reservists are activated before any on-call civilians are.


definition of probable cause and requirement of probable cause for warrants, surveillance, searches, arrests, etc.

elucidation of evidentiary standard for conviction - in this system, since justices can vote fractionally, the evidentiary standard consists of a set of guidelines for admissibility of and for determination of confidence in evidence, and guidelines for how to properly determine one's vote based on the evidence and an analysis thereof.   differences in votes are principally due to differences in the confidence a justice has in each item of evidence and the verbal testimony offered at trial.   since justices are free to talk among themselves, typically there is no anomolous failure on the part of only one or some of the justices to understand the minutiae of evidence and testimony, and the relationship they have to a finding of responsibility of the defendant.

it would be nice to make it unlawful for a judge to color his vote for political motives but this is impossible.   bribing judges on the other hand is a serious crime.


The state has no rights, only authorities and privileges.   Must extend to incorporated entities, which do have some rights.


no nuclear bomb can be fully assembled, weaponized in a delivery package or device, or used, except in strict accordance with the public directives of the national legislature as established by full votes.


either party to a trial, or the presiding justices by vote-weight over 50%, can insist that the trial be closed to the public.   all proceedings of all trials, in unedited audiovisual form with redaction only of information classified secret for reasons other than personal privacy and of information classified secret for reasons of personal privacy and not relied upon by the justices who issued the final decision, must be made available to the public one month after the end of a trial, unless an appeal is pending or ongoing, in which case the trial minutes are published when the appeal is rejected but not less than one month after the end of said trial, or when the appeal trial record is published.


no law can predicate the maintenance and exercise of an individual right on a requirement that the individual offer, sign, or otherwise express, an oath or other instrument of allegiance or loyalty. however, state employment, and state privileges such as a security clearance, are predicated upon the formal expression of loyalty to all applicable constitutions.


all state employees must be in the state identity database.


whenever asked, any employee of the state, and anyone acting in fulfillment of a contract to the state, must identify himself by name and unique identifier to any citizen of the nation as an agent of the state, and identify his immediate superior by name and unique identifier, and specify the most timely manner of contacting the supervisor.


except for licenses that involve weapons of mass destruction as enumerated in this document, any licenses required by an individual to fulfill the duties of employment in a state position (for example, as a police officer or soldier) must be obtained as though the individual were an unaffiliated private citizen.   except for licenses that involve weapons of mass destruction as enumerated in this document, association and affiliation (formal or informal) cannot be a factor in qualification for and granting of a license.


make explicit ban on donation or lending of goods or funds to an international body (think UN.   IMF, World Bank, etc.)


information gathered by the state contrary to law standing at the time of gathering can under no circumstances be used as evidence in trial or in state licensing proceedings even if law standing at the time of such trial or proceeding does not preclude gathering of such information.

wait - this is bad.   this should be swept under the "resolve and punish the unlawful evidence gathering before principal trial can continue" banner.   however, in the case that no one is convicted and punished for the unlawful gathering, the evidence has simply got to be excluded.   this final point must be integrated with the existing section dealing with unlawfully gathered evidence.   wait, no, no dumbing down of justice.


have to have some sort of guidelines and constraints on what the state can do on-the-house.   this is particularly in reference to army corps of engineers doing public works jobs, but also relevant to punitive labor of course.


in all state-conducted voting, no voting tallies or other results can be announced until after the voting period has ended.


realistically there has to be an embargo on export of military and dual-use goods or expertise to repressive threat states, to include prohibition on travel by military and dual-use experts to such states, prohibition on any network connectivity with such states except that which is monitored and censored by the state, prohibition on any uninspected mail or packages to such states, and prohibition of export of military and dual-use goods to states that legally permit or practically tolerate export of technology goods to repressive threat states, or to any state from which, through a series of exports, technology goods can reach a repressive threat state by chaining together legally permitted or practically tolerated exports.

adjust above so that repressive states that aren't immediate threats, but which enforce institutions of citizen disarmament, military draft, slavery, political imprisonment, or any executions, are recognized as an inherent threat.

enumerate constitutional protection for private (corporate) Innovist mercenary forces that mount campaigns against the above repressive states.

experts from a threat nation cannot be admitted, and others can be admitted only on a discretionary basis.   experts from a threat nation in this nation at the time that nation is declared a threat cannot return to the threat nation until it is no longer considered a threat nation.

immediately before travel to a threat nation, and immediately after travel from a threat nation, an individual must be thoroughly debriefed.

logistical supplies for legal mercenary forces operating near or inside threat nations: act of export is permitted, but materiel is inventoried at the border, must be accounted for on demand of the state on some basis, and must be re-inventoried on re-import confirming that the materiel is returned.

food, medicine, non-military clothing, other items in this vein, not export-banned except on a discretionary basis when the threat nation is engaged in violent confrontation with the state military of this nation.


The people of a nation are collectively accountable for the actions and policies of an aggressive or repressive state they tolerate.   In particular, economic injury caused by the punitive actions of another state or group of states in retaliation for actions taken by such an aggressive or repressive state, is justly borne by the people of such a nation.


No action or conduct can be rendered unlawful based solely on the state of mind of the actor.   In particular, no action which is construed to be unlawful under a particular circumstance, can be construed to be legal solely as a consequence of a change in the state of mind of the actor.   However, the particular crime and penalty structure associated with a particular unlawful action can be predicated on the actor's state of mind.

note: operating machines while intoxicated needs special treatment re: the above.


a given passage of an instrument of state policy, or any other state document, must be authored by a single individual.   the boundaries of the passage, and the identity of the author, must be clearly identified, and the author must digitally sign the passage.   no state document can be considered valid, or carry the force of law, unless all portions of the document are attributed and accompanied by valid digital signatures of duly authorized authors.   each such passage of contiguous authorship must be assigned a unique identifier and a classification level.


deprecation of conventional military rank and military branches - scratch that.   but more detailed treatment of the military is of course necessary.   and regarding the branches: a better architecture puts regional aviation, naval, and ground assets under unified standing commands.   this is incompatible with conventional branch architecture, but both should exist.   an overlaid-hierarchy architecture is called for.


criminality of assignment or tasking of state human, material, and financial resources for the legal defense of a state employee, in deliberate support of an election campaign, or in any manner not explicitly authorized by law.


in the military, no unit should ever get stuck with someone it doesn't want.   people no existing units want are grouped to constitute new units.


without special restriction, a foreign national, in this country legally, can own, buy, import for personal use, re-export for personal use, carry, and store, a CIAO-PDDW, subject to law of this nation, by passing the PDDW permit test administered to citizens of this nation, provided the home nation of the foreigner provides sufficient and credible verification that according to its records the individual has not been convicted of a disqualifying crime, and does not suffer from a disqualifying mental condition.


safety regulations on state-owned property


in phased elections to fixed number of positions, in the case of an exact tie in the last position advancing to the next phase, all candidates who tie advance.


definition of drug should cover alcohol


state expert emergency/disaster workers should be dispatched from home bases to sites of emergency/disaster, for fire/flood/earthquake/etc.


the requirement that a record-holder have a formalized inheritor needs to be generalized beyond PDDW record-holders.   also, a record-holder must notify the party to a transaction of the identity of the inheritor.


all voting by state employees in performance of their official duties must take the form of a crypto sig by the voter, of the cryptographic digest of a document containing the matter being voted on - proposed legislation, constitutional matter, legal opinion, etc., in its entirety, or the identity and intended prospective office of a candidate for appointment - and the position of the voter, which in parliamentary or court voting is most often a proportion of agreement.


§ Abdication by Informed Risk-Taker of Right to Litigate needs rewriting because there is no tort now.


parking - must prevent monopolies on parking facilities in an area


the state cannot maintain a record of licenses it has granted, except as explicitly specified in this document.   in particular, the state cannot maintain a record of psychoactive substance licenses or PDDW licenses.


legality of resisting an unlawful arrest with necessary force


must put checks in place to discourage elected officials from appointing people (and immediate family members) who made donations to their campaigns.   a mandatory external review process is the likely antidote.   or a superior officer clears it? or is accountable merit-based appointment the only solution?


terrible, obsolete election law ideas:

can only donate money to the campaign of a candidate for which one can vote

advertisements already have to display the identity of the entity that makes the product being advertised.   this announcement should be cryptographically signed, and the range of ads that must comply should be extended to include all ads.   the "product" may be a political candidate.   the cost of each advertisement must be advertised with the advertiser's identity, crypto-signed by the medium owner.   a political candidate must publish identites of donors and the amounts they donated.   the numbers can then be balanced.

a need to treat political parties in law? almost surely not. a need to constrain campaign consumer-minutes in advertising arenas? how? almost surely not.

only IP licensing fee income earned by the owner (creator) of the IP can be used as campaign funds or donated to a campaign fund.   for a period of one month preceding the start of an election, and for the duration of an election, advertisements in broadcast advertising arenas that name a candidate or a political party must be paid for with campaign funds.

also, wages paid by IP owners and financed by IP income can be used as campaign funds or domated to a campaign fund.

the above is a boondoggle but something like it needs to be implemented.

no, it does not.

anyone can give any amount of money to any campaign at any time for any reason other than bribery/criminal incitement, anonymously or in complete secrecy or publicly as he wishes.   there is no such thing as IP.


the whole issue of preventing export of production (and jobs) has to be dealt with forcefully.


The economy and state must be operable and stable in the absence of computers.   Particularly, commerce and law enforcement must be minimally impacted by wholesale destruction of computer and digital communications resources.   The two giant obstacles to this are the apparent necessity of digital signature generation and verification, and the operation of realtime database servers.   Neither of these is possible without computers, so an extensive, deliberate constitutional framework for fallback policy and procedures in the absence of computers must be constructed.


the losing side must file an appeal with the parent court within two weeks of the conclusion of a trial.   at this time, the parent court is supplied with the complete records of all previous trials, and any explanatory material produced by either party for inclusion with the appeal.   it then has two weeks to decide whether to try the case or summarily affirm the decision of the lower court.   if the lower court's decision is summarily affirmed, this is treated as another defeat which can be appealed as described above, to the parent court of the court that issued the summary decision.


appealing a verdict when the unit of state of the appeals court does not have the same statute.


architecture of court precedents (these round out the three-level system of constitutions, statutory corpora, and court precedent).


must recognize the individual right to violently overthrow a unit of state if that unit acts in a manner consistently in conflict with its lawfully framed constitution or statutory infrastructure for a period of greater than a week.


the investigative branch must be empowered to construct regulatory infrastructure, however regulatory infrastructure cannot create law but must instead only codify the manner in which law is applied. moreover, no regulation can specify any new crime or immunity material to jurisprudence, and no regulation or portion thereof can be a crucial component of a court decision.


the definitions of access-controlled, anonymously accessible, etc., must move out of the PDDW section and into a separate definitions section, so that they can be referenced by (for example) § Freedom of Movement.

actually, scratch that, just reference them in the PDDW section.


must make explicit whether or not people have any sort of squatter's rights, temporary camper's rights, etc., on non-access-controlled state property.


abandoned property!


mandatory domestic sourcing for military materiel except when not available domestically.


hardline telecommunications providers can publish information about a customer only at the specific request of the customer, pursuant to § Right to Secrecy but with no requirement of a specific customer request for secrecy.   it cannot provide any financial reward for agreeing to allow such publishing.   furthermore, these providers must provide to each customer the ability to communicate with other individuals without divulging the identity of the customer, either by name or consequentially (by physical address or other identifying information).


must have a robust, regulated anonymous cash system.   this is necessary particularly to pay transaction and transport fees on queries to state databases, particularly the license databases.


when no other manner is specified, a precise tie that results in more than one person being equally eligible for a single state position is broken with a 5 kilometer running race on a flat circular track, scheduled at least three days but not more than 6 days ahead of time.


only the president of the military, with the concord of the chief soldier, can issue an order that directs initial military engagement with a distinct enemy, or continuation of or withdrawl from engagement with a distinct enemy automatically entered into when own force is attacked, or substantial escalation or contraction of the intensity or breadth of conflict.   the only arbitary recourse of the national legislature is to recall the president of the military and appoint someone in his place (the chief soldier can be impeached and upon conviction removed, but cannot be arbitrarily removed).   the Supreme Court, and no other court, has the authority to order a withdrawl from military engagement, or to void any order, if it finds and shows how the engagement or order is contrary to law.

note that the above means that the military branch can fight a war of arbitrary scope (and theoretically, arbitrary lawlessness) unless the legislative or enforcement branch blows the whistle.   this will scare the hell out of would-be aggressors, and that's the basic idea.

weapons of mass destruction cannot be deployed to a theater of operations without a specific vote of the national legislature. weapons of mass destruction cannot be employed without a specific order from the chief soldier with the concord of the president of the military.

the president of the military must report to the national legislature when a change of status occurs in an armed conflict.

the legislature must approve any change of status that deploys troops to areas in which hostilities are not already open, or causes the initiation of hostilities in an area in which hostilities are not already open.


need to add self-replicating robots of military value as a weapon of mass destruction.   need to legalize chemical weapons of mass destruction with controls similar to those for nuclear bombs - CW are geographically and temporally localized, and are easily defended against, so it is senseless to permit nuclear bombs but prohibit CW. contagious BW are a totally different story and the ban on offensive dev is righteous.   self-replicating robots are a real problem - it is imperative that their dev be legal, but essentially any such robot can be construed to have military value, and can be made to exhibit the principal menaces of contagious BW.


§ On Aggregation and Secession modified so that secession is a constitutional amendment requiring the commensurate standard of voter affirmation.


food toxin law and state enforcement? especially on imports?


distracting billboards in view of roadways


measures to prevent establishment of multiple identities.   penalties for such.   toeprint required to establish, recover, or rescind an identity in the state key database.


in any court proceeding in which an individual or class of individuals is substantially affected by the outcome of the case, a representative of the individual or class must be allowed to make an informed presentation to the justices to explain and protect the interests of that individual or class.   moreover, any such individual or class must be informed when a justice identifies it as affected by the outcome, and must be allowed at least one week to prepare and supply their presentation.


rights of artificial consciousnesses.


testifying "i can't recall": if later actions demonstrate the "i can't recall" to be false, the individual has committed perjury.

all trials in which a perjured statement was material to the reasoning spelled out for the justice's decisions must be reopened, as the discovery of perjury amounts to new evidence.

an individual who testifies that he is unable to recall something must inform the court if he later recovers memory allowing a partial or full response to the question.


if monitoring by the state of private communications yields cleartext, either because a transmission was in cleartext or because the encryption was defeated, the monitored parties must be promptly informed of the monitoring.


juvenile conviction records


inoperable firearms and visual replicas of firearms - require firearm license unless device is translucent and a color clearly not black, grey, or silver


allow ruling on constitutional basis by lower courts - elaborate


medical procedures on non-adults, especially elective surgery


special regulation of schools - curriculum, syllabus, and media availability to parents, interview accessibility of teachers, surprise observation of classes, A/V feeds accessible to parents, etc.


an amendment to a constitution that removes a prohibition or requirement cannot be construed by itself to permit the prohibited action or rescind the required action.   another still-standing component of the constitution can effectively continue the prohibition or requirement.


a union must be completely autonomous.


that authority not vested in the national unit of state by this document, nor vested in contained units of state by this document or by the constitution of a contained unit of state, is vested entirely in each applicable individual to be exercised in self-government.


the following probably won't work out, because of the need to elucidate things like zoning, and because a single contained unit lacking the component at issue hobbles the ability of the parent to uniform a treatment for the rest:

no portion of a constitution or statutory infrastructure can apply to an enumerated or effective non-identity subset of the contained units of state; in particular, the applicability of a statute or constitutional section cannot be defined such that it is intrinsically inapplicable to one or more contained units of state, except that sections or statutes addressing routes of travel (including roadways, waterways, and air routes) that traverse boundaries between the largest contained units of state are exempt from this requirement, and statutory exemption as outlined in § Resolution of Conflicts Between Constitutions and Statutes is exempt from this requirement.


this nation cannot supply military materiel to a nation if that nation is, or participates in supply to, a nation that is currently threatening or engaged in military conflict with this nation or a nation to which this nation has supplied military materiel within the last year.


poison pill amendments in legislatures

legislators postponing issue resolution in order to prolong donations of special interest money

popular election of investigative department heads - deprecated, top posts are appointed by branch presidents.

hey, vote-weights in legislatures must be proportions of eligible voters.   vote-weight for minus vote-weight against must exceed the named threshold with reference to the total vote-weight of eligible voters.   this might cripple the legislature, FWIW.

all budgets set in a revise-as-necessary manner, to prevent gun-to-head effect of down-to-wire omnibus appropriations bills. this is also important when a legislative quorum is impossible.

also, need to identify a set of bill types, and restrict bills so that they must fully conform to exactly one type.   e.g., criminal law (including licensing), contract law (including intellectual property and money), appropriations/taxation, {political, appointment, and other} procedural processes --- or maybe it should just be restricted to one constitutional chapter, though this is more abusable than a purpose-designed set of compartments.   the constitution should be designed, or redesigned, so that that the chapters are suitable as compartments.

the above compartmenting is totally demented.

no it's not! require logical compartmentation, HOWEVER it must be possible for bills to be attached to each other and related to each other with Boolean logic, so that for example a vote cannot be cast in support of bill 2 unless a vote is also cast in support of bill 1. the logical constraint can of course specify that one can cast votes for all of the related bills, or against all of them, and in no case mix it up.   multiple interrelated votes must be castable atomically, and a requirement for atomic casting must be enforceable.

legislative research requirement: whenever a bill is entered in the database, all legislators responsible for voting a charter, votable at the time the bill was entered, that requires a vote on the bill, must be notified before debate of the bill begins and before scheduling of that debate is finalized.

problem: if a legislator makes a booboo and votes contrary to a charter, which currently causes him to stop being a legislator, but he is responsible for other charters, he cannot be impaired in his ability to attend legislative sessions and vote those other charters.


in an issue related to the leg.   bill logical interrelation, it must be possible (if not already noted elsewhere - and I don't think it is) for contracts to be formally associated with each other, and for multiple contracts to be entered atomically in an all-or-none fashion. each contract has only two parties, but by formally associating contracts with each other, complicated societies (corporations etc.) can be formalized.


genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and international tribunals


law must apply to individuals in a uniform fashion, except insofar as adulthood, contracts, licenses, lawful privileges, and legal handicaps imposed for prior acts contrary to law, legally distinguish individuals.


guidelines for law enforcement access to comm hardlines


no one can occupy a position in more than one branch of state at once.


the normal method by which the top positions in branches other than the legislature are filled is by representative election in the form of appointment by the legislature.   this includes the justices of the supreme court and the presidents of the military, investigative, and P&L branches, and the lieutenant presidents ("vice" and "lieutenant" have different meanings, but here, both meanings are intended - the lieutenant acts as the president when and only when the president is incapacitated, acts in the president's stead at the specific direction of the president, and assumes the presidency if the president is permanently incapacitated).   like any legislative action these can be overridden by direct vote.

very interesting question: do presidential candidates choose their own lieutenants, creating a ticket that is voted on? clearly yes.   the president and lieutenant must work closely together.

an election must open within one month to confirm or replace a lieutenant who has replaced a president.   the lieutenant must designate an acting lieutenant immediately upon assumption of the presidency, and this is the ticket that is then confirmed or replaced by subsequent vote.

the reappointment interval for appointed positions must not exceed 2 years.

legislature is not able to remove an appointee (direct or indirect) unless the appointee has broken a statute in the course of performing his duties.   direct citizen removal is always possible of course.   there must be a specification of crimes that result in automatic removal from office.

removal from office requires impeachment by legislature of same unit of state, followed by conviction by the court of the same unit of state.

impeachment has to be codified - legislative branch removing officers of other branches by a >=62.5% vote-weight.

must delineate what criminal convictions result in termination of state employment, and for what period of time the individual is barred from state employment.

any state employee who inappropriately releases or distributes information classified as any type of secret, or any information protected by § Right to Secrecy, must be fired and cannot thenceforth work as a state employee.


25th amendment: temporary unilateral vacation

dereliction of duty by a state employee must be a carefully described crime.


any portion of a contract that binds a signatory to refrain from divulging evidence of, or testifying to the commission of, an unlawful act, or an act in violation of a valid state contract, is void.


water rights


cannot be made to pay child support for a child not genetically one's own.


mandatory promotion, or promotional enhancement, of whistleblowers?


anonymous evaluation memorandum system: at intervals established by law (the review interval, addressed elsewhere), those commanded by a state employee submit to that employee's commander, and to the legislature of their unit of state, an anonymous freeform memorandum describing the performance of their commander.   Any aspect of the commander's performance, including effectiveness of management style, suspicion or knowledge of corruption, competence in discharging responsibilities, etc., can be addressed in the memorandum.   the memoranda must be classified as law enforcement secrets.


must make explicit that the attainment of a contiguous tenure or term limit in no way injures an individual's ability to occupy any other office.

actually, should probably deprecate all term limits.   they are incompatible with the intention that the state naturally tend toward individual and organizational competence.   playing musical chairs with top level management is demoralizing and confusing.   the evaluation memorandum system, combined with whistleblowing


legislature attendance requirements, how long in capitol?


need to consider uniforming or, preferably, constitutionally disciplining the extraction tax schedule to prevent manipulation of the market not driven by the desired intent.

extraction tax exemption should be substantially broader - particularly, for agriculture, any operation consisting of e.g.   fewer than ten employees or workers or somesuch should be exempt up to a certain substantial amount.   the economic dynamic of this is that the competitive advantage enabled by the economy of scale of vast corporate oeprators is partly offset by tax exemptions for small operators.   the exemption has to be phased out as the size of the operation or its output increases, otherwise the discontinuity is an unintended barrier to organizational growth.


the state, including the military, cannot own more than 10% of land within any province.

excluding the military, no more than 10% of the people in a province can, at a given time, work as employees of the state, in fulfillment of state contracts, in fulfillment of sentences of punitive labor, or otherwise under the direction of the state, provided a unit of state can in no case be restrained from employing up to 2% of the residents of the region with which it is associated.


no law can compel, encourage, or reward reporting to the state of an individual's material possessions or financial assets, nor discourage or punish a failure to report such to the state, except as enumerated generally or specifically in this document.   the state cannot accept or store information regarding an individual's material possessions or financial assets, except as required by law.


need to deal with subpoenas and evidence-gathering by defendants!


must write up a short replacement for Miranda rights, which particularly must include a statement that the individual can refuse to answer any question not phrased as a true or false question.


obliteration of serial identifiers, tags, etc., on PDDW's etc.


explicit ban on law which forbids, regulates, or punishes desecration as such (of symbols such as flags, crosses, effigies, etc.)


the state cannot grant token awards of no consequence in law, such as medals, trophies, certificates of recognition, etc.


if it's not there already, it should be explicit that any traceable weapon involved in a crime be traced.


mandatory air raid blackouts and other wartime emergencies - conflicts with § Emergencies


language should make explicit that one can sponsor a bill because one opposes it and wants to have guaranteed time to argue against it.


content provider access to monopoly media distribution systems - i.e.   cable tv

connectivity provider access to hardline and through-the-air networks


must be a way to officially register the names of people who have the authority to make decisions like pull-the-plug let-die.


i can't find this - need to enumerate the types of crimes that disqualify someone from holding elected or appointed office, and the types that result in automatic removal from office.   also, need to address criminal trials of officeholders.


standard of specificity for enabling legislation?


bills in legislature - how long do they have to be available to members before a vote? not to mention amendment procedures.


may want to have a rigorous just-in-time randomization procedure for choosing a court venue in certain circumstances.


need to explicitly prohibit official pledges that require invocation of a deity etc.


general principle of explicitly assigned external oversight for components of state above a certain size


no law can require anyone to participate in an open municipal vote, penalize a failure to do so, or specify a reward for those who do participate.


mandatory education requirement? accreditation? ceiling to costs parents can be required to assume, required subject overview, pacing and testing.


if not in there already: all state records of conviction for violation of a statute must be destroyed when and if that statute is deprecated.


conflict: work while imprisoned, suspension of adulthood while imprisoned, maximum number of hours of work per week of non-adult


tariff barrier circumvention by routing through inbetween countries


cannot grant citizenship to someone who has current citizenship elsewhere.   must recognize and publish renunciation of citizenship.


any contract which creates intellectual property is covered by intellectual property provisions of this document - this needs to be explained with greater rigor.   an industrial secret secured by non-disclosure contracts of employees of a single incorporated entity is not covered by intellectual property provisions.

no exclusive IP licensing of right to (production based on IP)

fair use rules for copyrighted material have to be better.   links, references, framing, etc., must always be unimpeded.   news articles must be freely redistributable at most one month following initial publication.

inventions, formulations, etc., that include as component existing registered inventions, formulations, etc.

verbalizations as described don't seem to include photographs, movies, musical recordings, etc.

state setting of maximum fee schedule should be embellished by a requirement that a license fee cannot be raised more than once per week, that the current license fee be at all times published, and that the intellectual property must be licensed at the current license fee uniformly without discretion.

restrictions on transferability of license (otherwise a company could buy a whole bunch of licenses at one price, then when the license fee is substantially higher, resell the raw licenses at a profit), question of when license fee is paid and what fee is paid.

some sort of bidding system to set fees? probably infeasible.

need to address IP aspect of state documents - in particular, that state documents are unowned, and not protected as IP.   there is the rather perplexing question of moral rights relating to the work of state employees - in particular, consider the flawed implementation of a statute or regulation.   yowza.

intellectual property rights cannot be asserted in this nation for information produced by any state entity, including international bodies composed of delegations from multiple states.

software protected by IP law must be sold with full source code.   must require that the source be verbatim from the development tree (with arbitrarily extensive deletion of inert contents) and compilable to fully functional product.

no, let's make this clearer.

Any software protected by IP law must be sold with full source code which when processed and compiled in strict adherence to supplied instructions, produces executables bitwise-identical to the included executables.   Furthermore, the included source code must be verbatim from the development tree, without mutation though optionally with some or all inert contents (comments) deleted.

The license agreement for a compiler must grant to the licensee the right to include the compiler, in source and executable form, with software compiled with it, optionally subject to the restriction that it not be used to compile anything other than the software with which it is included.   When software as delivered is compiled with a compiler that is not freely and generally available, the compiler with which the executable was generated must be included.

The licensing fee per unit must be invariant.   At least one machine-readable version of the IP must be included when one or more licenses are purchased.

must delineate the process whereby IP assignment and mandatory licensing fee schedules are challenged.

there should be a - well, here: the owner of legally protected IP can escrow a reward that is delivered to anyone whose report of IP infringement results in a conviction in court.   the state's published IP database must include current information on any escrowed rewards.

major problem with patent licensing ceiling: some patents are for bulk supply-side technologies, some for mass market consumer technologies, and the ceiling has to differ by many orders of magnitude between them, and only a free market can reliably compute the actual value of the patent.

the bid system is looking more necessary all the time.   something like, upward-amendable public bids each week, and the highest bidders (arbitrarily many distinct bidders) get licenses.   this doesn't work, on the face of it.   number of licenses bid for has to play in. obviously, bidding on one's own patent has to be prohibited, since it would allow for a lock-out (though since all license fees paid are taxed, it is not free to bid on one's own patent).

actually, toss the bid system.

mandatory rate-uniformed licensing of copyright material.   otherwise copyright can be used as a mechanism for maintaining secrecy in an abusive way.   copyrights are monopolies, and monopolies are rate-uniformed must-service.   hence, copyrights must be rate-uniformed must-service.

IP owner sets the uniform rate for the next week.   people buy or don't buy.

maximum proportion of IP royalties that agents can skim (aggregate after taxes): 25%.   an agent can charge an initiation fee for the relationship, but not to initiate a new item of IP.


applicability of § Right to Secrecy to business with non-citizens


more insurance regulation, particularly decisive treatment of worker's compensation abuse


state approval is required to leave any property unattended or installed in the commons.   on state-owned roadways, cars can be parked in designated locations.   the state cannot install any sound or picture detecting device on access-uncontrolled state land, nor grant approval for any such installation, except that such detecting devices can be installed for the purpose of collecting openly published scientific data.


archaeological sites and samples


resolutions of action and procedure in legislatures, which can name individuals and incorporated entities


rewards for assisting justice?


journalistic/media access to major state officers, particularly press conferences - upon request delivered with one week's notice, an employee of the state must make himself available for an in-person on-camera and on-tape question-and-answer session with the public, in or around his place of work but in a publicly accessible location to be publicly announced at least one day in advance, for at least 15 contiguous minutes each week.   press credentials?


road signs, particularly degree of national uniformity


no age-based mandatory retirement in the state


must regiment compensational awards in criminal trials


no unnecessary medical procedures on inmates - in particular, no selling or donation of organs or blood, and no medical experiments except those that are incidental to required medical care.

no selling or donation of organs or blood of non-adults


impeachment and removal from office for failing to contain excesses and corruptions of those in one's charge


supplement to RATI: vehicles must be equipped with an addressable, authenticating voice radio.   traffic stops must be prefaced by an authenticated dialogue over the radio, in which the authenticity of the LEA is verified, and the cause for the stop - equipment malfunction, moving violation, arrest warrant, etc.   - is explained by the LEA.   this exchange must not be encrypted, and the exchange between two vehicles must be monitorable by a third vehicle with the same equipment used by the parties to the exchange.

roadway access must be possible anonymously, and the RATI must not be capable of revealing the driver's identity.   driving licenses must be issued that allow demonstration of license level without divulgence of identity, and the RATI must automate this confirmation.   licenses are serialized, individually accountable, and non-transferrable in a manner similar to private keys in the state identity database.

at the time a driver license is issued, the license serial is encrypted with the public key of the recipient, and added to the state license database in the record for the recipient, in such a way that the contents and serial of the license are inaccessible without decryption by the recipient.   the state cannot keep any other record of the license.   no new driver license can be issued without decryption by the recipient of the recorded license serial, permitting continuation of the license under the same serial.

procedure for lost key?


§ The Democratic Process must be renamed "The Election Process" and it must be made explicit that the procedures therein apply to all state voting, particularly including voting by the public and voting by legislatures.

consequences of popular removal from office in terms of subsequent eligeability to hold state office or be elected or appointed

need to discipline and uniform terms like "state voting" "municipal voting" etc., particularly to distinguish voting open to non-officeholders from voting by officeholders in their official capacities.


"eligible voters" must be changed to "registered voters." it must be possible to register to vote in national elections and referendums without divulging one's address.   if feasible, one should be able to register in any unit of state by divulging only sufficient information to certify residence within the corresponding region, making one eligible to vote in that unit and any containing unit.


deliberate killing in loco et tempus actia of one who kidnaps or tortures must be legitimate.


hunting rules

grading of PDDW permits:

first, self-defense and designated range shooting, included in adulthood testing

second, shooting on huntable land at inanimate targets

third, hunting proper, which covers the various constraints on which species can be hunted when, how many in an age or size bracket can be taken down, etc.

gift of a PDDW to a non-adult: adult custody, mandatory custody transfer to giftee when he attains adulthood barring disqualifying conditions


treaties that conflict with the laws of sub-national units of state; treaties that conflict with precedent


XXX malicious seduction, including deliberate seduction of one known to be the partner of another with the intent of causing injury to that partnership.

cannot have this sort of law, because it pivots on the mentality of the perpetrator.


digging under one's property


fire codes, other safety codes of that ilk


limited official use only should be added, meaning limited to certain identified portions of the state hierarchy


funding of (trials in lieu of extradition)


duel with proper contract

concept of constitution as contract - nullification upon death - does not work.   constitution is not a contract, so what is it? or, the constitution is a contract, and the adulthood test includes an actual agreement and signature.   in that case, if one does not agree to the contract, one must not be bound by it.   this is clearly not workable. hence, the constitution cannot be construed as a contract.

if not already covered: any court can appeal directly to any applicable constitutional sections in justifying its decisions.


the myriad actions specified as permissable only according to the "dictates of physical national defense" must be reformed.   any encroachment predicated upon an insult to the territory of the nation will produce treasonous staging of insults.   thus, no encroachment can be so predicated.   this principle already exists generally in the document, in § Emergencies, and those encroachments predicated essentially on emergencies must be extirpated, and if necessary replaced with uniformly active principles that do not constitute unacceptable encroachments.


the acknowledgement and enumeration by this document of certain individual rights does not deny or disparage the existence of other individual rights which happen to not be specifically acknowledged or enumerated in this document.


the election frequency of the national legislature must be pinned down - probably 2 years - this is now completely obsolete, as there are no public elections (cast or recast vote any time now)


contracts, particularly charters of incorporated entities, and the controlling constitution, statutes, precedents, and regulations.


those who pre-emptively turn people in for alleged crimes are acting as agents of the state, and are also subject to § On Entrapment.


legitimacy of speculative criticism or condemnation of activities of incorporated entities - protection must cover e.g.   protesting genetically modified crops and livestock.


the military must nominate (all officers at or above the rank of LTC can nominate one officer at or above the rank of brigadier general (secret ballot), and the smallest number of nominees that account for more than 50% of the nominations are nominated and presented to Congress) candidates for president of the military that the national legislature can choose from among.   if "no candidate is acceptable" wins in the legislature, then, the president of the military must be selected by the legislature from among those officers at or above the rank of brigadier general.


contracts between citizens and non-citizens


if not already in to-do list: entry of non-citizens in the ID registry (damn toe prints! toe print can be obviated by reference to a foreign registry recognized as well-managed, including biometric fraud prevention).


records for all convictions for acts unlawful throughout this nation must be available anonymously, including access from outside nation.

access to records for convictions unlawful within a unit of state, but not unlawful throughout this nation, must be granted only upon authentication as an individual registered to vote in that unit of state.


all correspondence and conversation among legislators must be published separately and independently by each legislator who is a party to the correspondence or conversation, except when classified information is at issue, in which case the portion which isn't classified, and the classifier of the portion which is classified, must be published.

the rep with the biggest vote-weight is the president of the house pro tem and oversees election of a permanent (rest of term) president of the house. election is as described in § The Democratic Process, with as many stages as needed, except that all legislators are automatically candidates.

all votes in a legislature must have a 2hr notice and a 10min. warning, and must last for exactly one minute.   remote voting must be possible.

candidates for election to a legislature who do not receive sufficient votes to exceed the legislature's threshold can vote remotely on each motion and bill brought before the legislature.   they cannot introduce or sponsor bills, and can only engage in floor debate or address if invited by a legislator controlling the time.

reps must be able to use their floor time by inviting anyone, without limitation, onto the floor to speak.   even those imprisoned for murder or high treason must be invitable.

a central database is the authoritative repository of information regarding all bills and candidate bills, including bill texts, sponsorship, debate scheduling, and voting.

bill sponsorship registration must be open for one week.

each amendment is a separate bill.   voting on all amendments to a bill must be complete before voting on the bill they amend can take place. a bill cannot be voted on sooner than one week following the end of sponsorship registration.   at least one week must elapse between the finalization of a bill (voting on all amendments) and the start of voting on that bill.

no portion of a bill can become statute unless it has been approved by a vote of the full legislature.

when casting a vote-weight, one can cast a portion (or all) of one's votes for an item, and a portion (or all) against another item, but cannot cast votes for and against a single item, and the total votes cast cannot exceed one's vote-weight.

expert groups are formed consisting of legislators and experts invited by the group.   expert groups are contractually chartered, and their charters, other information describing the purpose of the group, and the members of the group, are published and entered into the central database.   expert groups can publish reports, which can include voting recommendations, on candidate or current bills, which are entered into the central database.   expert groups cannot participate in the legislative process except for the submission of reports.   no other grouping of legislators can participate in the legislative process.

each legislator, and individuals designated by legislators, have accounts in the central database.   each account can be configured to provide alerts for various events, including entry of candidate bills, entry of expert group reports, attainment of a particular level of sponsorship for a candidate or current bill, imminence of debate or a vote, etc.   events can be described based on keyword searches, the involvement of a particular individual in a change to the database, etc.

can legislators without a threshold vote-weight enter material in the database - bills, reports?

the national legislature must be floated through the provinces (the national legislature votes on exactly where to set up shop), a different province each year, not repeating a province until all other provinces have had a turn.   it must also be floated through the departments, a different department each year, not repeating a department until all other departments have had a turn.

(in fact, this should be a general principle: the legislature of a unit of state should revolve among the various constituent immediately contained units of state.)


structure of court system - addendum to § Unified Court Hierarchy

each unit of state has a criminal section, contract section, and appeals section.   each court within the criminal or contract section has a single justice.   each court within the appeals section has at least 3 justices.   to become a justice, an individual must have worked at least 3 years as a defense attorney and 3 years as a prosecuting attorney in the same section of the enforcement branch of the same unit of state to which he is appointed a justice.   to become a justice in the appeals section, an individual must have worked at least 2 years as a justice in the other sections, either criminal, contract, or a combination thereof, or must have worked at least 1 year as a justice in the appeals section of the immediately contained unit of state.

a case begins in a court of the criminal or contract section (as appropriate) of the unit of state whose scope is the smallest that fully contains the act or acts that prompted the case.   the first appeal is to the appeals section of the same unit of state in which the case began.   subsequent appeals are to the appeals section of containing units of state.

the national unit of state has an additional section consisting of a single Supreme Court of 6 justices.   to become a justice on the supreme court, an individual must work at least 3 years as a justice in the appeals court section of enforcement branch of the national unit of state.

the term of a Supreme Court justice is 12 years.   an individual can be a Supreme Court justice for at most one term.   terms are staggered so that a justice is replaced every two years.

a ruling of a court of the appeals section of the enforcement branch of the national unit of state can be appealed to the Supreme Court.   rulings of the Supreme Court are final and cannot be appealed.

for appointments: the legislature selects from among candidates nominated by a sitting justice.   the nomination of one or more justices of same unit of state and section of enforcement branch is necessary and sufficient.   the legislature can reject nominees.   if after rejections, too few nominated candidates remain, the legislature can appoint as justices individuals who have not been nominated but are otherwise qualified, after appointing all remaining nominated candidates.


estoppel (§ Inconsistent Evidentiary Presentation, Accusations, and Convictions):

extend to inconsistency with statements and actions not necessarily already material in a state record.


both verdicts and sentences can be appealed


10 crime classes:

term range for a class is [ 2*(3^(8 - class)) , 4*(3^(8 - class)) ] (class 9 lower bound is rounded up)

  9 0001 0001
  8 0002 0004
  7 0006 0012
  6 0018 0036
  5 0054 0108

  4 0162 0324
  3 0486 0972
  2 1458 2916
  1 4374 8748
  0 life life

the catalog of crimes must be classified.


an act can be prosecuted under at most one statute.   must deal with prosecutorial strategy change - time served etc.

this is not actually reasonable.   sometimes a single indivisible act is properly interpreted to violate more than one statute, and be punished as such (e.g.   with serial incarceration).


No arrangement can cause a discount or bonus to be awarded to, or a penalty to be assessed on, a customer on the basis of the repeated or extended business of that customer, or on the basis of participation in a loan, or on the basis of the manner in which the customer pays.



no "statute of limitations"


a statute must include the full text of any constitutional section that it refers to in enumerating its justification and authority.


voting in unions and voting for citizen-driven public development must be performed as described in § The Public Voting Process.


MUST ELIMINATE restrictions on communication with lifers.


state does education not just in the military, but in fact specialized training for any type of state employment.

state does housing not just for the military, but also for ambassadors and consuls and their staffs, and probably others.   must be generalized.


no curfews.   ever, for anyone of any age or distinction.

skateboarding etc.   - no restrictions on public property


must be a citizen to be a state employee


law enforcement agents must issue cryptographic "receipts" to those who report crimes.


intranational extradition?


§ Creation of Legislation must indicate that the method of approval applies not only to bills, but to any action taken by the legislature - except of course that the election method applies when making appointments.   details to work out.


it is unlawful, and a form of extortion, to require an individual to enter a contract in order to receive a good or service for which he has already paid in part or in full.


a school attended by non-adults must be a sovereign incorporated entity.   each guardian of a student must spend at least one hour per month working at the school, and must have a share of ownership/control in the school.   the control share of the guardians must exceed that of the school's full time employees.


regulation of international commerce and travel is the exclusive domain of the national unit of state.

territorial disputes between units of state are resolved by the smallest unit of state larger than all disputes, or the national unit of state.


international contracts - where enforceable, what contract tax is paid?


no law or treaty can cause an attack on another nation to be treated necessarily as an attack on this nation.   more generally, no treaty or law can bind this nation to come to the defense of another nation before that nation has been attacked.   However, this nation can come to the defense of another nation, once that nation has come under attack, by a resolution of this nation's national legislature. Moreover, law or treaty can specify that this nation will come to another nation's defense unless a specific legislative resolution is passed to the contrary.


all revenue and expenditure of a unit of state must be authorized, with the maximum feasible degree of specificity, by its legislature.

actually, no, cancel that.   normally, apportionment internal to a department, or even a component, should be decided internally, since those in a component are clearly have the best sense of what constitutes the most effective strategy for fulfillment of the charter of the component.   the legislature can always overrule on a case-by-case basis, or bounce an errant decisionmaker back to unemployment.


state-operated authoritative cryptographic timestamp service, and requirements for use


contractual currency: need a mechanism of painless frangibility and maximal fungibility.   the key attribute of the system is that when someone wants to pay an incorporated entity for a product or service, and that incorporated entity has outstanding currency, the payer transforms whatever currency he has (including monetary metals) into currency issued by the incorporated entity, and redeems it.


in situ self-resolution in localized individual crimes, particularly theft, assault, trespass, vandalism, etc.


constitutional clauses must be graded for degree of amendability, expressed as the proportion of consensus required to amend it.   some clauses cannot be changed without formal national dissolution - whatever that means.


ex post facto interference of law with contracts


public keys of voting machines must be published.   this creates basic accountability, and also allows citizens to prove to each other who/what they voted for.

note that the provision that a voting position cannot be a stipulation of a contract makes it practically impossible for an employer to bind his employees to a voting position on threat of dismissal - though he can hire people based on their voting positions.


extraction and disposal taxes are a boondoggle.   particularly, extraction activities in desolate areas should be taxed - if at all - at a far lower rate than activities within sight, earshot, or odorshot of developed areas.


anti-dumping section?


crimes of weather control, geological manipulation, animal manipulation, and other environmental manipulation


court review must include a positive production of supporting analysis.


mailboxes


"take care of it" resulting in accomplice status


spectrum rent for non-broadcast applications - revenue proportion?

finer delineation of amateur band policies

broadcasters pay a proportion of advertising revenue as taxes


lying by government employees - whenever acting in a law enforcement capacity, always under oath that makes it unlawful to tell a lie.


define "a lie"


amendment to § Responsibilities of Employers: except for workers operating dangerous machinery as specified above, no law can restrict the time an employee works within any interval, except insofar as § Vacation can be interpreted to define such a restriction.

hazmat in train, roadway vehicle, water vessel, aircraft - special standards of maintenance and performance for both the conveyance and the avenue captain/driver/pilot thinks unsafe means no go

also, the state must enforce rules on max consecutive hours of truck/train/plane driving/piloting and minimum rest between operating shifts.


journalistic and other non-disclosure agreements - not covered by IP law.


failure of a unit of state to conform its activities to the laws of containing units of state - police and military intervention?


coercing commission of a crime - by credible threat of death (all culpability is the threatener's), by non-libelous information extortion (all culpability is the physical actor's), and for everything in between.


falsely accusing someone of a crime is libel per se?


law applies fully to all people and organizations, including all agents and agencies of the state, except as otherwise noted.


monetary compensatory damage awards for e.g.   negligently injured employees

requires ressurection of monetary fines in criminal law

actually, the way the section is now constructed, legal action is triggered only if the employer fails to pay.   perhaps this is a back-door fine, but it is purely compensational with no punitive dimension aside from the implicit one.   failure to perform w.r.t.   this payment can result in court punition not to include fines.


no treaty can limit the extent or variety of military personnel or materiel


trial recordings made by defense and prosecution made and released separately after embargo


No non-adult can be subjected to non-remedial elective surgery.

the definition of remedial has to be given, such that it is a purely medical definition, and not cultural remediation etc., and elective has to be the medical sense - precluding "cultural" or "spiritual" imperatives.

circumcision of a non-adult - both male and female - is unlawful.   in fact it is a biological crime, hence incarceration results.

disfigurements that must be corrected surgically while a non-adult - elective remedial surgery is legitimate.


impeachment of legislators must be very hard.


is this still current?:

justices should be appointed for a probationary period of two years or somesuch, after which they have to be reappointed non-probationally. a non-probationally appointed justice keeps his position indefinitely, unless and until he quits, or the legislature votes to appoint him to another position, or impeaches him (must define impeachment standard which is somewhat easily attained).


after announcing an arrest, a law anforcement officers must verbally announce identification, including his name, affiliation, and officer number, before proceeding with the arrest.


PDDW safety training, testing, and licensing, is automatically included in adulthood qualification procedure


military action must be prompted and justified by a need to defend the territory of the nation and the lives, property, and sovereignty of those lawfully occupying it.


state responsibility for protection of state's witnesses


harassment law, when it talks about harassment by an organization, should instead of organization talk about a campaign instigated by or otherwise under the control of a single individual or incorporated entity.

harrassment law probably must forbid campaigns like Fred Phelps's, in which the target of the harrassment is a class of people.   this is very tricky however.

also need prohibition on certain forms of stalking.

harrassment and stalking laws apply to the state.


sports franchises - act like monopolies, may need extra regulation - in what form is entirely unclear


anti-trust based on market share or proportion of production capacity is almost surely doomed.

if sufficient military economic capacity for a given product or service cannot be secured through voluntary promissory contracts with providers, then

the state (constitutional law) the state and companies enter contracts in which the companies promise to produce certain goods/services in time of war/emergency (as specified in the contract). but if there's a monopoly on a product or service, and the monopoly refuses to enter the contract, then it must be compelled to enter the contract.   that's fine and well.   the problem is, what terms and prices? compel is fine, but compel unjustly is unacceptable. that's what i'm trying to figure out now - how to avoid putting a monopoly over a barrel.   can't have the state dictating the terms of a contract the monopoly has to enter - that's outrageous.

oh wait! monopolies already have to uniform their rates and terms. so that's taken care of.   now the hairy part: if not enough companies sign on to satisfy contingency state demand, then the n largest suppliers have to be compelled, but they aren't monopolies with uniformed rates and terms, so that's where the real hairball comes from.

the ideal protection against monopolies and economic or social collapses is maximal self-sufficiency.   if the duplex communications infrastructure is a fine mesh of independent operators, if fuel/electricity for heat, electricity, and transportation is generated residentially, and if water and septic systems are small independent systems, then only foodstuffs are an immediate concern, and only repair/replacement parts and services are a longer-term concern.


ban on picketing of private residences, etc.?


collect together in one section the issue of who pays for what expenses in lawsuits.


trademark transfer/retirement


all incarceration should be followed by a proportional probation period.

probation violations must be prima facie crimes, and convert some proportion of the probation period to incarceration.


prohibition of frivolous or retaliatory revocation or suspension of permits or authorizations based on semantically inconsequential formatting, spelling, completeness, or consistency errors in forms.


guardian intent conflict in "heroic measures" and organ donation orders


For each state employee, a charter contract enumerating his responsibilities must exist.   The charter for a position must be published when the position becomes available, and any advertising of the position must provide instructions for access to the charter.   An individual and his prospective commander must demonstrate understanding of and sign the charter according to which the individual will be working, before employment begins.

It is an impeachable offense, but not a crime, for a state employee to be in breach of his charter.

It is an impeachable offense, but not a crime, for a state employee to facilitate commission of a crime by an employee in his charge, by dint of insufficient perspicacity or vigilance.

In an impeachment trial for an offense which is not a crime, the burden of proof is the same as that in an ordinary contract trial.

All crimes of class 7 or lower are impeachable.   The burden of proof in impeachment trial for such crimes is the same as that in an ordinary criminal trial.

All state employees, whether elected or appointed, are subject to impeachment as set forth herein.

impeachment process: passage of a bill of impeachment by the legislature is indictment, trial is conducted by the highest court of the unit of state.   conviction results in removal from office, disqualification to hold office, and if applicable, penalty as usual. the removal is not subject to reversal.   the verdict and, if present, penalty can be reversed by appeal.   in the case of appeal, the legislature and the highest court of the unit of state of the office of the defendant can each appoint a prosecutor.   in the case that appeal results in reversal, the defendant's ability to be a candidate for elected office is restored.   by passing a bill, the legislature of the unit of state of the office of the defendant can restore the defendant's ability to be appointed to positions within that unit of state, and to hold


bill size vs.   time to review


ban on tracking bug-type things except with consent of the tracked or by court order

ban on audio or visual sensors in "restrooms, locker rooms or other areas where employees change clothes" (CA AB 1999-2303 George Runner Jr., R-Lancaster)


adulthood testing after an aggregation.   have to decide who is aggregating with whom.


simultaneous employment by the state and by a private corporation

general treatment of conflict of interest


psychological assault using technologies of illusion


the name of each person arrested and/or charged in crimes, and each person involved in court proceedings and not state employees or lawyers, must be kept in confidence or published as directed be that person.   the nature of involvement of state employees and lawyers in a case must be published.   the alleged violations of law must be published, by specific identification of the implicated instruments of state policy or portion thereof.   the time period (as most accurately known) and the smallest containing unit of state of each violation must be published.


when units of state, particularly including sovereign national units of state, reach an accord regarding border or other issues of mutual or conflicting interest, no unit of state of this nation can recognize the legality of interference by any governing body not a party to the negotiations.


need to fix things so that state can't deny realtime publicness of and audiences/journalists/cameras/mics in a criminal trial if the defendant requests it, except that treatment of classified information must be handled in secrecy regardless of what anyone wants.


extortion by the state, e.g.   threatening to make an individual appear to be an informant


no public land with road access can be an ``island'': all public land on a given landmass must be either contiguous, or connected by roads administered as though state-owned.


what happens to bills in the database when the session ends?


restriction on state borrowing and lending must be made more specific, so that money can be used by the state!


if not already clear: anyone found "not responsible" in a case must have all of his trial expenses reimbursed, including lost wages if employed on a basis that lends itself to such a determination.


mandatory review of conviction every five years for people in prison


engagement in blackmailable behavior by high officials


probably need to remove the proportion limit on donations and simply preserve the individual donations requirement.   actually, considering that all IE's are employee-owned, it's ok to just unlimit donations and frame a law ban on interference.


need to at least consider a limit on the proportion of a contract trial award that can be paid to attorneys.


how about a general principle: trial judgements and penalties must be based exclusively on a rational determination of whether and which crime was committed.


independent prosecutors appointed by legislature of same unit of state


if not covered: voting of shares cannot be delegated.


only crimes of class 7 and below authorize DNA sampling.


special crime: fabrication of intelligence, law enforcement information, etc.


allocation of tax revenue for antipollution activities and facilities - enable and set funding proportion ceiling.


no rent control - should be explicit


though it's implicit in other clauses, it must be explicit that the state's authority to combat contagious diseases and epidemics does not include the authority to compel any individual to undergo innoculation or any other medical procedure, ingestion, or other introduction of a substance to an individual's body.

this is not necessarily tenable.   particularly, it must be possible to compel active duty soldiers to undergo innoculation or leave active duty.


any contractual arrangement that is like an incorporated entity, is an incorporated entity subject to the restrictions thereof.


any contractual arrangement that is like a union, is a union subject to the restrictions thereof.


after conviction, incarcerated male and female individuals must never reside in the same facility.   excluding medical and legal staff, those facilities containing male prisoners must be staffed exclusively with male employees, and those containing female prisoners must be staffed exclusively with female employees.

before conviction, incarcerated male and female individuals must always be separated by secure barriers that prevent physical contact or exposure to bodily fluids.


contract can specify confiscation of property.

this is another way one can be lawfully deprived of property.


no tax can be levied on the ownership, purchase, or sale of property, either by an individual or by an incorporated entity.


an IE has to be incorporated under law of this nation to enter contracts with citizens or IE's in this nation.

no contract between an IE of this nation and a citizen not of this nation
  only if it is incorporated in the nation of that citizen.

in contracts between citizens of distinct nation-states,


any time the state compels an individual to respond to a question or other demand for information, a truthful response, and any information or evidence obtained through investigation or other procedures enabled or facilitated by that truthful response, cannot be used as a basis for initiating prosecution against that individual, or as evidence in any prosecution of that individual.

this is somewhere else in the to-do list already, but just to be sure: state agents must be truthful whenever acting in an official capacity.

§ On Coercion and Torture modified so that requirement that state agents be truthful is suspended for statements made to the subject.


constitution testing for all teachers and child care providers as for state employees.


gradations in national guard and its extension, so that those whose training is most up-to-date get called up first.   need retainer payments for training


private/mercenary military action in defense of environment and human rights


but photographs of the painting - well clearly i need to delineate this - the concept of original vs.   facsmiles, and invocation of IP rights governing only sales and licensing of the facsimiles (if desired).


assassination: anyone who can individually issue military orders is a potential legitimate target.

assassination: any individual in possession of secrecy-classified information the compromise of which clearly physically endangers one or more citizens of this nation or of an allied nation, upon his defection to a threat state, must be assassinated if abduction fails, is infeasible, or is not attempted, upon the consensus of the national president of the investigative branch and president of the military.


must be legal and free to have the footprints of children entered in the the state identity database.   this is for forensic tracking.


archiving of all written military orders


no state symbol or emblem can contain a component whose inclusion is only meaningful by dint of the religious denotation or connotation of that component, provided that ``religious'' is understood to denote systems of belief that include faith or demonstrable irrationality.


explicit ban on state operation of lotteries


state sales of used and surplus materiel


state license and registration required for enterprise in or custody of unattended weapons and particularly autonomous robotic weapons, containing injurious explosive charges or toxins, or capable of causing injury or death by impact through robotic or remote manned guidance, or through impact following a ballistic or near-ballistic trajectory if the device was launched without the explicit command of a human - i.e.   landmines, cruise missiles, remotely controlled vehicles weighing more than 500LB and capable of a velocity in excess of 50MPH and remotely operable without additional enhancement from a distance of greater than one mile, unattended firearm or toxic discharge boobytraps, etc.

licensing is must-issue provided that the device can be forensically tracked, and registration must be fee-free and require no renewals. the item must be re-registered whenever a change of custody occurs. the state must examine any item to determine a usable forensic signature; when an unattended weapon is used in a crime and the signature cannot be determined from the wreckage, the state must verify that all registered devices that could have left the observed wreckage are accounted for, through on-site inspections as necessary.


no roadway operated as though state-owned can require the use of computer controlled or remotely controlled vehicles, nor can any fees or access prioritizations and arbitrations be affected by the use of such control systems.


cannot enter contract with foreign party contrary to law that applies to that foreign party


seduction by fraud


no sterilization not paid for by the party sterilized can be of an intrinsically irreversible variety.


taxation of extraction from international waters - eek!


IP regimes in foreign states - when IP regime is installed, does extant IP get grandfathered? the alternative discontinuity is a serious barrier.


no mixing of prisoners of sound mind with those of unsound mind (same conundrum - what is "unsound mind"?)


uniform proportion of radio broadcast ad revenue paid as taxes


transportation of hazardous materials


all MMSE's and state fees expressed in ICU's.   ICU defined by a first order arithmetic combination of prices for selected services.

bill for a bushel of wheat

any individual type of currency can be converted to an instantaneous ICU value.

the relative conversion rates of index constituents are necessarily constrained by the arithmetic constraint of the ICU index.   Therefore any change in the price of one index component must be accompanied by a change in the price of at least one other component.

if you have a market in which an abstract unit of value is defined as equal in value to an arithmetic combination of a set of index commodities, but a given quantity of each of those index commodities can be converted to an instantaneous abstract value in those abstract units, then what is the standard way, if any, of dealing with the illiquidity introduced by the arithmetic constraints of the indexing regime? do conversion rates change when the buy/sell offer prices on two or more of the index components allow for tracked changes to the rates of all at once, without violating the constraint?

globalization of money system - hey, because of the contract tax, there is no reason foreign nationals can't sue in domestic courts!

operation of currency market: operated by private entities subject to enumerated constraints (particularly, free access), federally organized, transparently integrated with currency markets of other Innovist states with substantially identical monetary systems.

glitch is globalization of the ICU - but the glitch isn't qualitatively different from the trouble of a uniformed ICU throughout a single state.   to be perfectly sensical, a uniform ICU must be predicated on free, instantaneous shipping, an obviously absurd premise.  

market: buy and sell prices

for each type of currency a company has outstanding, it must publish the current non-redemption price (in ICU's) of the redemption product or service.

all MMSE's must be in ICU's


all nodes in the command hierarchy of the investigative and military branches must be single individuals.


there are no implicit contracts except for those explicitly described in this document.   for any implicit contracts there must be an explicit document or recorded presentation that fully enumerates the terms.   all advertisements must either enumerate these terms or include instructions for anonymous access to such an enumeration.


non-citizen control of broadcast stations


reward payouts to those who report crimes


age segregation in imprisonment

prisoner request for relocation

segregation in jails (pre-conviction holding facilities) - based on possible sentence (crime class)


youthful offender details: conviction publication, penalty structure modulations, adult at time of trial glitches, etc.


no law can require or reward posting of a liability bond.


a state employee is required to tell the whole truth, to the best of his knowledge, whenever he is asked a question or makes a statement regarding his official activities while acting in an official capacity (while acting in fulfillment of his duties of employment).

when an individual has explicitly identified himself as an agent of the state performing the duties of his state position, and has explicitly informed all parties present of the obligation to refrain from knowingly representing as true a falsehood, it is forbidden to knowingly represent to that agent as true a falsehood, in any deliberate and explicit transfer of information specifically to that agent, from the time of the agent's announcement until the end of the encounter.


need to switch back to requiring prepayment of contract taxes - though one reasonable compromise is to define a subscription interval, and require payment before an interval ends, with a penalty (perhaps ten times the tax for the interval) if payment is after the start of the interval.   this interval can be quarterly.   contracts can specify in their terms who is responsible for payment of recurring taxes, and a failure of the obligated party to pay can be litigated and forcibly corrected once another party pays the tax.

if not dealt with, all expenses of contract court operations beyond some amount defined by the contract taxes already paid to secure the contract being argued, must be paid by the plaintiff and/or defendant.  


monopoly broadcasters and discretion in accepting advertising


need to rethink the copyright situation with broadcasting, particularly songs on the radio.   there should be a middle ground that assures the right of people to record what they want off the air, thereby gaining an implicit license to the material that is impaired only in that no fee can be charged for a transfer of the license.

actually, punt this middle ground.   the bid system described below takes care of this.

arbitrary personal use copies and format transformations must be legitimized uniformly.


need to prevent judge shopping in its various forms.


need to enumerate the information that can be required of a citizen or IE in a state form, or in other business with the state. particularly distinguish licensing and non-licensing contexts, and don't let scope get out of hand with licensing.


needs to be explicit that only a justice or panel thereof can rule as to responsibility for law-breaking or contractual breach, or impose a sentence or coercive order.   [that is, except by constitutional amendment, no law can assign justice-like authority to someone who is not a justice.]


need to pay serious consideration to some form of prosecution of state agents and agencies by non-state agents.   subpoena power gets pretty hairy here.


use of real property as a place of worship cannot cause differentiation in treatment in instruments of state policy.

also no special treatment on the basis of institutional affiliation.


lying in order to gain information or cause an action


non-adult suicide


adulthood requirement for participation in certain types of gambling - this is hairy


no loans internal to the state either - wealth can only be assigned irreversibly, to be subsequently assigned as directed by instruments of state policy.


explicit designation of fractional banking as a form of fraud


the purchase or lease price and terms for a product or service cannot be affected by a concurrent, prior, or contractually obligated future purchase or lease


need to consider a requirement that all advertisements for candidates for elected office be confined to exposition and discussion of the voting contract to which the candidate has dedicated himself.


need to consider a requirement that all employees of IE's own a proportion of their employers


conflicts of interest in legislative voting (in many cases legislators are also employees of private companies)


broadcast station controllers of record cannot contractually delegate or otherwise assign control over the contents of the station's signal to anyone who has control over the contents of any station not controlled by those controllers.


the detailed location and appearance of every prisoner must be published and kept completely up to date.


handicapped access to state published information: any person who asks must be supplied with a machine-readable transcript of any spoken word record.   this transcript can be semi-automatically generated, provided the mechanism identifies words and phrases it cannot confidently identify for transcription, so that those words and phrases are transcribed by human intervention.   each transcript generated by this process must subsequently be freely available and made to accompany the original record it transcribes.


no self-defense defense if accosted while in the course of committing a crime by someone who is not committing a crime


An individual cannot be construed by a criminal court to have committed a crime, or to be subject to penalties, unless he has violated a statute or some portion of a constitution.


need substantive treatment of military law, particularly how it fits in to the instruments of state policy hierarchy


law cannot restrict free and/or anonymous export of encryption and steganography software, hardware, literature, or source code

(obviously any technology encumbered by secrecy classification


soliciting information from non-adults (corporations trolling for marketing data, etc.)


fictional depiction of law-breaking must be accompanied by a depiction of successful law enforcement in certain contexts - but what? how? 1st: only in arenas accessible to non-adults

inaccessibility to non-adults is a cryptographic barrier for purposes of broadcast channel composition.


need to consider the moral significance of the state initiating force


in missions to beat back a nation that has aggressed against a foreign nation or is engaging in environmentally criminal behavior, only soldiers who volunteer for the overall mission can participate.


sex acts in public places - cannot legally prohibit or penalize


instruments of state coercion: suspension of enforceability of contracts of which an individual is the beneficiary as an alternative to force


copyrights on interviewee and public statements


enjoinder clauses in contracts - no MMSE buyout possible.


intrabranch appointment stickiness - serve out term unless removed by appropriate legislature

which positions are appointed, and which are simple jobs? positions that bestow authority to create instruments of state policy are appointments with terms.   positions that bestow authority to appoint people are appointments with terms.   terms must be established by statute, though they can be established by class rather than for each individual position.   positions that are not appointments can be governed in their duration of occupation according to intruments of state policy enacted within the branch, subject to statutory override.


ambulance/paramedics and emergency medicine - who works, who pays?


forensic taggants for recreational drugs and other psychoactives as identified by the state

private chain of custody for drugs basically as for weapons


need to specify that no party that is a monetary lendee can be the guarantor of an insurance policy, and that no party that is a monetary lender can be the beneficiary of any monetary insurance policies.


the terms "similar" and "substantial" and other such terms have to be replaced or formalized systematically.


it should be necessary for someone to have already entered a contract in which another party promises delivery of something, before he can enter a contract in which he promises to deliver it to someone else.


language of broadcasts and amateur bands


student (including non-adult) vacation rights essentially as for employment


free pedestrian (walking/running) access to all roadways operated as though state owned (walking to the side of the road, though!)


no law can be enacted that affects enterprise, ownership, and carrying of a device, in a manner that explicitly or effectively distinguishes devices having a clearly defensive character (particularly, such devices as ballistic protective garments).


genealogy availability to children produced from surrogacies - no no, just the identities of the real genetic parents.


Germany-style access to land by pedestrians and human-propelled vehicles (e.g.   bicycles)


eliminate panels of justices.   new dynamic: when an appeal is requested, any of the justices in the same court as the justice whose decision is being appealed, can choose to accept the appeal for trial. if none accept it, then the appeal goes before the immediately containing court.

sentences and verdicts - in fact, any decision made by a court - are subject to appeal.

each court has a set of justices.   the decisions of a justice can reverse any previous decision made by that court or by a court contained by the present court.   a case can be heard and decided, theoretically, by each and every justice in the court, in separate consecutive trials.   it can be heard only if a logical flaw is identified in the previous ruling in advance.

in any court except in the supreme court, if all the justices have already sat for a trial of a particular case, and the case is still under appeal, the appeal goes before the containing court.

if a contradiction in law is discovered in the course of a trial, it must be resolved through correction of law before the trial can continue.

a justice who fails to adhere to law is removed by impeachment.

if the defendant brings an appeal, then the waiving of trial time limit must be automatic.   if the prosecution brings the appeal there is a bit of a problem that must be dealt with.


public voting: vote is changeable except final two days of voting period.   voting period must last at least 2 weeks.

(relevant only to referenda and appointment of fulfillment judges for citizen driven public development.)


uniform stand-in for cryptographic signature when crypto not available: double witnessing or somesuch.   notary certification? sealed document escrow?


in foreign affairs, any official act must exclusively enforce the principles of this document.   (e.g.   theological concerns, as in e.g.   the Middle East, cannot drive policy - though inevitably it must be considered in developing strategy)


policing the police (private and public) - plainclothes, double-blind audit dispatches

double-blind illegal orders, purging of anyone who obeys the illegal order (obviously, the laws the order involves breaking must be serious).

orders should carry authorizers with an encrypted portion, and the signature must be of the whole order including the encrypted portion. authority can be demonstrated only by presentation of the order and through proof of the identity of the presenter as an authorizee.   the encrypted portion reveals whether this is a test (not legally implementable) order.


trademark geographic and subject domain: first-come first-served for widest geography and subject, BUT no exclusion outside geographic and subject areas where business is actually being conducted.   when expansion occurs, preemption can occur.


change crime RKBA disqualification so that probation and severity thresholding are included - wrong to disarm permanently for many particular single offenses.


checking if a permit is suspended/revoked:

mask out ten random bits in the serial number, and return revoked permit info for all matching database entries.   thus no unique ID _and_ no ID at all of which permit type is at issue.


extradition town to town and province to province, ban and try locally?


penalties for environmental damage must be proportional to the magnitude of the damage.


inventory of stolen trackable PDDW paraphernalia - deters spurious reporting of thefts (items become saleable only on the black market)


transportation incident investigations - NTSB-like organization with centralized talent and resources


employers over-complicating workplace rules to make compliance difficult, in order to evade compensatory obligations in case of worker injury


extend geographic island prohibition to units of state, instead of just the national unit

address matter of towns and counties seceding from provinces to form their own provinces, or aggregating with another province.


§ On Cohabitation and § Paid Surrogacy and Sterilization are inconsistent.


general principle - suspension/revocation of a license if the license was injuriously abused


an individual arrested in one jurisdiction can insist on being initially prosecuted in the jurisdiction in which the act occured (i.e.   can insist on being extradited).   this means that if a person is arrested in a jurisdiction for an act illegal in that jurisdiction but not illegal in the jurisdiction in which the act was committed, he cannot be successfully prosecuted.   the arrestee must be informed of his right to be extradited.


just to be sure: no special permit can be required to manufacture, market, distribute, transport, or receive PDDWs within the nation. only the basic PDDW permit, granted to all individuals upon attainment of adulthood, is required.


should consider a process whereby collecting sponsors corresponding to a sufficient proportion of eligible voters forces a ballot vote on a bill passed within the last n weeks by the legislature.   if the ballot vote fails to approve the law, it is rescinded and can only be subsequently enacted by a ballot initiative.   this is problematic.


the general principle of state non-interventionism in epidemics other than microbial/envirotoxic ones


no law can require that a citizen provide biometric data unless he has been arrested, or convicted of a crime and waived or exhausted avenues of appeal, and then only as specifically authorized by constitutional or legislatively enacted law.


removed from § Human Identification Infrastructure:

"Simple tricolor photography in the red to violet visual spectrum, with an effective resolution not greater than 2mm per pixel in any axis, of a normally clad individual, cannot be construed as a biometric measurement for the purposes of this section.   Individuals must be photographed in the course of generating an entry for the unified state database of identities, and the resulting photograph(s) must be included as a component of the entry."

this was replaced with an explicit ban on photos of non-criminals being in the database.


addition to § Radio Broadcast: license auctions are operated by the state, to assure that the price paid for a license is known, and to assure equitable access to opportunities based solely on wealth and eligibility criteria.


compensation by destroyer for destruction of property - dealt with? is identical to that for theft.


checking database of stolen PDDW serial numbers - must not reveal the serial number one is actually interested in.   dealt with already? unlikely.

records production cannot be compelled except when a violent crime was committed or attempted with the weapon at issue.

the state needs to know the designated inheritors of firearms transaction records, and needs to know when an inheritance transpires. already dealt with?

require ALL people to identify a records inheritor in the process of complating attainment of adulthood!


retrieval of suspended/revoked licenses must not be possible on an individual basis - instead, records for a range or set of individuals is retrieved by describing the range/set of interest.   the set size must be at least 100 records, and if possible there must be at least five individuals from each county included in the retrieved data.


prosecution of POWs according to law applicable in the locale of imprisonment (particularly for assault, murder, etc.)


searches on private property: either voluntary (with departure being the usual mode of avoidance, and always an accessible one) or, only in access-controlled areas, possibility of involuntary search prominently displayed at all points of ingress.   any contract which cannot be performed without entering an area subject to search must specifically enumerate this fact in detail.


monopoly nuance: if all the providers of shipping services that ship packages of particular dimension, weight, and handling requirements, refuse to ship a particular such package, a carrier can be chosen and forced to ship the package.   need to address on-site pickup/dropoff and depot-in-radius.   the primary purpose of this is to force shipment of firearms paraphernelia.


permit suspension/revocation database also returns any outstanding warrants, describing the charges and supplying contact instructions.


no law can require that employers or hirers know the identity of their employees or hirees.   in particular, no law can require, directly or by implication, that an employee or hiree be in the national identity registry.

no law can require that providers of financial services, including safe depositing and electronic cash and debitting/checking services, know the identity of their clients/account holders.   in particular, no law can require, directly or by implication, that a financial services client or account holder be in the national identity registry.

no common carrier can require that a customer supply his identity, nor penalize a failure to do so.


parking on streets: no meters, no permits, but time limits, no parking zones, and no parking times (street sweeping, snow emergency)


any state-authorized LEO, either private or public, can refuse to participate in investigation and arrest under a particular law or set of laws, through an official declaration to that effect.   no LEO can be ordered to investigate or arrest under a law under which he has declared his refusal to investigate or arrest.   all such declarations must be published.


fingerprinting and other biometrics of deceased and unidentified amnesic/comatose individuals


state employment: can always refuse a promotion


a voter can take his vote away from his legislator and cast it as he sees fit on a legislative vote-by-vote basis


change legislative floor time so that time each legislator controls at the start is the same


there cannot be any legal disqualifications or handicaps for a conviction for an act which is no longer illegal.   state records evidencing such a conviction, and all records of all investigative and enforcement actions and proceedings in pursuit of that conviction including all complaints and statements, must be anonymized, with information permitting certain mapping to real identity delivered in signed form to the convicted party, and then all state copies of the mapping destroyed.   if no convictions remain, all criminal biometric data in state databases must be destroyed.

this raises an issue: information in state records that uniquely identifies individuals must be framed and tagged to enable automated anonymization/destruction.


no mechanism of conviction expungement other than as a side effect of rescinding a law


despite the enumeration within this document of specific limitations on government authority, no government authority exists other than that enumerated herein.   in particular, any individual conduct not explicitly forbidden by applicable law, is implicitly rightful, and when the government acts regarding such conduct it must do so to defend and protect it.


any time entry to a facility with a PDDW is denied, secure storage must be supplied free of charge, and the owner of the facility must be contractually bound to return the PDDW, in unaltered condition, without delay in the course of exit from the facility.   this contract is not taxable.

probably want to make receipts (contracts to restore custody) for checked coats, bikes, parked cars, etc., to be non-taxable.


explicitly authorize use of deadly force to stop anyone, including state agents, from abducting children.   i.e.   immunity even if deadly force is used when non-deadly force would suffice.


when someone orders a state employee to a press conference, he must either reject the conference time offered freeing the employee of the obligation to appear at that time, or accept it and be bound to attend.

a telepresence conference must also be a possibility.


requirement for physical evidence, either mechanical recording or forensic evidence, in sex crime cases, including those involving juvenile ostensible victims


no law can require that a package containing a PDDW item be labelled in cleartext identifying the contents as a PDDW item.


trademarks cannot be phrases, slogons, mottos, etc.   - these cannot be protected by IP law.

invention, formulation, and layout registries are problematic and must be minimalistic.


convict must be able to choose when to perform punitive labor, on some basis

incarceree proximity to visiting family and friends

visitation rights


drug licenses: anonymous except at parlor.   the license suspension/revocation database also contains records of each and every drug license issued, revealing the type of drug associated with each license, but otherwise encrypted so that only the licensee can decrypt it to reveal the serial of the drug license.   if the licenses for a particular drug or set of drugs are to be revoked pursuant to law, the licensee is compelled to decrypt the appropriate licenses so that the serials can be revoked.   obviously, the license suspension/revocation database must also contain all valid permits with serials in the clear but no identity associated with it.   permit laundering is deterred because the permit contains a string encrypted with the official public key of the licensee, with the encryption signed by a certificate authority.   can't give away one's official key of course, and can't put a bogus challenge in there because it's signed by a CA.

simultaneity analysis problem: must introduce random delay of 1-24 hours (or something) between db accesses that reveal identity and db accesses that reveal cleartext serial.   the same goes for other databases with crypto-split structures, like the voting system.


no more than 10% of the adult population can be PDDW-disfranchised at one time.   if the threshold is reached, the state must restore PDDW franchises ahead of schedule, in the order dictated by scheduled expirations of nominal terms of disfranchisement, in order to allow new disfranchisements to be imposed.


amateur band transmitting is no-license - simply constrained by some rules, e.g.   can't use it for broadcasting.   what about encryption? permissible power levels, aggregate individual key-down time in a channel, simultaneous key-down on multiple channels in a band or in separate bands, etc.


§ Right to Secrecy: contract cannot require surrendering privacy rights; privacy surrender agreement has to be isolated.


an appointee must be of such an age, and in such health, that he can be expected to complete the term of the appointment.


ban so-called "contingency fee" i.e.   attorneys getting a proportion of winnings in contract disputes or, of course, of compensatory awards in criminal proceedings.   fixed fees and a loser-pays-expenses principle drive the system.


eliminate patents, formulation, and layout registries and licensing. instead, inventors and architects advertise rough descriptions of what they've got, and those interested become bound to a contract forbidding disclosure or practice of the invention or formulation, and view it in detail.   some of the viewers are rating agents, possibly paid by the inventor, who identify the viability and value of the invention and advertise their conclusions.   others are entities interested in using the invention, who toss a bid in a pot.   before the bid process begins, the inventor publishes a total bid threshold that will prompt closing of bids, and he can reduce this threshold at a later time as he wants.   bids can be retracted until bids close. the event and amount of a bid must be announced, but the identity of the bidder must be kept in confidence if the bidder states that this is his desire but otherwise must be included in the announcement. when enough loot is in the pot, the inventor closes bids and dissolves all the contracts (i.e.   dissolving the restraint on disclosure and practice).   The inventor must publish the full details of the invention within two years of the closing of bids.

the tax rate on disclose/practice contracts is equal to that for copyright contracts, i.e.   up to 20%.

for certain types of copyrightable material, such as songs, a variation of the above bid system has promise.   a songwriter/producer can advertise a threshold bid total, publish excerpts and technical-quality-impaired versions of the songs, supply bidders with the full versions imder NDAs, and when the bid threshold is reached, the NDAs are dissolved and the songs are unencumbered by copyrights (only moral rights remain), thus they can be played over the radio for example (radio stations and networks are typical bidders).

NDAs must dissolve if the inventor of the covered information dies. What about a patchwork NDA where there's more than one inventor? Shouldn't this principle be extended to all contracts, if so how, and if so, why hasn't it been already??

source code must be included not just with copyright software, but with NDA software, both to NDA parties and to the state in the disclosure filing.

rename "intellectual property" "limited informational monopoly" (obsolete since there is no such thing any longer)

restrict NDAs to be between employees of the same company, or between an employee and his employer, or between an individual or company with the secret, and an individual who does not transfer any property, privilege, or contractual entitlement to that individual or company. this final type of NDA cannot last more than 90 days, and is intended to allow for outside review of a product.

crucial nuance: an employee must be someone who, in the net, is paid by the company.   spruce up this constraint.   (it's spruced up below)

drug company model: develop treatment (often, a cure), then customers come to the facility and receive the treatment, without taking evidence with them that could be readily reverse-engineered.

copyright replacement model: excerpts and/or outsider ratings are promulgated, and those who want the material to be released put money in a pot.   exact same system as for the patent replacement. optionally, a donor can demand that his/their name(s) and amount of their donation be promulgated.   this nuance should be added to the patent stuff.

refine understanding of interrelationship between the integrity market (enabled by combining crypto sigs, the state ID db, contracts, and trademarks) and other markets and semi-markets.   this mechanism enables the trusted reviewer instititution.

all information that is released using the pot system must be filed with the state for distribution in libraries.   however, the pot money itself CANNOT be directly taxed.   if there are NDAs, they get taxed like any other contract, though.

add in all the other constraints on copyrighted info - source code publication etc.

delineate moral rights.   minimally, they include the inalienable right to have one's name invariably accompany one's works.   this particular requirement persists in perpetuity.   however, if one distributes one's own work anonymously, or requests that one's own work be distributed anonymously, then the attribution requirement is thenceforth immaterial w.r.t.   that work.

no contract can forbid a party to design, develop, implement, or market a technology, device, or other product, or impede such activities, except as specifically set forth in this document.   in particular, though an NDA entered in the course of patent bidding (mod: there are no patents, now refers just to NDAs) may temporarily forbid a party to market or otherwise practice technology revealed under the NDA without the authorization of the revealer, in no case can a party be forbidden or restricted in marketing or otherwise practicing a technology not constrained by such a patent (->NDA) contract.

corrective action when NDA is violated - cannot go past MMSE.

NDA'd technology is made somewhat patent-like: must file a full disclosure with the state, for which one receives a receipt, and the state must disclose the technology 20 years after it is filed.   the disclosure to the state must include everything disclosed under the NDA to licensees.   an NDA cannot be enforced without showing the signed receipt for the disclosure.

trespass to obtain trade secrets - penalty is to pay the smallest total MMSE for NDAs covering all the information obtained.

NDAs must dissolve if the inventor of the covered information dies. What about a patchwork NDA where there's more than one inventor? Shouldn't this principle be extended to all contracts, if so how, and if so, why hasn't it been already??


need a mechanism whereby any individual can publish a proclamation (or article or book or whatever) under a contract with the public certifying the veracity of the work's contents to a standard equal to that in sworn court testimony, with a penalty for dishonesty described in the contract.


selling of children in the adoption context


eliminate periodic en masse popular legislative elections.   instead, at any time an individual can reassign his vote-weight from one representative to another.   legislators enter and exit the attending legislature of debate-controlling legislators as necessary.

with one month of public notice, a representative can change his position from that specified in his position contract.   in that interval, his constituency can recast or retract its votes (as at any other time, of course).


for broadcasting adult-only material, the FCC must maintain a set of servers that serve a symkey to anyone who presents a valid adulthood certificate to it.   there is only one key at a time, the same everywhere and used for everything from satellite broadcast to micropower radio broadcasting.   the key is re-randomized once a day at 10AM GMT, and the new key is first available for retrieval at 9AM GMT.


trade with countries that permit production and employment practices not permitted domestically - slavery, full time non-adult labor, etc.


major change: contract breaches, and crimes that are not biological, theft, or destruction of property, can be enforced only with sentences of punitive labor and, in case of failure to perform, suspension of licenses (not including PDDW licenses), franchises (voting), and contractual recourse, until performance is completed.   in particular, officers cannot physically arrest or confront an individual unless that individual has committed a biological, theft, or destruction of property crime.   surreptitious and other non-confrontational property confiscation is also permissible and sometimes necessary, particularly in cases of contract breach, contraband property, and property that is a means of crime for which the individual has been convicted, or arrested and not acquited.

also, probably already covered, but a crime can not be punished with incarceration if it is not either biological, theft, or destruction of property.

on a judge's lawful order, the state can use force to seize property pursuant to the terms of a contract.


whenever a contract tax certificate is bought, the buyer must supply it to the other parties to the contract to which the certificate is affixed, complete with that information necessary to independently confirm that the certificate is affixed to the instant contract, and the other parties must supply the buyer with a receipt acknowledging the tax certificate.   the purpose of this is to assure that people don't punt the contract tax payment, expecting the other party to play it safe and assume the tax has been paid.

an MSE must be specified for each party to the contract, and each MSE is taxed and unilaterally raisable (see below) separately.

dissolution of contract when adherence to contract has been rendered practically immaterial - e.g., if an invention has been publicly promulgated, NDAs covering that invention are dissolved.

contract tax refunds (upon dissolution of contract) - what granularity? requires signatures of all original contract signatories except those who are dead or irreversibly incapacitated.

contract signatures and tax certificates all have timestamps.

unilateral raise in MSE by buying and attaching more certificates (and supplying them to the other signatories for their signatures).


there should be some sort of accountability on the part of an appointer for failures or malfeasance of his appointees.   a crummy appointment is itself a failure.


the head end manufacturer for a pddw, from the pov of the state, is the mfr of the forensic tracking taggant.   when the state needs a taggant decoded into a serial #, it goes to the mfr of the taggant.   the taggants are themselves pddw items that must be transferred on signed forms.


a union must be open to any employee (dues uniformity), and voting must be one vote per union member.   shares in the company that one employee puts up for sale must be buyable by any employee on a competitive bid basis, and must be votable at a rate of one vote per share.


if this didn't make it in somewhere above: licensing handicaps (PDDW etc.) due to conviction for a crime are usually only temporary.   in particular, PDDW license suspension period brackets should be pegged strictly to the crime class, and a PDDW license can be suspended only for crimes the penalty for which includes incarceration.


if not already in there: license suspensions/revocations and other handicaps in the suspension/revocation/probation database must be signed personally by the individual state employee who made the decision.


no mergers/buyouts of companies if both companies are monopolies.


electrical power distributors must offer "net metering" up to and including negative billing (writing checks to customers) at the same price for which conventional metering is offered.   the flat recurrent fee for connectivity can be whatever the company wants.


an incorporated entity must use its name in all literature, correspondence, and messages, in a codified fashion, so that any literature, correspondence, or message, that is part of that incorporated entity's business, can be identified as such in an automated fashion.   the IE's name is protected by trademark (this is done in the course of establishing the IE) so that no IE can use another IE's name in this codified fashion in its own materials.


a state organ (particularly, a legislature or a component of an investigative branch) cannot delegate to any other body, individual, or office, its authority to create, activate, deactivate, or amend a law, provided that any organ of the state with such an authority can cause a publication (particularly, a work containing definitions or technical data) created by another party (particularly, some private entity) to be incorporated with any prospective law (i.e., a bill or candidate regulation), and to itself become law upon approval of the containing prospective law.


land deed mechanism must allow for pseudonymity with no penalty or extra charge.   upon the occasion of any transfer, the transfer of the deed must be registered with an appropriate state registrar, so that the legitimacy of property claims can always be easily ascertained.

pseudonyms for this purpose are created in the same place where state IDs are created in the first place (libraries, for example).   a person has to be in the state ID db to create a pseudonym.   the pseudonym identifies the citizenship status of the creator.   the state must not maintain a record associating a pseudonym with a real IDs, or vice versa.


animal importation - imported animals must be registered under the name of the importer, who must be in The Database(TM), and must be responsive to alerts regarding epidemics that implicate his animals. whemever an imported animal is transferred, the identity of the buyer must be recorded in a cryptographic fashion, and the recipient must be in The Database(TM).


immigrants must all be in The Database(TM)


The Database must not contain any residential addresses.


any time the state rescues someone, the person must pay for the rescue.   state agents must obey a refusal to be rescued, and in that event, no fee can be levied.


participation in municipal voting cannot be incented, nor can failure to participate be penalized.


anonymous parties to contracts, including purchase of license for copyright material, works like this: the party chooses and generates a message that only he can decrypt, encrypted using his public key as it appears in The Database.   the message must include an unambiguous identification of the contract (in the case of copyright, this must be sufficient to identify the work at issue).   the encrypted message is signed by the other party to the contract.


legitimize use of potentially lethal force in defense of private property.

in particular, destruction of property is as serious as assault.   it is a violent crime.

the definition of the term "violent crime" must be fixed so that it's not just a subset of biological crime, but rather, the union of a subset of biological crime and a subset of non-biological crime.  


state employees must be incented positively by tying pay to performance with at least a 2:1 ratio between min and max pay


there cannot be more than one ground warfare soldier in the full time employ of the state for every 10000 inhabitants of the nation.


groupings of license suspension/revocation records (the semi-anonymizing check system) are permanent (to prevent manipulation enabling statistical analysis to determine whose records are generating unusual traffic), and groups are formed strictly chronologically, in the order in which the individual records are added to the database.


contract safe harbor period - can back out of a contract within 48 hours of entering it.   in fact, can back out of and nullify for official purposes any statement, committment, or other verbalization or representation thereof, whether with the state or with an individual or incorporated entity, within 48 hours (proved by cryptographic timestamp).   however, all parties of record to the representation must be informed of the retraction in as timely a manner as practical.

simple purchase is not a contract, and so absent explicit additional contract, is final immediately upon completion of the transaction.

full reading aloud of a contract in advance of a person signing it is necessary for that signature to be valid.   this may appear in other words above.

no contract can be construed to forbid or impair the reporting of a crime and all relevant details, both by public announcement or publication, and by presentation to an agent of the state.

copyright and NDA arrangements, like any contract, require specific individual contract signatures, using the state ID database.


slander: includes falsely asserting that a person has committed a crime, or undergone any aspect of the law enforcement process, or breached a contract, or undergone any aspect of the contract enforcement process, or asserting that a person has undergone some portion of one of these enforcement processes without saying that the process exonerated the person, if indeed the person was exonerated.

quoting an individual, absent a misrepresentation of context, is never slander.


The state must operate orphanages, in which the legal responsibilities of the guardian are met by the state.   NOTE: this requires another exception to the no-state-education rule.

An orphanage must publish descriptions of all children eligible to be adopted, including current age and age at separation from biological mother (to degree known), gender, height, weight, clinically significant psychological/behavioral, physiological, and anatomical dysfunctions and defects, status for all testable hereditary diseases, level of education attained, scholastic and aptitude test results, physical fitness test results, and duration of stay in orphanages, and any statements, writings, or artwork, the child wants included.   For children age 6 or older, the state must include a spoken statement, not more than one year old, by the child explaining his desire to be adopted.   The state must not include information sufficient to identify biological parentage, or finger and toe prints.   The state must supply clear and detailed photographs of the child to any prospective adopter who requests them, after the state has identified them and determined they have no objective disqualifications.

A party can adopt a child eligible for adoption if and only if the party is a couple that consists of an adult male and an adult female, who are not first, second, or third order relatives, who have cohabitated for more than two years, neither of whom is a guardian of an adopted child of which the other is not a guardian, neither of whom is guardian of more than three people, neither of whom has been convicted of a biological, destructive, or theft crime or is currently on trial for such a crime, neither of whom is afflicted with a medical condition that usually causes death, paralysis, or collapse of mental facilities within twenty years of detection, both of whom have apparently intact physical and mental facilities, and both of whom have proved their identities as recorded in the state ID database. The party must pay the orphanage 100 hours' average wages.   Upon adoption, the adopters become the guardians, with all the concomitant rights and responsibilities, except as specified below.

Adoption of a particular child is by the first prospective adopter who files an adoption application for the child and which the state determines to be qualified.   Qualification or disqualification must be within one week of application.

An orphanage must supply global computer network connectivity on demand to any child who expresses a desire to use it.

The guardians of an infant less than one week post partum can consign the infant to a state orphanage, and if they do so, they abandon all rights and responsibilities with respect to the infant.   Any such transfer must be include valid identification by the guardians.

Children left without guardians by action of the state must be consigned to an orphanage.   If the guardian will be able to retake custody of the child within one year of his consignment, an order by the guardian that the child be kept at the orphanage (barring attainment of adulthood by the child) must be obeyed.   Upon his restoration of rights the guardian must retake custody of the child if the child remains in the orphanage, and if the child was adopted within the last three years, can at his discretion retake custody.   If the child was adopted more than three years previously, and the former guardian desires to retake custody, then the child must be allowed to choose whom will be guardian, and if the child chooses his current guardian(s) over the former guardian, the former guardian must be permitted to visit the child regularly, unless the child objects.

state must publish genetic/phylogenetic, experiential, and medical details, including all testable hereditary diseases, of children in state custody who are up for adoption, but without name, information sufficient to identify biological parentage, face image, or finger and toeprints.

adopting couples must not have a history of recent or grave infidelity with respect to each other.

also, have to address and accommodate temporary and permanent changes of custody within extended families, e.g.   grandmothers/grandfathers/aunts/uncles taking on the duties of guardianship when the real parents do not perform the duties.   it is draconian and absurd to impose the requirement of one man and one woman on these changes.   the general principle is that adoptions within the extended family, to the third or fourth degree, are exempt from this requirement.

may need to put a hard limit on adoptions per ten year period by any one guardian.

define marriage as one man and one woman, not 1st or 2nd degree relatives, with cohabitation and fidelity; institute government proclamation of marriages, and then restrict adoption to lawfully married couples? (not exactly - see below)

gibraiel's adoption qualifications, particularly keeping siblings together - 23687,23722,23882,24522,24567,24959,24979

widen eligibility for adoption, giving preference to established married couples, then to stable couples.


justices, appeals, and point system: each justice who rules in a manner precisely or nearly equal to the final ruling in a chain of appeals gets a plus point.   each justice who rules contrary to the final ruling gets a minus point.   a justice who rejects an appeal that is subsequently accepted by another justice loses half a point if the justice who accepted the appeal has more cases before him immediately beforehand than did the justice who rejected the appeal at the time of the rejection.


firing/layoff of vested employees


final vote for bills in legislature must occur within a certain period after the 10% sponsorship weight has been attained.


state timestamp service key rotates and is published daily, secret key is destroyed the moment it stops being used.   for a cryptographic signature to be recognized by the state, it must have a timestamp signature wrapped around the outside, so that citizen key compromise does not compromise the signatures.


voluntary split key escrowing with private trustees - minimum split factor? pseudonymity discipline?


votes for legislators expire a random interval (uniformly distributed) after being cast, greater than or equal to three years and less than four years.   the vote must be recast once it expires.


for a key to be usable for municipal voting, it must registered for voting (this is obvious, since a locale has to be declared, and voting eligibility verified in the roll for the appropriate locale). registration lasts four years.


if a person loses his key or his voting receipt, and he has a currently cast vote for a legislator, he cannot vote for a legislator until that vote has expired.

also can't override votes on individual motions, resolutions, bills, etc.


copyright taxes: note explicitly how they are special: that they are paid all at once for protection that lasts for the life of the creator.


combine the key and suspension/revocation databases.   any retrieval must retrieve a block of at least 100 keys and the complete suspension/revocation info for all of them.   the query must be hashed so that it identifies nothing more specific than that block of 100 keys.   all suspensions/revocations must reference the cases that led to the suspensions/revocations with sufficient specificity that the transcript of the case can be immediately retrieved.


owner name qualification in trademarks


firefighting funded by direct taxation of owners of flammable structures or properties that could engulf neighboring structures or vegetation in flame, charged proportional to area of land plus externally measured volume of structures, and opt-in funding from other owners.


victim of a crime can veto prosecution, either without qualification, or qualified by a payment or entry into a contract.

negligent or willful statements or testimony against an innocent leading to conviction of that innocent penalized proportional to the portion of the sentence served by the innocent at the time the conviction is reversed.

when a judge convicts in error and negligently (define), maliciously (define), or due to graft (define), on detection he must serve the sentence or portion thereof that the false convict served.


binding state guarantee that particular conduct violates no law in a unit of state - query submitted to the enforcement branch of a unit of state, and if a judge declares the conduct not contrary to law in that unit of state and if no judge overrules that declaration, or if no judge declares the conduct not contrary to law in that unit of state, then after a month, a certification that the the conduct is legal is delivered.   a fee must be charged for this service, at a rate of an hour's average wage for each 100 words.   a separate submission must be made to each unit of state, since each enforcement branch considers only laws formed within that unit of state.


rules regarding timely dissemination/display of information regarding predatory criminals at large


parental responsibility indemnification for gamete donors


security clearances and ethnicity/association - responsiveness to current events


child custody when child expresses preference for guardian who is not a parent over guardian who is parent - particularly when the child lived with the other parent until that parent's death, and the parents were estranged.


No one can abandon the right to court recourse (applies particularly to contract cases).


when an individual waives privacy on a matter on which the state has records (with a written and signed document specifically identifying the records covered and the parties to whom it can be made available) those records must be released as directed in the waiver, possibly at a fee (fix me) to defray expenses.


only the legislative and enforcement branches can empower, dissolve, or amend investigative branch component charters.


monetary or other material rewards to a soldier or all soldiers in a unit in proportion to the savings to friendly forces and economies expected from the soldier's or unit's battle exploits?


government insurance for soldiers


no contract can create a work exclusion, that is, no contract can cause an individual to be bound not to enter an arrangement of employment or other work.


The president of a branch of a unit of state is vested with managerial authority and responsibility over the whole of his branch.   His duty is to coordinate fulfillment of the branch's mission, and he is accountable for this fulfillment.


obsolete: no inheritance of copyrights - make them truly non-transferable


if not already covered (and it probably isn't, at least not in detail): in time of state computer/network/database outage, or in fact any time at all, whenever an individual (the transferer) completes a transfer of a licensed item to another individual (the transferee) without authentication through the central authority, the transferer accepts and assumes some yet-to-be-precisely-determined joint culpability (which necessarily cannot include incarceration) for any crimes the transferee commits with the item(s) transfered, until the credentials of the transferee are subsequently verified through the central authoritative database.   The database must supply timestamped receipts on all queries, which a transferer will presumably keep. After successful verification through the central authoritative database, the transferer has no culpability for any crimes by the transferee with the transfered items.   If verification fails, the transferer must either regain custody of the transfered item(s) through the cooperation of the transferee, or must report the transfer to the state, and the completion of either act by the transferer causes the transferer to have no culpability for any crimes by the transferee with the transfered item(s).


new principle: a person cannot be arrested while on his own property, unless he is currently threatening or engaging in a crime for which one can be imprisoned.


black box mandate on automobiles, recording history of control inputs, system status, and measured speed, direction, and acceleration?


leaving scene of accident - when in danger? when not?


this is probably a hornets' nest, but think about: legislative votes: each member has a certain total vote-weight which he can apportion among the votes of the season/year/whatever.   the total vote-weight is proportional to the number of people who cast votes for the rep.   vote recasts are reflected in the running counts of remaining vote-weights.   the count is reset on a different day for each rep, distributed evenly around the calendar.   better yet, the vote-weight endowed by a particular citizen's vote is reset integral years after it's cast.   the dynamics are staggeringly intricate.


if someone culpably causes injury to another, he must pay for that person's medical costs and living expenses (or a share thereof, if more than one individual is culpable), and those of his dependents. if the convict cannot pay, the state pays, and recoups the loss through forced labor of the convict.


convictions must include objective physical evidence.   simple allegations are insufficient.


The owner or tenant/proprietor of private property can always record and archive audiovisual surveillance of any or all of that property, and any area under surveillance must be marked prominently with a sign to that effect.   Without the consent of a party subject to this surveillance, such a recording or copy thereof cannot be supplied in readable form to anyone except in accordance with court order, or to an officer of a court responsible for determining the viability of the recording's contents as evidence in a trial, who must order the recording or a copy thereof entered as evidence if appropriate.   The custodian of a recording that plausibly might be evidence in a trial must make it or a copy thereof available to the court upon request, for evaluation as possible evidence.


no award can be granted to a soldier for an act in which that soldier died or sustained serious permanent injury.


state vehicles equipped with radios must externally display information sufficient to configure a receiver to monitor cleartext transmissions to and from that vehicle.


military: voluntary peaceable departure from the military must always be lawful and accepted.


cannot be an employee of more than one monopoly, or of two companies that compete with each other.

if not already expressed with sufficient precision and thoroughness: no one can enter a contract with a company A affecting or relating to possible or planned future employment with A, if he is already an employee of a company B with which A competes.


the state cannot finance, direct, or participate in, the purchase, construction, and maintenance of public monuments or public parks, nor finance or control the staging of public ceremonies, except insofar as a justice's order to adhere to the terms of a private contract constitutes state direction and participation.

define ceremony so that it doesn't include things like inaugurations


concept of guardian of the moment - babysitter, etc.


when the state takes custody of the spoils of crime, it must make a diligent attempt to return them to the injured parties (except for items that are currently required as evidence), or when return is contrary to law, optionally liquidate the material at market and pay the injured parties an amount proportional to their injury, or if no injured party is identied, or the proceeds are greater than the injury, refund the proceeds taxpayers proportional to their taxes paid.


justices other than supreme justices in a unit of state appointed by the supreme justices of that unit of state - this is probably almost entirely obsoleted by the points system described elsewhere


it would be very helpful to keep to a minimum the state's capability to bring a war to a foreign shore.   the military's materiel must be overwhelmingly suited to only a defensive role, and then, largely at and within the borders of the country.


anyone in the world can be added to the ID database once they've toeprint-autnenticated.   anyone in the ID database can enter a contract with anyone else in the ID database, the usual way (including contract tax payment).   These contracts can be enforced at court the usual way.   The enforcement mechanism is the same: the right to enforce contracts can be abridged or suspended as a consequence of breach of contract or failure to obey the ruling of a justice.   The appeals process is the same regardless of trial parties' nationalities, so that the supreme court can hear arguments between two foreigners.   embassies and consulates can serve as ID and telepresence centers.


Trademark protection consists of exclusive control over all uses of a trademark whenever it might be plainly inferred, from that use, that the trademark holder is the party using or directing use of the trademark.   Use of trademarks in other ways is not restricted by trademark law, though prohibitions on libel and other forbidden forms of speech is immediately applicable.

the trademark database must facilitate a lookup of all trademarks in use by a particular IE or individual, and all IEs and individuals associated with a particular trademark pattern.   the searchable IE charter database makes it possible to efficiently find out which individuals are associated with which trademarks.

note that the trademark institution is apparently superfluous in principle, since fraud law includes all the guarantees of trademark law.   however, the registration process and searchable database is necessary to meet the scienter standard, and this is crucial (in fact, this epistemological mandate, generalized beyond just trademarks, is a preeminent justification for the monolithic state described by this document).

also note that only an individual in the state ID database, or a state-chartered IE, can control a trademark, and only individuals in the state ID database can have a share of control in a state-chartered IE because the charter is a state-enforced contract and all parties to a state-enforced contract must be a state-chartered IE or an individual in the state ID database.

trademark refering to a particular individual must be owned by that individual.

using trademarks a private entity can act as a court or court system, penalizing through disaccreditation, or through contractual empowerment (contract giving the private entity power of review and arbitration) specifying any penalty a contract can specify.   this is legitimate.   it does not particularly threaten the state's revenue prospects, since the private entity must pay taxes to enforce contracts that direct use of the trademark.

ah ha! whenever a trademark holder enters a contract that permits another party to use the trademark in a protected fashion, the terms of the contract become the sole constraint on use of the trademark by the other party.   In particular, criminal trademark law cannot be brought to bear on the party, but only contract law.   This assures that trademark holders pay their way through taxes on MMSEs.


the following appears to be completely obsolete in every respect.

if not already made clear: no contract can bind the owner of intellectual property not to share that information with others, though a contract can stipulate a minimum licensing fee schedule, which must not exceed the license fee charged to any licensee, and an embargo period on full disencumbering, which cannot exceed 20 years.

for a work to be openly broadcast, it must have associated with it an authorization for this use, signed by the copyright owner(s).   any such authorization, necessary and sufficient for one such broadcast, is necessary and sufficient for any subsequent broadcast by any party,

the foregoing appears to be completely obsolete in every respect.


only wholly employee-owned companies can enter contracts enforceable in this country.


witness protection program: must publish announcement of voluntary cooperation signed by each adult entering the program.   This program should possibly be simply banned, because it creates cryptically captive citizens.

all arrested individuals in custody must be published immediately (within ten minutes of entering a facility) with the name and address of the facility, the name and uniquified id of the individual, and the name and uniquified id of the controlling official.


frequency allocations: in each band, must allocate big block for cooperative negotiated channelized time-sharing system, and big block for uncooperative unlicensed spread spectrum.   law must constrain linger time in spread spectrum blocks on a band by band basis, e.g.   to <1 second in medium wave, and ERP is limited based on environmental hazard threshold and interference to non-spread-spectrum transmissions.


Morality dictates that one never initiate force against another, unless one has observed unmistakeable and decisive evidence that that other is committed to initiating force against one (that, absent external interference, the other will initiate force with practical certainty).


in elections for a fixed number of positions (common in legislatures), may want to allow "instant runoff voting" - each legislator ranks the candidates in order of preference.   the trouble with this is that people wind up with votes cast for people they didn't exactly vote for.

ranking of all candidates in each vote is *arithmetically compulsory* to avoid disqualifying compromise candidates who would go on to win.


this is probably bogus:

no contract can bind an individual to conduct that, with an expectation of greater than 10%, will result in personal injury or death.

:that was probably bogus.


salvage rights in/on/under non-private property (public areas, waterways and non-private bodies of water, etc.)


ban on Dead Pool - a contract cannot specify a benefit to one party in the event that a crime is committed against another party.   moreover, no payoff to party A can trigger as a consequence of a crime against party B.

remember, most insurance is a bet that a crime will be committed against one's self, and this must be allowed.   the insurance company bets the crime won't be committed against the insured party.


nail down that the owner of a rented property cannot abridge tenants' rights, particularly RKBA.


taxi cab service cannot be a monopoly - if it were, anyone who requested a cab would have to be picked up, an unacceptable demand of cab drivers.


accreditation of lawyers cannot be recognized by law.   lawyers, like expert witnesses, must be tracked from trial to trial, to permit an equivalent of disbarment.


class actions must be opt-in: if you want to be included as a plaintiff in the class, you have to affirmatively go on record signing a document to that effect.


rented real property: owner must truthfully answer questions about construction materials and fire safety equipment.   in fact, all disclosure requirements that apply to a sale also apply to a rental.


must allow representatives of a foreign state access to an imprisoned national of that state unless the prisoner refuses the visit.


apprentice model for training in military? in whole state?


law cannot specify different penalties for crimes against the personal body or property of law-abiding people distinguished by any characteristic other than age and status as mentally incompetent.   In particular, victims cannot be distinguished under law explicitly on the basis of wealth, influence, esteem, license, privilege, employment, affiliation, aptitude, achievement, or status as an agent of the state.


no change in the salary of an officeholder for the duration of an election/appointment term (the alternative is absurd!).   the salary gets adjusted to match current rates at the start of a subsequent term, if any.

salaries in a branch of a unit of state must be wholly determined by an enumerative, formulaic policy.


candidate platform-contract-thing revision: in the absence of elections, how does this work? ah ha! a single person can cast legislative votes pursuant to multiple contracts, but can solicit citizen votes for only one at a time.   citizens can convert their vote from the old contract to the new one at their leisure, by a simple recasting.


must eliminate the fairly absurd protectionistic ostensibly wage-levelling tariff system on imports.

trade embargo on countries that are authoritarian collectivistic regimes (define!).

most important: mandatory domestic sourcing for military materiel except in when there is no domestic source in which case a foreign source is acceptable provided manufacture will be moved to a domestic site within a year.


ordinary citizen must be granted full realtime access to any state encrypted radio messages, if he has been convicted of no serious crimes, no frauds, slanders, improper disclosures, or violations of privacy, if he agrees to have his name published in a list of people with access to state encrypted transmissions, and if he enters a covenant in which he swears to keep confidential all information gathered, except that he can supply any of it to any criminal court justice at his discretion.


legislative voting: weight of a legislator modulated in some way by his tested expertise as it relates to the topic of the vote.


just to be perfectly clear: voting can be done in public libraries.


resynchronize summary rights and custodial rights

address issue of what constitutes sexual maturity, qualify to not inappropriately include or exclude hormonal freaks.


the state cannot destroy any equipment (particularly, any weapons), but instead must make all unneeded equipment available on the open market via an open bid/decaying minimum bid auction system, advertised and operated in a fully combined and integrated realtime electronic auction system with details of each item, as soon as it is determined to be unneeded.   critical components unique to weapons of mass destruction are exempt and must not be transfered outside the state.


upon the extinction of an NDA concerning an item, that item must be promulgated, and delivered to the clerk of the national library, without any cryptographic encapsulation or other encoding obstacle, and in a form such that when presented it cannot be distinguished from its form as experienced under the NDA by those previously bound by it, offering the same functionalities and interactive modes.   This presentation must be by a system that is freely and openly available in source code form, written in a language that can be successfully compiled or interpreted using software that is itself freely and openly available in source code form, which compiler or interpreter is written in a language that can be successfully compiled or interpreted by itself, and which operates fully and correctly on the most widely used general purpose computing hardware.


national legislature appoints ambassadors


cannot exclude access to land that is not in weekly use for dangerous activities (e.g.   military-type training), except a 600 yard radius around regularly occupied fixed structures can be exclusive.   fencing or walling of non-exclusive land is permissible only to contain grazing stock, and such fencing or walling must prominently advertise permissibility of human passage and list the types of animals grazing within.

virtual fence requirement

allow citizens to outfit predators with virtual locator transponders and gizmos that repel them from transpondered livestock

property issues (transponder tampering etc.)


land stwewardship


monopolistic collusion (price fixing et al.) should be covered explicitly, but is tricky.   IE's must basically be sovereign in detail.


part of a court-ordered penalty can be subsequent periodic appearances in the court, for follow-up interrogations.


only a judge can order enduring (more than one week in a year) suspension or revocation of a right or privilege.


state buying and selling bulk quantities of commodities thereby manipulating market prices - seems like a cardinal bad thing.


cannot take physical action upon the body of another which tends to involuntarily trigger a bodily function normally under voluntary control.


guidelines for how a person formerly welcome on a premises must leave when asked, to avoid trespassing.


no contract can prohibit, restrain, or penalize disclosure of information about a crime, whether a disclosure to the public, to a private party, or to an agent of the state.


any data can be entered in a legislative record by any thresholded legislator, but if in any one week period a legislator submits at least ten times the quantity of data as that representing a typical minute of high quality digital video, then a portion of the data, delineated below, must be supplied to the clerk of the legislature on a physical medium accepted by the clerk, in an interchangeable format accepted by the clerk, and the clerk can at his discretion either transfer the data to another system for online availability, or place it in a robotically automated system that permits it to be directly read on demand.   The portion of the data supplied on a physical medium is chosen by the legislator, and is of such a proportion of all data submitted by the legislator in the instant one week period, that that portion which the legislator submits without a physical medium is less than the quantity of data representing a typical minute of high quality digital video.


use of resources in public libraries must be anonymous/pseudonymous, except for muni voting.


through deliberate and specific attention only, a land owner or a formal agent thereof can order a person or people on fair game portions of his land to supply verifiable identification, and/or to leave whereupon he/they may not return until a time specified by the owner or agent, or the following day, whichever is sooner.   someone who fails to obey such orders cannot return to the property unless and until the owner or a formal agent thereof voluntarily restores access.


revisit conflict between contractual restrictions against transfer and inheritance


when the state takes custody of items (particularly, guns) that an individual has become ineligible to possess (by permit suspension/revocation), the individual remains the owner and can direct the state to store or sell the item(s) as he chooses.   (inheritance issue - part of estate)

gun safety violations result in brief gun permit suspensions - must be carefully constrained.


access to patients in hospitals - can give certificates to people entitling them to visit.

this type of thing must be generalized.   there needs to be a contract law domain license susp/rev db.


Cannot spend more than 12 contiguous weeks per year, or 12 weeks of employment per year, in this country without becoming a citizen.

foreigners not checked out of the country, but with expired visas, are fugitives and warrants must be issued.

a non-citizen, to enter the country, must apply to and be granted permission by the national unit of state.   The application process must include (1) giving the name and unique identifier by which one is known to one's state of citizenship, (2) specify the purpose and duration of the visit, and (2) be photographed and enter the ID database (toeprint), (3)

Only a non-citizen can be deported.   Conviction of a non-citizen for a serious crime is a necessary and compelling cause for deportation, and deportation to the custody of an agent of the state of the country of origin must occur immediately upon exhaustion or waiver of all avenues of appeal, except that a non-adult non-citizen cannot be deported if no responsible guardian can be contacted in the country of origin, and in all cases, if the country of origin will not readmit the individual and recognize his citizenship, or if the country of origin as a matter of policy will kill or maim the individual, then the individual must be penalized for his crime as though he were a citizen of this nation, and deportation deferred until the conditions that preclude it have abated, whereupon he must be promptly deported.   A non-adult whose deportation was deferred for lack of a responsible guardian in the country of origin cannot attain adulthood in this nation, but upon and any time after attainment of the age of 16 years can voluntarily submit to deportation.   A public proclamation, naming and uniquely identifying the individual at issue, must accompany any determination that an individual is awaiting deportation.   A deported individual cannot return to this nation for at least 5 years following deportation, and thereafter must obtain an entry permit from a judge whose domain contains the locality he will visit, which is granted at the discretion of the judge.


>In § Rights of Children and Parents [...] >Why most immediate genetic ancestor? What about relations like siblings, >aunts, and uncles?

I agree it's a mistake to disallow that.

>Should relations like siblings, aunts, and uncles, have precedence over >non-relatives who may be better "suited to provide for the needs

Right again.   Clearly, the child custody stuff is still weak.   I don't deal with the mentally ill or children well :-).

>In § Classifications of and Penalties for Crimes [...] >How could a minor crime also be a biological crime? Aren't all biological >crimes serious? A minor crime can't also be a serious crime...   can it?

No, it was a logical contradiction.   That whole section is obsoleted by stuff in the to-do list whereby crimes are categorized at a finer grain into class 10 through class 1.   Much work for me to do!


new custody principle, from Stephen Baskerville: when a cohabiting joint custodian leaves the household, he has no claim to further custody, though clearly if the "custodyee" states preference for the departing custodian, he gets it.


possible loophole fix: adult who's been suspended from buying a psychoactive or family thereof because broke law under its influence can't get the stuff for a minor he's a guardian of either.


any regulation can be stricken or rewritten by act of the legislature of same unit of state.


status of children of illegal aliens?


MMSE must be modulable over time and the course of events according to terms of contract.   tax due is complicated - integrate?


a party's right to lodge an appeal cannot be diminished by the slightest scintilla until all avenues of appeal have been exhausted. a sitting judge's authority to accept an appeal, or to review and, strictly consistent with law, reverse or amend a decision that is eligible for submission to his court for appeal, cannot be diminished by the slightest scintilla.


big problem requiring decisive solution: the voter fraud detection mechanism described in § The Public Voting Process is only applicable to elections.   However, votes for legislators are not cast in elections.

solution: each vote in the bag of votes a rep commands must carry a component identifying the vouching registrar of votes and date the vote was cast.   all votes vouched by a particular registrar are anulled and must be recast if and only if a voter proves voter fraud as already detailed in the voting section.

each registrar can vouch for only a set maximum number of voters at once.   a particular voter must be associated with exactly one registrar, which must be identified in the state's voter registration database.   a voter can change his registrar by some process, but must
    when a vote is recast, the previous registrar needs to be informed of the retraction if the recast is through a different registrar.

each registrar must publish the identity of each voter for whom he vouches, and update the list with further publication whenever it changes.   this obviates the need for requiring votes.

there needs to be a geographic restriction on the registrars, specifically: a registrar can only vouch for votes that he himself is eligible to cast.

posibility: a registrar must publish his votes.

q: in a proven fraudulent vote, is the registrar necessarily at fault, warranting a criminal penalty? what if the voter's keypair has been compromised?

in the voting section, the term "eligible voters" means people in the state ID db - no, it means people who can become registered voters.   "registered voters" means people who have registered a physical address that makes them eligible to participate in a particular vote at issue.   this terminology stinks.

no law can require disclosure of a municipal voting position, except that a vote for a legislator must be disclosed to the registrar when the voter recasts.


voting recall has got to be zoned! when the tampering threshold of a voting machine is exceeded, voting must be redone on all voting machines under the cryptographic control of any individual with cryptographic control of the voting machine that exceeded the tampering threshold.   the central database must record the voting "sovereignty" associated with each vote, and when a revote is performed, these votes must all be freed to allow revoting, and each affected voter must be electronically notified of the situation.

each sovereignty must publish its results separately.

the above is obsoleted by the stuff right above it.


managerial principle for the military: if all the people immediately below a particular officer vote so, he can be switched with one of them chosen in the vote.   in theory, then, the original leader can in time be rotated right down to the bottom.


tactical/field combat components of the military are gender-segregated - one gender in confined quarters such as submarines, ships, tanks, etc.


corporate charters must be amendable! specify a 3/4 threshold vote by owners, just like for const.


is any explicit defense of the state contract institution against private independent encroachment necessary?


1000hr/year definition of employee is bogus.   the real goal is to prevent one person from owning shares in more than a handful of companies, and that's not a useful goal anyway.   a ban on being an employee of competitors, or more than one monopoly, is already in place, and ownership is impossible without being an employee, so this is basically asked and answered.

employee definition: an individual is an employee of an employer (which can be an individual, an incorporated entity, or the state) if and only if the individual engages in activities that clearly and materially contribute to realization by that employer of the mission defined in its charter, and receives emoluments directly from that incorporated entity in the net if the value of the above contributions is neglected.


any permission to cause physical harm must be filed with the state before that harm is done - this is so that law enforcement knows not to intervene.   there is also the issue of the public intervening - should probably require that people in duels and such wear a specially colored cap or some other such silliness.


restricting publication of convictions to geographic regions is ridiculous, information scientifically.   it would be trivially and routinely circumvented.   get rid of it - any conviction is available to anyone.


voter registration data is confidential.   probably other examples (should give by class) of this type of data that must be kept confidential.


no one can be required to defray the expense of public-safety-motivated background checks and research by the state (encountered e.g.   in the process of issuing a permit) - this may already be partly covered in a requirement that the state (taxpayers) pay for the permit process.   if not, things must be tweaked to make it the case.


money put into sponsorship pot goes to finance production, and release is set for some subsequent date, predicated on sufficient funding from the pot.


any law enforcement officer can pursue a fleeing fugitive across municipal boundaries, provided the fugitive could be similarly pursued by a law enforcement officer local to each municipality, and provided the affected municipalities are notified of the circumstances and path of the pursuit in detail as quickly as practicable.


an explicit ban on delegation of power of legislation to entities other than the legislature: not logical, because in a legislative vacuum, any agent can frame regulations consistent with the constitution?

no no, all regulations must be derived from legislatively enacted statutes.   the power to create statutes cannot be delegated by the legislature.   the courts can enforce constitutional principles directly.

a state agent can act pursuant to law, at whichever level, however. It is bizarre to suggest otherwise, since each agent must take an oath to implement the constitution, and has the authority to refuse to follow any order, regulation, or law inconsistent with the constitution - obviously a refusal based directly on the constitution, and not on any intervening instrument of state policy.


whenever the letter of a law and the intent of a law might be construed to be in conflict, the letter of the law prevails.


Whenever law recognizes a right, any means, manner, or practice whereby that right might be exercised are protected and cannot be restricted, or predicated on a further license or permission, except that no such means, manner, or practice is protected or permitted that violates law, or particularly, if it infringes another in his rights similarly recognized by law.   Note carefully that the rights recognized by law, by this document and otherwise, are often intrinsically complicated by various restrictions and conditions enumerated in law.

Whenever law demands an end, that end becomes as though a right, except that any law that demands an end impossible in a particular circumstance, or possible only by a means, manner, or practice that violates law, is void in that circumstance.

No law can have the effect of unavoidably delegitimizing the exercise of a right recognized by the same or a constraining body of law.


legislative votes: a bill must be approved twice, with one month separating the close of the first vote and the start of the second vote.


road pursuit that breaks road rules is permissible only until the fleeing party is identified, or when the party has committed a serious crime and is expected with confidence to commit a serious crime before he can be apprehended.   roadway control systems (RATI et al.) must clear roadway for safe pursuit when possible, so that pursuing vehicles do not break road rules.   pursuing vehicles must always obey the roadway control system when it is present.   roadway control systems must also coordinate cooperative tracking of fleeing vehicles, making the info available to law enforcement.


should explicitly mention that the primary purpose of the democratic process is to assure that the many and various interests of the citizenry are effectively represented in any decision-making process elaborated within the state.   More to the point, the sole legitimate purpose of the democratic process is to assure that decision-makers are informed.   The legislative system operates to this end, with the final decision being computed based on the votes of the legislators and proportionately and informedly reflecting the interests of those legislators' constituencies.   Broadly, this constitution requires that all decisions by agents of the state be made rationally and with diligent information.


problem!: mental defect accountability in permit application process

it is almost certainly the case that "mental incompetence" cannot be legitimately defined, and references to it must be flushed.

(the latter is on track, the former points out one big problem with not following the latter)

oops, still need to address interaction between mental illness and permit-predicated hazardous machinery operation.


except as forbidden by information security obligations, any agent of the state when acting in that capacity must answer any yes or no or multiple choice question with an unqualified and truthful yes or no, or an unqualified and truthful identification of which of the choices is the answer, or must indicate that none of the available responses is accurate, as dictated by fact and knowledge, or must indicate that a truthful response would improperly disclose classified information if and only if that is the case, or must indicate that he does not know the answer, if and only if that is the case.   upon request, the state agent must answer the questions in written form, and cryptographically sign the completed document.


not sure if this is sufficiently covered by existing rationality and consistency requirements: no law can as a logical necessity penalize the exercise of any right recognized by law.


a judge must endorse the motion of a party in court if the effect of that motion is to remove a person from legal jeopardy or nullify a legal conviction or penalty, unless he shows specifically what is logically missing or inconsistent in that party's presentation and how that is logically sufficient to prevent the motion.


within a unit of state, each of the constitution, the body of statutes, the body of regulations, and the body of court rulings, is published with an indexing scheme suitable for each body.

furthermore, each superior legal instrument must include an index of all subordinate legal instruments that implement or interpret the superior legal instrument.   the entity that enacts a subordinate instrument must promptly inform the entity that enacted the superior instrument, so that the index can be updated.   if the index entry is missing at the moment of an event, then the subordinate instrument cannot be material in any court proceeding in interpreting/applying the superior legal instrument.

finally, whenever an indexing communication occurs in the above scheme, the entity that enacted the superior instrument can, in lieu of entering the index entry, veto and nullify the subordinate instrument by a vote by the same procedure whereby that entity repeals a law of its own creation.

logical predication of a law - a candidate statute or amendment - on other statutes or amendments, can be spelled out, in order to satisfy any concerns about it being degoverned by the subsequent repeal of a statute that previously constrained it. thus, if the older statute is repealed, the instant law is voided.

whenever the language of the constitution readily lends itself to generalization which resolves an ambiguity in a fashion that clearly conserves the intent of the instrument, that generalization must be made in court whenever the ambiguity has legal consequences.

Any remaining ambiguity in a law must be resolved in the manner most favorable to the party in jeopardy of a legal penalty, or whose right or license is in argument (whichever applies).

No law or portion thereof not invalidated by other law can be interpreted such that it has no effect.

wherever a less specific law and a more specific law might be construed to conflict (and any possible case covered by the more specific law is logically covered by the less specific law), but no conflict exists if the more specific law is construed to take precedence over the less specific law, the more specific law takes precedence and no conflict exists.

Any repeal must be explicitly articulated, using the term ``repeal'' and unambiguously identifying the repealed law(s).   Whenever it is discovered or determined that two laws, both current and applicable, are in conflict, the more recent law becomes immediately void and no longer a law, and the more ancient law stands undiminished in its effects and meaning, or if the laws were enacted simultaneously, both become immediately void and no longer laws.   the law that is, or laws that are, thereby rendered void must be the smallest law or laws enacted by explicit vote that contain all of the conflicting language, except that any logical predications in place at the time of that vote must be maintained, so that any dependent laws are also rendered void. The body that enacted the voided law or laws must repeat the enactment process after rehabilitating the law or laws at issue.   if the law was part of a set of bills related by logical predications when initially enacted, all laws that were previously bills part of that set come back to the legislature for a repeat of the enactment process, with the same or an altered logical relationship.

any instrument of state policy empowered by any portion of a unit of state overrides any instrument of state policy in any contained unit of state.

no law can name or reference any codification of policy that is not itself part of empowered law of constraining scope equal to or containing that of the instant law.


in any exercise of discretion, an agent of the state must draw exclusively on objective criteria whose significance and applicability is recognized explicitly by law, though not necessarily specific to the present application.


finding at court of a contract breach: published like a conviction.


rationale for restricting custody of WMD's: because of their indiscriminateness, the devices inherently can be used by a private individual only in a fashion that is likely to constitute a crime, or in a fashion that in and of itself has no practical utility (e.g.   testing in the desert or underground).

grenades, mortars, artillery, bombs, precision rockets and missiles, and command-detonated mines, each equipped with any of smoke, incapacitant, HE/ANFO/shapedcharge, FAX, AP, incendiary, or directed EMP/HIRF, must be permitted.   any weapon that can be used in a discriminate, deliberate fashion.   thus, no WMD, no unattended mines (land or water), no lethal boobytraps (tripwire guns, spears, etc.).


legislator's contract must be openly published.


I think there's an oversight regarding separation of powers.   To clear it up: no one can be an employee of more than one branch of state, or of more than one unit of state.


consider: to defend property when no one is bodily threatened, can wound but cannot kill or wound the brain, but with an exemption for freak deaths (particularly, heart attacks from over-stressing).


punitive labor: sentence should be of the form "n hours by x date" and offenders pick jobs and schedules on a first-come first-served basis in a work market in which entities authorized to participate advertise the jobs and schedules they have to offer.   also, have to implement a signed receipt system, so that no one gets shafted.

punitive labor cannot be with an organization any of whose agents in their official capacities are officially required or rewarded to promote any tenet of faith to anyone.

punitive labor can never require an individual to make a public statement.


A life sentence can result only from an actual or attempted killing when the victim presented no credible, imminent, non-reactive threat to anyone's bodily safety and has not evidently presented such a threat during the prior contiguous contact between the perpetrator and the victim.   For the purposes of this section, a "reactive threat" is a threat that directly responds to or counters a threat already presented by another person, either to the person presenting the reactive threat, or to another person, and the term "non-reactive threat" means a threat that was directed at someone who presented either no threat or a reactive threat.


continue institution of bounty hunters by requiring them to be trained as LEOs in the same schools and deputized, with credentials subject to revocation for law-breaking, but simply not state employees.


clarify/extend court mechanism so that, essentially, the victim of a crime acts as a petitioner-prosecutor, and the accused acts as a respondent-defendant.   each law describing a biological crime must clearly define the perpetrator and victim.


all enforcement actions affecting people not state agents must be pursuant to and fully constrained/circumscribed by specific constitutional and/or legislatively enacted law.


anyone who, without a change of location, is presently or potentially subject to a law has standing to challenge the legitimacy of that law.


An untruth is a statement, utterance, or other communication, the truth of which the party responsible for the communication cannot decisively evidence.   In any radio broadcast, any time an untruth is clearly represented either directly or by logically necessary implication as a truth, if anyone alerts the licensee of the untruth, the licensee must cause a correction to be transmitted within one week of the next start of transmission by the licensee, as close to the time of day at which the untruth was originally transmitted as is permitted by the license schedule, via the same channel site used to transmit the untruth, using the same portion of the signal (particularly, causing receiver decoding and transducer action to render representations affecting the same sensory domains as did the original transmission, in similar fashions, and to similar degrees), with no additional obstacles (such as encryption or presentation in a language other than that used in the original transmission) to reception and comprehension.   If the foregoing corrective transmission does not occur during the same timeslot segment as the untruth was originally transmitted, then after the initial corrective transmission, at the earliest opportunity as accorded by the license schedule the corrective transmission process must be repeated during that timeslot segment.   Each corrective transmission must contain either a summary of the untruth and a true statement that decisively shows by logical necessity that the original untruth is an untruth, or if such a statement is not feasible, must contain a full quotation of the untruth of duration equal to or greater than the interval required to originally present the untruth, which quotation must be prominently announced immediately before the start and after the end to be false, and if a visual or data channel is associated with the transmission, labelled for its duration as false.

burden of proof is on the accusing party, who must make a decisive and corroborated argument.

the above almost certainly has to go - unintended consequences are too likely.


use/sharing of assets (e.g.   antenna towers) by state and non-state entities, when asset owned by state and when owned by non-state entity


Legislative enactment of a law must follow the law's final legislative approval by exactly one month (a judicial veto must occur during this interval).   Other than this provision, no legislatively enacted law can specify a grandfathering arrangement, or have a sunset/expiration or delayed enactment provision apply to any or all of its components.


No law can forbid parties to engage in enterprise in an item or substance if they are not prohibited from possessing the item or substance.   No law can specially regulate enterprise in an item or substance the possession of which is not specially regulated.

All restrictions on possession or a substance or item, and on carry of a substance or item in other than access-controlled state facilities, must be enacted at the national level.

there must not be any customs-style checkpoints for people travelling between points in the same contiguous region of the nation.


components of the state must charge each other for products and services at the same rates they charge members of the public.

a unit of state cannot lend money to another unit of state.   all transfers of funds between units of state must be strictly pursuant to statute and must not be qualified except as set forth in statute.


an agent of the state authorized to effect arrests must not delay an arrest unnecessarily when an arrest is authorized and indicated by law.

It is unlawful for any agent of the state, while acting in his official capacity as an agent of the state, to fail to officially report law-breaking to an appropriate law enforcement agency.

may want to make it illegal for an agent of the state to request or suggest that anyone waive any right.


in any company that handles classified information, each employee must be vested, with a minimum vestiture equal to one year's pay at that employee's current pay rate.   If the employee is determined in a court to have mishandled classified information, the employee must be fired and caused to forfeit the vestiture in toto.


the state cannot operate advertising arenas.


no contract can impair or affect the exercise of the rights described in § The Right to Carry Weapons.


no paid administrative suspensions - if not working as specified in the original employment contract, then not paid as specified in the original employment contract (or at all, in the absence of a subsequent contract).

an agent of the state must have exactly one employment contract with the government, which must be public (automatically distributed, indexed on the name and unique identifier), except that classified information must be redacted out.


when reporting theft of PDDW items, must report theft to a prior custodian of the forensic taggants in the chain of custody, or to the state.   The manufacturer of a forensic taggant must report to the state any theft reported to it.   In any of these reports, only the serial identifier(s) associated with the PDDW item(s) can be revealed. The identity of the custodians cannot be disclosed.

PDDW item destruction.

only components of a PDDW that leave usable forensic evidence on projectiles or cases are PDDW items subject to serialization - in a conventional firearm, barrel and chamber, bolt, extractor, and firing pin


no testing regime operated by the state can be graded or pass/fail on a curve or other relative basis.


except in time of declared and lawful war, no soldier whose command encompasses fewer than 100 soldiers can act in his official capacity as a soldier (with concomitant authority to issue lawful orders and responsibility to obey lawful orders), or be required to participate in any military program or activity for more than 500 hours per calendar year.   This limitation must not be construed to forbid or deter any soldier from volunteering for any paid or unpaid military training program or activity offered or available to him.


additions to § Definition of Crime:

no crime can be defined such that it can only be committed or enforced in conjunction with some other crime, or only by someone who has already committed or been convicted of another crime.

the definition of a crime must have exactly one penalty bracket.

no one can be simultaneously charged with more than one count of the same crime of possession.

upon conviction for a crime of possession, an individual cannot be charged for the same crime of possession for any act or condition prior to being charged with the crime of possession that led to the instant conviction.


no ostensible rationale can be given in court or trial that justifies the abridgement of a right or the breaking of a law.


Anyone who unlawfully restrains or impairs an individual in the rights described in § Right to Self-Defense and Defense of Others or § The Right to Carry Weapons is guilty of attempted involuntary homicide.   if the individual is injured or killed in an assault that could have been deterred or prevented if the individual had not restrained from that prudent measure, the restrainer is guilty of the assault or of involuntary homicide. The language "depraved indifference" has a role to play here.


would be nice to find a good way to relax the numerical restrictions on immigration, since the filtration process makes immigration a decisively enriching process.


medical procedures and non-adults - esp.   abortion and consent


male can prevent infanticide iff he has kept his legal obligations intact (hasn't abandoned responsibility).

add to § Child Support: an individual must get an intend-to-abandon-responsibility statement signed by the other person, to exercise his abandon-parental-responsibilities options.

Non-adults do not have procreative sovereignty.

Abortion for any non-adult who is a ward of the state.

20 year old cutoff for enforceability of child support requirements against guardians.

a pregnant non-adult must be provided the time and transportation for at least two attempts at attaining adulthood following a parental order to undergo or to not undergo an abortion.

child support for the child A of a child B is the responsibility of the father, if he is an adult, otherwise of the guardian(s) of child B.

in no event can a male be required to provide child support for a child he conceived while a non-adult, or a female be required to provide child support for a child she gave birth to while a non-adult.


pushing, brief grabbing, slapping, poking, etc., is not a crime, provided no effect (aside from purely mental effects) after one day has elapsed, provided the conduct is not forbidden by another constitutional law or statute based thereon, and provided it violates no court order.


harassment: must be applicable anywhere, not just home and workplace.


when a contract specifies a penalty of incarceration, this penalty must be converted to a monetary equivalent, and added to the MMSE in determining taxes due.   the state cannot implement a contractual penalty of incarceration unless taxes have been paid on the contract.


no one can enforce a contract against an individual if the contract was entered at a time when the individual's capacity to enforce contracts against others was suspended.

contract abilities suspension by court order only.


the state must accept payment only in goods or services at market rates as agreed to, or in contractual money enforceable under the state contract system.


any time anyone acting in an official capacity as a law enforcement officer makes an arrest or draws a weapon on anyone, it must be published as quickly as possible, identifying the officer(s), the circumstance, and the precise actions of the officer(s).

cameras and microphones on LEOs whenever acting in official cap'y


state alumni cannot get post-office perks like offices, staff, and security at state expense (generalize).


if an action can be justified unambiguously by citation of a statutory regime, yet the action is violative of constitutional principles, then the statutory regime is unconstitutional.


when an incorporated entity breaches a contract and a court orders that it be impaired in its contract entering and enforcement abilities, the owners of the incorporated entity must suffer some level of liability, but short of joint and several.


prevailing social trends are not wholly without effect on the practical meaning of a constitutional guarantee: when social pressure is such that a right cannot be enjoyed without privacy, anonymity, or other protective measure, then the right to the protective measure is included in the original right.


the guardian of a child must be informed prior to any medical procedure or dispensation.


this echos something above, but adds more: any component of the state must, on demand, immediately supply a copy of all laws that it enforces, including all regulations.


whenever a deadline specified by law falls at a time when the office enforcing the deadline is closed or otherwise unable to certify that the deadline has been met, the deadline is extended until the end of the next full business day during which is is open and able to certify that the deadline has been met.


in the absence of a signed contract, a sale includes an implied contract of soundness for the apparent purpose of the product or service purchased.


need protections against policy impositions for school students, to prevent degree extortion.   maybe any enrollment/degree contract must exempt the enrollee from any policies enacted after initial enrollment.


errors of law (deliberative and application defects) and errors of fact (evidentiary defects) can both be addressed de novo (from scratch, basically) in any appeal.


this may already be above, but to be sure: giving false testimony that leads to conviction and implementation of a penalty in part or in full causes the person who gave the false testimony to serve that same portion of the penalty that was served by the party convicted based on the false testimony.


Each justice of the highest court of a unit of state must independently review and officially approve or reject each bill approved by the legislature of that unit of state prior to its enactment.   If there is disagreement, then each justice must either change his position or show the error in the other side's reasoning. this continues until a consensus is reached.   If the position of the consensus is subsequently found to be in error by a higher court, then after all avenues of appeal are exhausted, all the justices of the court that formed the errant consensus suffer a demerit.   In any determination in such a higher court of the constitutionality of a law, the justices who are in jeopardy of a demerit must have an opportunity to defend their position in the higher court.


In the absence of an explicit applicable definition in law, the meaning of a term that appears in law is that in common use at the time the law was enacted by court affirmation.


Any state agent who visits or attempts to visit violence upon another person, in defiance of the constitution that constrains the unit of state that employs that agent, is the rightful subject of the violence of any citizen himself constrained by that constitution.   Any such citizen who through violent force prevents such an agent from violating the summary rights (the rights delineated in <Summary Rights>, as further specified throughout this document) of any person has committed no wrong and is immune to any liability in law for his actions to that end, provided that the citizen files an anonymous declaration with that unit of state, at least one month in advance, identifying the offending conduct specifically.   The filing must be multiply encrypted with the keys of five agents of that unit of state, such that any three of them can cooperate to decrypt the message, but at least three of them are needed to decrypt the message.   As soon as possible, but not necessarily within a day, all filings must be fully decrypted and openly published in a searchable database.   Any state agent whose responsibilities or authorities include the offending conduct that is the subject of a filing must be alerted to the filing, and provided with its full text, within a week of the filing.   At the discretion of the publishing entity, a demonstration and explanation of an error in the filer's rationale (ostensibly undermining the filer's authority to employ violent force under this section) can accompany this publication, or supplement the publication after its initial release.   A justice of the highest court of the unit of state can, at his discretion, issue a binding decision (subject to reversal by another such justice on identification of error) on the constitutionality of the agent conduct at issue.   Any such decision must be added as a supplement to the initial publication, and is subject to reversal - restoring immunity - in any subsequent trial.

No state agent can cause or participate in any attempt to identify an individual who has submitted a filing under this section, unless a justice has issued a binding decision finding that the conduct at issue is constitutional.

The state must supply instant timestamped cryptographic receipts for all messages its systems receive.

No state agent can load his key into a machine configured to perform decryptions or signatures with that key without affirmative manual prompting, intervention, or confirmation by the keyholder.


No machine can be configured to supply data regarding commercial transactions, or any information covered by § Right to Secrecy, without affirmative manual prompting, intervention, or confirmation by the human custodian of the information.

(this is completely impractical - and is its scope government databases, or all databases?)


possible procedure for removing a justice: 2/3 of the justices of courts subordinate to the justice's court vote to remove him.


A state employee cannot patrol or surveil a location in his official capacity, or effect arrests precipitating from any patrol or surveillance, without a warrant signed by a judge identifying the crime and the particular individual or individuals (by name or specific description) being investigated.

A state LEO can make arrests of opportunity, but only because the warrant he's carrying happens to put him in the right place at the right time to do it.

A state LEO does not have to sit idly by watching criminals do things: quite the contrary, by law he must attempt to arrest perpetrators.

law enforcement agents, state and private, cannot use animals in the course of effecting an arrest.


refine: an adult in good standing can act as the guardian of a non-adult if no actual guardian is present.


all warrants must be published within an hour of being fully served. all parties named in the warrant must be given the option of having their name redacted out.


delineate custody of a regulated item so that it necessarily includes unsupervised control of the item.


A license suspension can be a portion of a court-imposed sentence if and only if the offending conduct was directly predicated on conduct by the offender that was lawful, but would have been unlawful in the absence of that license.   At the discretion of the court, the sentence can suspend only a part of the conduct permitted by the license.


§ Commerce in Weapons: the backup transaction custodian must be a set of people none of whom can individually decipher the transactions, but some subset of whom is capable of doing so.


allow PDDW seller to transfer the transaction document for a PDDW item to the party from which it bought the PDDW item (the previous seller), in order to avoid recordkeeping responsibilities.   The previous seller cannot require payment, favor, or compensation of any sort, for assuming recordkeeping responsibilities.


classification of e.g.   BMG as "heavy PDDW" in § Commerce in Weapons (and so non-exportable) is dubious at best.


PDDW commerce: it's only the packages of expendables (principally, projectiles) shipped by the manufacturer that have to have a serial number unique to each package.   Thereafter, packages can be split up.


if a credible allegation is lodged that a state agent committed a crime in the course of effecting an arrest, a trial of that state agent on that charge must be completed before the trial of the arrested party can continue.   Bail for the arrested is continued, if it was granted, and if it was not granted, the arrested party can choose to waive the suspension of his own trial, and the trial of the state agent must proceed in parallel.


there's something about this above I think, but this needs to be handled carefully and fully:

no law can interfere with the terms of contracts, except as specifically authorized by the applicable constitution.


state compensation in the event of regulatory devaluation of property


a court decision can be delivered up to 3 months (or what?) after the end of hearings, if no one is currently incarcerated who could be freed by the decision.   if the 1 month trial duration transpires without a decision, anyone who might be freed is automatically freed on a probationary basis, and may be re-incarcerated depending on the justice's subsequent decision.


the state must be responsive to advances in cryptoanalysis and must not permit the use of signature or encryption techniques vulnerable to cryptoanalytic compromise (define threshold to be considered compromisable).

mandatory renewal of signatures for state-managed or state-enforceable documents?


not workable to require reading aloud of contracts.   instead, require the contract text be signed (obvious) and rely on the 48hr backout ability.


no state application can require that an individual disclose medical or legal history, or provide information on personal or business associations.


idea for promotions in state hierarchies: promotion can be vetoed with a 2/3 vote (anonymous, voting vouchers are passed out) by commandees. in the case of a veto, the commander is reassigned to a different command.


no restrictions can be placed on the substance of trademarks except as specified herein.


a deadline in law must be delayed whenever someone subject to it cannot make the deadline because of an obstacle beyond his control or powers of plausible anticipatory accommodation.

the state cannot impose deadlines or appearance/performance dates that conflict.

the above needs more careful delineation.


workplace RMI mitigation: no contract can bind an individual to not replace (at own expense) an input device, display, equipment support, or body support equipment, provided replacement equipment meets the security and robustness requirements to which the equipment being replaced is subject.


any regulation must be published a month (or whatever) in advance of when it goes active, and if 10% of the vote-weight of the legislature of same unit of state votes to force a full legislative vote on the regulations, then the regulations become a bill, and cannot be implemented unless legislatively enacted.


immunity in voluntary medical intervention: when a person acts or operates with therapeutic intent, having obtained the consent of a qualified party informed with the qualifications and certifications of the person, then provided the expected outcome without medical intervention would be equal to or worse than the actual outcome following intervention, the person is immune under criminal law.

need to add a good samaritan law (no informed consent) too.

need to have a mechanism whereby a person can identify people qualified to authorize medical procedures iff unable to one's self. something like this is above somewhere already.


Fix § Chemical Tracking - no bulk distinction, no state reporting.


regarding getting transfer clearance via the state license database: the seller/giver/loaner can always punt and accept joint liability until he runs the check.

ah ha, data returned by license db computer needs to be crypto timestamped.   need to keep these stored.


in case this fix is needed: in places where gun carry is by permission (access controlled etc.), those who are carrying guns need not wear any specially chosen or marked clothing, and need not carry openly.


the definition of a biological crime cannot include a specification that a weapon be used in its commission.


A state agent can act in the role of prosecutor only in cases where the crime has a specifically identified victim or victims, each of whom was either conscious of the specific crime and his status as a victim in its commission, or no longer capable of consciousness, before the suspect was charged.   In other cases, the presiding justice can only be presented with filings and evidence of an investigative and forensic character, except that the justice can request the presence of any state agent involved in the preparation and gathering of these filings and evidence for questioning, at his discretion.


need to delineate what exactly constitutes child abuse, and what can be done about it.


old language, partly covered by and fully consistent with stuff in § Power of Seizure:

total ban on state police patrolling! only interrupt-driven! turn them into firemen! and make it damn clear that property protection is principally the domain of private law enforcement agents.

develop federalism: "without an invitation to another unit of state, only the smallest (most local) unit of state whose geographic purview includes the region to which an affair is localized can involve itself in the affair in an executive capacity."


The enforcement branch has no power in contract law over a person until a contract party files a contractual indictment.


in any trial, the accuser must stand to be questioned either directly by the accused, or by counsel representing the accused.


a justice of the highest court of a unit of state can torpedo an unconstitutional bill in the unit of state's legislature at his leisure, though subject to rational reversal by another justice.


need handicap decay on ineligibility for private LEO license - handicap duration proportional to severity of crime.   specifically, the handicap dissolves after the sentence is fully performed and a period equal to the lower bound of the crime class has subsequently elapsed.

same period for ALL license suspensions.


drug dealing code violations are biological crimes.


the owner of a property, and any tenants thereof, cannot be restrained from entering and occupying that property.


agents of the state cannot construct or store any non-mental representation of the race or ethnicity of an individual not under indictment or convicted of a seizable crime, except insofar as names can constitute hints.


no one can enforce or enter a contract if he is a fugitive or under outstanding indictment in a jurisdiction that contains the jurisdiction in which the contract is framed.


forensic evidence related to a crime must be stored in a stabilizing environment at least until all parties charged or victimized in that crime have died.


any signature submitted to the state must be performed using keys registered in the state ID database, and algorithms and protocols consistent with law.


in any time-disconnected seizure, must present indictment to party being seized


citizenship cannot be revoked.


no law can include specification by explicit reference to hereditary ancestry.


all taxes are paid directly to the legislature of the unit of state to which the taxes are owed.   all revenue from fees charged for punitive labor are also paid to the legislature of the sentencing court's unit of state.   each legislature operates a bank, and all components of its unit of state must use that bank for all their accounts.


total reworking of state secrets: implemented as NDAs, with disqualification from access to state secrets as an enhancing component of the penalty.   criminal charges of treason may apply. MMSE must be served as punitive labor.

the subject of a personal secret must have access to the secret and must be able to waive secrecy forcing official publication.


wages of legislators must be set by the constitution of their associated unit of state, as a simple number describing a fraction, or fraction and multiple, of average wages within the geographic scope of that unit of state.

the total pay for the thresholded members of a legislature must be fixed by that legislature annually.   a uniform base salary must be paid to each, totaling not more than half of the total salary of the legislature, and a variable bonus paid to each that is directly proportional to the average of the satisfaction indices each registered among his constituency.

if not already covered: explicit ban on term limits in legislatures


if not already covered: address issue of startup and shutdown fees on monopolizable services.


constitutionally supported immunities for citizens in foreign affairs?


arbitrary territory bordering an ocean or another nation or water that is neither seasonal nor a river and borders another nation can secede.


investigative and enforcement branches cannot have direct relations with foreign states except as constitutionally provided.   only the national unit of state can have direct relations.

military branch cannot have direct relations with or missions and operational objectives that directly impact this nation, its incorporates entities, and its units of state, except as provided in this document.


libraries and voting systems operated directly by legislative branch


any state-operated museums? libraries can act as mueseums, leave it at that.


temporary injunctions


Addition to § Radio Broadcast: the license/schedule database is operated by the national legislative branch.   Infractions are initially reported to the national investigative branch, which can upon its finding of possible guilt, submit an indictment to a national court.   The court can issue a temporary injunction to stop further harm, then after a proper trial, can upon a finding of guilt, direct a change in the license/schedule database, impose a sentence of punitive labor, and order a seizure of transmitting equipment if violative conduct is not stopped on previous court order.


non-competition contracts are absolutely banned

employee NDAs only for those contracted for a specific term (but extendable with mutual consent), with the NDA expiring, and the covered information openly published, at the same time the employment contract is let to lapse, except as otherwise directed by § Right to Secrecy and § State Secrets.

employment contracts cannot bind either party for more than a year in advance.

reconcile and repartition § State Secrets and § Information Resource Security Mandate - IRSM


revive disclosure requirement on donations to political candidates and to individuals or incorporated entities that buy time in advertising arenas that promote or counter-promote a candidate by name.


knowingly representing false information as true in a legislative submission (bill, report, testimony, etc.) is a crime with substantial penalties including disqualification from parliamentary voting for some period, if a legislator, and punitive labor, in any case.


§ Assets and Obligations at Time of Death:

looks pretty hopeless, because there's no workable definition of "gift".   The closest is to define as a gift the difference between the price paid for an item or entitlement, and the fair market price of an item or entitlement.   This is obviously very bogus, because "fair market price" is not well-defined.

leaning toward: when a person dies, an apportionment of assets held at death is performed (as already described), and that's the end of it - no reaching to third parties.   That done, all contracts with the deceased party go up in smoke.


a voter can reclaim his vote on any bill in the registry at any time right up to the bill's enactment.   however, if he casts a vote within the 1 month safe harbor, he must cast it against the bill.


a legislature can enact any law consistent with the constitution of its unit of state.

regulations enacted by the investigative branch which apply to people who are not agents of the investigative branch must be formed solely for the purpose of facilitating determination of compliance with constitutional or legislative law.   Any such regulation must be based exclusively on law enacted by a controlling legislature, except that such a regulation can be based directly on constitutional law when no legislative law provides a codification of that constitutional law.


a party cannot secure a trademark-domain if doing so would cause another party to become an infringer without specific changes in language and symbols used in business or publication.


a unit of state must have a legislative and enforcement branch, but the investigative branch is optional.


the legislative database of a unit of state must be mirrored in realtime by the legislative database of its parent unit of state.   the portion of a legislative database that is not a mirror of the legislative database of a subordinate unit of state must be mirrored in realtime by all subordinate units of state.

all legislative databases must be freely and anonymously/pseudonymously available at any time.


privilege of attorney-client, spouse, priest-penitent, etc., is non-existent, because there is no self-privilege (5th amendment) on which to base it.


no law can restrain or discourage an agent of the state from exercising the rights enumerated in § The Right to Carry Weapons, whether or not that agent is acting in his official capacity.


non-adults have the same rights as adults except as specified herein.


all votes of any sort in legislatures must be published, including particularly, the full text of the question voted on, and how each legislator voted.


officially recorded, sworn, officially witnessed, signed testimony, which adheres to to all testimonial rules regarding permissible forms of questioning, must be fully admissible in a trial, provided no testimony or answers can be compelled except in court.   at the request of the testifying party, the testimony must be published, subject to redaction to comply with secrecy classification requirements.


statutes can authorize or require military surveillance and patrol operations.   recognize ocean buffer of 20mi around sovereign countries, except half-way distance when two sovereign nations are separated by water less than 40 miles wide.


require nothing in particular in the adulthood test regarding firearms.   Firearms custody is simply a separable right that is suspended as a penalty component for certain crimes.

firearms rights are no longer suspendable.


no treaty can restrain or limit the form and extent of this nation's defensive military equipment and systems.


alert to victim on prisoner release


voluntary military colocation within the borders of other sovereign nations


international crime cases can be resolved by consensus of courts of involved countries?


an imported manufactured item must be labeled with the nation(s) of origin, and this label must remain intact at least until the item is delivered to a party that puts the item to its apparent intended use.


encrypted copy of state-enforceable contract must be on file with state, decryptable by any party to the contract.


library terminal contention:

court testimony can be given from libraries, with top priority.

during referenda, voters must get next to top priority, but with time limit.

libraries are where state ID centers are (with biometrics).


relax time constraints of cases on appeal.


all references in state documents and filings, to other state documents or filings, or to publications available in state libraries, must be hyperlinked to the full text of the referenced item.   (some hyperlinks may be unfollowable by some readers because of security classifications).


must have tariffs to correct prices of state-subsidized products (including products made with slave labor).

what about prisoner labor? in this nation punitive labor must be bought at market rates.   proceeds to defray cost of incarceration, if applicable, then to the victim(s) or their survivers, if applicable, and in the absence of victims, to the state?


whenever an item is seized as evidence, with the certainty or possibility of an obligation that it be returned, at the time of seizure an item of equal or greater functionality and capabilities must be loaned to the party from whom the first item is seized.


no judicial ruling or other action by an agent of an enforcement branch can create a state authority, though of course it can nullify a misbegotten state authority.


need compromised key database.

all persons have a right to have a current valid entry in the key database.

if no toe print is possible, use first n basepairs of genome.

add for criminal records: Y chromosome and mitochondrial genome can both be analyzed and stored.

status as a citizen and/or adult must be included in the id db entry.


a state agent always has the right to address in person those who command him and those he commands.


need to create a mechanism that applies the collective monopoly principle to groups of property owners when all of them refuse to sell, in the case that the property in aggregate is an obstacle to completion of a roadway, railway or rail station, subway or subway station, port for a political division, waterway access to a port, or utility conduit.   this is eminent domain.   it requires the previous approval of a work under § Direct Citizen Driven Public Development, followed by a legislative action by the smallest unit of state containing the property at issue, with vote-weight for exceeding vote-weight against by at least 50% of the legislature's total vote-weight.


need to deal with diligence requirement re: railroad mainlines, roadway thoroughfares, canals and navigable rivers, and major harbors (maybe airports?).   owners have a legal requirement to keep the facility passable to the traffic customary on that route.   if one is let to slip into empirical impassability, then the state must finance and award a contract to rehabilitate it, and the property owner must repay the cost.

find a way to make the above workable.


internal inspection bureau: does nothing but poke around state facilities and activities looking for violations of law.   agents have total access including a universal need to know, subject to the security clearance of the agent.

whistle-blower: any state agent who reports to a separate investigative or enforcement component that his own component of the state is engaged in an activity that controvenes an applicable constitutional tenet must, in the case that the allegation is affirmed in court, be permitted to be reassigned to the internal inspection bureau, at a starting pay grade not less than his pay grade at the time he initially reported the activity.


drug regulation: the state can supply literature (describing effects, side-effects, and risk factors) that must accompany a drug whenever it is transferred.

the state must supply the literature at state expense.

brain surgeons and brain surgery procedures must be state-licensed because of the ease of creating monsters.   similar problems arise with certain psychoactive drugs, neurotoxins, and brain-targeting gene therapy (specifically, those that cause permanent physiological changes, e.g.   MPTP and chronic neuroleptics) and with germ line manipulation and cloning.


property rental in which the rented property includes land or a fixed structure must be by directly state-enforceable contract, and the MMSE is the price the owner will accept as full payment for the property (transfering title to the erstwhile lessor).

radio licenses: tax must be paid as though is contract with MMSE equal to the price the licensee will accept for a transfer of the license.

a broadcast license cannot be issued that will interfere with a lawful unlicensed broadcast unless no license can be issued that will not interfere.


shift calendar so that the year begins on the day on which the winter solstice occurs.


anyone acting as a representative of this nation in any proceeding, congress, or communication, must oppose any portion of any treaty or other instrument of international agreement which would infringe on any right or provision articulated by this document, and if such a representative expresses support or assent to such an infringement, whether deliberately or accidentally, and even if said support or assent includes a signature or other formalized expression, such support or assent, even if formalized, is null and void, must not be recognized by any agent of the state, and does not bind this nation in any way.


extend moral rights to include obedience to requirement for acknowledgement of sponsors.

moral rights regarding excerpts and edits, particularly regarding excision of interstitiated advertisements: must note changes that were made and provide location (state library inventory identifier, if available) where original can be obtained.

did this again, a little later:

moral rights of authors: when a work is a variation on, or contains in whole or in part, another work, the creator of that other work must be identified, and a means for obtaining a copy of the other work from the creator of the present work must be described.


Except when an individual or his property is the subject of a lawful warrant and exclusively pursuant thereto, without that individual's formal and voluntary advance consent it is unlawful to collect, obtain, or keep any information about the person or property of that individual by detecting radiation of any form (including acoustic, electromagnetic, and particle) projected through or otherwise made to penetrate, or by detecting any such radiation other than ordinary visible light reflected by, deflected by, or refracted by, the person or property of that individual, if and only if the radiation is generated by a person or people other than the subject of the surveillance and not specifically pursuant to the instructions of the subject (which may be relayed through managerial or other intermediaries), or by an apparatus controlled by a person or people other than the subject of the surveillance.


A legislative bill must create contiguous law, xor amend a single statutory section.

structure statutes into titles and link statutory titles to constitutional chapters.


if an individual tells an untruth to a party to a state-enforceable contract, causing that party to believe another party to the contract has breached the contract when in fact the alleged breach has not occured, the individual is guilty of a crime.

this must be more carefully worded or it will have unintended consequences.


certain classes of disposal must be at taxpayer expense: in particular, household goods in household quantities

actually, must get rid of disposal taxes entirely, since evasive activities are practical, profitable, and devastating to the environment.   indeed the cost of disposal must be subsidized by extraction taxes.


funding of units of state must be proportional to the number of people registered to vote in that unit of state.

being registered to vote cannot have any effect in law other than ability to vote and funding for the corresponding units of state.


no more than 10% of the nation's landmass can be designated as a development exclusion zone by contract with the state or by other state power.


emission control on boats, planes, trains, snowmobiles etc., and of course cars and trucks


water/well use (contentious)


increase use of >50%-weight quorum with >50% of vote-weights-cast-for minus vote-weights-cast-against.


transfers of e.g.   PDDWs: can always transfer without checking with state.   when do so, assume partial responsibility for crimes committed with it, unless and until a db check is done on the recipient, or a subsequent transfer is performed with a state db check.   a failure to reveal whom one received an item from in the case that the item is used in a crime is a separate offense.


no state agent can be ordered, commissioned, or officially rewarded, to espouse any religion, perform or administer any religious rite, or make any religious speech, presentation, or communication.


a convict can leave his weapons with a private trustee of his own choosing. (need to make clear that he can so the state can't seize the instant the conviction occurs)


no law can deny or infringe the right to purchase, own, and carry PDDWs, except as specified herein.   In particular, no law can deny any adult's right to purchase and own PDDWs.


no law can exempt any legislator from any law that is applicable to those eligible to vote for him, except insofar as contained units of state can enforce their laws only within their geographic domain.


Prohibition of World Government The nation cannot aggregate with another territory if doing so would result in a nation with more than one quarter of the world's human population,


wacky idea: promotion within state hierarchies requires identifying and publishing an error in the laws enforced/implemented by the position to which one is a candidate to be promoted.


monetary markets:

Actually, now that I revisit the subject, it looks to me like all that's needed is for markets to peer with each other by including the peer's pegging currency in its own market, so that you have an exchange rate between the markets.   To convert from any market to any other market, you simply find a path through intervening markets. This brings up the whole matter of arbitrage and exchange rate reconciliation: there are many paths from one market to another, and the instantaneous exchange rates along different paths can be different, but arbitrage activity will constantly trim out these differences (arbitrageurs buy along any cheap path, causing its prices to rise until they're in line with the other paths.   They avoid an expensive path, causing its price to fall until it's in line with the other paths.).


any incorporated entity that receives state funds to perform work under contract with the state must adhere to the same employment discrimination constraints as the state itself, and must be considered a substantial monopoly subject to the various special constraints thereon.


add contracts at granularities smaller than the nation, tax stamps for which are purchased from the corresponding smaller unit of state.


no law can distinguish between ordinary citizens and public figures.


the state must pay its employees based on tasks accomplished.   details to work out: review process, modulated conversion to wages.   will be very much like the state contract award procedure when done.


LEO vehicular pursuit of fugitive must have special siren sound uniform within the province.


corporate charter: any stockholder must have the option of selling his shares to the other shareholders at prevailing price (define - some sort of trade price as of a month before the charter change was proposed) whenever a charter change occurs.


pet (captive animal) owner liability when animal injures another person or his pet/captive animal, or damages/destroys another person's property

kill any animal that twice kills other pets, or that injures a human being.


ban of some sort - broadcast, at large - on claiming criminal legal protection/right/privilege that one does not have?

get rid of truth-in-broadcasting stuff as described above: it is an instrument of epistemological tyranny.


surrogate custody!


insurance companies: the share of ownership of a policyholder must be in constant proportion to his annual payments, and the share of ownership of all policyholders must be greater than one half.


judges: automatic promotion and demotion based on accuracy rate of judgements.   judge starts with a certain number of points.   if his points drop below a threshold, he is disqualified from being a judge.

more on judge point system: if a judge refuses to hear a case when his docket has an opening within the next two weeks, when another judge accepts the case, is half as bad points-wise as getting the case wrong.   there must be a random assignment of petitions to all judges in the court, and each refusal results in another random assignment, to one of the judges who hasn't yet refused.   if the case is refused by everyone in one court, but subsequently accepted above, then everyone in the prior court takes the points hit.


this nation must not become or remain a party to a treaty, if another nation that is a party to the treaty is not governed by a constitution that forbids subordination of any agent of that nation's state to anyone or any body that is not an agent only of that nation's state, or a citizen only of that nation, or a body constituted exclusively thereof.


can't have law to the effect that "failure to obey a peace officer" or equiv is a crime


secrecy-classified information withholding in court context: cannot withhold unless the information was properly secrecy-classified at the time the information was used in an act material to the case at issue. (this is from the US Code "Classified Information Procedure Act")


feeding wild animals (e.g.   pigeons), killing wild animals (e.g.   poisoning pigeons)


truth in explanations of orders within state heirarchies - intelligence interests can dictate misinformative explanations.


role of investigative branch in court context has to be mostly to act in service to the private parties bringing and defending against criminal suits.


no law can forbid or penalize information exchange of information, or the means thereof, between citizens and installations in this nation, and citizens and installations of other nations, except to the degree that the information exchange is forbidden or penalized when it occurs between citizens and installations all of which are within this nation.


make clear that the 30 day veto period in legislature is only for statutes


state cannot give medals, commendations, etc., no people who are not state employees.


non-adult therapeutic surgery opposed by parents: non-adult makes decision if able.


job protection for reserve soldiers


navigation/positioning orders in ports, canals, airports, etc.   - exception to prohibition on soldiers of this nation taking orders from other than the legislature or soldiers of this nation.


national intelligence focus is on sunshining, done by a sunshine agency that publishes expose's of plots against national interests. idea: budget of sunshine agencies must be equal to or greater than budget of clandestine intelligence agencies.


state compensation (monetary or otherwise) to companies and individuals deleteriously impacted by regulatory measures (particularly in emergencies) taken by state.

variance markets to price compensation?


inchoate: crime to knowingly facilitate a crime


any person in the nation has all the rights, immunities, responsibilities, and accountabilities, described in this document, except that any one who is not a citizen can be expelled from the country if he commits a serious crime, and anyone who is in the country illegally must be expelled from the country with haste by the state, and forbidden to return to the country for at least one year.


the enforcement branch of a unit of state must operate an emergency wireless communication system, by which anyone can contact a local enforcement dispatch center.   lawful transmission cannot be predicated on payment, authorization, subscription, or identification.


rewards for citizens who capture certain criminals?


this nation reserves the right to try in its own court system an individual whom it has reason to believe has committed a crime of violence within the territory of this nation.   this nation reserves the right to forcibly compel another nation to hand over a viable suspect.

need to revisit extradition issue generally, intranationally.

need to allow foreign state to collect its own garbage?

international extradition? extradition to a nation with laws (particularly, interrogation techniques and penalties) inconsistent with this nation's laws?

can use military force to liberate someone this nation has given citizenship?

this seems like a bad idea:

this nation can become a binding signatory to a super-national body with authority to veto an international act of state, provided vote-weight of each judge is proportional to the number of registered voters in his country of origin, the legislature of his country of origin has sole power to create laws and is directly elected by the body of all those registered voters, each judge is appointed by the national legislature of his country of origin and must adhere scrupulously to the laws of his country of origin in any official act, no one country is represented by more than one judge, and the threshold for approval of any item is that the vote-weights for exceeds vote-weights against by at least half the vote-weight of all judges.


if a legislator casts only a proportion of his vote weight on a particular vote, then a number of his constituents up to the vote weight that was not cast can cast votes personally, on a first-come first-served basis.


if not covered already: no one who is not a citizen can vote at any granularity of state.


can consider vetting requirement for pseudonymous banking. specifically, to create a parent account that allows the creation of pseudonyms, one must have no conviction for a serious crime.   upon conviction for a serious crime, a person must reveal all the pseudonyms associated with his parent accounts.


all state entities must generate and submit for permanent archiving, a record of any and all activities of that entity.


when information becomes publicly available, the state must declassify any accounts it may have of that information, revealing in particular when it first obtained the information.


any person meeting the criminal screening and training requirements common to all persons currently authorized by the state to carry a type of PDDW, openly or concealed, in a particular PDDW-restricted location that is not a state facility, and who is otherwise permitted or authorized to be in that location, must be permitted to carry that type of PDDW, openly or concealed, in that location, optionally predicated on carrying of a license.   the training must be available to any member of the public, for a fee equal to the smallest fee the training entity charges other state entities for the training.


spending escrowed currency during declared military emergency - same triggering standard as for guaranteed emergency production contracts for materiel.   must include a natural disaster that causes at least 1000 deaths within one week following the start of the initial event, or a series of one or more attacks within a year by the same external agent that causes at least 1000 deaths, each death occuring within one week following the start of such an attack.   either the national legislature or the president of the military can move to trigger, specifying the total size of the allocation, and the other must affirm or reject within 24 hours, specifying an allocation equal to or smaller than the one moved for.   only money currently escrowed can be allocated; money escrowed after the moving vote can be allocated only by another motion.   an equal proportion of all escrowed money must be allocated.   the effect is usually to raise the effective tax rate for the money issuers, to varying degrees, and this is the intended effect.


use of functional brain scanning (for lie detection) on testifiers in courtrooms and interrogations


periodic tax rebate to employer for each reservist it employs, plus when a reservist with an employment contract is called up on a mandatory basis, he must be paid at the same rate his employment contract specifies (problems with bonuses, in-kind payments, etc.).


state-mandated testing for BL4 communicable diseases after an outbreak has been detected?


state ID and conviction/license suspension databases must provide to an identity owner the full history of all queries for his identity and license information, and of all successful uses of his credentials in interactions with the state, and realtime notification of these events must be available.


check over, possibly rehabilitate, legislator access to classified information.   the subject-specific advisory groups might be a good basis for establishing need to know.


extraction tax on hunted animals?


though conviction under a now-nonexistent law must be purged from an individual's record, if there is a still-standing set of one or more laws that criminalize the conduct for which the individual was convicted under the old law, then the individual's record must note conviction under the old law for an act now covered by the still-standing law(s), specifically identifying all and only the still-standing laws.


all interrogations and torture procedures must be AV recorded and permanently archived.


provincial legislatures must rotate among the towns of the province whose legislatures request it (similar to national legislature rotating among provinces, though the latter is mandatory - there is no provincial legislature request process, only discretion as to venue).


if not already noted in § Lexical Discipline: the word "if", and any enumeration of examples, is non-restrictive, i.e.   it gives examples without denying other possibilities.


no law can specify punishment for an individual for revealing that he has delivered a specified encryption key to an agent of the state.


additional constraint on laws that regulate or forbid possession of an item or substance: the nature and characteristics of any such item or substance must be articulated in the statute itself, with specificity appropriate for direct application in law enforcement.


engaging in activities that are not prohibited by law but that endanger the public because, e.g., attract terrorism


the hodgepodge of non-legislative activities ostensibly handled directly by the legislative branch, and the activities of the old executive branch that aren't investigative in character, must instead be organized under a "provision and liaison" branch, headed by a legislatively appointed president:

-public libraries -communication systems interconnecting branches of the state -public directory of all state employees and agents of record (particularly, private LEAs) including contact information for each -public municipal voting systems -physical unit standards, document timestamping and notarization -tax collection and associated certification operations -state bank -contract award, procurement, and supervision of construction and maintenance of all state-owned transportation systems except those for which the military is responsible -operation of embassies and consulates -medical research and development -environmental threat mitigation and recovery, including seismic and meteorological

security of transportation systems, and of all facilities of the provision and liaison branch, is by the investigative and enforcement branches.


conviction/license suspension database operated by enforcement branch, identity database operated by investigative branch.


another vacillation: permanent PDDW impairment for people convicted of causing permanent injury or death to another person in violation of law, or convicted of kidnapping or predatory rape.   make impairment annulable at the discretion of the judiciary, upon their judgement that the person is now a respectful citizen.

violent offenses while non-adult and PDDW impairment


a lease contract (and various other types of contracts) causes the status of a party to the contract to change such that behavior which would, absent the contract, constitute a crime, no longer constitutes a crime.   thus, contracts in fact interact with criminal law extensively, since a breach of contract that voids an entitlement in the contract exposes that party to criminal liability.   effectively, these contracts are enforced by criminal law.

general rule: only a state contract can cause conduct to be no crime, that would absent the contract be a crime.


definition of education


military self-management: military decides what bases to maintain


prohibition on entities that educate non-adults and that both teach untruths and that teach that some violent crime is a moral good


for compulsory timed release of state secrets: for each release date, a public key is publicly disseminated.   the corresponding private key can be deciphered by any m-sized subset of the n-sized set of trustees, where m<n.   the private key is publicly disseminated by the trustees on the specified date.   when a trustee loses his status (through death or loss of clearance) another trustee for all that trustee's dates must be designated within one day, and the remaining trustees must compute new private key ciphers so that the new trustee can act in place of the old trustee.


all actions by agents of a unit of state, including all regulations created by them, must be pursuant to organizational charters approved by the legislature of the same unit of state.


a legislator's vote-weight is diluted when he votes for a bill that is passed by the legislature, but is then struck down judicially as unconstitutional, either before or after it becomes a law.

For bills that became laws, the vote-weights are adjusted retroactively, from the time the bill was passed, to the time it was stricken, so that all the votes in between are recomputed, with some bills

The dilution is 5%, and starting with the time of the final ruling of unconstitutionality, decays linearly to 0% after ten years, at which time the dilution ends.

The legislature has to standing to argue for the law in the courts.

It is important that a judge who passed on the bill the first time around experience a zero sum in terms of judge points, when striking down the law subsequently.

If not already articulated elsewhere: The judiciary can only strike down a whole bill (or the law a whole bill has become), not parts of it.   The network of bill/law predications built into the statutory corpus may of course cause a logically cascading strike-down of other laws.


get rid of idea of aptitude tests modulating vote-weight in the legislature.


remote communications, by means of electronic devices or by letter carrier, cannot be construed to constitute "trespass to chattel".


eminent domain by a unit of state over a contained unit of state


reporting by incorporated entities of deaths and injuries of employees, customers, visitors?


constitutional default appointments to break through legislative logjams?


The question of whether the judiciary of unit of state has failed to correctly implement a constitution that constrains it, can be appealed to the court of a containing unit of state, all the way to the supreme court.   Decisions arising from such appeals are binding on the contained unit of state.   Standing: at least one party to the case must be an individual or non-state entity that is subject to the constitutional principle(s) at issue.


yikes! fractional reserves for insurance companies!


serious problem with auto-promotion/demotion in courts: the lowest judges are the ones of first contact


no law or state contract can prohibit or penalize retrieval by any individual of any individual's criminal record


any contract that defers to the authority of a state contract through deference to the authority of zero or more intermediate contracts, is a state contract for the purposes of this document.

all state contracts, whether direct or indirect, are subject to all restrictions on state contract contents/terms.


a judge must refer to and describe his decision in the first person, using the pronoun "I" and declensions thereof.


when a voter retracts his support from his representative, he is unable to cast a vote for another representative for at least one week, and his vote-weight is retroactively removed from all votes in the week before the moment of retraction.


single agencies can encompass agents of multiple branches of state? this is conductive to coordination and logistical efficiency.   agents of the provision and liaison branch will certainly be routinely colocated with agents of other branches.   and the idea is _colocation_ - it is not possible for agents of distinct branches to answer to the same president.


in the const amendment two round vote process, a voter can vote yes in the second round only if he voted yes in the first round.


if software is subjected to the money pot contract, its source code must be released.   in fact all the provisions that formerly applied to copyrighted software now apply to money pot contract software.


entitlement of a party to assets previously controlled jointly with someone that party has criminally rendered incapable of willful action (tricky!).   also, medical rights of such parties regarding the incapacitated person (none!).


money pot contracts: a donation can optionally have an expiration date associated with it.   if the work isn't released by the expiration date, the funds revert to the donor.   these funds go into escrow and so cannot be used to finance the production of the work.   also note that the expiration dates on donations can encourage strategic dropping of the release threshold.


delcaration of war on entities other than states with geographic correlates

ah ha! requirement that the national legislature reaffirm the state of war every three months, for the war to continue!


property possessed before entering a loan can be seized on default if the loan contract identifies the property specifically as subject to forfeiture on default (i.e.   collateral is OK).


hysteresis in won't-enforce list of laws registered by a LEA


judges taking passes - a judge can, with or without explanation, refuse to hear a case, unless the case has already been assigned to and either heard or refused by all other judges in this judge's court.


a judge must recuse himself (disqualify himself from hearing a case) if:

(1) any party to the case is a lineal ancestor or descendent or second or third degree hereditary relation of the judge, or

(2) is cohabitating or has cohabitated with the judge or with a living lineal ancestor or a lineal descendent or a second degree hereditary relation of the judge, or

(3) was the perpetrator or victim in a formally charged crime by or on the judge, or lineal ancestor or descendent or a second or third degree hereditary relation of the judge, or a party cohabitating with the judge or with a lineal ancestor or descendent or second degree hereditary relation of the judge, or

(4) is currently a party to a contract with an MMSE equal to more than one month's average wage, to which the judge, or a lineal ancestor or descendent of the judge, or a party cohabitating with the judge or with a lineal ancestor or descendent of the judge, is currently a party.


penalties for wrong rulings should be in some way proportional to the court level in which the ruling is made (highest penalty for Supreme Court judges).


a law must specifically provide that a suitable contract can disqualify an action as constituting a violation of the law, whenever this is the case, with an exception clause such as "except as specified in valid contract".


an individual can always force the public disclosure by the state of personal information about him that it has in its records, by specifying which information is to be disclosed.


if a prisoner requests segregation from other inmates, this request must be honored immediately.   if a prisoner segregated at his own request, requests return to non-segregated imprisonment, this request must be honored immediately.   segregation must not impair the prisoner's access to telecommunications equipment and networking, nor impair the prisoner's capacity to have and use his property.

general treatment of prisoner property


if not covered in IE section already: the power to vote shares cannot be delegated.


relationship between slander and accidental transmission of damaging falsehoods?

any time a party A is operating a mechanical system that as currently configured communicates falsehoods about another party B, party A must, with no avoidable delay, alter the system so that it ceases communicating those falsehoods (either by no longer associating the assertions with B, or by altering the assertions so that they are true, or by no longer communicating the assertions at all), when party B identifies the falsehoods to party A.   if A and B disagree on whether the assertions at issue are actually false, and B petitions the state for a judicial proceeding, A must then be asked by the state to formally dispute the charge.   If he does not, he must then alter the system as described above.   If he does, then the questions must be put to a judge in a trial, and the loser pays the costs of the proceedings.   If A loses, he must furthermore alter the system as described above.


enforcement of trespass laws on private land can *only* be by the property owner or by a private party to whom the owner has designated this authority and who has accepted this authority.   The owner and designee must keep the signed designation and acceptance on record, identifying (at a minimum) the names of the parties, the effective dates of the agreement, the specific properties at issue, and the specific authorities delegated.


basic idea to consolidate: there is no tort, but criminal prosecutions are moved and undertaken fundamentally by the party alleging injury.


fast track negotiation


standard of proof in criminal trials: an articulated theory of the details of the crime, physical evidence that makes the theory more likely than not, and no undebunked physical evidence that is inconsistent with the theory


public display of information seeking leads on criminal suspects, identifying the suspects uniquely or almost uniquely: requires court order.   standard is "the specific party is more likely than not, guilty of a crime", same standard as search warrants


how clear is the following? investigative branch agents can't effect an arrest unless a person is in imminent danger of being the victim of theft or destruction of physical property, or of injury or death, and agents of the enforcement branch are unable respond in time to mitigate the danger.

weather, geology/seismology, ecology, and food/drug/medical research and safety, is all in the investigative branch.   all government science programs are in it.   (but what about the military branch?)

firefighting and land stewardship is in provision and liaison.


make it a crime (a type of fraud) to enter contracts the terms of which that cannot all be satisfied by one's performance, strictly as a matter of logic?


if this isn't spelled out already: no principle of law enacted at a particular unit of state can be applicable in some of the constituent units of state but not in others.   scratch that.   the right way to do this is to say that no law can specifically identify constituent units of state.   it is very much routine for a law to not be applicable in some constituent units simply because of circumstance, e.g.   a law relating to harbors has no applicability to units with no harbors.


no state contract (or contract backed by a state contract - need shorthand for saying this) can bind any person to communicate or maintain a falsehood or specify that anyone be rewarded for doing so or punished for not doing so.


if not covered (and it probably is): can't unilaterally assign a contract


class actions: only the defendant can create a class, and then only if the plaintiffs consent.


formally couched misrepresentations are not protected speech and should be listed with libel and incitement.


each granularity of state is assigned a number.   national is zero, province is 1, county is 2, town is 3, and intermediate granularities have non-integral values preserving order of priority: department is 0.5, division is 1.5, and a borough within a town is 3.5.   Additional levels can be added as enacted.

each level of state policy is assigned a number.   constitution is zero, statutes is 1, and regulations is 2

the "relative legal priority index" RLPI is the sum of the granularity of state number and the state policy level number.

no law can preempt a law that has a lower RLPI.

if and only if the RLPI of a given law minus the RLPI of some older law is less than or equal to zero, the newer one can preempt the older one, but only if the new one is enacted in the same or a contained unit of state relative to the old one, and the new one specifically mentions the preemption.

portions of court decisions that alter or refine the sense of a law must be consolidated into the wording of the law when all avenues of appeal have been exhausted or waived by all parties.


a direct challenge to the consistency of a law is initiated in the highest court of the unit of state that enacted the law.



need to deter judges from changing more law than necessary, or higher level of law than necessary, to resolve case.



reduce requirement of radiation hardening in electronic critical infra and embedded systems

reduce requirement for hardening from things that aren't principally known as computers to things that aren't principally known as electronics


the state can (must?) publicly counter false public claims by parties regarding their interactions with the state when they detect or are informed of such false public claims.


the state can operate at will roadway speed monitoring gizmos that return only the fact of a vehicle travelling through a particular lane and the speed and direction of the vehicle.


possibly: non-citizens visiting the country need to file an itinerary and contact methods, and update the itinerary and contact info as plans and situation change.


all interrogations of criminal suspects must be AV-recorded from start to finish.


there is a real privacy problem with publication of court records. probably the only way to do it is to have a period in which anyone referenced in the proceedings can petition to have such references pseudoonymized, and have uniquely identifying information redacted. all referenced people must have been successfully notified by the state before the petition window begins.   (reference people who are dead/incapacitated or cannot be reached, must have the decision made by an in loco designee, or by the surviving descendent who is a major inheritor.   this idea needs to be generalized and named - it's like power of attorney, but more general.)


monopolies: probably need to require that monopolies be monopolies in exactly one area of business.   if a diversified company develops a monopoly, it must spin off the monopoly into a separate company, or sell off part of the monopoly business so that a monopoly no longer exists.


misrepresenting one's identity as the identity of another actual person, living or dead, is a crime in and of itself.


implicit disclosure of state secrets - accountability? need training and testing on rhetorical skills needed to avoid disclosure.

implicit disclosure of contractual secrets?


responsibility of manufacturing and transportation companies that handle hazardous materials in bulk, to maintain infrastructure to some standard - must be articulated, must be inspections by state agents. liability when members of the public are exposed to these hazardous materials - must exist substantively, specifying thresholds (need a unifying principle to guide determination of thresholds).


legislators: each needs to have a "vice legislator" standing by and geographically separated from the legislator, sworn to and bound by the same voting contracts as the legislator, and the resignation or incapacitation of one must result in another designation of a vice-legislator, by the new legislator, within two weeks of the resignation or incapacitation.

a single legislator bound by multiple voting contracts is explicitly permitted (and, of course, required) to cast a mixed vote when different contracts dictate different voting positions.


more detail on physical security for state officeholders


contracts between components of the state

contracts that affect/dilute constitutional and statutory prerogatives of state agents - real problem is legislative appointees that are bound by contract with the appointing entity (e.g.   legislature) in some hobbling way.   clearly such contracts cannot traverse branch boundaries.


parliamentary: vote deadlines on bills introduced by distinct legislators must be separated by at least one hour.   need to have a time limit after which a bill must have voting end, FIFO stack-up to resolve deadline-derived contention.


sub-constitutional laws emplaced by direct citizen voting have a priority above that of parliamentary laws


state trademarks/servicemarks/reserved symbols


a particular unit of state has estoppel applicable to ALL of its court proceedings for ALL time


if the sentence a prisoner is serving is for a crime committed in a given province, and the prisoner was a resident of that province before the current incarceration began, he must be incarcerated in that province.


"enticement" of non-adults - except as specifically provided in law, without the specific permission of a guardian of a non-adult it is a crime for an adult to persuade or attempt to persuade that non-adult to accompany the adult to any destination, or to meet the adult at any location.


construction site safety requirements - particularly utility conduit construction through residential neighborhoods, when unsupervised - trenches covered? temporary fences surrounding?


broadcast rules: an unlicensed operator who violates broadcast rules (interference, etc.) cannot apply for a license for at least three months following the violation.


if a person, A, knowingly causes physical injury to another person, B, by accident or for reasons other than self-defense, person A is required to render whatever emergency assistance he can, to person B, for as long as the requirements of person B are emergent and person B is not being assisted by trained medical practitioners, unless and until person B refuses assistance from person A.


hearsay rules as they interact with people who died or are incapacitated.


all permitted roles of the state are enumerated in this document. thus, the most serious avenue of attack on the system is a coordinated effort, by nefarious state agents and their non-state allies, to identify a vital role that is either properly the state's but not enumerated, or that is not properly the state's but can be made to appear as such, propagandize the urgent need for constitutional amendment, and use the amendment process as a vehicle for subversion of vital dimensions of the constitution.   a thoroughgoing enumeration of the state's legitimate roles is the primary defense to this avenue of attack, and the requirement that all preemptions of hierarchically proximal instruments of state policy be enumerated is another guard. what else to do?


is it ever a crime to misrepresent the decisions or policies of a state agent or entity?


inchoate crimes carrying possible incarceration penalties must be enumerated?


make it clear that anyone within, below, or in the atmosphere above some portion of the geography of the nation can legally act pursuant to the constitution associated with that portion of the geography, and can cite that constitution directly to supply legally adequate justification for the act.


the day to day offices of the heads of all the national unit of state's branches rotate through provinces annually, just as the national legislature does.   no two branches can have their head offices in the same province at the same time.   however, it is quite acceptable for the same edifices and equipment used by one branch for its headquarters, to subsequently be used by another branch for its headquarters.


any entity that controls a conduit that published something ruled by a court to be libelous, must upon being informed of the ruling, remove the thing, and publish in a fashion similar to the original thing, an explanation of the libel and a correction.

similar treatment for other published falsehoods where law allows the state to force retractions.


tariffs on imports of goods whose manufacturers are recipients of state subsidies - the sum total of tariff proceeds must be available as rebates for purchase of domestically produced products that compete directly with tariffed products.   the tariff on a product must be set so that the price of similar domestic and imported products are equal, after tariffs and rebates are applied.

tricky business: what about publically funded medical insurance/services? (these are subsidies of a sort since neither the employer nor the employee has to directly pay for his own medicine when the taxpayers at large pay for it)


a state employee (narrower qualifications?) whose official activities include interaction with employees of another state, cannot have received payment in cash or kind from that foreign state for at least ten years preceding the interaction, nor receive such for at least ten years following the interaction.


regional (atmosphere-driven) variation in radio band utility logic


it's very important that soldiers who desire to avoid service, be allowed to do so with no penalty, because the military is technology-rich and must have as few unreliable members as possible. a soldier who rejects his service may declare what roles he is willing to play, and be offered another position by the military that may or may not take this declaration into consideration.   he can accept one of the offered positions, or leave the military never to return to it.


responsibilities of employers: employer cannot be penalized for criminal acts against employees by people not agents of the employer.


freezing of joint assets when one of the joint parties is charged with rendering another joint party incapable of giving testimony in court.


no law can specify penalties or prohibitions for verbally describing any law.   in particular, it is always freely permitted to verbalize an intent to use deadly force in bodily self-defense.


if a company exports a product to a buyer in a country where that product's price is controlled by that country's state, it must sell that product in this country at a price that does not exceed the lowest price at which it sells that product to buyers in that country.


set aside proportions of each suitable band, for spread spectrum


whole question of military personnel and materiel required in initial stages of a confrontation/draw-up, being available in the active military, rather than having to be availed by calling up reserve personnel and components

if not done already, give teeth to the employer's requirement to take back reservists after return from activation

also, deferral of responsibility to service debts by breadwinner reservists called up for military service


it is a crime in itself for an agent of the state, under color of law, to authorize something he is not empowered to authorize.


consider boomeranging sentences on judges when the conviction is overturned and the judge engaged in misconduct that created a false predicate that purported to justify a conviction, in the trial that culminated in the sentence.


if not already covered: state agents testing security systems in ways that would normally be illegal - must be fully disclosed within, what, a month?


some sort of clever thing where if a person is charged with violating a law for a particular act, but can identify someone else who committed the same act at a time earlier than the charged act yet not been charged with violating that law, then the state must either charge the earlier actor, or drop charges against the present actor.


"intellectual territory" is a viable replacement term for "intellectual property" regarding trade/servicemarks.

make explicit that only tangible, depletable substance of definite and measurable mass, can be "property"


state agent following suspect beyond the geographic limits of the agent's jurisdiction: minimally, must be immune to harrassment charges


performance requirements of radio receiving equipment: rather key to making meaningful and practical, the non-interference requirements.   basically, the state sets performance standards for the receiving equipment, reception impairment of which can be used as a basis for action regarding interference.


funding autonomy and strictly constitutional authority, for a component of the legislative branch that looks for and investigates corruption within the legislative branch?


retroactive reversal of effects of policies/regulations/laws later ruled unconstitutional


if a legislator casts a vote on a bill that appears inconsistent with his voting contract, then during the review period of the bill (after it has been approved by the legislator but before it becomes a law) anyone can challenge that vote, and if the discounting of all challenged votes causes the legislative approval to be negated, then the bill is suspended until enough trials complete to determine the actual result of the vote.   challenges go to trial in descending order of the vote-weight of the legislator at issue at the time of the vote at issue.

if the bill has already become a law, a challenge can be brought to the law based solely on voting contract inconsistency.

need to allow preemption of the trials by a legislative revote, though this might also result in a decisive rejection of the bill.


how to do constitutionality challenges to legislator voting contracts themselves?


permitting for activities involving explosives, pyrotechnics, and burns


can enter treaty of mutual defense or

voting on resolutions

only if all signatories to the organization endorse the enforcement of any standing resolution by any signatory to the organization


rape: key difference is whether the rapist is a first time rapist and raped someone who had invited him (or her) into the company of the victim or the victim had come into his or her company, or not.   the latter can result in permanent incarceration, the former cannot.


military training and operations vs.   environmental concerns


each state employee must have a charter that derives from the charter of his immediate superior, and the charter of the head of a branch of a unit of state must be contained in its entirety within the constitution of that unit of state.

(further codification of the charters for these cosntitutional officers needed - partly done, in the sections on the presidents of the legislative, investigative, judicial, and military branches.   but need quite a bit more, and need the section for the president of the provision&liaison branch)


a legislator cannot enter ("enroll"?) a bill that he cannot, himself, vote yes to by the terms of one or more of his voting contracts.


citizenship granted due to fraud by the ostnesible citizen or an agent thereof, must be revoked.


note that legislative appointments are inherently sticky because contentions motions to impeach/remove can't succeed.


constractually bound "exclusive interviews" - clearly not OK for state agents, but is it OK for anyone?


doctors can be accredited to make binding (but supersedable) decisions on epidemiological matters, by the national CDC-equivalent agency, which must publish a list of doctors so accredited, their addresses and hours of business, and contact information.   the payment these doctors receive from the agency for providing these diagnostic and determinative services without charge to the patient, are set by the agency in a nationally uniform fashion, equal to 3 hour's average wages per patient per visit, and the doctors must provide these services with priority over their other services, on a first-come-first-served basis.   doctors must ascertain the name of each patient and contact information (permanent and if applicable temporary), and include this and, if available, the patient's unique identifier, in applications to the agency for payment.

any person who becomes ill by contagious infection must either refrain from travel beyond the town he is in when he discerns the illness, or get clearance from an accredited doctor to travel outside the town before doing so.

Clearance can only be issued if it is determined that the infection cannot be spread through the air or by simple contact, or the infection is not one that causes death or lasting injury to healthy people, who are not infants or elderly, and who have the benefit of basic modern medicine.

If the infection can be spread through the air or by contact, and causes death or lasting injury to healthy people who are not infants or elderly, even with the benefit of basic modern medicine, at a rate of 1% or higher, the patient must be quarantined.

The agency may, at any time, publish directives containing guidelines, standards, and procedures for diagnosis and for determination of whether to clear, deny clearance, or enforce quarantine, and procedures for enforcing quarantine.   An accredited doctor must implement such a directive within 24 hours of its publication.

Quarantine is coordinated nationally by the agency.   Each quarantine facility must be supervised on site by an accredited doctor whenever a patient is quarantined within it.

All quarantine facilities must supply free electronic communications to anyone quarantined within.

Any person who provides medical treatment, but is not unaccredited by the agency for epidemiological diagnostics and determinations, must on encountering a patient with an apparent contagious infection, refer the patient to an accredited doctor, contact that doctor, and give that doctor the name and contact information for the patient.

**home quarantine - electronic monitoring, supplying with food and medical care (and other goods and services, including assistance setting up to work from home)

**patient choice between home and central quarantine

**contracts cannot be enforced against quarantined people when quarantine makes performance impossible or significantly more difficult.   if the quarantined individual requests, deadlines for performance made impossible or significantly more difficult by quarantine, must be moved back by the duration of the quarantine.   at the request of the obligated party of any contract whose timely performance is made impossible or significantly more difficult if another contract is not timely performed as a consequence of quarantine, the deadline(s) therein must be similarly advanced by the duration of the quarantine.   if a contract's performance is predicated on something that is seasonal or otherwise has a natural deadline, such as harvesting, then more dramatic provisions need to be made to accommodate the quarantined party's interests.


effect of searches/seizures and other state actions on the obligation of an obligated party to a contract to perform


use fees as source of state income - tollbooths etc.

toll, congestion, construction, and other road condition information known or collected by the state, must be publicly available by automated realtime systems, with no-profit use fees.

if not covered: paying of tolls on roadways admined as though state owned must be possible with anonymous money.

toll roads: on roads administered as though state-owned, cannot charge more than an average hour's wage divided by 300 for each two tons travelled over one mile of roadway, or for bridges and tunnels greater than 1000 feet in length, more than an average hour's wage divided by 30 for each two tons travelled over 1000 feet of bridge or tunnel.   The length of a bridge or tunnel cannot be greater than that dictated by sound, efficient civil engineering.

road use fees:

each car operating on a public roadway must have visible tax ID plates front and rear.

2 way radio in each car can be addressed using the tax ID.

tax ID plate purchase is anonymous, but plate is bound to a particular make, model, color scheme of vehicle.

vehicle computers tell toll transponders the vehicle's tax ID and the vehicle's instantaneous odometer reading.

weigh stations must be linked to the agency system, informing it in realtime of the weights of vehicles.

the agency must supply toll transponder systems with realtime mapping of tax ID to make, model, color scheme, and vehicle weight.

for each vehicle it encounters, a toll transponder must record the tax ID, date/time, odometer reading, and toll levied (if any), and this data must be delivered to the agency at least one week but at most one month after it is collected, except that detection of a tax ID that is flagged as a violator, must be reported immediately.

once a year, on the anniversary of the tax ID's creation, the transportation agency computes an itemized bill for the tax ID, which is accessible only to the holder of the tax ID.

there is a minimum tax per vehicle, of five times an average hour's wage.

the bill is for the number of ton-miles indicated by the most recent odomoter reading, with all tolled ton-miles excluded, at a rate set by the agency, constrained as for toll roads.

must have weather-related expense (plowing and frost heave repair) modulation of tax bill.

must have dispute procedure whereby errant bills can be corrected.

must designate penalties of road tax fraud (odometer tampering).

must specify which vehicles must stop at weigh stations (each tax ID has a weigh/no-weigh flag).

weigh stations must be open 24/7 and can be completely automated and unstaffed.


to become citizen must speak language of law fluently (this is probably already there).

only non-citizens have right to tranaltion when charged with a crime.


women in the military must be allowed to opt out of risky assignments, by some metric of riskiness.


unions and military employees


more workable standard for auto-trigger sanctions against bogus nations: combination of gun carry rights denied to some number of adult non-criminal citizens, with a state whose lawmakers are chosen by a process that denies formal input (i.e.   voting) to some number of adult non-criminal citizens


war souvenirs


ads embedded in works - must be maintained in copies for some period?

live feed embargos for 24 hours, when right claimed, except with permission?


adulthood and new citizen oath: must pledge to place the constitution over any other constitution or canon whenever the rights of other residents are affected


interaction of trademarks and real names - handled? at all?


what to do when a crime is compound, but the components of the crime are split among multiple jurisdictions, possibly including foreign states


laws on incest and bigamy-etc - latter clearly no


the epidemic preemption crowbar facilitates eugenicalism by the state if I don't carefully rule it out.


truth in advertising beyond truths about the product/service's intrinsic qualities?


an act can be called theft only if a person or people have been deprived of a specific physical object or set thereof


a guardian of a child must be either an individual or the state.   the state cannot be a guardian of a child of whom an individual is a guardian.

no more than two guardians per child, no more than two non-biological guardees per guardian.


all road signs, except where appropriate those at national borders, must be in the official language, excepting proper nouns where applicable.


state pensions

mandatory pension transfer on death of one party survived by the other cohabitating partner or guardees - use inheritance rules.


no age-based mandatory retirement in state and monopoly jobs (really just a corollary of fitness-based discrimination requirement)


poor farm


must forbid company A buying company B when company C, with which A competes, benefits materially from the products of company B:

"Intel bought Kuck and Associates compiler business in May 2000, then on June 25, 2001 they bought (and killed off) the Compaq optimizing Fortran Compiler - which was the only competitive high performance compiler that supported Athlon's architecture.   http://www.aceshardware.com/forum?read=95034018"


products for sale, advertised or marked as edible (or indications to that effect), must list all ingredients in order of decreasing proportion by weight


judge points system is publically available: anyone can anonymously retrieve the rulings issued by a particular judge and the final result after all subsequent appeals, and the tabulated score to date.


verbal expression freedoms on private property


possible judge pre-qualification method: have to file some number of mock decisions in advance of the publication of the real decision in some number of trials, with a certain ratio of correct to incorrect mock decisions, and a certain maximum number of incorrect mock decisions.   each case is gotten by a lottery, and one can draw in the lottery only once a month, say.   one can pass on as many cases as one wants, but the once a month (or whatever) maximum draw frequency applies regardless of passes.


special type of extortion: false pretenses leading to circumstance of being trapped or stranded.   think of situation where a trucker picks up a hitchhiker in a town, offers to drive him to a town on the other side of a desert, then half way through the desert, tells hitchhiker to engage in or submit to certain behavior or stay behind in the middle of the desert.

stranding is, under some appropriate formulation, a crime in itself.


if two thirds of the population or landmass or number of contained units becomes under a statute permitting, requiring, or forbidding a particular behavior, then within one year of determination or confirmed notification that this is so, the legislature of the containing unit of state must take a forced-choice vote with three mutually exclusive choices: institute the statute uniformly, or forbid the statute uniformly, or explicitly delegate the authority to the contained units to exercise at their discretion (effectively, institutionalize the status quo).

old language on this: "vote on permitting the behavior by statute in that containing unit of state, and if that vote fails, must vote on requiring the behavior by statute if and only if at least one contained unit of state requires the behavior by statute, and finally absent an affirmative vote, must vote on forbidding the behavior by statute.   if both/all votes fail, the process must be repeated at least once in each successive legislative session as long as the two thirds threshold continues to be met."

need to have a similar process for constitutional and charter amendments in contained units.


each side in a court case must supply a description of evidence to the other side before supplying it to the judge


funding reauthorization cannot be necessary.   this is actually just a corollary of acts of legislature being necessarily non-delayed-effect and non-expiring.   the state should keep on truckin' even when the legislature is in deadlock.


explicit protection for reverse engineering


eminent domain kicks in only for transportation and utilities and broadcast infrastructure

preemption of local opposition to radio tower erection for nationally licensed transmissions


legislative quorums, reversal of votes by subsequent larger quorums, attendance enforcement measures including enforcement by other (peer, parent, child) units of state

a simple majority vote with a quorum exceding the quorum of a previous bill vote, can force a bill revote on a bill passed on one of the previous five session days.


if this nation is an occupying power, within three years of becoming such, it must observe and protect the individual rights enumerated herein, or withdraw, or both.


a trademark use must end in at least one of the verbatim name(s) of its domain(s) (if multiple domains are given, they must be combined with commas and a penultimate "and")

one of the domains must be "certifiers" or thereabouts, which is things like UL, ISO, etc.

up to five alternate names for a domain can be authorized by statute or regulation.

trademarked product/service names: not necessary/feasible.   why? the domain still would have to be mentioned, and a domain attached to a product trademark is usually silly.   instead, a company just prefixes the product name with the company trademarked name and domain, e.g.   "IBM Microelectronics Pixie Dust" ("microelectronics" would be an authorized synonym for "electronic component and subsystem design and/or manufacturing").


must provide for abandonment of disadvantageous transportation infrastructure


military agents and equipment on military land property is entirely immune to regulation and enforcement action by units of state contained within the national unit of state.   In effect, military land is not part of any province, but is only part of the nation.

the only ecological, environmental, and zoning laws to which the military branch and its agents are subject while on land controlled by the military branch, are those concerned directly with chemical/radiological pollution and radio interference.   all other areas of ecological, environmental, and zoning law must be formulated and enforced by and for the military branch for application on land controlled by the military branch, with defense readiness remaining always the highest priority.


a manufacturer must set aside at least 25% of its production output for any given item or system of items, for sale to non-state domestic buyers, when those non-state buyers attempt to purchase the items.


for the purposes of law enforcement actions by agents of this state, this nation's soldiers are not restrained in their permitted actions by international conventions or other instruments of policy unless the policy has been duly ratified by this state.


goodidea: "virtual border", cannot get entry visa without having face to face interview at an embassy or consulate.   embassy/consulate also must take photo of face and toeprints do a check for criminal history before issuing visa.   and of course, the photo and toeprints must be forwarded to HQ which may of course veto the visa.

what about asylum seekers?

also have agents of this state do registration and search/certification for shipping containers destined for ports in this country, at port of origin.


legislators who lie in their official capacities on matters of state are not just guilty of that crime, but also their vote-weight must be diluted in a manner analogous to dilution for supporting unconstitutional legislation.


the exhibits in a museum operated by the state must directly concern the historical and prospective actions of state agents.

state libraries must be


various types of access (shore foot/loiter, swim, watercraft/landing, deep water port) to bodies of water over a particular size partially as a function of navigable connectivity with the oceans.


rape-caused pregnancies of incapacitated people


adds on to stuff in the last page or two: life insurance for agents of the military branch while performing official duties - stipend payout to survivors when survivors are guardees, guardian, or dependent cohabitator incapable of supporting himself

need stipends for disabled veterans themselves.


the standard for attaining a particular level of security clearance must be the same regardless of the applicant.   in particular, it is the same for all state employees regardless of branch of state.   a person's security clearance level can be reduced only with specific cause pursuant to law, and can be appealed in court (which court?).


if not adequately spelled out: an instrument of state policy cannot describe a predication on another instrument of state policy unless the latter is superior to the former.


make explicit exemption from state language requirement, of works in state libraries and museums, and of any investigative work involving other languages, and of work with an imported system or work in which use of another language is useful, and of liaison with foreigners, and bla bla bla - in fact, do this from the other direction: the state language requirement concerns only state publications disseminated to citizens, and interactions of citizens with the state.


guarantee of some level of effort, necessarily including commitment of personnel in theater if this will help, to extract a stranded or imprisoned soldier.


revote on const annually, if votes against exceeds votes for for two years in a row, then on the third year a series of runoffs of replacement consts is done.   the current const is automatically included


state can't use "mother's maiden name" for anything - generalize to questions that relate to marital details and status


if not already said: IE charters must be public


media accessible to non-adults must show not just the legal, but also the health/medical, consequences of actions


military branch needs to have veto over infrastructure construction/change/destruction that, would (possibly through sabotage) facilitate disruption of mobility for friendly assets (including air, water, road, and rail modailites).


rules on use of deadly force to stop escape of violent crime convicts - and even, indictees of certain crimes under certain circumstances?


any access to security-classified information must be recorded at the time the information is acccessed, including the identity of the accessor and the time and date of access.


If a person A learns a fact about another person B solely by dint of cohabitating with B, A cannot disclose that fact to anyone who is not also cohabitating with B while A is cohabitating with B, without the permission of B.

If it is permissible for a person to be told a fact only because of a cohabitational arrangement, then that person can know it only by dint of cohabitating.

other exception: can always reveal a crime.

cohabitation means sharing a bed or a bathroom with someone.



insider information regarding expectations of currency redemption performance


taking care of a person's pets while the person is in state custody


requirement of actual use in commerce for trademarks


can't be restrained from buying or selling stock one is not restrained by law from buying or selling


need to think very carefully about the institution in which citizens can go off and wage private wars against or in foreign states - interacts badly with international laws of warfare

actually, probably need to eliminate it, and moreover military employees don't have discretion (are indentured) for one month following a substantial attack on the homeland


be careful about buyouts and other party changes in contracts.   make it coherent.


work visas?


estoppel applies to _the entire judiciary_ in an ascension from the court of origin to the supreme court - that is, all extant judicial decisions in that line must be logically consistent with each other otherwise they are reversible (clearly, eventually this appeal may need to be heard in a court with competent jurisdiction to resolve a conflict by reversing what is *wrong* rather than simply what is new).


convicted animal law offenders barred from having animals (including pets) that are covered by animal law?

convicted child abusers who are deprived of their children, barred from being guardians of children thenceforth? what to do when such abusers are pregnant


defending/extracting individuals arrested in and by foreign countries while there on official business of this state, when the detention cannot be supported by the constitution of this state


unlawful child abandonment


curious idea: mothers keep their children under 5, with them, while in prison


revised direct citizen legislation: quorum is more than half of registered voters, passage is votes for minus votes against equaling more than half of votes cast.   no special status for resulting law.


nothing in particular should stand in the way of the state buying, building, and/or owning railroads.   it can own auto roads, after all, and this implies that it can build or buy them.


find a way out of the trespassing trap (being kicked off tiled private property). (right of passage easement at boundary of all properties including state properties?)

deal with private property that reaches, crosses, or is very close to, state boundaries.


need to limit the total amount of money paid to the state for any reason, and total spent by the state for any reason, to put a ceiling on state interference in the market.   this needs to be proportional, but possibly cannot simply be made a proportion of outstanding money.   possibly a better denominator is the total production capacity of companies with any outstanding currency, converted to theoretical maximum concurrent outstanding currency.


what is it when citizens judicially petition a state entity to reconsider a decision (e.g.   a zoning ruling)? the right to do so must be described in statute (articulating standing and the bases for jurisprudence).   this is a special type of contract law - the claimant is alleging that the state has breached its contract (in the form of the law) with him or the public.


bounty hunters/bail enforcers, across national boundaries (foreign hunters in this country, this country's in foreign countries): hunter must abide by the laws of this country regarding bounty hunters, wherever operating, and if operating in another country, must abide by the laws of that country.   all bounty hunters must notify the local unit of state

additionally, use reciprocity to decide if

a bail enforcer is a party who has bound a defendant/convict by contract to present himself in state proceedings, as a condition of supplying him bail funds in the meantime, or an assignee of that party, who pursues the defendant/convict in order to capture him and deliver him to the custody of an interested state entity, as delineated in the terms of the contract.   bail enforcers can operate without a state license as long as they act only pursuant to the terms of the contract.

bounty hunters pursue people identified by the state as fugitives, who have no contractual relationship with the bounty hunter authorizing the pursuit, in order to capture them and deliver them to the custody of an interested state entity.   A bounty hunter must be licensed as such by a unit of state that is responsible for the area in which a capture occurs.   The national unit of state can, therefore, license bounty hunters to capture fugitives anywhere in the country.   However, a bounty hunter is forbidden to effect a capture in a location, if none of the alleged or proven acts underlying the charges or convictions at issue, is a crime in that location.

offering of bounties: private, state, military, non-military


a visa holder can nonetheless be deported for cause


the state must have the authority to use minimum adequate force to prevent an individual from acts of immediate suicide or self-inflicted externally apparent immediate physical injury when the individual is neither on property he rents or owns, nor out of public view.   this authority cannot be construed to allow the state to restrain simply risky behavior, such as construction work, outdoor adventuring, sporting contests, or stunt work - to be lawfully restrained, the behavior must be almost certain to result in immediate and grave injury, or in death.


make explicit that the primary goal in the timing of traffic lights and other instruments of traffic control, is to minimize congestion and safe trip times.


repossessions must be reported to local law enforcement within some period, say 15 minutes.


an individual who is a military employee (including as a reservist) can authorize the state to confirm or otherwise publicize his status and rank in the military.   private entities can discriminate on the basis of military status.


restrictions on what SPECIES of animal can be kept as pets - this actually boils down to requirements that certain species be kept captive only in facilities certified and licensed by the state.


no psychoactives for state prisoners except as authorized by the state for medical purposes


when an IE goes out of business, the decision to do so must be by affirmative vote of shareholders, and all employment contracts between employees and the IE are thereby dissolved.


state must be able to perform/order performed, autopsies, in cases of crime or national security relevance.


need to consider state provision of neighborhood garbage truck runs, with rules that neighborhood pickup is only for garbage created by economic activities in that neighborhood.


transmission on amateur radio bands probably needs to require a license.

transmission on broadcast bands probably needs to require that the broadcaster either use state-certified transmission equipment (exciter and what follows), or be a licensee.


no law can forbid, discourage, or specify a penalty for, any use of force to restrain or prevent a threatening and unrestrained animal from harming a human.


only a unit of state that contains no other units of state, can enact or enforce a law that forbids, licenses, or penalizes nudity and voluntary sex acts on non-access-controlled public land and structures.   NOTE: this violates the principle that says that if something becomes a law in a threshold proportion of contained units of state, then that law is voted on by the leg of the containing unit and removed from the books of the contained units.   a more general principle for exclusions from that migration-to-parent process needs to be articulated.


the national unit of state must operate an identity theft/fraud clearinghouse, so that victims of these crimes have immediate coordinated recourse, and can refer other entities, private or public, to the clearinghouse, whenever he is obstructed or detained because of problems caused by these crimes.


agriculture: probably need laws to prevent abusive farming of the sort that caused the dust bowl.


reporting of toxic emissions - surveillance (by instrumentation and/or personnel) of emission sites, thresholds for initiating and continuing surveillance

don't want or need emission standards for various pollutants, or an artificially scarce market in emission tax certificates.   this is because the emissions taxes finance cleanup.


slandering people no longer alive, but who died citizens of this nation: a lineal relative of an alleged slanderee, or someone who cohabitated with the alleged slanderee for longer than a year contiguously or is a lineal relative of such a cohabitator, can initiate a slander proceeding as though he is the allegedly slandered individual.


need to use a more attainable standard for legislative appointments, to avoid discontinuities.   talk to Jon.


this is a little confusing: investigative branch agents can presumably patrol, but an investigator must not have powers of arrest and restraint beyond those of an ordinary citizen.


must be penalties for hoaxes proportional to the disruptive consequences of the hoax (re: e.g.   bomb scare hoaxes)


the state needs to be able to ban the production of certain compounds beyond a certain level, and ban distribution of certain compounds to non-licensees, for compounds - e.g.   certain non-polymerized CFCs - that are inherently diffusely ecotoxic in common and intended modes of usage.


when person A commits a crime against person B causing B to be injured, person A has to pay B's reasonable medical expenses, where "reasonable" is to be determined by the sentencing judge in line with current mean market rates.   when A commits a crime against B causing B to lose the use of an item of property, A must fully compensate B, with a monetary equivalent, in an amount to be determined by the sentencing judge in line with current mean market rates.   when A commits a crime against B causing B to unavoidably fail to perform under a contract by which B is bound, A must fully compensate B for any consequences precipitating from this failure to perform, and only monetary



very important that a person be able to force an arbitrary degree of detail to be disclosed both in public records of his criminal convictions, and in public records of his contract breaches.


in order for a non-adult to enter an employment arrangement, one of his guardians must formally authorize the employment with a persistent signed recording of the authorization.


the poor farm: when a person enrolls in the poor farm system, his right and ability to participate in municipal voting is suspended until a year has elapsed since he was last a resident in a poor farm or convicted of a crime, whichever was more recent.   in order to check into the system, a person must be in the state identity database, and undergo a surgical procedure rendering him incapable of procreation.   the procedure must be of a type that is reversible, by further surgery (at the option and expense of the individual), with a >75% success rate five years after the initial surgery.   a sample of the individual's gametes, sufficient and suitable to initiate a pregnancy when combined with gametes of the other gender, must be gathered and cryogenically stored by the state, at state expense, as long as but no longer than the individual is biologically capable of procreating were it not for the sterilization surgery, and must make the gametes available to the individual on demand if and only if the individual is not enrolled in the poor farm system.   the person must pay for the reversal procedure himself, and cannot do so while in the system.   if a person is pregnant when she checks into a poor farm, she can either choose to abort the pregnancy at state expense, or carry the pregnancy to term and give birth optionally with medical assistance at state expense, thereafter keeping the child as usual.   after the birth, the surgical procedure to suspend procreative ability is performed.   the surgical procedure is not performed on a sexually immature person, but instead is delayed until the person is sexually mature, and then performed promptly if and only if that person is still in the system.

people in poor farms have their shelter, food, medicine (including STD prevention technology), and clothing, all on a monthly quota basis, and medicine on an additional cumulative quota basis (with other restrictions) supplied at state expense.

a person cannot take the adulthood test while checked into a poor farm.

status as a poor farm enrollee is private.   only authorized agents of the state with a legally articulated need to know, can retrieve a person's poor farm status.   a person's state record of poor farm enrollment must be destroyed once his voting rights are restored.

what about education in the programs?

if a person gives birth to a child after leaving the poor farm, or is the father of a child born after he left the poor farm, he cannot return to the poor farm.

poor farm enrollees cannot receive any fungible currency from the state.   probably want a debitting smart card type system that allows procurement of goods and services at the poor farm itself.

and enrollees must indeed reside in a room at the poor farm.

cannot have more than two adult children at time of enrollment.

settle poor farm debt by sale of debtor's property at time of death of debtor.   really done by putting lien on property, in an amount equal to the debt.   also put lien-like thing on contracts that benefit the survivor(s), e.g.   life insurance policies.


only monopolies (including the state) can be required by law to provide for the needs or convenience of people with physical or mental handicaps, rewarded by law for doing so, or penalized by law for failing to do so.


eminent domain: land taken by it must be put to public use by the state or by transportation use by private entities subject to public regulation on the land's use.


make explicit: "law" does not include contracts and court/trial interpretations and embellishments (rulings as to precise effect on signatories) of contracts,


disposition of organs of deceased or irreversibly unconscious person: designee of person can sell the organs as he chooses.

transitivity of assignment of power of attorney type stuff (including the foregoing re: organs): if the designee is himself incapacitated, transits to his designee, etc.

defaulting of designation: look at the way defaulting is done for inheritance.


consider: after some cumulative amount of employment with a particular employer, an employee is entitled to buy stock in the employer.   dividend per share must be uniform, voting power per share must be uniform, and shares must be traded in a single market with a single instantaneous per share price.


voting by shareholders in IEs must be cryptographically accountable the way muni voting is (add detail to this).


if this state authorizes, directs, or underwrites transfer or export of an item from this country to agents of another state, then any citizen under this state who can lawfully possess the item, can transfer or export like items to any citizen under that other state, who if a citizen under this state, would also meet the standard for lawful possession of the item.

if the laws of the receiving state prevent a citizen under that state from purchasing and possessing the item, who would if a citizen under this state be permitted to purchase and possess the item, then the item cannot be exported or transferred by this state to agents or territory of that state.


should probably require that legislators and judges in units of state at or above province, have the right and obligation to carry PDDWs anywhere outside their own property, except when accompanied by PDDW-carrying agents of the state.   (superseded by general requirement for state agents, below.)


road rules: add that it's autobahn-style rules for lane discipline, i.e., MUST move right when faster driver comes up from behind.

also, cameras monitoring roadways must be allowed.

also, vehicles flouting roadway rules/control system directives, must be flagged as such, with automated alerts, to other drivers on the roadway so that they can watch out for it.


probably want to make hardline broadcast conduits that go over or under roadways operated as though state-owned, subject to the truth requirements of aerial broadcast.


electoral hierarchy: probably want to have a fully populated hierarchy of electors, with a branching factor no greater than about 20.


need to seriously consider citizen vote-for-legislator weight multiplier that is a function of military skillset accummulation, while the citizen is on military call or duty.


idea for state/military procurements: can be bought from anywhere, but the state has to have priority contracts with domestic companies that can be triggered in wartime to meet military requirements.


what about accidental destruction of property? what if destroyer dies or is gravely incapacitated in the accident?


must allow collective bargaining (on service rates) for the customers of a given company.   this need is most dramatically illustrated in the railroad industry.


voting system: voter gets receipt from elector (signed by elector) that proves voter voted on a particular vote at a particular time, and separately, a receipt signed by the elector that proves the position voted on that vote.   each receipt includes a serial number unique and uniform to the transaction, and the public key of the voter in its contents.   later, elector publishes a compendium of records for all votes cast in a given week, each record including the transaction serial number, the position taken, each separately signed by the elector, and each then encrypted such that only the voter who cast a particular vote, can decrypt the contents of a particular vote record.   obviously, the number of votes reported by the elector to the parent elector must match the number of votes published.   a compendium of unencrypted vote records is also published, which includes the serial number and the vote position, and is signed by the elector.   then, a voter can prove an elector has committed fraud, by showing the applicable vote receipt, and showing that the private key associated with the public key in the receipt, cannot decrypt any of the published encrypted vote records, or that the encrypted vote record describes a position different from that in the applicable vote receipt or from that in the serial-matching unencrypted vote record.   the voter and the state must trust a machine to prove the allegation without divulging (or keeping any record of) the voter's private key and/or voting position.


have to describe legal status of common carrier to insulate common carriers from liabilities associated with illegal and contract-breaching communications.


need to rethink how to formulate equal time broadcast requirement for political candidate spots.


need to reconsider death penalty in cases where a prisoner has outside allies who are committing or threatening crimes to extort the release of the prisoner.


must grade PDDW rights so that people with a record of conviction for a serious crime can own only line-of-sight weapons without explosives, toxins, or timers.


people charged with crimes for which incarceration can be a penalty, either must or can (TBD) wear locator anklets while out on bail


when advertising or other marketing representation is materially inaccurate, not only is this a crime as set forth above, but also the seller must accept the return of the covered product(s), refunding the full sale price, as long as the buyer returns all the product contents (not necessarily including packaging), in condition similar to that in which it was received from the seller.   return of perishible items doesn't require return of all the contents, only of most of the contents (>90%).


may need to allow a monopoly to buy another monopoly in the same area with which it does not compete.


every vehicle operating on a state-owned roadway, including bicycles, must have a radio beacon that anonymously advertises the location, speed, and type of the vehicle, once per second.   (what about pedestrians?)


if not mentioned above: need to think about parents being able to shoe non-adult children over a certain age, into the poor farm.


the signatories to any NDA must publish the fact of their signing (with their unique identities) at the time the NDA is signed.


probably best if there is annual rifle marksmanship requalification for everyone in the military.   and physical fitness.


anonymity of crime victims - given that the state prosecutes violent crimes automatically, it is imperative that the identity of the alleged/actual victim be maintained.


addendum to cohabitation testimony restrictions: can only constrain ability to compel people to testify, and then only when crime at issue is less than biological.


wording of naturalization oath must be set by national statute

adulthood oath wording too.

and what about naturalizing non-adults? must accompany adult being naturalized.   and clearly to be naturalized as an adult one must also pass the adulthood test.


international committees (things like UN GA and SC, NATO, etc.): this nation's vote cannot be intermingled with the vote (or abstention) of states that do not meet some standard of decency (DPRK-like regimes cannot vote), otherwise this nation must abstain on that vote.   this nation cannot participate in an action under the umbrella of such a committee if it has not voted for the action.

there needs to be some way the national government can help finance international Congresses.   probably such funding needs to be restricted to Congresses in which only substantively representative governments have voting and policy-making power.


yikes! what about secession that separates one set of remaining provinces from another!


need something along the lines of a ban on unfunded mandates.


tolls on a limited access highway must be levied and must be pegged to the financing (pay-off) and maintenance of that highway.   (must codify brackets for the tolls)

speaking of which, citizen-driven public development must be bond-financeable.

probably need special authority to assure that long distance passenger rail service routes can be constructed and operated efficiently (i.e., rail corridor owners must maintain road access for passenger rail, at a level appropriate for passenger rail, i.e.   prioritized above freight traffic, and wherever practical, with sufficient passing tracks that red flagged passenger trains happen only on the occasion of accident or equipment failure).


the military cannot station or assign employees who are guardians in such a way that the employees cannot reside with their guardees, except that an employee who is a guardee can be so stationed/assigned if another guardian is not so stationed/assigned.   furthermore, co-guardians cannot be stations/assigned such that each of them can reside with the guardees (in terms of commuting and legal practicality), but there is no single residence from which it is practical for both/all of the co-guardians to commute.

probably also need a time limit, say nine months, of contiguous separation of guardian from guardees, with an allowance of at least some amount per year, say 3 months, of cohabitation with the guardees, of which at least some amount, say one month, must be contiguous.


pretty sure this is not spelled out anywhere and clearly must be: any legislator can nominate a candidate for appointed positions.   if one of the nominees garners more than 50% of the vote-weight, he's elected instantly.   else, non-instant runoff elections are run, very rapidly, say every hour on the hour until one candidate garners >50% of the vote-weight.   (what about Condorcet?)


handling and retirement of military and LE working animals

training of animals that increases the danger they present to humans


basic education and "marketable skill" attainment for prisoners?


tax rate changes: must constitutionally set a limit on change per year, +/- %.


if a country has a broadcast system operating that is receivable in other countries (terrestrial or satellite), and the broadcasting country does not implement a truth in broadcasting appeal framework akin to the one in this const, then a state that does implement one can hold the trial, and its ruling is implemented (in order of preference) by ordering a carrier with nexus in that country to insert the corrective program, or by overpowering the offending transmitter in order to transmit the corrective program.


must require that voters supply paper certifications of their votes within a month of electronically casting a vote, and electors supply paper certifications of their submissions to parent electors within a month of an electronic submission.   if the paper certificate doesn't arrive by the deadline, the vote is cancelled with notice, and all votes and vote-weights predicated on it are nullified.   electors must keep their paper certificates for at least a year after they cease to be current and valid.   anonymity issues? the electronic system can almost certainly inspire a solution for this.

the paper vote must include a page which states in plain language and in an easily read format, what the voter's or voters' voting position(s) are, and includes some sort of machine-generated signature of the contents.   this is the key certificate, and the voter or elector will simply print it out, have a chance to eyeball it, and then mail or otherwise deliver it to the election parent.


contiguous term limits for presidents of branches of state are vital in order to avoid development (inadvertent or not) of dependency on an individual in the role.


reserve soldier activation: two preferences coexist in tension: activation of whole units, and geographic dispersion of activations to avoid disproportionate activations for residents of a single province or town.   resolved, the proportion of reservists activated in a province cannot exceed that for another province by more than 20% of the former, accommodating proportion (i.e., if 10% of reservists are activated in province A, then no province can have more than 12% of its reservists activated), and for towns with a population greater than 5000, the proportion of reservists activated in a town in a given province cannot exceed that for another town in that province by more than 50% of the former, accommodating proportion (i.e., for apt-sized towns, if 10% of reservists are activated in town A, then no town in the same province can have more than 15% of its reservists activated).


if a trademark X was applied for in this country after trademark Y was applied for in another country, and the application for trademark X would be rejected if trademark Y had already been issued in this country, and trademark Y is in actual current use in its country of issuance at the time of application for trademark X and at the time trademark X is contested, and the standards for the granting and maintenance of trademarks are similar in this and the other country, then trademark X is valid if and only if the applicant/controller of Y does not ship products to or provide services in this country.

trademark law cannot be used to restrain or restrict exportation, importation, distribution, sale, and purchase, of a new or used physical good produced by a trademark holder and sold bearing that trademark, provided the good is accompanied by full and accurate disclosure as to status as new or used and applicability of any warranty.

need a separate protocol for the use of trademarks in a certifier-mark-like capacity wherein the original producer or licensee thereof rates the condition and discloses the history of a good bearing the trademark.   basically, any trademark can be used for this purpose, by simply citing the trademark controller or licensee thereof as the authority for the history and/or condition judgement, and no one but the controller or licensee thereof can do this.


utility electrical power for infrastructure, and in particular for state infrastructure and for equipment used in interactions with the state - very problematic for these grids to cross national boundaries.   need to meet some sort of domestic generation sufficiency standard, and the system must be able to dynamically detach from the grids of other nations.


detail: it must be possible for a voter to withdraw his vote from a legislator, without immediately recasting it for another.


general principle: when law says that a party (the state or agent thereof, an IE or agent thereof, a person) "must" attend to the needs or intentions of a second party, not only must it do so, but it must do so in a fashion that is reasonable and convenient for the second party.


use of trademarks in reference/authority delegations (name service) - additional restriction on use of trademarks.


"public diplomacy" i.e.   international advertising of the positions, rationales, and intentions of the state, particularly as they relate to other nations.


parties to contracts that are not individuals must themselves be bound together by state contracts


coordinated strikes by critical employees of monopolies cannot last more than one day or comprise more than one day per week, and must be announced at least one week in advance.


there is a requirement of all adults to report an uncontrolled fire to the local state emergency dispatcher

there is a requirement that the state operate a 911-type dispatch system


broadcast truthhood stuff: perhaps best to just allow the wronged party to run its own program (the wronged party may be the state) - but what about when the falsehood is highly abstract, not specific to any person or incorporated entity? this is a deeply problematic area because if this type of trueness requirement is upheld, it will require the direct negation of a large proportion of religious speech.


tariffs: export product to state that exports similar product, if the latter is tariffed then tariff proceeds go to the mfr of the former so that the product can be priced competitively in the export market


maintenance and enforcement of do-not-contact lists for blocking of unsolicited business contacts by snail mail, email, telephone, fax, etc., are a legitimate activity of the state.   any such list must allow listers to specify what types of contact they want blocked with granularity of {product/service/subscription/membership/event/program sale/rent/join/attend/enroll pitch/offer,charity/religious,surveying/polling,political candidate pitches/fundraising} and optionally with subdivisions

actually, it turns out that these are probably a bad idea, because they cannot be enforced across national boundaries.

actual framework that works best: challenge-response combined with opt-in sender authentication infrastructure.

original formulation:

the only permitted type of spam law (law forbidding unsolicited stranger contact by snail mail, email, telephone, door knock, or other communication system), is a law that authorizes and creates a system wherein any member of the public can add an address he is authorized to control, to a list of do-not-initiate-contact addresses, and a cryptographically digested version of the list is made publicly available.   canonicalization rules must be specified by law, so that to the greatest practical degree, addresses that will arrive at the same destination, are canonicalized to the same form for inclusion in the do-not-call list and lookup in the list by mailers.   the list does not affect any entity that has an existing relationship with the listee.   (may want to adder finer grainedness, to make it more usable and useful.)


EAS-type system must be implemented by anyone whose broadcasts reach the country such that commonplace consumer receiving equipment can present it, consistently but possibly dependent on time of day, except that EAS-type cooperation is optional for broadcasts that can only be received in this country via atmospheric reverberation phenomena.


in the end, infanticide has to go, decisively, because of political realities, and because the rationale for allowing it is so abstract it borders on the Utopian.   this leaves the question of abortion.   abortion in the first trimester is elective and unfettered.   abortion is allowed in the second trimester, but if the pregnancy was voluntary and non-incestuous and the abortion not physiologically therapeutic, it must be accompanied by administration of a fertility-negating vaccine with an expected effectiveness of 2 years.   third trimester abortion is allowed only when the pregnancy is medically dangerous because of a significant deviation from normal pregnancy.

fanatical PDDW rights probably have a similar fate - probably need to have suspension for non-inchoate biological and destructive crimes, and reviewable revocation for major crimes of violence and any non-inchoate biological crimes committed with a PDDW.


ceiling on net expenditures on imprisonment per prisoner-year expressed in average wages, for prisoners of the enforcement branch of the national unit of state


protection for astronomically sensitive spectrum


electronic address portability (reduce telecom carrier client tethering by requiring the carriers to facilitate clients changing carriers without their published addresses changing)


a person is required to remove concealing articles on the head so that a photograph or identity check can be made by a state agent authorized by law to do so.


there may be no good reason to forbid state money backed by gold, silver, platinum, petroleum, or other such commodity.   however, here's candidate good reasons: if the backing commodity is actually in storage, then it is removed from the economy indefinitely.   this is lame.   if on the other hand it is not in storage, then the state is playing shell games, and can start playing the commodities markets etc.   so screw it, no state money period.   if someone else wants to issue gold-backed money then fine.

need to rethink this whole idea of money that is backed up by money. in fact, it's pretty clear it needs to be prohibited.

another idea for how to define money is that it's a contract that specifies no restrictions on transfer among creditor parties but forbids transfer of the debtor party.

the big idea: the national unit of state sells composite money the state offers money bills and coins for sale, that are denominated in multiples and fractions of an hour's average wages.   the big idea: is stupid and is out.   metacurrency is out.   no metacurrency, i.e.   no money redeemable for money.

need to have period pass between currency issue and open market operations on that currency

physical money


no non-citizen can vote in any municipal election at any level of state


24hr publication embargo applies only if the originator uses paid subscription-based access control.


legislator point system: add pointage when votes against law found unconstitutional, as a companion to losing pointage when voting for such bills.


a legislator can always resign, for any or no reason, which binds his replacement to his voting contracts.   if the chain of replacements is broken (because a legislator resigns before designating a replacement, and receiving the agreement and oath of the replacement), the contracts are dissolved and the voters must revote.

speaking of which, replacements must take the oath of office in order to be in line as a replacement.   i.e.   they do so at time of acceptance of the designation.


common carriers operating bidirectional networks must allow anonymous/pseudonymous packet/messages senders and recipients and, therefore, must accept payment by an anonymous/pseudonymous method.


any way to deter companies from outsourcing labor to countries with artificially low wages? probably not really.

except, outsource to a country with a welfare subsidy (socialized health care, for example) need to force companies to pay what they would otherwise be ducking (usually a no-op because of tax liability incurred by the company directly or indirectly).

another issue feeding into tariff structure: outsourcing to and importing from countries that do not have the labor protections (including union formation) described herein.

also, need to closely regulate product, service, and contract import/export with companies in other countries that conduct business in a fashion forbidden by anti-monopoly law in this country.

also, impose product import and labor export tariffs to compensate for regulatory disparities.   this is particularly applicable with countries with relatively poor environmental law and worker safety law.   what if the employers and employees at issue can somehow volunteer themselves into the jurisdiction of this nation in the delinquent areas? (some sort of contract with the government that they'd obviously have to pay some sort of contract taxes on)


rentable billboards positioned for reading from state roads: must be owned by a sovereign IE headquartered under the jurisdiction of the unit of state that has jurisdiction over the road.   furthermore, half the rentable billboards positioned for reading from roads under national jurisdiction must be owned by a sovereign IE hq'd under the jurisdiction of a unit of state smaller than the national unit of state, which has jurisdiction over the property on which the billboard is located.   rentable billboards cannot be located on land that is directly under the jurisdiction of the national unit of state.


corporate mergers/acquisitions: probably need to make it explicitly clear that an IE can sell all of its non-contractual assets - its plants, networks, and other facilities and material possessions - en masse at once.

trade secrets can't be bought no way no how, i.e.   can't move from one IE to another one - they stop being secret if the original IE charter is dissolved.

information covered by § Right to Secrecy can be transferred to a new company only with the permission of the person affected.   this permission can be granted arbitrarily far in advance, of course, so that most likely a clause covering asset buyouts is part of most business relationship contracts.

what about state secrets? must obtain authorization from the state, to make any transfer of state secrets.

what about trademarks? a trademark owned by an IE whose charter is dissolved, is retired and cannot be applied for until 10 years have elapsed.

also, what about trademark registration contention - run an auction, proceeds to benefit the state? proceeds offset by tax reductions elsewhere? if auction, which seems the only way, then the winner is the entity that submits a valid (higher, among other qualifications) bid with at least one week elapsing after the bid without another valid bid being submitted.   two important problems, related to each other: applications for trademarks by businesses that are already well-established under the name applied for (so that, in fact, they are the only entity capable of submitting a valid bid), and harassing use of bids, i.e.   a well-endowed entity submitting counterbids to stop a rival entity from obtaining a trademark, even though the former entity has no intention to use the trademark in commerce.   the first problem basically answers itself, since the rival bids are not valid (a bidder-initiated bid challenge protocol must be in place).   the second problem is solved by having the first bid, essentially just a filing, be completely confidential.   (and by the way no one privy to the filing by dint of state authority is eligible to submit a bid for the requested trademark.)


a property title is a state-signed document that enumerates descriptive details of an item owned, and specifies the identity of the lawful owner.  


gene sequences in state databases: must allow mitochondrial and Y chromosomes in addition to chromosome 1


wherever an oath of citizenship or oath of state office includes a promise or pledge of obedience or loyalty to certain or all of the laws of this country or of a portion thereof, the word "laws" must be immediately preceded by the word "valid".   no such oath can include any other promise or pledge of obedience or loyalty, but instead such promises and pledges must always take the form of pledges of obedience or loyalty to valid law, optionally specifying a certain subsection of law for emphasis.


use of state roadways by shipping companies:


it needs to be really really clear that a railroad that serves a location not also served by another railroad (which means, practically, all railroads), has to charge the same rates per car or container (i.e.   same fixed handling overhead) and per pound-mile for a given quality of service (time per distance and departure and arrival punctuality) for a given type of service (timetabled or special) everywhere it provides service.   moreover, prices for inferior quality of service (slower or less punctual) must always be lower than those for higher quality of service, and wherever available or current timetabled or special service passes within one mile of a car parking area of a candidate customer, and that candidate customer has a technically adequate freight siding engineered, constructed, and maintained, and pledges and maintains at least one car per week or four cars per month, the railroad must tie the freight siding into the line, and service (timetabled or special) must be available.   Special service must be priced not more than 20% above the timetabled rate.   thus, automatically and with only trivial enforcement requirements, if a railroad has competition on one route (actual empirical market competition), the prices it offers for that route are available throughout its network, for both intermodal and directly served customers.

service runs can be grouped together according to the railroad operator's plans provided service is available within one week of a request.

technical requirements of cars and railroads - dimensions, weights

all freight railroads that cross provincial boundaries must use the same gauge rail, 4' 8.5", and permit passage of cars that conform to that gauge.

there is a problem with a monopoly (e.g.   a railroad) selling an asset to a non-monopoly company that is actually a straw man, that then dissolves and its assets are bought by another monopoly.   this must be stopped because it allows two monopolies to rearrange their assets to further reduce their residual competition.

railroad freight delivery schedules: it must be possible to require clients to accept deliveries and send shipments at strange hours (middle of the night) when the route congested (particularly when there is contention with passenger trains).


NDAs must extend beyond end of employment, the employer need simply keep paying the contract tax.   the alternative is that employees basically have tenure if they are privy to valuable trade secrets.


need more extensive discussion of slanderous use of trademarks.   need to make explicit that trademark law itself forbids statements that a product or service is or will be available when it will not be and the statement identifies the product or service using a trademark (/servicemark/etc) lawfully and specifically associated with that product or service.


embedded advertising arenas: an advertiser must always be able to specify which program an ad is to run during, until ad time during that program is exhausted.


law predication networks: it must be possible to specify a predication on a union of laws, so that even if some of them are repealed or struck down, the predication can remain satisfied.

additionally, it must be possible for a law to identify predications it satisfies, creating or enlarging unions in existing predications.


paint and lighting schemes on radio towers can be standardized by the state (e.g.   alternate between I-orange and white, each band being 200 feet high)


I think I already said this, but no harm saying it again: no one who lacks authority to vote for a candidate in an election, can be a candidate in that election.


any way to have attribution rights for inventions?


general principle: crimes of violence that result in economic gain for the perpatrator are punished as though the perpetrator is an adult, if the perpetrator is 13 years old or older.

if a person gains adulthood, then any crimes that person has committed but not confessed or been charged with before attaining adulthood, is thereafter considered to have been committed by an adult, to be tried as such.


formulate a way to make it a requirement that intelligence agents have been soldiers for at least five years before hiring, and continue to be reserve soldiers while employed as intelligence agents.


each agent of the state, at any level and branch, must carry a PDDW, openly or concealed, at all times when in public places in this nation where permission or special authority is not required for a citizen to carry a PDDW.


a legislator's replacement designee inherits any vote-weight handicaps of the legislator.


poor farm: medical care other than trauma is predicated on regular checkups and performance of preventative regimens ordered by doctors.


zoning-environmental law is clearly needed because, without it, people can effectively extort their neighbors with threats of odor, noise, light, and visual pollution.


the presidents of the investigative, military, and P&L branches, can each order the legislature into session to consider an issue of great urgency to the respective branch each heads.   each can place a bill into the bill database, and the bill must be voted on.

latency of non-statutory voting subjects in the legislature must be short, even an hour or three, in certain circumstances - authorizing responsive war for example.


formalized press accreditation by the state is necessary because of the inherent contentiousness of access to certain events and locations.   this will be tricky, but favoring larger readerships, and free access publications, are a start.

only accredited journalists can demand a press appearance by an agent of the state.   if the demander does not appear at the appearance and does not inform the office of the agent that he will be unable to appear, with at least 3 hours' advance notice, then the demander's authority to demand an appearance is suspended for one month.


must have rules that make rentable (in the sense of advertising arenas) cemetaries efficient users of space (for example, a plot can be dedicated to a single person for no more than five years), and rules that facilitate relocation of cemeteries to make way for direct citizen-driven public development projects.   one novel idea: a descendent, or other relative of order 2 or closer, of a buried person, must renew claim to the plot.   iff five years passes without a valid renewal, then the plot can be recycled.   something like that anyway.


only the national unit of state can conduct intelligence operations targeting individuals or activities located in foreign states.   no foreign state, as a matter of policy or fact, can be placed out of bounds of intelligence operations by agents of the national unit of state.


hospitals that accept patients for whom legal consent has not been given by either the patient, or by one of the patient's assignees of in loco authority, must be subject to some sort of state regulation specific to hospital care.


a person must register his assignees for in loco authority with the national unit of state, in the form of challenges that can only be decrypted by the assignee.   the registration must not identify the assignee to the state in cleartext.   the challenge can employ any scheme of encryption the person chooses, but must include either the name of the scheme if the scheme is officially recognized by the state, or source code for implementation of the scheme, in a programming language that is the predominant language used to implement an operating system used by the state.


worth thinking about making constitutional amendment ratification be an indirect process: poor farm people have delegates that can only vote on constitutional amendments.   3/4 of the national legislature vote-weight with the poor farm delegates included, must ratify, and 3/4 of the legislatures of the provinces must ratify by the same 3/4 vote weight.   and this must be done twice, with the separations roughly as already delineated.   it's an idea, anyway.


the designated inheritor of records (e.g.   PDDW records) or an office (e.g.   legislator) must consent in advance.


once and for all, no females and only heterosexuals in field combat units.


the state must offer quality/purity certification for drug manufacturers on a product by product basis, as a fee-based service using trademark law.   probably need to set some rate ceilings.

the methods of manufacturing, performing, and administering, preventive, therapeutic, and curative medical technology invented by researchers in state institutions, must be published by the state, with sufficient detail to allow independent replication by another similarly equipped and staffed institution.

the state conducts medical research target at discovery and development of drugs, vaccines, and procedures, that prevent, treat, and cure, infectious diseases, the effects of exposure to weaponizable biological and chemical agents, and health degradation that is largely or entirely specific to members of the military performing their military duties.   it doesn't conduct other medical research.

the general model for drug development is that R&D firms invent drugs and run clinical trials using paid test subjects, all of whom are bound by NDAs.   reviewers, also under NDA, examine and report the results.   drug manufacturers (or whoever - individuals, foundations) put money in the release-it pot.

very interesting question: can a contract manufacturer be bound by an NDA, and bound by a contract that restrains them from manufacturing NDA-covered item(s) beyond that specified in contracts with the controller of the NDA? probably yes - the contract mfr is essentially an employee of the NDA controller.


when a person's history or attributes might be used as fodder for blackmail, the information must be published (with the person's consent) before the person can be assigned a security clearance.


there needs to be law enforcement agent, fireman, and emergency medical reserves, administered by the provinces or more local units of state, analogous to the military reserve.   an individual can be in both the military reserve and one of the provincial reserves, and if already activated from a provincial reserve, cannot be activated as a military reserve unless all reserve members who are not provincially activated have already been called up.   anyone already activated by the military cannot be activated by a province.


segregate prisoners by sentence bracket


any IE can publish a policy statement regarding transmissions it performs that are lawfully receivable by people who have not entered a contract in order to receive the transmissions.   if the IE


the heads of each branch of state must appear for an hour of statements&questions&answers (or more, if both the legislature and head concur) before the legislature of same unit of state, once during each calendar month the legislature is in session (or more often if both concur).   the legislature chooses and announces the date and time, at least one week in advance.

the head of each branch must make a state-of-the-branch address at least once per week to the employees of his branch, the content of which is binding and published.


any agent of the investigative or enforcement branch of a unit of state can act pursuant to the laws not only of his unit of state, but of any containing unit of state, and all requirements of impartiality of application and compulsions of enforcement that apply to laws of his unit of state, apply with undiminished force to the laws of containing units of state.


need to consider encumbering information covered by an NDA for a year after a breach, or until the collection pot (if any) is filled, to mitigate loss from premature disclosure.


the only type of contract that can bind a broadcaster to broadcast particular program is an advertisement contract, and no more than 15 minutes in any particular hour can be advertising.


state-run and/or state-funded education of prisoners, not to mention psychiatric treatment (including drug addiction/abuse treatment)


people with PDDW handicaps must be on probation.   probation must include weekly check-ins with a probation officer, and state recordation of residential address.   the state must publish a list of the current recorded residential addresses of all probationers, with quarter mile by quarter mile resolution, so that anyone can construct a list of nearby probationers by starting with an arbitrary given center address.   the state ID database must include all probationers (already covered since convicted criminals are all in it), and all state ID database records for probationers must include photos of the probationer, from the front, back, and each side, of the probationer's entire height, and of the probationer's head, and these photos must by publicly and anonymously retrievable.

there's a problem with mobility vs.   probation: it's fine for someone to move around, but monitoring/managing a probationer costs the state money, and if a person is probationed by one jurisdiction and relocates to another, it is clearly unworkable for the new jurisdiction to foot the bill.   this means a jurisdiction must have a uniform fee for supervising a probationer, but really even more is needed - uniform rates of some sort? any way to bring market forces in? additionally, a probationer is forbidden to relocate to a jurisdiction in which his sentence of probation could not be imposed (chiefly, because of statutory inconsistency).


all orders by state agents (branch heads and anyone below them) must include an audiovisual recording of a verbal performance of the complete text of the order by the agent giving the order, optionally accompanied by multimedia aids, and other explanatory supplements explicitly delineated from the body of the order itself.


crime non-publication automatic expungement: for a crime that does not involve a specific (named) victim, or that involves no actual or intended physical injury and no unrectified theft or destruction of property, the conviction cannot be published without the consent of the offender, and if 10 years elapses following completion of the sentence, the state records of the crime are automatically expunged.


advertised/displayed price must either be actual final price including any taxes, fees, surcharges, shipping, and/or handling charges, or include precise instructions for determining what the precise final price will be after these additional charges have been included.


an employee of an IE cannot purport to supply to non-employees, decisions relating to the IE that he is not authorized to make.


activities of foreign troops on domestic territory?


sentence reductions based on sentence bracket pin-down: the investigative branch and presiding judge can enter some sort of contract in which the judge will impose a sentence at the lower end of the sentence bracket, as recommended by the investigative branch iff the offender satisfies certain conditions (typically, intelligence assisting ongoing investigations, or testimony in other cases) that are described to the judge.   the judge has full discretion to accept or reject the proposed sentence, and can accept or reject it even before the trial begins or at any stage of the trial.   when he accepts or rejects the sentence recommendation, the defendant is informed.   if the judge accepts the recommendation, and finds the defendant guilty, he is bound to impose the recommended sentence if the investigative branch tells him to.


state education ban - apply re: non-adults in other than ad arenas


import ban on products derived from environmental exploitation that would be illegal if the site of the exploitation were part of this nation.


new idea for copyright protection for periodicals: copyright protection lasts for the smallest period of the periodical (or until the second issue is published, if the subject material is in the first issue), or two months, whichever is less.

contract taxes are paid on both subscription contracts and advertising contracts - this is the case with or without periodical copyright protection, actually.

an item published online with periodical copyright protection, must be perpetually accessible at the same online location as that at which is was initially published, unless and until the periodical ceases publication.   after copyright protection has lapsed, no fee can be charged for access, except that bandwidth charges incurred by the reader and owed to parties other than the publisher can be borne by the reader.   if the periodical ceases and then resumes publication, the items must once again be made available at the same online location as before the cessation.   the only exception is if the periodical has lost can cannot regain use of some initial portion of the address, in which case the items must be available at an address that is changed as little as possible (only the initial, renamed portion changed).


const amendment: amendment goes into provisional effect if the first vote succeeds, and reverts if the subsequent vote fails. wrong, can't have that going on.   this would effectively be a sunset provision, and in the worst possible place.   wasteful, corrupting, etc.

instead, after first approval and at least two weeks before second vote opens, state must publish a binding plan for implementation, including cost estimates reported by the branches (and whenever convenient, specific agencies within branches) that will incur those costs.


reiteration: absolutely vital that victims can prosecute their respective perpetrators under criminal law.   it's actually clear that the victims must be able to be represented by attorneys, and indeed some victims may be skilled in the law anyway, but this leaves the question of legal assistance for defendants.

there needs to be some sort of equivalent of a grand jury process, to stop frivolous and harassing lawsuits before they can go to trial (important because being on trial for something creates handicaps in law).


relationship between orphanages and poor farms?


the state needs to operate a repository of living wills (descriptions medical treatment preferences), and medical practitioners with state accreditation must be able to retrieve these living wills.   clearly, toeprint-to-identity lookup in the state ID db, also only accessible to accredited practitioners, is also needed in order to identify people not otherwise identifiable, or simply to confirm identity when it is in doubt.


state registration of guardianships?


state forms cannot ask for information that no statute or constitutional provision requires that the form ask for.


while a person is ill, all of his responsibilities of employment action are suspended, however no responsibilities of employment inaction (contractually articulated prohibitions) are diluted.   similarly, his employer cannot take any punitive action due to the illness, but need not continue any actions it has been performing pursuant to the employment contract, chiefly among which is the continued payment of wages.   after an employee has fallen ill, he and his employer can negotiate a special employment contract that is fully applicable in all its terms for the duration of the illness, but no longer than the illness.   must define illness.   must think about time limits.   must think about illnesses compounding illnesses.   etc.


currency must be redeemable for substituted products if the redeemer and redeemee agree on the substitution.


not only can the categorization of a particular instant behavior as crime or non-crime not pivot upon the thoughts and other mental phenomena of the behaver in themselves, but they cannot pivot on the thoughts and other mental phenomena of anyone else in themselves.


any park owned by the state is treated as a monopoly, so that access and use must meet that standard of fairness and non-discrimination.   this is automatic because the state is defined to be a monopoly, but possibly worth spelling out.


the circumstances of a military discharge must be published in general terms - in particular, when someone quits the military while on duty or called up for duty, this must be noted.


need to consider a comprehensive skills test for guardians who want to educate their guardees personally.   need to consider periodic state-administered standardized testing of all guardees.


the state (specifically, the federal unit) needs specific authority and mandate to license genetic engineers and genetic engineering facilities, and to screen genetically engineered organisms before they can be handled by people who are not licensed genetic engineers or in facilities that are not licensed genetic engineering facilities.   designing the standards for licensing of engineers and permitting of engineered organisms is very knotty indeed, but must be specified constitutionally at least in general terms.


something like this is already above, I think, but: a contiguous subband of at least half the non-broadcast bandwidth in any band that is only reliable for line of sight communications (i.e.   has no consistent mode of atmospheric reverberation at any time of day) must be allocated for shared usage by spread spectrum licensees.   the licenses must specify power limits and priority - when the subband is congested, licensees must back off consistent with their licensed priority.

also, all the frequencies in a band must have similar propagational characteristics, and all contiguous frequencies with similar propagational characteristics must be in the same band, except that every power of 2 a band boundary must be inserted if none is otherwise present.


need to think about consequences of contract handicap (due to conviction for contract breach) - can't very well make all the person's money unredeemable.   so, minimally, money contracts cannot be affected by these handicaps.   a handicapped party can continue to pay contract taxes so that when the handicap expires, his contracts are once again enforceable.

the handicap probably can't extend beyond prohibition on entering new non-money contracts.


docking pay of legislators for each missed vote - must be able to vote "present" to avoid docking.


the death penalty must be imposed on the perpetrators of multiple murders when the murders took place in public places or the victims of the murders were public figures, the offender at any time publicly or in a verifiably signed fashion claims the murders as acts he instigated or committed, and the standard of conviction for the murders is met even without the publicness or claims admitted as evidence.   the penalty must be imposed within one week of the exhaustion or abandonment of all avenues of appeal, and the method must be by rifle fire targeting the brain stem.

a person is a public figure if he is or has been a state office holder with the authority to author and empower law, or has an ownership share in a state-chartered IE of greater than 5%, or has run an intellectual auction within the previous five years that completed with a threshold of more than 100 average hours' wages.


deliberately rendering a person irreversibly incapable of giving legal consent, by causing brain damage, is legally equivalent to murder.


possibly, a life insurance or disability policy beneficiary must be the estate of the victim.


make explicit: the tax rate on money is the instantaneous tax rate at the time it is issued, which is implicit since money is taxed by escrowing all the taxes in advance - available for possible emergency spending.   the nifty thing about the rate being fixed is that the state can encourage money issues by lowering the tax rate.   this is a form of central banking, of course, but that's life.


may want to allow municipality to use zoning law to force businesses to use rail for shipment of goods above a certain weight when the shipment is between businesses with direct rail service and connectivity, as a way to attenuate congestion.

need to limit discounts on multi-car rail shipments, so that there is at most a 20% overall discount relative to the price for a single car multiplied by the number of cars shipped.


must be able to render a prisoner incommunicado if he is directing crimes from prison.   incommunicado status can be imposed contiguously for not more than three months unless the prisoner is convicted in a trial for the crime at issue, in which case incommunicado status can endure contiguously for not more than five years.   incommunicado status can be imposed only by a judge presiding over the prisoner's trial for the crime at issue.


the national unit of state, and only that unit, can require crash testing of production autos homologated for use on state roadways.   the state must define specific and uniform testing standards and procedures, and no more than three crash vehicles can be required for any particular model.   an agent of the state must attend the crash tests, at state expense, to certify the tests.   all other expenses involved in conducting the test must be borne by an entity other than the state, for example by the entity submitting a vehicle to testing.   the results of tests must be published by the state.   retesting cannot be required if a new vehicle model differs from an already-tested vehicle model only in ways that do not usually result in substantial changes in test performance.


each component of the state must have a charter (already above).   a state agent can act as such only pursuant to one or more particular charters.  


work initially distributed under the auction system, or a substantial portion of that work, cannot be distributed as a component of another work distributed under the auction system or subscription system or a licensed commercial broadcast channel or a non-common-carrier cabled distribution system passing under or over state roadways with different owners on opposite sides, unless and until permission to do so has been granted by the entity that controlled the initial auction, or a formal designee thereof, either generally or specifically.   in the case that the infringer is distributing under the auction system, the liability for infringement begins when the auction for the infringing work completes, and the liability does not exceed the closing value of the auction.   in the case of infringement in a subscription publication, liability begins at publication, and cannot exceed the total number of subscribers to the infringing issue, multiplied by the subscription price for the smallest time for which subscription is offered, divided by the number of issues represented by that subscription.   in the case of infringement by commercial broadcast, liability begins at broadcast, and cannot exceed the preceding month's advertising revenue divided by thirty.   in the case of infringement by cabled distribution, liability begins at time of transmission and cannot exceed the preceding month's revenue associated with customers receiving the transmission and advertisers whose ads are included in the transmission to those customers, divided by thirty.

simple bundling or packaging of a work that is depended on, in which a preexisting auctioned work is included in its unabridged and unaltered form alongside but separate from a more recently auctioned work that depends on it, optionally with a manual or automated mechanism of alteration to adapt the preexisting work to interoperate with the more recent work, can never constitute infringement.   This immunity extends to the invocation of some or all of the subroutines or functions in a software library or program that is a preexisting auctioned work, or retrieval, pursuant to user/audience instructions, of some or all of the records in a database that is a preexisting auctioned work, but in any case it does not extend to the inclusion of some or all of a preexisting auctioned work with a naturally linear or instantaneous structure (particularly, natural language written word, audio recordings or compositions, photographs, paintings and drawings, motion pictures including video and animations, or any linear or instantaneous combination of these), within the linear flow of a new work when that inclusion is not pursuant to user/audience instructions that the user/audience must supply explicitly and that have the effect of selecting among a variety of options.

make liability based on lower of original auction and new auction or advertising revenue etc.

Bjorn Lomborg

RAND licensing - proportion of auction price gets clearance

same conditions on public exhibition on taxable property (as in a paid cinema, museums, background music in theme parks, recreation areas, stores, etc.) of encumbered (originally dist'd in auction system) works as with redistribution of such works in subscription or auction systems.

what about surreptitious snarfing of films (for example) currently in cinema-only run? can a cinema be required to prohibit people bringing in camcorders and the like? yes, this can be required, but its effect will not exceed that of marginalizing such recordings.

what about exhibiting covered works in freely accessible retail businesses (malls, restaurants, music stores, etc.)? the answer appears to be no, this cannot require permission.


segregate own and enemy wounded personnel recuperating in military hospitals to separate rooms, field or base, with the enemy wounded rooms locked and surveiled.

oh, and by the way, we provide medical care for non-combatants we injure, if no one else does, and to the degree that we can.

the current Geneva Convention requires us to provide medical care for anyone we imprison.   this is a fine principle to constitutionalize.


all broadcast streams must include a set of numerical ratings signifying the highest level of criminality, violence, nudity, sexual behavior, excretory function, and invective, that will be encountered over the subsequent five minutes of program.   rules for determining numerical ratings for a given program element must be developed, maintained as to cultural relevancy, and promulgated, by the broadcast agency.   there can be no penalty for overrating program, only for underrating program.   broadcasters can and should include a supplementary rating stream specific to the subsequent few seconds, including directives for which component of the stream to censor in order that the censored stream garners a benign rating.

people performing live in a broadcast need to be able to assume liability for adhering to the ratings being sent out, so that the broadcaster is comfortable broadcasting without a delay.

the penalties for underrating are: (1) monetary, not exceeding gross advertising revenue associated with the hour of program 30 minutes before to 30 minutes after the offending program, and (2) publication of the underrating.


the defendant can reject the judge picked to handle a trial, before the trial begins, up to three times at each level of the judicial hierarchy.   when the defendant does so, the rejected judge goes to the end of the line at that level.


"The Sherman Act precludes making the usage of a non-monopoly product dependent on the purchase of a monopoly product."


it must be OK to supplement a work being auctioned (the flip side of reducing the threshold - make it more valuable).


within a unit of state:

the heads of each branch of state except for the legislative and enforcement branches, can veto a bill approved by the legislature, within one week of its approval.   all that's needed to override the veto is to approve the exact same bill again by reentering it in the docket, with the same usual threshold for approval - the vetoing head cannot veto it twice.   however, another head can veto it again, until all the heads have exhausted their veto on the bill.

the head of a branch can preemptively veto a bill before it is voted on.   in this case, the first vote must be held anyway as scheduled, and if the bill is approved, it is automatically reentered in the docket for debate and a second vote.

at most one veto at a time can be emcumbering a bill.   the vetos are first come first to veto.


somewhere above, there is talk of separating this document into two documents, one small and containing general provisions for the rights of man and structure and function of the state, and one large and containing the remaining variegated totality of this document.   this is a good strategy.   the small document should be called a "charter" and the large, single child document should be called a "constitution".   the standard for amending the "constitution" should probably be somewhat easier - probably by basing it on a legislative process similar to the US Constitution's approach (specifically, and this has some changes in it, twice in a row separated by a year, 2/3 of the national house of reps' vote weight with votes for minus votes against exceeding half the legislature's vote weight, 3/4 of the national senate's members, and the same standard in a combination of provinces whose total vote weight is at least 3/4 of the vote weight of all provincial houses of reps, and whose land area is at least 2/3 the land area of the country), but to amend the charter, first the standard for amending the constitution must be met, then the amendment must go to a vote by the voters of each province, open for one week.   In at least 3/4 of the provinces, 2/3 of votes cast must affirm with votes for minus votes against exceeding 50% of the number of eligible voters in that province.

in all public referenda, number of votes cast and associated secret keys whereby voters can confirm that their vote was registered, but not the contents of the votes, must be published daily while voting is open.

state must do realtime publishing of net number of votes cast in referenda (but certainly not of the content of the votes cast)

referenda: a referendum vote must be submitted through to the elector root within 24 hours of being cast.   if the vote tally at the end of the regular voting period is enough to approve the referendum, then voting must be extended for an additional two days, but only votes against the referendum can be cast during the extension.

the charter defines the goals of the state.   the constitution describes the substance of how those goals are pursued.


regulations must be signed by the president of the branch of the agency that is the proponent of the regulation.

possibly, each regulation must have exactly one proponent.


a patient must be told what the intended duration and results of a treatment are, and given a written copy of what he is told.   if the actual results are qualitatively inferior to the intended results, the fees paid by the patient must be refunded to the patient.   in fact, probably need to require medical practitioners to obtain AV readings of the treatment description by the patient.   this clearly isn't possible with young children and mentally incapacitated people.


in cases of money contract default, all money presented for redemption with a given expiration date/time must be honored before all money presented for redemption with a later expiration date/time, until the issuer is no longer in default.


no official of any branch or level of the government of this nation, under color of his office, can espouse a specific position on a specific open election or referendum in another nation.


if not already said: notices of intent to use force to retrain criminal state agents must be published.


false medical claims are forbidden in advertising, broadcast, cablecast, subscription, or auction arenas.   a medical claim is an explicit claim that a particular device, substance, or procedure, increases or decreases the probability of a particular physiological condition that is formally classified by the national unit of state as a disease or syndrome.


laws regulating or forbidding public nudity and sex acts can be enacted, but only by the smallest unit of state with a legislature, associated with the location wherein the law will apply.

note that this may result in a violation of the principle that when a law exists in all the subordinate units of state, the law is kicked up to the parent unit automatically.   the general principle for this is:

the constitution of a unit of state can specify laws that do not become part of that unit's body of statutes even if it becomes a constitutional or statutory tenet of all constituent units.


railroads: need to address viability and abandonment, and exactly what happens when a railroad doesn't adequately maintain its plant.


outside the military branch, guards for state facilities and agents is provided by agents in the provision and liaison branch of same unit of state.

security of a facility for which the military, legislative, investigative, or enforcement branch is responsible, is as directed by the responsible branch.


need to consider modulating local programming requirements based on propagational characteristics of the band at issue.   long and medium wave is intrinsically more suited to non-local, and VHF/UHF to local.


it's possible to link up payments for ads in broadcast/cablecast/subscriber publications, with donations to campaigns for election candidates.   a system in which donor names must published can leverage off this, and perhaps ought to, but it goes only so far, and self-financed ads are a giant loophole.


a permission to redistribute a work in a restricted way (auctioning of an already-auctioned work for example) must be a contract and the MMSE cannot exceed the auction price of the already-auctioned work.   what about permissioned redistribution of a subscription-distributed work before the work is unencumbered?


it is permissible for a legislative bill to specify a date of effectiveness up to four years in the future.   however, bills entered or voted on after the deferred-effectiveness bill is approved by the legislature, are constrained estoppel-wise by the deferred-effectiveness bill, as though effectiveness were not deferred at all.

there is a problem with deferred effectiveness: it allows politicians to enact an ill-advised law to public applause without being held accountable in a timely fashion for the ill effects of the law's application.   indeed, activation can be downright stealthy.   affirmation at a lower threshold, of deferred-effectiveness bills, at most one year before they actually take effect, is required.   simply require votes for to exceed votes against, no quorum requirement.


a likeness must be like a trademark of the individual at issue, and licensing of the likeness must be taxable the way trademark licensing is.


the investigative branch of the national unit of state must diligently research any person requesting a visa authorizing visitation to this nation.   applicants found to have committed an act within the previous ten years, classified as a violent crime under the laws of this nation, cannot be issued visas.


make the legislature bicameral - house as described above, senate two per province.

house of reps approval threshold is >50% quorum by vote-weight and vote-weights-for minus vote-weights-against exceeds 25% of vote-weights-cast.

senate lacks the ability to originate actions, with certain constitutionally articulated exceptions.   it affirms or vetos statutes, appointments/promotions, impeachments, and constitutional amendments originating with the house of reps.   it cannot vote on anything until after the house of reps has already voted to approve it.

each unit of state gets one senator and one lieutenant senator in the senate of the parent unit of state, and each pair is elected for a term of four years, by resident landowners of that unit of state.   senators and their lieutenants run as a single ticket, and election is as described in § Voting Procedures.   a senator's lieutenant votes in his absence, and if he is incapacitated, replaces him.   if at any point the incapacitation has, or is expected to, last longer than a month, the lieutenant names his own lieutenant.   if an absence or incapacitation lasts longer than six months, the lieutenant becomes the senator.

each senator has equal voting weight.   the ordinary quorum of a senate is >60% of the senators (each of whom may be represented by his lieutenant), and the ordinary threshold for approval is votes-for minus votes-against exceeding 25% of votes cast.

a senate veto must be completed within one month of the previous vote or action on the subject that put it before the senate.

if the senate fails to vote on a subject within the one month period, then, if the subject is an appointment, the result is as though the senate had confirmed the appointment, else the result is as though the senate had vetoed the subject.

the house can override a senate veto, other than a veto of an impeachment or constitutional amendment, by revoting the subject with a quorum of 75% of the vote-weight and for-minus-against >50% of total house vote-weight.   a subject cannot be entered for override debate and vote until after the veto has been completed.

constitutional amendments must start in the house of reps, be affirmed by the senate, then go to the legislatures of the proximal contained units of state.   the legislature can override a branch president veto of a constitutional amendment by simply repeating the process as for an ordinary bill.   however, the ratification of the senate is compulsory, i.e.   the house of reps cannot override a senate veto.

ambassadors are appointed by the president of the P&L branch and confirmed by the senate.

when a branch president vetoes a bill, the bill must go through the whole pipeline of house+senate[+house] again.

promotions of justices can be vetoed by the senate of same unit of state.

military promotions to general officer ranks and offices can be vetoed by the senate of the national unit of state.

separate bill databases are operated by the house and by the senate.   browsing access to the databases must be public and anonymously accessible, and any member of the public must be able to register topical alert patterns in the databases, also with anonymity.   fees charged for access must not exceed the cost to the state of transmitting the information to the queryer/registrant.

by the way, total vote weight of a house of reps must reflect all bonuses (due to e.g.   military service) and handicaps (due to e.g.   voting for unconstitutional bills).

the senate must assemble when any vote is before it (originating in the house of reps).   however, the senate can assemble without the house of reps assembling or putting a vote before it, for the purpose of considering appointments and other matters peculiar to the senate.


alternative charter amendment approval process: total yay minus nay >50% of total votes cast, total votes cast >50% of total votes eligible, and in no more than 10% of contained units of state can nay minus yay exceed 50%.


offices cannot be appointed by the legislature or electorate except as provided constitutionally.


the defendant in a trial must "take the stand", i.e., answer the judge's questions without an intermediary.


a foreign national who meets the standards for naturalization, should be able to get a work visa.   work visas last one year and can be renewed for contiguous stays of up to four years, and a contiguous stay must be followed by non-residence at least half the duration of the stay.   a work visa must identify the employer.

actually, need to replace this with probationary citizenship.


three-strikes-and-you're-out: if a person is convicted of a violent crime causing deprivation of property or bodily injury, and has on two previous occasions, regarding two separate previous acts, been convicted of a violent crime causing deprivation of property or bodily injury, then he is automatically sentenced to life in prison.

use house arrest (domestic incarceration) in lieu of institutional incarceration for prison sentences when the underlying crime is non-violent and the person has not previously been convicted of a violent crime causing deprivation of property or bodily injury.   house arrest means literally house arrest - the person can't leave at all - but the person is allowed in the yard, i.e.   around the whole property, if there is one, i.e.   is not constrained to just one little apartment out of reach of the laundry machines and such.

whenever it serves as an aggravating factor in sentence computation, a prior conviction must not have been overturned.


can components of the state lend money to other components of the state (traversing or not traversing unit boundaries)? clearly no component of the state can borrow money from any party outside this state.


votes in legislatures must also include signed paper records.


investigative branch simply has gotta have the ability to use secret radios/networks routinely.   basically it's gotta be only the enforcement and P&L branches that have to transmit routinely in the clear, and then, only when operational security (including sources and methods, bla bla bla), and personal privacy, are not imperiled.


neat idea from recent US campaign finance "reform" bill: video and audio spots run by a political campaign must end with "I am § name of candidate and I approved this ad" or somesuch.

legislative votes must be annotatable - a legislator must be able to attach one note of up to 20 words in length, explaining the voting position, to each vote, and all retrievals of votes from state systems must include all such notes.


reducing the pay rate for soldiers below general officer rank can only be done by act of the national legislature.


add statute of limitations (expiration of criminal liability) for crimes of speech that are not associated with additional, realized, related crimes of non-speech.   this includes all inchoate crimes.


CCW cannot be denied on public transit services operating on railroads or state-owned roads, or via public harbors.


if this isn't already covered, there needs to be an exemption from the requirement to appear before the media periodically (indeed, at all) for covert operatives and other agents of the state whose identities must be concealed to protect them and/or other agents of the state, their missions, and the component(s) with which they are affiliated.


must require registration of agents of foreign states.


the state has to be able to run contests with cash (or similar) prizes, to motivate research and development that aids state missions.


poor farm: probably don't need to use reversible sterilization or gamete storage, because technology can be used to make new gametes using stem cells (or whatever).   entities that perform this procedure must not do so for anyone who's not more than a year out of the poor farm.


the state unit responsible for a particular state building, and any parent of that state unit, is permitted to monitor any electronic/radio communications entering or leaving that building, and its demands for instructions for successful interception must be met by any party originating or receiving the communications.


if the national P&L branch polls the adult population of a foreign nation and finds that more than half the population is opposed to the terms of a treaty or accord, then this state can enter the treaty or accord with the state of the foreign nation only if a referendum or other democratic process is legitimately conducted by that foreign state and the result is to direct or cause the ratification of the treaty or accord.


if a railroad has been operated with at least ten cars in each week for at least 52 contiguous weeks, and the railroad passes through a town through which no other railroad passes during those 52 weeks, then the right of way of that railroad can be reclaimed perpetually, provided restoration of the rail line restores rail service to a town not served by rail at the time the restoration will be realized, provided the restored railroad is operated by the restorer for at least five years after restoration is realized, and provided restoration is realized at a rate of at least one track mile per month (counted such that one mile of double track counts as two track miles).

there must be provisions that deter degradation to single tracking.


domestic sourcing requirement on military materiel means that the manufacturing itself is actually performed domestically.   the manufacturer need not be domestically owned, and technically, the employees performing the manufacturing need not be domestic citizens (can be on work visas).

the president of the military and P&L president can, through unanimous action, exempt a contract from domestic sourcing requirements.


only people born in this country and who have not at any point been citizens of another country, can enroll in the poor farm program.


when military personnel are used to deal with domestic emergencies, it's probably necessary to put them under the command of the P&L branch (for natural disasters and the like) or enforcement branch (for riots, domestic sieges, etc.).


neat idea for dealing with security clearances: a person with a given clearance and need-to-know, can bestow that clearance and need-to-know, or any subset thereof, upon anyone immediately below him in the managerial/command hierarchy, provided that the subordinate himself has a motivating need-to-know according to his formal duties of employment, and his current biographic profile is compatible with the security clearance level.

the superior can also revoke any clearance he has bestowed, but what happens with the clearances the subordinate has bestowed, if this happens? clearly they must be suspended and reviewed.

two types of revocation: revocation for malfeasance and other revocations.   malfeasance causes suspension and review of all the clearance assignments by the revokee, but other revocations just go through (these occur e.g.   when a project is reassigned or closed).

an individual's security clearance is the union of all the clearances bestowed on him.   a revocation for malfeasance has to cause a suspension for review of his other clearances.

there has to be an entity that does only raw biographic research to develop the bio profile of a clearance candidate.   it doesn't make decisions, but it does a set of scores, analogous to credit ratings, objectively computed from biographic facts collected from the research.

different levels of research are possible, each level supplementing the previous level, and a given level of clearance requires a particular minimum level of research.   a superior can request, and his office must pay for, research at whatever level is needed to support assignment to a subordinate of a particular level of clearance. research must go stale at various intervals, slower for shallow research, quicker for deeper research.   the research supporting assignment of a clearance must not be stale in whole or in part.

when a person's research goes stale, the clearance(s) it supports are suspended without prejudice, and the person's clearance assignments to subordinates are not suspended.

what about when a person has multiple superiors that are assigning clearances - how is the cost of research shared?

what about contractors?

(the researching entity(s), by the way, handle only personal-privacy-sensitive information, not state or LE secrets etc.)


what about people simultaneously being employees of the state and of a private IE? this must be permitted, but detailed rules for mitigating conflicts of interest are needed.


spending ceiling on people in the poor farm: within each budgeting year, total poor farm funding by the state, including all funding by the state for poor farm provisions for clothing, housing, food, education, medicine, and entertainment, can't exceed 6 times an average hour's wage for each person-day in the poor farm.   additional voluntary earmarked contributions by poor farm enrollees and by private individuals and incorporated entities, can supplement this budget.

need to consider putting the poor farms on subsistence footing in times of war.


training of foreign soldiers in this country

training of foreign soldiers with this country's soldiers


state employee unions are limited to employees of a single branch of a single unit of state.


a law must specify which branches of government are responsible for which aspects of implementation.   the designated branches must record in their regulations, precisely which constituent agencies are responsible for the implementation.   if a law is not fully implemented by this regulatory infrastructure, it is partially or fully "orphaned".   orphaning of a law must cause automatic review of the law and its implementation by the legislature of the same unit of state.   the legislature must use it statutory power to obviate the need for implementing regulations wherever those regulations are absent (causing orphaning), or the law at issue is automatically rescinded.   need to describe timeouts and such here.


class actions: the basic idea is that each allegation brought in the case is structured such that a ruling for one party in the class is necessarily logically a ruling for each and every party in the class, and similarly for a ruling against.


probably already pretty well-articuled: prosecution of a crime must start in the court assoacitated with the smallest unit of state whose geography encompasses the act, and it can start only once (protection from double jeopardy).


importation of goods that infringe a trademark here (prohibit but must allow recovery of the goods by the shipper), and exportation of goods that infringe a trademark there.


lawyer of a person in the military hierarchy, representing client to people above or below that person in the hierarchy


satellite parking places, and outside geosynch, satellite orbits, are intrinsically and routinely contentious among sovereign states.


need to contemplate serious measures to penalize an entity that organizes itself with other entities into a cartel, then exports goods to this country.


what about child porn charges against a child who takes and distributes images of him/herself.


publication of arrests, trial proceedings, and convictions, of non-adults


RAND licensing of subscription and auction model publications

what about encrypted payloads of broadcasts?


if a work is originally published under the auction model, then its digital distribution format cannot include encryption or other obfuscating or concealing techniques that deter a recipient of the distribution from gaining direct access to all of the constituent digital data that describes and/or drives reproduction of the work at issue, i.e.   to the cleartext of the work.

the subscription model only works if parties can be contractually obligated to keep a key secret for a period of time, regardless of the relationship between the obligated party and the party providing the key.  

a key is an item or collection of information whose sole purpose is to act as a parameter or set of parameters in a system that allows a party to evidence and/or validate the authenticity and/or integrity of, and/or gate and/or obtain access to, other information, and which in itself has no other purpose, or intentional or apparently intentional meaning, and which can be precisely represented as binary data which, when fully serialized, is less than 10000 bits in length.

a subscriber can be contractually bound to keep secret, a key delivered to him in conjunction with his subscription to a particular publication, until he has had the key in his custody for a period equal to the subscription period of that publication, whereafter he is free to publish the key openly, and cannot enter any contract in which he is bound or rewarded to refrain from disclosing the key, or penalized for disclosing it.

no law can forbid or penalize surreptitious embedding of digital fingerprints in publications and distributions thereof.

any key that is needed for the purpose of gaining direct access to the cleartext of information distributed under the subscription model, must be delivered to the subscriber in a fashion that gives the susbcriber direct and persistent access to the key.   moreover, an implementation the algorithm that accepts the ciphertext and key(s) and produces the cleartext, written in the computer language most commonly used in contemporary personal computer applications, formatted conventionally and with conventionally descriptive labels for subroutines, variables, and other labelled linguistic and functional entities, must be freely available from the party that authorizes distribution to a party under the subscription model.


worth considering having the president of the investigative branch of a unit of state be appointed by the legislatures of the immediately contained units of state.


speed trial right can be waived only in additional increments equal to the original speedy trial interval, and only one waiver can be agreed and in force at one time.


entities that deliver a good or service on full or partial credit - this must be treated as a loan


``Nuremberg's "Hostage Case" (U.S.   v.   List), which held commanders responsible for war crimes only when they "knew or should have known" of the atrocities'' -what is the standard for "should have known" regarding crimes of various sorts?


an entity which operates a two way communication service network in a city/town through utility lines that run under or through, or pass over, a railroad or state owned roadway with different owners on opposite sides of the corridor, must peer its network with all other such entities in that town, so that information passing between any two subscribers to that type of network service in that town passes over lines all of which are within ten miles of the boundaries of that town.   if an entity operates that type of network in two towns that share a boundary, information passing between two subscribers to that type of service provided by that entity, or between one such subscriber and a subscriber to that type of service provided by another entity in a town wherein the first entity also provides or offers that type of service, must pass over lines all of which are within twenty miles of the boundary of the combined landmass of the two towns.   when an entity provides that type of service in a town using lines that traverse another town, it must offer that type of service in both towns.   when an entity offers that type of service in one town, and another or the same entity offers that type of service in another town, and there exists a geographic path between those two towns such that there exists an entity that offers that type of service in each town encountered on that geographic path, then information passing between any two subscribers, one in each of the two towns, must pass exclusively over lines all of which are within fifty miles of the boundary of the combined landmass of the towns encountered on the shortest such geographic path, except that any lines can be used which shorten the total line path, and network outage caused by line or other hardware failure or maintenance or installation activities, or network congestion caused by atypical bandwidth demand, can be relieved by arbitrary alternate routing.

for this type of service, an entity must charge the same rate and impose the same or quantitatively similar (marketplace equivalent) contractual obligations, for the same or quantitatively similar (marketplace equivalent) service level wherever it operates its service network.

(have to define what "within x miles of the boundary" means - it means the distance from each point in question (typically, the infinitude of points constituting a path) to the closest point on the boundary is less than or equal to x.)


it is forbidden to present a broadly convincing imitation or simulation of a set of an individual's features (particularly, of an individual's voice and speech patterns, or the individual's face and characteristic facial expressions) that are as a set distinctive, with neither the permission of the individual nor a prominent labelling that the rendition is an unauthorized imitation or simulation.

predatory recording (e.g.   of famous people, but there are many other examples, mostly lending themselves to extortion) -- needs some sort of treatment.


export of items and substances possession of which in this country requires a permit - minimally, cannot export the item/substance to a country that does not have a similar permitting regime applicable to the item/substance at issue.


a gamete contributor must never have been in the poor farm as an adult or non-adult, and must either have custody of a child who is biologically his own, or have had custody of such a child when that child attained adulthood, at the time he or she knowingly causes or knowingly allows his viable gametes to become the property of, be brokered by, or be in the custody of, an incorporated entity.   any incorporated entity taking possession, brokership, or custody of, viable gametes, must verify in advance that the contributor has never been in the poor farm as an adult or non-adult, and either has custody of a child who is biologically his own, or had custody of such a child when that child attained adulthood.

a paid surrogate must not contribute a gamete to the child the surrogate gestates.

requirement of direct non-anonymous dealings between organ donors and organ recipients

each individual has the right to access any portion of a state record that reveals his biological ancestry.


legislation that is created by citizens directly must have two affirmative votes separated by the intervals associated with constitutional amendments for the unit of state at issue.


poor farms must be at least 50 miles from the nearest point within the bounds of an urban area.

an urban area is composed of all the points such that a path of points exists that consists only of points in the urban area and includes all the points in the urban center, and within one mile of each point are residences of at least 2500 people.

(need periodic censuses for a variety of reasons, this being one of them)


instead of limiting the nation by population, simply limit it to not more than one continent (where continent is S Amer, N Amer, Australia, Africa, and Eurasia, with arbitrary apportionment of what's left.


first refusal rights for the state in sales of railroads/railbeds


make explicit that injuries suffered by guards and mercenaries attacked on the job must be compensated by their employers just as other on-the-job injuries (as usual, provided the employee was following the rules).


credit rating companies: must notify a person when an inquiry results in delivery of data from that person's record(s), and must tell the person exactly what data was supplied to the inquirer.   curiously, credit rating companies can't do what they do in terms of favorable contributions to the rating unless the rated person authorizes his business associate(s) to share information about the person.   negative rating contributions are often automatically accessible because they are contract breaches.

clearly contract breach publications are a dilution of privacy rights, and this is of course intentional.

a person must be informed when his criminal or contract breach record is retrieved in whole or in part, and must be told exactly what data is supplied to the retriever.   to make this possible, there must be nationally centralized contact method registration.


fungibility violated by money with different expiration dates!! so each currency ISSUE (an issue has uniform expiration date) is listed separately.


what are the rules about exploration, development, and claiming of land not claimed by a sovereign state? this relates particularly to Antarctica, but also to other planets.

law of the sea must be provided for constitutionally.   in international waters, the two big contentious issues are extractions and intel/military activities.


human organ commerce: every organ removal, organ custody transfer, organ storage, organ transplant, and organ destruction, must be registered with the state including the names and unique IDs of the people and IEs giving or accepting organs,


rules about citizenship for people who are born in this country but leave this country while still an infant.

rules about citizenship for people who are born in this country, but neither of whose parents is a citizen of this country, or only one is.

rules for people born to one or two citizens of this country while those citizens are not in this country.


church bell chiming, mosque chanters, etc.   (noise pollution)


a subcontractor who's manufacturing something according to trade secret specifications, must be able to be contractually bound to keep the trade secret secret.


need to investigate the degree to which items that are central to the exercise of constitutionally guaranteed rights, can be considered staples (chiefly for anti-trust purposes).


operator license and craft equipment/inspection requirements for watercraft operated in littoral regions.


under what circumstances is a businessman not permitted to predicate service/sale on identification of the customer, or indeed submission of the customer to toe print reading?

for a start, monopolizable products for which identification is not explicitly required by the applicable constitution in order to avoid a constitutionally described legal exposure.


delineate permissible purview of lawful military orders


need to find a careful way to allow foreign aid of certain types for certain types of nations for certain purposes in certain circumstances.


there is a requirement that legislators record their conversations with each other.   shouldn't all policymakers have to do so (particularly, add in regulation authors in the investigative and enforcement branches)?


cops publish no-enforce and enforcement actions identifying party/parties acted on.


"tonnage illumination": for a given customer site, tonnage illumination is computed as follows:

* the "rail network" is the national network of interconnected railroads.

* "rail distance" between two points on the rail network is the length of the shortest path by rail between the two points.

* a "site" is a particular unique point on the rail network.

* the "proximal service point" is the closest point in the rail network, figured by rail distance, to the customer site, not including any railroad owned by the customer.

* a "rail car transit" is a movement of a rail car from a customer site or car storage or processing site to another customer site or another car storage or processing site.

* for a given rail car transit on the rail network, the "carload tangent distance" is the minimum rail distance of the car from the proximal service point along the course of the rail car transit, expressed in meters.

* the "cargo weight" is the weight of a car's contents, expressed in kilograms.

* the "carload illumination" for a rail car transit is the cargo weight of the car, divided by 100000 plus the square of the carload tangent distance.

* the "total tonnage illumination" of the customer site is the sum of all carload illuminations for which the carload distance is less than 50km.

a railroad's rate schedule is permitted to include total tonnage illumination as an additional factor, a "tonnage illumination rate coefficient", as follows.   an arbitrary coefficient of the railroad's choosing is divided by the raw total tonnage illumination, producing the normalized total tonnage illumination.   The tonnage illumination rate coefficient is 1 if the normalized total tonnage is illumination is less than 1, 1.5 if the normalized total tonnage illumination is greater than 1.5, otherwise it is equal to the normalized total tonnage illumination, +/-5% on a case-by-case discretionary basis, but never less than 1 or greater than 1.5.


binding tonnage illumination for a customer site is the maximum of actual total tonnage illumination for the site over the previous 30 days, and contracted total tonnage illumination for the site over the following 30 days.   including all rail car transits to/from the customer site.


railroad must promptly and diligently disclose tonnage figures, historical and contracted, for each customer, including the location of the proximal service point of that customer.


a rail carrier must always allow customers to switch carriers at any interchange point as though the interchange point is a source or destination point, and anywhere rail routes cross paths and are owned by distinct entities, there must be an interchange.


really a good idea to ban reinsurance? almost certainly not.   but all insurers should have a requirement of publishing their rate criteria and implementing them uniformly and impartially.


prison inmates must not be required to work, nor be made to assume a debt associated with the cost of incarceration.   inmates who behave well must be allowed to work for pay in a profitable enterprise, with at least one quarter but not more than half of the profits they generate, paid to the inmate, and the rest retained by the state, to defray the cost of providing for incarceration, and for any other lawful purpose.   a job market must be operated for prisoners, analogous to that operated for the punitive labor market.   however, no prisoner can be required to work.

prisons must be staffed entirely by state employees.   people who are not state employees can contribute to daily routine prison operation only in the areas of facility construction and repair and delivery of supplies, and in particular cannot participate in security operations involving direct interaction with prisoners.


except for employees of the military branch and the national enforcement branch acting pursuant to lawful orders, whenever any citizen of this nation, or any employee or other compensated agent of an incorporated entity with legally formalized nexus in this country, displays or uses weapons while outside this country, that display or use must be such that it would not be forbidden in a materially equivalent situation inside this country, by the national laws of this country, for a person who has no special authority or privilege beyond adult citizenship under the laws of this country.   in particular, a weapon cannot be used except in direct and diligently targeted response to an initiated and endangering use of force or the clear appearance of preparation for such a use of force.   penalties for infractions of this section are imposed on the individual when the individual is legally reachable, and the IE when an IE is involved.

any person who is a citizen of this nation, and who is an employee or other compensated agent of an incorporated entity with legally formalized nexus in this country, and who is tasked by that incorporated entity with the protection by force of property or of people in another country, and who carries a weapon, must be a member in good standing of the military reserve, and must obey lawful military orders when the military is operating in the country where he provides protection.

there should be some ground rules about when a protection agent can be activated, since sometimes it serves the national interest better for him to continue in his current role.


define legally formalized nexus


apprenticeship


positions below president in the investigative, enforcement, P&L, and military branches, must be appointed by officers within the respective branches.


any operator of an aircraft or of a contracted passenger conveyance must be allowed to carry a concealed PDDW, or to conceal a PDDW in the vehicle out of reach of people in designated and visibly delineated passenger areas, but within easy reach from the operator's position.   a person cannot operate an aircraft or a contracted passenger conveyance if his PDDW rights are handicapped by prior criminal conviction, or may be handicapped upon the outcome of an ongoing court proceeding.


the P&L branch of a unit of state must publish an open source software reference implementation sufficient for adherence to any compliance procedure delineated in law enacted by a branch of that unit of state.   any software published by any party can be drawn upon, but the P&L branch is responsible for implementing software itself, for the components and to the degree that it cannot obtain open source implementations from elsewhere.   the P&L branch must accept bug reports, publish the bug report immediately upon confirmation that the bug exists, and must diligently and promptly address each confirmed bug with a published repair.   P&L reference implementations are not authorities in themselves and, in particular, cannot be cited as authorities in judicial proceedings.


once a month there should be a grand council thing in which the president of each branch, and for the legislative the president of each house (fixme! how's the president of the senate chosen?), meet to discuss the state of the state, then have a joint press availability.


no one can be contractually bound to disclose or confirm any information available in


when a person is wrongfully incarcerated, then when the person is exonerated and released, for each day of incarceration, the state must pay the person the difference between his income in the 120 days before he was first investigated or charged (the "initial state action"), divided by 120, and his income since the initial state action, divided by the number of days since the initial state action, that difference then multiplied by the number of days since the initial state action.


probably need to have some strict terms on purposes for which state can own land, and different terms for different levels of state.


there probably ought to be a requirement that alternating legislatures be held in towns with populations less than 100000 people.


the proportional representation house is called the house of representatives, and the provincial representation house is called the senate.   in the national unit of state, and only there, the two of them together, and in particular, a meeting thereof, is called the congress.


it would be very nice if anyone could publish a vow of any sort - a vow by a newspaper to tell the truth, for example - with a monetary schedule of breach penalties to be paid (to the state?), and contract taxes driven by the one largest breach penalty in the schedule.

hey what about contract taxes on IE charters??


judge points system: when a judge with the power to veto a bill doesn't, and it becomes a law, and that law is later found to be unconstitutional by constitutional tenets in place at the time the bill was initially subject to judicial review before becoming a law, that judge must take a points hit for his failure to veto.


the full text of a given level of law must be incorporated into the immediately contained level of law, and serve therein as a topical scaffolding, so that additions appear alongside principle authorizing or requiring text from the higher level.   thus, the lowest level of law must contain the entire text of all levels of law above it, organized topically.


wordcount limit on the thing subjected to a particular vote in a legislature?


crime for pregnant mothers to cause injuries to their unborn children - by psychoactive drug use? by deliberate action?


it must be possible for a person - most notably, a private police officer - to be bonded, such that a portion of the bond is forfeited if a crime occurs during and in the person's time and area of responsibility.   there don't seem to be any existing obstacles to such a contract, but make sure this is possible.


gambling joints (define) are forbidden by law to eject/ban anyone who isn't breaking the promulgated rules of the house, and the rules of the house must not forbid or penalize any practice that is strictly mental.


no contract can bind a party to not enter a contract, similar or otherwise, with a competitor or rival of the other party to the prior contract.

is there anything to be done to deter non-monopoly parties from refusing to enter contracts with parties that have previously entered a contract, standing or transpired, with a competitor or rival of the other party to the prospective contract?


if anything in this const forbids entering a contract to buy and/or sell a good or service or set of goods or services at a particular price at a particular time or set of times in the future, it has to go away, because this type of contract is an irrepeaceable staple of business, whereby and nearly only whereby, a business can plan its capital investments strategically and efficiently, and mitigate risks that, unmitigated, would tend to red-light the investment.

postal service: need to have a good definition of a mail drop (a superset of mailbox), and a good definition of legitimate mail (i.e., properly displaying a sender contact method and the recipient address, and the carrier chain by corporate name and date+time of each corporate custody change), and delivery of legitimate mail to mail drops must be permitted


need to have measures that criminalize cornering of commodity markets.


what about this nation buying land from another nation? contiguous vs.   non-contiguous.   when can land be thus bought? what if the land is populated? can purchase be part of a secession-aggregation transaction? if so, who gets the money - presumably the national unit of state of the nation seceded from?


ban on seditious mass communications to deployed soldiers.

a solider must have access to a voting method that is sufficiently timely that he can participate in anything coming up for a vote in his own most local voting precinct.


how do precinct officers (the electors right above individual voters) coordinate to assure a particular individual is associated with at most one precinct officer nationwide? he must publish a cryptographic one way hash of each of his bound voters identity, probably.


immigration is the exclusive domain of the national unit of state.

the state must make available an acknowledgement of receipt of an immigration application within one day of its receipt.   the state must make its decision to grant or deny the immigration visa available within three months of receipt of the application.   If the application is rejected, the decision must include any derogatory information about the applicant that the state has, and must identify which derogatory information is, separately or together, determinative of rejection.   the decision remains current for a period of two years, unless a rejected applicant rectifies all of the derogatory factors identified as determinative of rejection, whereupon he can re-apply immediately.   if citizenship is not attained while a decision to grant is current, then the applicant must re-apply.

what about medical examination and screening on entry and/or at some point before formal bestowing of citizenship? there should be a drug screen on entry and on bestowal (test hair and breath for psychoactives).   after entry, the immigrant can take up to three months to complete legal orientation class, which is free to anyone with a current immigration visa.   each of four weeks ends with a quiz, and if an immigrant fails a quiz, he is automatically moved into another class to redo that week and take the accompanying quiz again.   if after three months have passed, he has not completed the classes, he forfeits his immigration visa and must leave the country.

an immigrant should only renounce his prior citizenship at the moment he is granted citizenship in this nation, though in any case he must renounce his prior citizenship before he can gain citizenship in this nation.

no one who has been in a program in another country akin to the poor farm, can immigrate to this country.


need provider mobility (protocol and waveform standards compliance) with any broadcast, terrestrial or orbiting.   i.e.   their signal has to be such that the same receiver hardware can be used on any provider in the broadcast band, though a provider-specific software load is OK as long as the software is freely available, and the full functioning source code for an implementation is freely available.


the purpose of a given level of law is to disambiguate higher levels of law.   state agents acting to investigate and enforce, and citizens acting or refraining from action for any purpose, can and should freely appeal directly to higher levels of law, even to the national charter, when lower levels of applicable law do not further disambiguate the legal principles established by the higher document.


there really needs to be a way for the legislature to approve legislation when it is not in face-to-face session.   how about this: when the presidents of each of the other branches that exist in the unit of state, affirm that they will not veto the legislation, and a majority of them affirm that in their view the legislation is in the interests of the constituency of the unit of state, debate and voting can proceed as usual, except that all debate and voting is remote.

a special session of the legislature can be called up by a remote vote of the constituent legislators to that effect.   any constituent legislator can initiate a special session resolution.


no party can be bound contractually or by law to keep secret the price paid or accepted for a good or service offered or received by that party, although the identity of the other party(ies) cannot be disclosed without the permission of the other party(ies), pursuant to § Right to Secrecy.


the old principle that copyright does not cover facts in themselves, needs to be articulated w.r.t.   the distribution/licensing restriction regime.


if the state requires a licensed broadcaster to change its channel, and the broadcaster requires new equipment (modulators, amplifiers, transmission lines, towers, antenna arrays) in order to move to the new channel and maintain its service contours at that new channel, the state must pay half the cost of procuring and deploying the new equipment.


new rule on state database genetic info: the state cannot keep in its databases and records, any genetic data with known phenotypic correlates.

all state agents must have their gene profile (minus those portions with phenotypic correlates) in the state database, principally for elimination purposes.


any ship or aircraft operating in this nation's territory and areas of jurisdiction, must have a crew each member of which is able to communicate fluently with all other members of the crew, and a commanding officer and, if present, communications officer, who is/are able to communicate fluently in the official language of this nation.


forfeited bail money must result in an equal-sized reduction in taxes.   the state mustn't have a motive to make people skip bail or trick them into doing so.


change poor farm program so that instead of sterilization, it's verified birth control for males and females.   vaccines with 2 year expected effectiveness are used.   in any case, abortions must not be compelled, nor failure to undergo an abortion penalized, but abortions must be available for free.


privacy-unrelated or privacy-peripheral rights to take pictures and record audio in public places - parks, mass transit nodes/conduits/conveyances, retail facilities, etc.


should libraries operate free wireless MANs? probably so.   one key detail is that MAN bandwidth contention is resolved by equal parcellation, though not precisely thus - individual latency, throughput, and reliability preferences can be registered.   moreover if a person has been a MAN throughput hog with some time interval of measurement he sees his priority drop for some interval.   finally, to get onto the MAN, you have to prove your identity in the ID db (otherwise policies cannot be enforced).   onion routing must be fully supported by the MAN head end, so that disclosure of identity has limited consequences for personal privacy.


legislative threshold to approve purchase or sale of land owned by same unit of state?


anonymous publishing of copyright-protected material, particularly by auctioning?


contracts with the state: MMSE's must be set as usual, paid by the state component at issue if the state (assuming the beneficiary of the contract, else by the other party, as usual), and the state component pays usual taxes on the contract, into the general fund.


Notwithstanding investigative branch purview, the military branch must construct, operate, and maintain large scale extra-national intelligence/reconnaissance agencies/components/commands, chartered and acting to inform, empower, and safeguard military commands/operations/personnel/facilities inside and outside this nation.


need to have a dollar, which is the monetary unit to be used in all regulatory-complying publications.   there is no way around it.

the best I have come up with so far, and the vision is not complete because it's so hard to understand the mechanics, is:

each market facilitates buying and selling of a composite metacurrency.   this was already needed, in any case, in order to make it possible to trade one currency for another when those currencies aren't on the same market.   markets have the composite metacurrency of other markets traded on them, so that you have paths you can follow.   arbitrage trims out the slop.

so, when you buy a certain amount of the composite metacurrency, what you have actually done is buy a small amount of the currency of each of the constituent real currencies, with the proportion of a given constituent currency a function of the total market debt instrument capitalization of that currency.  

now, for the dollar, the dollar is made of all the composite metacurrencies, in proportions reflecting the debt instrument capitalizations of each of the markets.

I have to actually do this all up as algebra to convince myself there aren't any loops in the reasoning there, though.


need to consider prohibition of pornography (define objectively) from broadcast channels.   main motivation here is to avoid waste of the contentious resource that broadcast spectrum represents.


probably need to require interlocking (mandatory exclusion) gates and occupation sensors (in particular, pressure pads and gate interlock status) at rail grade crossings on state owned roadways.   in any case, the train should emit no audible warnings when approaching and crossing any grade crossing so outfitted.   final question is what sort of audible warnings to use as fixtures on the grade crossing.   any time the sun is up, there should be an audible warning - a quiet bell oriented toward pedestrians (who might be blind) that starts ringing before the gates drop, and a highly directional horn-like transducer covering the roadway very selectively.   when the sun is down, only the bell rings.   in any case, as usual, there are elevated flashers (which should use LEDs or other non-wear-item illumination elements).


sale and/or advertising of manufactured products:requirements for "a product of X" labels, where X is a country name? this is complicated by multinational origin of materials/components/subassemblies, and by production in one country by employees of a company incorporated/headquartered in another country.


need to set limits on ownership of land by a single party as a proportion of arable land suited to a particular crop in a particular region (division?).   all ownerships by parties who share one or more shareholders or officers are considered a single party.   this is actually structured like the radio broadcast ownership constraints: probably want to use radii instead of political boundaries, and it's entirely acceptable for a single party to own an empire of plots scattered across the whole country.   however, analogous to radio broadcast local ownership requirements, there should be a restriction that some portion of arable land be owned by a party headquartered within some small radius of the nearest boundary of the land at issue.   this probably ought to use political boundaries, and simply go by province.


property-tax-like taxes on wire/cable lines owned by monopolies?


IE wage/payroll reporting procedures - use crypto so that an employee can prove that his wages were incorrectly reported, or not reported at all, without disclosing his identity to either the employer or the state.   tricky thing is proving that a fictitious employee reported by an IE is in fact fictitious.


no legislature, or chamber or other component thereof, can institute a rule whereby a vote or other parliamentary procedure can be delayed by any means other than a vote, by the ordinary procedure for a resolution, affirming the delay.


ban on drug pushers, as in, people offering psychoactives for sale outside fixed structures with which they are formally affiliated, or suggesting a drug to someone who hasn't already asked for a similar drug during the same visit to the fixed structure.

a place that sells psychoactives can't sell an item that is not a psychoactive unless the item is consumed at that place, or the item is suitable for use as a container or implement of administration for the psychoactive.


a broadcast channel not used by a broadcaster must be freely usable for non-broadcast applications (chiefly, spread spectrum wireless networks and network bridges/wireless data links).


what about a unit of state owning real property - particularly, railroads - that extend beyond the bounds of their associated geography?

what about contracts between equipotent units of state? between units of state one of which is hierarchically above the other? between non-equipotent units, neither of which is hierarchically above the other?


maintenance standards for a given segment of the rail network must be driven by actual wear and tear on the infrastructure, not simply by the passage of time.   this is important so that private railroad owners can't be badgered because they are doing light and infrequent maintenance on a segment with light and infrequent traffic, and also important so that the state does not perform unnecessary maintenance on state-owned track segments.

railroad operation and maintenance on state-owned lines must be performed by private IEs contracted by the state, in any and all cases.

mainline redundancy and surveillance


contract out via bereavement?


hazardous cargo registration with national clearinghouse

cargo vehicle registration - provincial? national?


probably need a ban on tatoos and piercings for non-adults - this is a partial extension and specification of something way up above about surgical procedures on non-adults.


any time a person non-anonymously casts a vote in the state, he can attach an explanation of his voting position to the vote, up to 20 words, and this explanation must accompany any official publication of the vote.


in certain cases, involving organized crime, it will be almost imperative that a perpetrator (and hence the public) not know the identity of the judge who arrives at a verdict, because an assassination will plausibly follow.   the idea is one judge would preside over the trial while another would render a verdict.


here's a good idea: the national legislature should assemble for only two months a year normally, and during the rest of the year, debate and voting is remote.   however, when the legislature is not in assembly, the threshold for approval is higher.

legislators cannot be otherwise employed by any unit of government, though they can be employed by government contractors, and work directly on government contracts (which reminds me, conflict of interests!).

within three days of doing so, a senator or thresholded representative must publish any contract he enters with an IE according to which he is to be paid or otherwise materially rewarded for conduct that constitutes work for or on behalf of that IE.   when a representative becomes thresholded, he must publish all such contracts to which he is already a party, within three days of becoming thresholded.   (obviously this is a dilution of privacy rights for the IE, but this applies only to IEs and only to employment contracts, which are already highly regulated.) There can't be voting disqualification keyed on conflict of interest, for various reasons, but this information should nonetheless be public.


vehicles, including railcars, marine vessels, and aircraft, carrying toxic, explosive, or otherwise hazardous cargo, must display an externally readable sign specifically identifying the hazardous cargo(s).


people abroad impersonating agents of this state


figure out which right and obligations are or relate to citizens, and which are or relate to any person.   also, what about non-adults - are they citizens?


probably want to require that all national legislators be either in the military reserves, or have been in the military reserves when age or disability resulted in honorable discharge from the reserves.

military tenure requirements for the presidents of the branches?


should almost certainly deprecate the use of the term "state", probably in favor of the term "government".


poor farm: enforced, monitored birth control while in the poor farm, and for a period of time after departure from the poor farm equal to the amount of time in the poor farm.


an adult who abuses a child must be subjected to enforced, monitored birth control for as long as but no longer than the maximum possible term of incarceration for the non-adult abuse crime(s) of which he is convicted.

attainment of adulthood goes through a one year period of probation, and any conviction for violation of a law results in a return to non-adult status, so that the adulthood test must be taken and passed again, starting a new probationary period.

there is a birth control "vaccine" for female horses that lasts 2 years, and one under development that lasts 4 years.   what about male horses? what about people? what about shorter than 2 years and longer than 4 years? how precise is the duration of effectiveness, and how confident is fertility recovery?


to enroll in the poor farm, must not own any land property or have any land property under lease prepaid for a term exceeding one year beyond the time of enrollment.


what are provinces and cities/towns allowed to do to deter/prevent people from sleeping in city streets and parks, and engaging in abusive/aggressive panhandling?


highway tolls set to amortize construction costs and finance maintenance, must in some fashion be mandatory.   this, in fact, suggests that highways ought to be private concerns.


members of public (including journalists) attending hearings on bound (signed, and hence non-anonymous) condition that they not disclose certain facts derivable from the hearings, such as the unpublished and protected identities of parties to a trial.


property rights: water rights, timber rights, zoning and building permit requirements, etc.   sales of land must include disclosure of all dilutions of property rights associated with the property.

if a party has knowledge of an artificial toxin in the soil, rock, indigenous wildlife, vegetation, or bodies of water, of land that party sells to a buyer, at a concentration clinically significant to humans dwelling on that land, and the seller does not disclose this information, then that buyer is entitled to reverse the sale of that land, and any subsequent buyer is entitled to exchange with the original selling party, title to the land, for compensation equalling the original selling price of the land.


people in the poor farm are never included in any count of number of eligible voters (particularly, for purposes of determining quorum for a referndum).   they can register to vote, but they can only vote in referenda, and then, can only vote to oppose, never to support.


parental/guardianship rights/responsibilities in cases of children conceived when only one of the parents was an adult, or when one or both of the parents did not or could not give consent


a state under this constitution cannot comprise more than a quarter of the world's population or a quarter of the world's landmass.   immigration among nations with constitutions similar to this one (must articulate metric of similarity, and reciprocity must be a mandatory criterion) must be unfettered (though the poor farm ineligibility applies as usual).


an elector must be bound to a particular leaf unit of state and the voters he represents must be residents of the land associated with that unit of state, or with corresponding disqualifications in the more local voting, of any containing unit of state if he prefers to provide his residence with less specificity.   to vote in a senate election for a unit of state, a voter must own land under the purview of that unit of state, and be a resident of land under the purview of that unit of state, but need not necessarily own the land on which he resides.


need to articulate requirements within IEs for disseminating internal information of potential use to a stockholding employee in deciding whether to buy or sell stock.


does it matter if a purported land owner doesn't own the land free and clear? if land ownership is binary, then

what about land owned by IEs?

probably want to add property tax, locally collected, with assessed value properly ceilinged and based on selling price and probably some other factors.   the senate is then proportional like the house, except each senator votes with weight equal to the assessed property value he represents.

actually, probably do NOT want property tax.   can simply use the selling price as the value of the property, deducting the value of all extractions as they occur.   (what about revaluation when the land is improved but not sold? this is virtually impossible to do cleanly.)

ok one more time, probably DO want property tax, but only on property that is non-residential and not open-to-public natural-state land (subdividing taxability?), and on any vacant rental property.   (problem: local will prefer vacant rental properties, since otherwise the tax revenue goes to higher unit because it's a contract, unless either (1) the higher unit of state pays the local unit of state an amount equal to the property tax, or (2) better yet, something is done to allow this type of contract to be local - shouldn't a contract tax be payable directly to the most local unit of state covering the subject of the contract? sure!) (additional problem: if a person skips out on a contract to a locale not within the jurisdiction of the unit of state the contract taxes were paid to, then the cost of enforcement will be initially borne by the wrong unit of state.   probably the latter has to reimbursed by the former somehow.)

need reasonable rate-setting and ceiling on property tax.   need reasonable limit on the amount of a large multiuse contiguous property that can be exempted as a residence.

residential property isn't property-taxable even when there's a lien on it so that it's not owned clear-title.   it's the fact that it's occupied residential property that makes it non-taxable - indeed, even occupied residential rental property is non-taxable (though the rental contract is taxed of course).


would be nice to find a way to put zoning and building permit law entirely in the hands of property owners.   simply putting initiation of zoning and building permit laws in the hands of the senate, with the house in the confirmatory role, works fine.


a branch president can put a referendum relating to something within his branch's purview before the voters with a lower threshold of approval than there is for an entirely citizen-driven referendum.

may want to allow any legislatively confirmed officer to force a popular referendum, the rejection of which causes the ouster of the officer (or possibly a lower penalty).

either house of legislature can force referendum with a 25% vote weight threshold.

schedule for referenda - at a bare minimum, must open on a regular day, e.g.   the first of the month.


legislators need to be eligible for leave from employment akin to mandatory military leave, in order to attend the session.


it's possible railroads need specific immunities from local regulation.   likely: all railroad regulation affecting rail and bed proper must be enacted nationally except as the national legislature specifically provides.


a trademark must be owned by exactly one IE or individual.   if an IE splits, each of the former IE's trademarks must be assigned to exactly one of the resulting IEs.


need to be able to serve punitive labor sentences close to residence(s), and possibly anywhere where slots are available.   this requires that the national unit of state operate the punitive labor clearinghouse.


the senate cannot participate in the process of privatizing land owned by the state.


the house and senate should have separate presidents.   no obvious purpose for a single president for the whole legislature.

the national council of presidents therefore comprises six people.


state pensions:

legislators don't get pensions.   they're decidedly part time, so they don't need it.


what about a way to prohibit pricing goods/services at a loss in order to run competitors out of business?


branch presidency terms must be staggered, the way US senate and FRBOG terms are staggered.   terms should probably be six years, with one year staggering, leg presidencies 3 years apart.


preventing price gouging in times of forecasted or actualized emergencies?


what about pension and medicine for honorably retired military reservists? cumulative time spent as a reservist, time spent in exercises, and time spent activated, clearly must play in.


national legislators being reservists seems to mean that they may be activated while they are serving as legislators.   it's clearly absurd for a legislator to attempt to meet his legislative obligations while activated.   thus, this is a serious balance of powers violation.   the inevitable compromise is that a *thresholded* legislator cannot be activated, but otherwise a legislator, or legislative candidate, can be activated.   clearly, the process of activation must be random in an externally visible way.   an activated legislator cannot be penalized for failing to meet his electoral contract obligations.

clearly, high officers of other branches of state, particularly the presidents thereof, cannot be activated.   but what about high officers of units of state below the national? this includes legislators and branch presidents, minimally.   but how far down does it go?


when someone needs medicine but can't afford it, they can only get it by going into the poor farm.   need to iron out how to deal with the can't-give-legal-consent scenario.


mandatory vaccinations? if there is such a thing, then a vaccination can only be required that is preventive of a contagious disease that tends to cause permanent injury or death in those infected.   the only possible form of mandatory vaccination would be one for non-adults.   this is a thorny issue.


in case not already said: an elector publishes the instantaneous vote-weights for each legislator for which voters have cast votes through him.

an elector must be a majority-time resident of land he owns.


legislator handicaps for unconstitutional votes are not affected by subsequent constitutional amendments.   it is unconstitutionality at the time of the vote that is at issue.


very important that incorporated entities be able to collect and make arbitrary donations relating to political campaigns, and run arbitrary truthful ads.


unions/right to work: no contract can specify that a person be excluded from employment by the company a union is associated with, while not being a member and/or dues-payer of that union, or that the person be specifically penalized for choosing such an arrangement.


there's a ban on one person being a candidate for more than one office at a time.   this is very early stuff and is incompatible on its face with the electionless legislature system.


single-subject requirement in bills: what exactly is the amendment process to a bill before the bill is voted on? likely: an amendment is allowed or rejected by a simple majority vote-weight vote by the sponsors of a bill.

if there is an amendment process at all, amendments can be entered only by bill sponsors.


emergency aid to farmers whose crops are destroyed by natural disasters?


any lawful release of information by any government agent to any incorporated entity, or to any party acting as an agent thereof, that regularly publishes news about entities other than itself and its business associates and competitors, must be accompanied by open publication of that information by the unit of government with which that government agent is associated, if the released information does not confine itself to matters of personal and business associations of the incorporated entity or the party acting as an agent thereof.


may want the legislature itself to be able to find a law, even one of its own creation, to be unconstitutional.


there needs to be a concrete consequence for its creator when a regulation is found to be unconstitutional.   there may be something rather harsh, already articulated way up above.


what to do when the legislature doesn't appoint a successor to an office in time to avoid a term-induced vacancy in that office? only real choice at hand is to keep the current officeholder in place until the replacement is appointed.   as long as such a term extension exists, the legislature is forbidden to vote on anything other than appointments to offices currently in this condition.


student loan program: if an adult citizen takes a battery of standardized aptitude tests, and gains admission to a school, then that person can get a no-interest government loan to pay for going to school.   fine points: a school can participate in this program only if it admits students entirely based on their score on the standardized test, admitting everyone who scores better than a particular score which they must publish.   a student can be granted a loan only if he has no govt loans in arears, and the loan can not be paid out more than a year in advance of the expense the loan is intended to meet.   a person cannot be older than 35, or suffering from a medical condition that will within ten years result in death or mental incompetence, when he receives his first loan payout.   a person cannot receive any loan payout more than six years after his first loan payout, and a loan must come fully due within ten years of when the last payout occurs.   each participating school can contribute one question for each standardized test for each 1000 students, or a portion thereof, that attend the school, provided it has a program that covers an area of study implicated by that standardized test.   a public random drawing is then held to determine which questions are included in the actual standardized tests.

for each question, the contributor must enumerate a list of correct responses, and can include any number of fractional credit responses.   the test subject must supply each response free form, i.e.   the question cannot be multiple/forced choice, or otherwise including the correct response verbatim within the text of the question.   immediately after the test has been administered, each question with its associated evaluation rules (correct and fractional credit responses) is published, identifying the institution that contributed it.   for each question an institution contributed to the pool for this test, it can cast a vote to remove a question that was selected for inclusion in the test.   any question voted for removal by more than 10% of contributing institutions is removed from the scoring process.   the review period must be two weeks.

each test is scored by summing up the number of correct responses and the credit fraction associated with each partially correct response, and dividing that by the number of questions.

each test subject must be supplied with a cryptographically authenticated score report that includes the identity of the contributor of each question, each question's text as administered, the response he supplied, the list of fully and partially correct answers for each question and the fraction associated with each partially correct question, and a notation on each question that was removed from scoring.

there needs to be a mechanism of accreditation.   accreditation is transitive in the sense that faculty and/or management of an accredited institution can form their own institution which is born accredited.

it is imperative that synthetic abilities play a role in admissions evaluation.   thus, each participating school is permitted to choose one student over another with a superior standardized test score, based on any additional material supplied by the applicants, particularly responses to essay questions posed by the institution.   however, a student cannot be admitted if his standardized test score is less than 90% of the automatic admission threshhold.   the key thing is that each institution has an automatic admission threshhold, which is published at the time admissions are announced, and is highly consequential.

what about early admissions? well, if an inst wants to have them, it has to commit to a threshhold when it extends its first (early) invitation to attend.

tuition ceiling: for a given student, tuition per hour of class time cannot exceed the amount a faculty member is paid during that tuition period multiplied by the number of hours that faculty member spends in the classroom as an instructor during that tuition period divided by 40 hours per week in that tuition period

what about tying a student's tuition to the wages of the instructors for the specific classes in which that student is enrolled? this inevitably creates marketplace competition between faculty members.

students of participating institutions must also take standardized tests upon the completion of their respective programs.   the average score of students at a particular institution on a particular standardized test (there are subject tests) must be published.   institutions must also publish the average admissions test score of students admitted, and at the time of program completion, the proportion of admitted students that completed their respective programs, and the average admissions test scores of the completing students.

chronic student non-performance must eventually rescind that student's eiligibility for further loans.   need to fill out details here.   probably the institution itself determines non-performance by regularized and published metrics, and this makes it important to link intraprogram performance determinations with graduation performance determination, since the institution has an interest in retaining as many students as possible, but an interest in not issuing degrees to non-performing students.

colleges that can accept government tuition loans are forbidden to charge students differently based on means of payment or the student's financial status.   moreover, the rates a particular person is charged cannot be hiked until ten years have elapsed since that person first enrolled, or the person takes a voluntary and unincentivized enrollment gap lasting longer than one year, whichever comes first.

(what about scholarships?)

probably need to require that a person make a 10% down payment on a each government student loan, and have a loan cover no more than one year's expenses.   it would be nice if the person had to actually work for an average or lower wage to make the first down payment, but there's no way to verify the source of the money.

this whole thing can be done by private lenders and contractual networks.   worth considering that - but even then, the temptation is to make the contracts (including the loans themselves) tax exempt.

government loan availability causes tuition inflation.   a counterveiling force of some sort is needed.   require that participating institutions operate student employment programs, that pay at national average wages, and require that program borrowing students pay at least 20% of their tuition from wages so earned.   (fungible funds need not be exchanged here; rather, employment program participation is simply documented and reported to the loan program administering agency and yields a commensurate tuition waiver.) the number of hours a student works in this program cannot exceed the number of hours that student is enrolled to attend institutionally scheduled activities presented or supervised by agents of the institution.   this program obviates the need for a loan down payment.

participating institutions must not dilute the free expression provisions of the national constitution.


IEs are forbidden to arrange any paycheck deduction the proceeds of which are assigned to a union.   all union revenue must come from explicit payments by members of the union, but a union can predicate membership on the making of such payments.

(if possible, deductions of any sort should be prohibited.)

moved from up above:

payment by employers to employees must consist entirely of some combination of money, shares in the company, and saleable goods owned free and clear.   this is to avoid the anti-competitive, choice-diluting, and cost-distorting results of traditional employment "benefits", wherein the economic penalty for having children is extensively absorbed by the employer


in what situations, to what degree, and in what ways, does being the victim of a crime excuse a person from contract performance?


need to liberalize business relationship disclosure prohibition, so that people can disclose that they've bought particular products or services from particular entities, disclosing the terms of the sale.   the scope of permitted single-party-consent disclosure is probably significantly larger than this, but certainly includes these simple sale situations.


when a person is acquitted he can force pseudonymization of his name, and of the name of anyone who is a friend, relative, or business associate, of him, in all documents published (publically released) by the government relating to the associated case and constituent trial(s).   but isn't this too little too late, if the initial charge is published? this is tricky.


way to make appointments by legislatures sticky: make premature recall require a vote-weight difference which is half the difference required to make the appointment in the first place.   this will go for appointing the branch presidents, at a minimum.   actually, appointment of presidents is sometimes going to be rather lax in its requirements because of forced choice (is that even spelled out yet? needs to be.   with repeated unsuccessful votes the threshold drops, something like that.).   so recall needs to have a fixed and demanding threshold.


libraries need to have daily blocks of time during which only non-criminal non-adults are admitted.

though this raises a question: how does someone prove they are NOT an adult?

you get an ID card with an annotation of non-adult status.   ID registration is already done at libraries.


in case not already covered: impose a draconian prohibition on bundling of program channels in any broadcast service and any cablecast service involving cables that go over or under state roadways or public navigable waterways.   this relates to the portion of a broadcast signal which is encrypted, and to the portion of a cablecast signal that is unidirectional.   subscription must be sold individually channel by channel with zero discount for buying more than one channel.


broadcasters are substantial monopolies.


most commercial transportation systems, particularly including locomotives, airliners, ships displacing more than 250 tons, buses, and trucks, must be instrumented with blackboxes, cameras, and microphones, that capture and save a record of any collision, derailment, or injurious accident that occurs.   the record must be delivered to any state body responsible for investigating the event upon official request.


what about requiring a name of incorporation to contain the last name of at least one employee?


when a person is arrested for a violent or destructive crime within three hours of the crime, he must be tested for psychotropics, and any he tests positive for, he loses the right to possess until he is cleared or acquitted of the charge, or for some period including the duration of the sentence and then some.


precise voting procedures for elections to offices in a particular unit of state, and referenda promulgated by that unit of state, are to be promulgated by that unit of state.


sovereign immunity: in this system, sov imm would apply to self-initiated criminal proceedings by individuals or IEs against units of state or agents of the state acting as such.   there is no sovereign immunity in this system.

on second thought, there probably must be some sort of insulation from personal prosecution for official acts consistent with applicable


"railroads" needs to be generalized to any terrestrial infrastructure of conveyance on a gauged or otherwise technically formalized and constraining interface.


contract taxes need to be payable for as little as a minute, and there mustn't be a transaction fee.   this is to facilitate things like derivatives markets.   and indeed derivatives markets for commodities must be allowed, and this (obviously) means contracts that guarantee to sell at a particular price at some point in the future.   this is actually hard to differentiate from money contracts proper.


invasive alien species controls


violations by legislators of their parliamentary voting contracts must be published in detailed itemized form when they are determined

possibly, the best way to determine violations, is to allow a legislator's constituents to vote on it, but this is very very tricky for authentication/privacy and threshold reasons.   still, it's a good idea.


trademarks - alleging that one is using a particular product or service by trademark reference, when one isn't actually doing so - forbidden.   when really in use, allowed.


non-adult victim of rape/incest by parent/guardian: ability to get abortion, without permission or notification of the criminal guardian


more on term limits: the presidents of the national investigative and P&L branches must have spent at least one term's worth of contiguous time out of government in the ten years preceding appointment, except can be consecutively reappointed to a branch presidency at most one time.


may need some mroe pointed safeguards against corps gaming the system by setting up to exploit free contracts in foreign jurisdictions and tax-free income in this jurisdiction.


probably want to prohibit bans enacted at sub-national levels on entering insurance contracts with IEs that are in different jurisdictions than that of the ban.   i.e., anyone anywhere in the country can buy health or life insurance from an IE in the country.


clearing snow/ice from streets is needed for firefighting and so both must be provided by the state where no one else provides them.   (firefighting because fires are contagious)


probably want to require that prisoners sentenced to death be killed by a single rifleman randomly chosen from among those LEOs of the sentencing enforcement branch who are technically qualified, disqualifying any individual who has already acted as such a rifleman.


it is forbidden to claim that one has made, delivered, or transmitted a statement, record, or other information, to an agent or agency of the state, if one has not in fact done so.


abortions and voluntary therapeutic medical procedures for prisoners


somewhere above, there is an explanation that if something becomes a statute in some large proportion of constituent units, then it must be voted up or down by the parent unit.   what if it's constitutional tenets that are at issue?


a person cannot be guilty of a crime that he cannot know, with the information available to him, that he is committing.   this relates most obviously to buying and selling stolen property.


part of the ban on centralized control of retail prices, is a ban on minimum advertised price restrictions/clauses.


another mode of permissible use restriction of commercial marks: claiming to be a sponsor of the represented entity.   (being a customer of it, is already covered above, I think.)


allow laws that allow constituent units of state to opt out?


possibly not covered above: a contract can specify monetary penalties less than the MMSE, for infractions intermediate between full compliance and full breach.   the taxes are simply paid on the MMSE.


does the president of each house of the legislature have a veto equipotent with those of the presidents of the other branches? maybe just the president of the house of reps?


non-citizens working as show business performers (what about production entourage?), academics and lecturers, etc., basically needs to be fine, but this needs to be coded up somehow.


branch charter mandate for military branch to develop and deploy effective defenses against any known or expected threat technology anywhere in the world, including own tech and tech of allies.


when someone misrepresents or lies about the position or findings of the government, the government must publish a denial of the falsehood when the falsehood is brought to its attention.   (process complications)


prisoners cannot be included in any census figure applied to the purpose of municipal voting parcellation or representation, or of government expenditure parcellation other than those directly associated with the construction and operation of incarceration facilities.


loan contracts: the contract cannot specify a change in terms (including interest rate, minimum payment, payment schedule, and/or merchandise return) due to conduct by the borrower that involves neither a transaction directly with the lender nor a failure to perform transactions directly with the lender as specified in the contract.


each bill, motion, resolution, or other legislative vote subject, must be read aloud in full, contiguously (but with arbitrarily interstitiated adjournments), on the floor of the legislature, before a vote on the bill, by any combination of its sponsors.   this is probably all the length constraint needed.   in the case of a repeal or amendment, it is the repealed or amended text that must be read aloud in full, with enough context to make the meaning plain.


government disaster recovery aid must be in kind or by coupon redeemable for a specific item.


private contractors contracted by the government and acting as soldiers: in the military hierarchy? how does that work? can they unionize? it seems they have de facto collective bargaining if they are directly employed by a security service contractor (like Blackwater).


contract taxes: in many locales this is the sole apparent source of revenue.   the court of first resort is often local.   there needs to be a formal, careful, and uniform scheme of parcellation that assures that lower units of state get the revenue they need to perform their functions.   for starters, contract taxes must be paid directly to the most local unit of state, which immediately pays all but its share to the parent, on up the line to the national unit of state, producing a cryptographic receipt certifying that all the payments have been completed (actually a concatenation of receipts, since each unit of state independently generates a receipt for its portion of the payment, which only it can generate).

it should be possible for each unit of state to set its own contract tax rate, with a ceiling set by that unit's constitution, so that market forces are brought to bear on tax rates.


if a voter supplies the parent elector with a random string of the voter's choosing, the elector can publish that string with its associated voting positions, and pass it to each successive parent elector with the positions attached, also for publication at each stage, so that the voter can see that his vote is being counted.   he can be given a crypto receipt for his vote proving he cast a vote with that string, and can use that receipt to prove vote suppression if necessary.   this may already be implicit to what's written about voting mechanics above, but if not it must be included.   also string uniqueness must be somehow enforced.   for starters, it must be prefixed with a string associated uniquely with the local elector.


structure of legislative hearings/inquiries - these must be formal, with chairmen and subpoena power and voting procedures.   hearings can be held anywhere, not just in the capitol.

interaction between legislative subpoenas/testimony and judicial ones is tricky, and immunity/non-admissibility may be inevitable.

old code, moved from way, waaaaay above:

a group of legislators ("panel") appointed by the full legislature must be able to grant an immunity to witnesses that takes the form of guaranteeing that, provided all testimony is truthful, no testimony given by the witness only to the legislature or a portion thereof can be used against him in a court trial.

no immunity can be granted by any body other than a legislature or duly appointed panel of legislators.

no immunity can be granted by one legislature covering laws enacted by a containing legislature.

testimony must be public except that classified information must of course not be divulged.

whether or not testimony is public/published, the issue of testimony driving investigative and enforcement branch operations must be somehow addressed.

on second thought, immunity is such a toxic institution that it should probably be abolished without exception.

on third thought, it may be infeasible to sustain a blanket ban on grants of immunity.   this is particularly true in testimony before the national legislature.


compelled testimony from government protection agents regarding their protectees?


autonomous AIs and the adulthood test?


in the various databases of bills and laws there should be optional arbitrary length precision-linked explanatory text entered by the initial sponsor of the bill (but authored by anyone, and signed by the author).

ah, indeed, often (if not, indeed, usually) the author of a given stretch of a bill will be someone other than the initial sponsor.   this authorship must be noted - wait, isn't every little bit of bill text crypto-signed by its actual author? if this isn't noted above, it's noted here!


rejected appeals must include a specific explanation for the rejection, though this explanation need not be determined or authored by the justice himself, but need only be signed by him.


if a legislator enters a bill in the database, that bill cannot pass unless that legislator votes for it (if a representative, votes his entire vote-weight for it).


problem with state agents having to always tell the truth: military psyops


a reasonable way to deal with international military coalition command hierarchies is simply to say that a soldier can always confirm an order from a soldier of another nation by consulting his own superior in his own nation's military.


the respondent in a court case is under no obligation to appear until a case has been accepted for trial, and indeed cannot be penalized for not appearing until then.   furthermore, the court must not be prejudiced by the absence of a respondent before the case is accepted for trial, and in particular must dismiss the case before it goes to trial if the claimant does not prove that he might win at trial.   obviously, a respondent always has the right to appear in court any time the claimant does, and if the respondent is in government custody, the government must cause him to appear.


in the poor farm, a voucher account with mutually non-fungible subaccounts must be used to give denizens buying power.   food, clothing, and transportation are the main subaccounts.   medicine is given in kind as needed and as indicated by standardized preventive regimens.   shelter is given in kind.   education and communications are given in kind.   each purchase/use is (obviously, inherent to the system) tracked by the government in realtime, fully trumping any transaction privacy provisions with respect to disclosure to the government.


need to use a word other than "sponsor" to describe what a legislator does in order to participate in debate on the bill.   otherwise the language slightly stacks things for supporters of the bill.


there's something up above that says that a particular act can be prosecuted as at most one crime.   additional point: an act must be prosecuted as the crime with the harshest minimum sentence.   (this implies that a sentence of punitive labor outweighs a sentence of incarceration is the conversion works out that way, though in practice this probably cannot happen.)


adulthood tests and immigration - these should include a component that is diagnostic of mental aptitude/ability.   then, in order to immigrate, a person must score higher than the last decade's average on that diagnostic component.


religious symbols in public places - can't ban them, but anything can be a religion, and religions are intrinsically insusceptible to any sort of rational accreditation, so this is thorny.


vague undeveloped principle: guardees have no privacy rights when their guardians are the ones invading that privacy.   (may need to think about requiring some level of prudence on the part of the guardian, with respect to sensitive information that a person would normally not disclose.)


the requirement that a decisionmaker involved in the application of torture be randomly chosen to undergo torture himself to ascertain that torture was legimately employed, should also be used on a random decisionmaker involved in execution of prisoners (torture to confirm that execution was legitimately employed).   then, the form of the torture must take some regularized, pre-defined form.

and it shouldn't be random, in interrogation or execution: one person makes the decisive signature, and that person must undergo the treatment.   the decisive signer must be present for the entire interrogation, must be apprised of any procedures that are to be used in the interrogation, and must have absolute veto power over any such procedure at any time before its actual application.


money: companies actually issue money denominated in company-colloquial production units, and publish a price list denominated in those production units.   the price list is set arbitrarily by the shareholders, or by the designee(s) of the shareholders.   any change to the price list must be made with at least 24 hour's public notice.   currency presented for redemption locks in the price at the time of presentment, even if performance is deferred by production capacity constraints.   (if the presenter can cause deferral of performance, and can transfer the resulting contract, then a useful, negotiable derivative is created.   this is probably desirable.)


require that employers issue a certain amount of (fully votable) stock to each employee with each paycheck, in an amount directly proportional to the amount of the paycheck (likely the conversion value of the stock is 10-15% of the paycheck amount - see below re: conversions), capping the covered amount of the paycheck at full time national average wage.   the stock can be cashed out at up to 5 times the rate it is issued, while the employee is unemployed.   if the employee once again becomes employed, the stock can be liquidated into stock in the new company at the employee's discretion.   however, if the employee becomes employed by a competitor or immediate supplier or customer of his former employer, his stock in the former employer must be liquidated into stock in his new employer.

stock assigned under this program is created by the employer de novo.   furthermore, this stock cannot create a liability for the assignee, and pays no dividends.

at his discretion, the employee can at any time convert program stock into common stock carrying liability and bearing dividends.   program stock and common stock are votable with equal potency, and differ only in that common stock carries dividends and liability, and program stock carries neither.   common stock that originated as program stock is subject to the same cash-out qualifications as program stock.   common stock that originated as program stock, and only such common stock, can be changed back into program stock.

all stock except program stock must be common stock, and program stock can be issued only proportional to paychecks, at a uniform proportion, up to the paycheck cap.

stock ownership is continuous, rather than quantized into discrete shares.   a given share (proportion) of ownership can easily and intuitively be converted into money repreenting an equal proportion of production capacity.   or rather, it's not so obvious, because stock lasts forever, and represents proportion of production capacity forever, which can theoretically be infinite, whereas money represents a portion of a specific production run, over and done.

want to find a way to allow employees to trade back and forth not just between program and common stock (which promotes paying of dividends), but between stock and the company's money, to discourage reduction of production capacity.

if they can do this, then there can be a market pricing of the ratio between the company's stock and money.   because stock is a perpetual proportion of capacity, but money is an instantiation of capacity, there can be no rational definitional relationship between stock and money.   it must be done by a market, so that players evaluate risks and respond to real world conditions that rationally affect the relative value of stock vs.   money.   whenever possible, match up buyers and sellers, but after a triggered buy or sell order has sat there unfulfilled for some amount of time, the corporation can play market maker.   probably the corporation *must* play market maker whenever, and to the degree that, doing so does not exceed the capitalization cap.

dividends are divided among _outstanding_ owners proportionally, so that as the proportion of production capacity bound up in ownership shares rises, the dividend denominator rises.   dividends are arbitrary proportions of net revenue anyway, determined by the shareowners.

in computing a company's total outstanding currency, all outstanding stock is included, by converting it to its momentary monetary equivalent.

total outstanding currency cannot exceed production capacity, using the various lifetimes of that currency to determine the duration of production.   outstanding currency due to stock is treated as money with the lifetime of the money to which the stock would be converted.   if a company cannot create program stock due to the outstanding currency limit, it must either buy back and destroy its own stock or currency using open market operations, or increase production capacity, in order to enable program stock creation.

there needs to be a way for outstanding stock and money to be forcibly cashed out into other companies' currencies when a company goes out of business and liquidates its assets.

the meaning of stock really needs to be: each share of stock represents an equal share of the total production capacity excepting that proportion of production capacity that is bound up in outstanding money.   thus, when there are increases in efficiency or other increases in capacity, for a given number of shares of stock each share becomes more valuable and converts into more money.   this causes shareholders (employees) to reliably support increases in capacity even when due to efficiency.   there is a major bookkeeping matter: production capacity has to be formally quantified, reported, and accountable.   this has large prima facie benefits for economic analysis and planning (particularly as relates international relations and warfighting capacity) by the government.


voting of stock shares must be secret, maintaining accountability by using a system somewhat like that used for municipal voting (crypto receipts, random strings, etc.), except there aren't any electors.

pension requirement applies only to employees with a contractual relationship with the employer or with an entity contractually engaged to act as an agent of the employer.

tax on stock is paid by the corporation, the way a corp has to pay the taxes on money it issues.   the MMSE on stock should be pinned continuously to the monetary equivalent if the shares are converted to money.




it needs to be possible for companies to pool their pensions, or alternatively, for people to buy pension insurance (insurance which pays out some or all of what the pension would have paid out, if the pensioner breaches its pension contract), or alternatively, for companies to insure their own pensions.   an already-insured pension can also be insured, so that if the primary pension provider and the primary pension insurer both breach, the third (or forth, etc.) entity picks up the slack.


government employees must be pensioned, and the amount of the pension must be related to their earnings in the way stock program shares are related to wages in the private sector.


what about direct employment by individuals or by non-profit IEs? these are going to have to pay into pension funds.   however, for the non-profit IEs, there should also be control shares.   this is a trip down the rabbit hole however since there's no obvious way to limit the number of outstanding shares.

(non-profit IEs are companies that cannot issue money because they do not sell a marketable product or service.)


inheritance and pensions/program_stock: probably immediately convert to money and divide up as specified in the will, or by the default mechanisms already described.


health emergencies and pensions/program_stock: the beneficiary can cause an arbitrary portion of the remaining balance to be converted immediately to pay for preventive and non-elective medicine, but the payment(s) must be directly from the fund management to the medical IE(s).   if the beneficiary is not legally competent to make decisions, the decision is made according to the terms of a living will if one exists, and/or done at the direction of the designee(s) of the beneficiary.


another money detail: money can be exchanged with the issuer for new money upon expiration of the former, rather than being redeemed for face value product/service, if the holder and issuer agree to do so (as they routinely will, presumably).


there's a bit of a sticky wicket with passenger rail service, benefiting from compulsory priority on freight lines, tacking freight cars onto passenger trains.   this clearly must be permitted, but only priority package shipment (individually addressed packages under, say, 300lb a piece) are allowed without the freight carrier's permission.


any appointment made by a branch chief to an office with lawmaking authority that applies to people who are not government employees hierarchically below the branch chief, is subject to veto by the senate of same unit of government.   all other appointments are not subject to veto.

appointments of officers below branch presidents must be by a superior in that branch, only subject to explicit veto by the Senate, not require explicit confirmation.


mechanics of presidential appointments by direct citizen vote: a person who wants to be president of a particular branch meets the standard for a referendum in the unit of government at issue, and then the results of the referendum determine whether he replaces or succeeds (depending on the wording of the referendum) the current president.   absent impeachable offense, presidents thus elected can be removed only by another citizen referendum, and are usually replaced or reappointed at the end of the 6 year term.   additional detail: if a referendum appointment installs a president at other than the usual time (6 year boundary), then the new president serves out the current term, followed by replacement/reappointment at the usual time.

6 year term may mean only one term is allowed at a stretch.

another key detail: appointments of any sort, whether by legislature or referendum, can appoint only the next officeholder to fill an office, not the officeholder after next or any subsequent officeholder.


a local elector is forbidden to reveal to anyone the identity of any voter for whom he is an elector.


charter stuff: the purpose of the amendment process is to provide for endorsement by the people or their representatives of a systematically viable repair plan to address an unforeseen and theretofore unidentified defect.   it is not to provide a vehicle for expression and institutionalization of popular moods, trends, and sentiments, nor to provide a mechanism whereby dominant majorities can purport settle controversies or institutionalize a consensus.

also charter stuff: in a trial, there's always a victim.   if you can't identify a person the defendant victimized, then the defendant is the victim, and the government is the victimizer.

more charter stuff: this constitution was written many years before the birth of the first government to implement it.   a government implementing this constitution is wholly subordinate to it.   its relationship to the cosntitution is to obey it and to serve it.   the constitution itself serves only to structure, guide, and restrain the government, society's relationship with government, and binding relations among society's members.   it does not, nor should it, nor does it claim to, describe or guide civilization as a whole.

and more: the most important purpose of the government is to resolutely occupy the position of peerless agent of coercive force in the nation, while scrupulously obeying the constitution, so that agents of coercion that defy the constitution cannot survive, and for the most part, cannot develop in the first place.

and more: human nature contains significant internal inconsistencies, no legal system can fully accommodate it without itself being inconsistent, and no inconsistent legal system can survive.

and more: the singular uppermost design objective of this constitution is to best institutionalize in government and law, the right of the individual to pursue personal prosperity through personal industry and voluntary relations.


access to private information of a decedent by the decedent's designee(s) and/or survivor(s)


may need to consider allowing the government to ban import and/or export of certain psychoactive drugs when production/supply of that drug in/to a foreign source/market country is fueling organized crime there.


there should be a general prohibition on laws that regulate conduct (including IEs/institutions) differently depending on whether the conduct is intended to or part of a plan to yield profit or other material gain or advantage.


legislative confirmation or rejection of non-legislative appointments must be within one month of submission of the appointment.   a rejected appointee cannot be appointed to an office requiring legislative confirmation until one year after his rejected appointment.

the first vote on confirmation has ordinary thresholding, but any subsequent vote on the same appointee, provided there are no intervening appointments of that appointee, or to that position, is by simple majority.


a LEO can't be punished for refraining from arresting a person who has met the statutory standard for arrest, when the person specifically identifies a constitutional (but probably not charter) section or sections that undermine the statutory rationale for arrest.


arbitrary (including religious) symbols and displays inside government buildings and on their facades - arbitrary, except when constituting lawfully prohibited expression, by ordinary resolution of the corresponding legislature, but a resolution must fully specify the form and location of the display, and cannot authorize the display for more than one month.   arbitrary (including religious) symbols and displays on publicly accessible government-owned land: the party must submit an accurate and complete description of the display to the legislature associated with the land, the date of the first day the party wishes to erect the display, and the desired duration of the display, at least three months before that first day.   the legislature has two months to veto the display by resolution, and can at its discretion explicitly authorize the display by resolution, for the desired duration or for a shorter duration.   absent a veto, the party is entitled to erect the display on the specified day, for the duration authorized or, in the absence of an explicit authorization, for the duration requested.   for purposes of the application, comprehensive photos of the display accompanied by articulation of the display's dimensions, constitutes a complete description.   if a party has had a display presented under the terms of this section at any time within the last nine months, then explicit legislative authorization is required for any new display.


possession and storage of personal effects while in the poor farm.   ownership of real property while in poor farm.

a person cannot be in the poor farm while a pension beneficiary.


explicit provisions for market-driven cycling from railroad to rail trail and back to railroad, in particular encouraging rail trailing, while making explicit that status as a rail corridor remains.


broadcast: if the subscribers of a channel-aggregating cable or satellite provider (audio or audiovisual) petition the provider to carry a particular channel, and there remains capacity to add the channel, or there is a channel for which the product of the number of subscribers and the subscription price is less than that product will be for the new channel counting all petitioners as subscribers, then the new channel must be added, and if necessary, the channel with the lowest product of subscribers and subscription price must be dropped.   if the bandwidth requirements of the new channel are such that more than one existing channel must be dropped to make way for it, then the product for the new channel must exceed the total product for all the channels dropped to make way for it.   the provider can require that a petitioner subscribe to the petitioned channel for 6 months starting with its addition to the lineup.   to be included by an aggregating provider, a channel sourcing entity must charge exactly the same rate for a given channel, for each subscriber to that channel, to each aggregating provider, and moreover, if the delivery method of the channel by the sourcing entity to the aggregating providers is by broadcast, the sourcing entity must make the broadcast available to individual direct subscribers, at the same rate they charge the aggregating providers, in an open encoding scheme for which a complete practical reference implementation has been published by the government and/or by the sourcing entity.   An aggregating provider must distribute its signal in an open encoding scheme for which a complete practical reference implementation has been published by the government and/or by the aggregating provider.

need to restructure the above around a system of on-demand subscription with granularity of half an hour or finer, with each petitioner pledging a certain number of minimum hours not more than 180 to be prepaid if the petition succeeds.   when channels must be punted to make room, the pledge amount is compared to the revenue of each existing channel over the last six months.   there must be a free preview stream associated with each non-free stream, mirroring the content of the non-free stream either simultaneously or up to fifteen minutes in advance, with reduced resolution and/or color and/or framerate video and reduced bandwidth and/or channel count audio, minimally 320x240x15hz grayscale video or equivalent thereof, and 50hz-6khz monaural audio or equivalent thereof.

broadcast: yikes, tower detuning


allow government agents to lie to a fugitive for the purpose of getting that fugitive into custody.


need details on regulation of wildlife harvesting (particularly fishing).   need details on how to deal with ocean not claimable by any individual country.


theft penalties should be proportional to value of stolen goods, but with a floor


ruination of services - a form of vandalism - penalty proportional to cost of services at issue multiplied by degree of ruination


all LEOs, whether government or private, must certify as EMTs, and render first aid as appropriate.


the posse comitatus principle is actually just that anyone implementing policy within the nation's territory outside its military bases, other than exercises and logistics that don't involve use of coercion or force on people, must be under the final command of someone who is not in the military branch.   this means that in domestic operations there is formal dilution of the requirement that military branch agents (other than the president of the military) be exclusively under the command of mil branch agents.


international terrorism response

states that tolerate international terrorists within their borders

http://online.wsj.com/article/0,,SB110238136599092748,00.html?mod=opinion&ojcontent=otep "[...] the U.N.'s report of "The High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Changes [...]" "The panel report otherwise indicates an awareness of the nature and extent of the present challenge to the international system.   Most significantly, it defines terrorism as "any action .   .   .   intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or noncombatants" as a way to intimidate a population or influence government -- and finds that people under foreign occupation are not exempt from the prohibition on terrorism."

states that undermine elections in their own countries - interaction with treaty relationships of that state


relationship between orphanages and poor farms?


international disaster aid - military involvement, in particular


road tolls must be directly proportional to vehicle weight.   eliminate the requirement that freight customers use railroads under certain circumstances.   need to have weigh stations.   roadway commercial vehicles over 10000 pounds GVW must pay special taxes for miles travelled but not tolled, likely using a manifest filing system (minimally identifying source and destination, though doing so does not allow accurate apportionment of proceeds to finance roadway maintenance)

cargo vehicles need to have non-anonymous ID transponders.   this is largely to do with terrorism.


legislators voting on economic legislation that effects their private employer(s) is inherently problematic.


vessels operating in international water, both cargo and passenger, need serious weaponry and skilled personnel to deter and stop piracy and terrorism.


general principle: only a direct state-enforceable contract can alter statutory entitlements, immunities, or obligations, that private citizens have with regard to each other.


pseudonyms are forbidden in titling of taxable property.

probable solution to property tax problem: essentially, all taxable property is always on the market.   the taxes are directly proportional to the price the owner will accept for the property (the reserve price), which need not be published.   it is an auction system.   when someone makes a bid, the owner can counter-bid to hold on to the property, or anyone else can counterbid.   when one month has elapsed without any further bids, the auction closes and the high bidder causes payment to be made, in the amount of the second to last bid or, if only one bid was made, in the amount of the owner-specified minimum price.   the minimum bid interval is 2.5% of the second largest bid.   the amount of the second largest bid is published, but regarding the largest bid, the amount is not published, only the identity of the bidder.   bids below the second largest bid are ignored, but bids greater than the second largest bid but less than the largest bid become the new second largest bid.

mechanism whereby ability to pay can be demonstrated - escrows? an uninvited bidder must, within one day of a successful bid, place in certified escrow, funds equal to the price at which the auction would close if it closed at the time the funds are placed in escrow.   (define "certified escrow") a failure to post the proper escrow deposit causes the bid to be automatically cancelled, with no further repercussions.   if the bidder is subsequently outbid, he must either withdraw his escrow deposit in full, or rebid and supplement his escrow deposit correspondingly.   an invited bidder need not post any escrow deposit, and a bidder can be invited after the fact during the one day escrow posting window.

during the auction, property taxes on the property are based on the instantaneous second largest bid amount.

the reserve price of the property, on which property tax is based, cannot be below that dictated by a 5% per year compounding (exponential decay) devaluation starting with the amount of the most recent sale or auction closing price.

bids by agents, employees, and direct suppliers and incorporated customers of competitors of the current owner, or by IEs with substantial monopolies, can be refused at the current owner's sole discretion.

there needs to be a similar mechanism whereby leases can be bid out.   otherwise there's a gaping tax loophole.

can government property owners be made to pay property taxes like a private party does? any possible buyer is a competitor, since they're buying land there and governments in general only own land that is under their legal purview.

probably the rule for government property should be that areas that are accessible to the general public, such as parks, monuments, and libraries, and all military facilities, and all communication and public transportation systems, are completely tax exempt and are (inevitably) not part of the compulsory auction system.   for other government property, property taxes are paid to the applicable unit of state, and the property is subject to compulsory auction.

another sticky wicket: clearly nothing moveable is subject to property tax.   the trouble is, property tax should be driven by the land itself, and only the land itself is subject to compulsory sale by auction.   improvements to the land (principally by building) should not be deterred by tax penalties.   the auction winner is entitled only to the land itself, and if it wants to buy structures on the land it must separately negotiate that.   if a party wins the auction (remember, that's possible only if the current owner doesn't counterbid), it does, however, take possession of any structures remaining on the land at the time the sale completes.

note that the auction system combined with value dilution disclosure requirement means that a taxable property owner must continuously publish up-to-date value dilution information.

the property tax rate needs to vary for different uses.   this could be divided into the zoning categories.   the problem here is that if multiple zones are lumped together into a single property indivisible at forced auction, then the reserve price must be apportioned among components with different tax rates, and the owner can purport to concentrate the value in lower-rate components.   the only solution here is to require that each contiguous land area all at the same tax rate be separately at auction.   moreover, can't forbid formation of enclaves by auction because that would allow a property moat configured to be taxed at the lowest rate.

need to allow a property to be encumbered by act of the most local legislature such that an uninvited bidder who wins, cannot alter the structures on the property, alter maintenance regimens already in place, or evict a tenant, without permission from that legislature.   such encumbrances cannot last longer than ten years from the date of enactment, but can be renewed indefinitely.   this is not just for historic sites.   it also allows the government to


real property can be owned only by citizens or entities incorporated in this country, but can be leased to anyone.   a lease of real property cannot last more than 99 years.   when real property is leased, no property tax can be charged on the property.


the majority of outstanding votable shares of an entity incorporated in this country must be owned by citizens of this country.


the government must cooperate with the government of the foreign destination of an emigrant by supplying to that foreign government whatever information it has about the emigrant that the emigrant requests that it supply.

emigrants must divest themselves of all real property in this nation before renouncing their citizenship.


railroads can surcharge for obstacle-negotiating structures encountered on the routes, particularly including bridges, tunnels, causeways, and cuts, provided the and the surcharge is computed using a system-wide uniform proportion of the maintenance cost of the structure (integrated over a long enough period to include construction cost).

probably the right way to do obstacle negotiation surcharges is with distance coefficients.  

the railroad can separately market faster pricier bridge/tunnel routes and slower cheaper alternatives.

fundamental economic distortion in government-owned railroads.   even though the lease payments an operator has to make can equal or exceed the property taxes it'd have to pay if it owned the track, it nonetheless didn't have to buy it in the first place, and the state has no way - well what about this, what if all government-owned railroads have to be up for auction like taxable private property is, and an operator can lease the railroad by effectively paying the property taxes due according to the reserve price set by the government, but there has to be a coefficient, 1.5 or whatever, else there's no reason to bid for ownership.   speaking of which, there has to be competitive bidding to be the lessor.

modulation up to, say, 1.5, with linear interpolation but otherwise arbitrary transfer function, on (tons/mile)/year

property taxes and auction sales on privately owned transportation and communications infrastructure is a dodgey affair.   in many cases it cannot dismantled or taken out of service (by either the seller or the buyer) due to statutory and/or contractual obligations.   the buyer assumes the seller's position in contracts associated with the infrastructure, which often requires that the prohibition on competitors buying out each other's contracts be waived (and also makes provider non-transferability clauses untenable).


should probably be illegal to pay ransoms without government involvement to arrange for recovery of the ransom (and capture or killing of the perpetators).   however the government can't prevent the delivery of a ransom once it's been involved.


no-trespassing and conditional-access signs must display the identity of the titleholder (which might be a pseudonym in the case of a residence), including a viable contact method.

a property owner (including a unit of government) must keep on record with the government a viable contact method, and the government must supply on demand contact information given a geographic location of interest.


no mail or shipping carrier can require that a delivery address be non-pseudonymous, or charge a higher rate for delivery to a pseudonymous address, except when law requires a confirmed recipient identity, or for any shipment in which the shipper's fee is paid in whole or in part by the recipient upon delivery.


monopoly utilities must permit pseudonymous residential customers, although they can require that the pseudonym be the same as that associated with the title on the residential property being serviced.


bulk hazmat transportation: probably want to have the government operate a national tracking system, with three days' advance warning of each movement, and whenever shipments can be shuffled to cause significantly shorter total mass*time in transit, order optimal shuffling, but never shuffling a shipment such that its new transit time is greater than 75% of its previous transit time, or is reduced by less than three hours, never shuffling such that a shipment is delivered more than three hours later than in the previous shipping schedule, and never shuffling such that the shipping cost of any of the shuffled shipments is higher after shuffling than before.   the customers pay the reduced shipping costs to the actual respective freight carriers, but pay the originally agreed price to the originally agreed supplier.   if two or more of the affected customers veto the shuffle, the shuffle is cancelled.   vetos are secret.   a shuffle is proposed at least 48 hours before soonest shipment departure time, and a veto must be at least 24 hours before soonest shipment departure time.


education thing: lecture and recitation are separated in primary and secondary education.   Moreover, accomplished students should act as recitation instructors for younger and less advanced students, just as they do in universities.


through roadway detail: a road connecting a state-owned road to a road in another country, even the same road if it extends into another country, must be operated as though state-owned.

what about whole privately owned road networks that connect to state-owned roadways in more than one place? then the whole network has to be operated as though state-owned, except for non-through-streets within the network.


a cursory lookover of the existing PDDW procedures didn't reveal if this is already taken care of, or indeed if it necessarily should be: if the government simply publishes the serial number of a weapon believed to have been used in a crime, along with the public details of the crime(s) in which they believe it to have been involved, then all the record-holders will all but stampede to deliver the transfer information to the government, since any non-dangling gap of two or fewer custodians in the chain is bridged (and of course, everyone wants to get rid of the hot potato).


government money rewards for all sorts of things, like discovering near earth objects that cross earth's orbital distance, providing information useful to law enforcement or national security, and other uncontracted private action salutary to formalized government objectives.   at a minimum, the full terms of such a reward program must be formally and specifically articulated and published before any reward claim can be presented.


ambush by camera: can't knock on a door uninvited with a camera running.


copyright should definitely be retained by the original individual creator(s), and should probably not be inheritable.

how to encumber for-profit physical form factor duplicate sales?


IEs must publish quarterly financial reports.   these reports must include total revenue and costs, total sales, and total production.


aggregating terrestrial broadcasters and cablecasters have to include channels for each branch of government at each level of government applicable to the location of each subscriber, optionally by giving them demand priority over a channel or bandwidth that is otherwise used for other purposes.   aggregating satellite broadcasters have to include channels for each branch of the national government.


open market operations by the government?


an IE cannot buy out a contract one of its competitors has with an employee, a contractor (individual or IE), an immediate supplier, or an immediate customer, except that contractual obligations associated with transportation and communications infrastructure can be transferred when ownership of the implicated land is transferred (do the contracts *have* to be transferred? do the other parties to the contract have any say in the transfer?).


there needs to be a taxable buffer around an access controlled structure on private land.   this is the flip side to the non-taxable buffer around an occupied residential structure.   speaking of which, smaller structures associated with a residential structure don't make the residence taxable.

interesting thing to consider is that a non-taxable parcel of land (land that is publicly accessible and in a natural state) is not subject to auction, so sale is fully discretionary.


charter: government imposes negatives, not positives.   it is the characteristic of tyranny that it compels people to commit actions they have not freely agreed to.


have to define competition (re: anti-trust).


change terms: IE to corporation


the president of the national P&L branch has to be a person recruited from a non-monopoly corporation with at least 1000 employees, that has made consecutive profits, paid consecutive dividends, performed on all loans including money redemptions, and not had an employee convicted of a serious crime for acting as directed by corporation or for defrauding the corporation, for at least the last two years, and of which he has for at least the last two years been in a management position answerable only to full director board vote and general shareholder vote.

should adapt this requirement to the presidents of the other branches.   thus, the chiefs are insiders, and the presidents are accomplished free market managers.   even the presidents of the legislative houses should be subject to a requirement of this form, albeit not immediately before appointment to the position.   the chiefs of the leg.   houses should probably just be the members with the largest vote weights.   and the chief of the enforcement branch should probably be the justice with the highest judicial score.   therefore there can't logically be term limits on chiefs, so their power has to be well-circumscribed and subject to override, particularly by the legislature.


money markets have to be open 24/7/365 (obviously, they're used to facilitate retail transactions).


road maintenance needs to be by competitively bid, performance accountable, private contractors.

road engineering and maintenance has to maximize safe travel speed.

accident statistics must be published for each road segment with the same maintainer, not more than 10 miles long, broken down by ruled cause and empirical result of accident.


in the enforcement branch, the president and the chief justice of the supreme court should almost certainly be separate people, so that the chief justice needn't concern himself with adminsitrative management beyond the immediate procedural concerns of supreme court proceedings.   the president of the enforcement branch is not, of course, capable of rendering judicial rulings.   the president of the enforcement branch is, thus, legislatively appointed in a manner analogous to that of the presidents of the investigative and P&L branches.

similarly, with the military branch, there is a president of the military to deal with branch internal management but is outside the military command hierarchy except for initiating and escalating force, and a chief soldier who is the top dog in the command hierarchy.

in the investigative branch, there is a president whose attentions are inwardly directed and a chief investigator who is top dog in the command hierarchy of outwardly directed investigations.

the P&L branch does not need or have a separate president and chief.


constitutional bootstrapping: in initial adoption referendum, each voter names his representative and if eligible his senator, in each applicable unit of state.

the real trick with bootstrapping is constructing the elector hierarchy as the first fragment of the new government, possibly in a environment wherein participants risk life and limb by doing so.

have to build a national legislature so that the presidents can be appointed pronto, among other obvious reasons.

I think there's something above about a vacant presidency needing to be filled with a hard deadline on it.   make sure of this, and if necessary, codify it further, so that the legislature has only a month or two to get it filled.

need an emergency legislative election process if there is a catastrophic compromise of the electoral system.   the threshold is, more than 5% of either house's vote-weight is substantively disputed over a one year period.


there might be something about this above, but either way: need to seriously consider allowing monetary (or in-kind, for that matter) payment to a wronged party, whereby a party can avoid criminal prosecution that would otherwise be initiated by the wronged party.   the settlement affirmatively disqualifies the wronged party's case under the event(s) at issue.   settlement payments must be published as though it is a no contest plea, including the identities of the claimant and defendant, a description of the claimed offense, and the amount of the settlement.   this raises the whole class action maelstrom too.   the settlement is not actually a contract, and indeed no contract can prevent or penalize the bringing of a criminal case.   perhaps no contract should be able to require the bringing of a criminal case?


class actions: court of first resort is the one associated with the smallest unit of state that contains all the parties to the case.   that's pretty much how it always works eh?


aggregated business data, particularly including sales, is obviously something that corporations can give to the government, e.g.   for intelligence analysis.   it's obvious because corps have to disclose production and revenue information for statutory compliance purposes.


when term limits kick in, a person is ineligible to succeed the incumbent if that person would be disqualified as a judge of the incumbent by the conflict of interest standard (family, cohabitation, contractual engagement).


rights to a trademark can never be construed to constitute or exacerbate a monopoly.


any school with adult students making some or all of their payments to the school using a government student loan program, or accepting government funding for research, must allow the government, particularly the military, to recruit employees on campus.


probably want to require notification to the government of each human birth, though how this can be meaningful without the child or at least one guardian being in the state ID db is beyond me.

furthermore probably want to require government-administered achievement testing to assure that children are being successfully educated in the constitutionally required basics.   a child who does not meet the basic standard would then need to undergo aptitude testing to determine if mental limitations explain the poor achievement.   if so, then apply formulaic handicapping to the scores to make the guardians' obligation something they can meet.   if not, then what? require attendance at a professional school? how does accreditation of primary/secondary schools work?

lot of slippery slopes here.


presidents' liutenants have to be term-limited the same as the presidents.


no recording or transcript of any statement or appearance by any agent of the state in his official capacity can be protected by copyright law, but a still frame photograph of one can be as long as no image of similar quality is published showing the agent less than one second before or after the still frame photograph at issue.


need to figure out what happens in terms of contract taxes when an employee lives in a different place than he works - obviously, there is a much more general question in play here.   arguably the contract taxes should be paid to the municipality(ies) where the benefitting party operates, but often there is no clear benefitting party.

speaking of which, it perhaps ought to be possible for a single contract to specify MMSEs that either party has to pay to end the contract.   this goes back to networks of interrelated contracts.


I am inclined to think that forcible intervention to prevent coup by vote corruption (of the sort that happened in Venezuela last summer, and as almost happened in Ukraine in the fall) is possibly an adequate and practical foreign policy whereby abusive and dangerous governments can be stopped before they start.   After diplomacy ceases to be fruitful, a first forcible resort is economic isolation and blockade, and psychological/information operations (radio and TV boadcasts, printed material dissemination) to delegitimize the coup regime and galvanize popular opposition.   Knowledge that the international community, or at least a US-led coalition of the willing, will intervene in such a situation, can be expected to cause most would-be coup plotters to abandon their ambitions long before they are put in play.


a legislator cannot introduce a bill if it conflicts with another bill the legislator has already introduced that still has a vote timer on it.

withdrawing a bill one has introduced? yes, but any existing cosponsor can take over the bill in that case, at his discretion, thereby maintaining the vote timer.   such a take over is counted as a bill introduction.   take over is simply first come first served, and there must be at least one day's published notice that the previous introducer is withdrawing the bill.


need to figure out under what situations the national government of this country is compelled to protect the rights of citizens and corporations of this country against whom legal action has been initiated by another country that cannot be initiated by any legal process in this country because forbidden by the national constitution of this country.   what forms does the protection take? at a bear minimum, no contract binding a person in this country, or an entity incorporated in this country, can be altered pursuant to any order or judgement issued under such a legal action.


probably want to abolish strategic ambiguity in the officially articulated foreign policy of the country.


when a state officer is the first to impose a regulation that subsequently determined judicially to be unconstitutional, that officer's authority to be the first to impose a regulation must be suspended for some duration, 2-10 years, to be decided by the judicial process.


OK to allow dual citizenship when the other citizenship is under a government that is no longer in power.


diplomatic immunity - in serious crimes with victims that are citizens of this country, probably need to demand that the parent country waive immunity, and it it isn't, expel that country's immune staff for some period of time.


may need to require the initiating party to finance the defense of the respondent-defendant when the combined capitalization of the latter is smaller than that of the former, with some way to define the capitalization of an individual, and some way to cap what the defendant can spend.   if the defendant loses he has to pay back everything he spent on his defense to the initator, else he owes nothing.


legislators can only specify fines in their platform contracts, and the fines are paid to the legislator's constituents under that platform contract.

there is a problem with vote-buying: if people have a receipt that allows them to prove how they voted to a person, then they can be paid by that person for their voting position.   the vote receipt supplied by an elector must be signed overall by the elector so that the voter can prove he voted with that elector at that time, but the vote position signature must be encrypted so that only the elector and the government can read it (vote position can be proved only to the elector and to the government).   handling elector corruption is well-described and well-contained.

if there is a monetary (and full amnesty if applicable) reward for turning in a vote-buying elector (or other party), equal to ten times the payoff amount, and extracted from the vote buyer, then it will be essentially impossible to buy votes.


lodging for people in the poor farm system almost certainly needs to be in publicly visible and accessible parts of cities, because otherwise it is simply too easy for the system to transition into a refuse chute.   moreover people in the system need to maintain ready and easy access to social institutions, to increase the chance that they will climb out of the system, and to assure that no one can plausibly allege that they lack such opportunities.

speaking of which, when someone leaves the poor farm system, any government records that they were in it must be destroyed, and while they are in it, those records must be strictly confidential and provided only to government agents and contractors involved directly in the administration of the system, with a need to know information about the particular individual the records refer to.


probably want to require uniforms for state agents whose job is primarily concerned with interacting with civilians (with exemptions for intelligence work including undercover policing), and forbid them otherwise, except in the military.


when a corporation becomes a substantial monopoly, how long does it have before it has to be compliant with the monopoly obligations?


probably want to allow the enforcement branch to draft private LEOs in declared law enforcement emergencies.


government agent press availabilities: in general, allow consolidation into press availabilities at which a superior inside the branch is present and responding to questions.


a person not born a citizen of this nation cannot become one without his formal and specific consent.


have automatic judicial review of the case of each person incarcerated, every five years, as long as the person is incarcerated.   the prisoner must be brought before a judge, the facts of the case reviewed in brief, a statement by the prisoner allowed if the prisoner chooses to give one, and the proceeding published by the rules of trial record publications.


the offenses with which criminal perpetrators are charged is aggravated each time, and to the degree that, a person is charged or punished for the offense actually committed by the pepetrator.


any act of any legislature can be undone by that legislature.


what about judges reversing themselves? if a judge/justice is the most recent to have heard a case, he is able to review any decision he made in that case, at any time unless or until another judge is hearing or has heard the case, with or without new evidence, and if he finds a rationale to do so, reverse that decision.   however, such a review cannot cause imposition of any new or greater penalties.   any such reversal causes the points accrued by the judge under the case to be a wash (zero), but has normal accrual consequences for prior judges.   if the judge's self-reversal is itself reversed by the final decision in the case, by another judge, then the self-reversing judge takes the negative points hit as usual.


parental/guardian privileges/powers of a person with respect to a non-adult must automatically and fully terminate if the parent/guardian is convicted of a crime of violence that rendered incapacitated another parent/guardian of that non-adult.


when a person is responsible in violation of law, in whole or in part, for the incapacitation or death of another person, any inheritance or other legal privileges and authorities the responsible person has by association with the incapacitated or deceased person are completely nullified/terminated, even when the incapacited/deceased person's will specifies otherwise.   to the degree necessary, default inheritance rules are then applied.


if the current guardian (decisionmaker in loco) of an incapacitated person who is breathing independently but is incapable of competent verbal expression, directs or causes cessation of medical and nutritional maintenance, then if the incapacitated person does not have a living will specifying such a cessation, the person becomes a ward of the government, which must continue care (moving the person to a poor farm one week after the person becomes a ward of the government), including medical and nutritional maintenance, unless and until a private guardian steps forward.   if more than one person offers to be guardian, then (1) if the incapacited person's will specifies preference in an unambiguous form, that preference is to be applied, else (2) if any of them are relatives under default inheritance rules, the one with priority by those rules becomes guardian, else (3) the person most likely to succeed in improving the health and prolonging the life of the incapacitated person, in the judgement of the supervising judge.

(need to codify judicial oversight of these procedures.   need to define "will" and "living will" and codify procedures whereby they are registered.)

(incapacitated people in the poor farm system that are potentially sexually fertile must be sexually vaccinated as usual.)


voluntary gifts to a government unit cannot be counted toward obligatory taxes that fall into arears after the gift, and no such gift can be made while any taxes are in arears with that unit.


trademark protection does not extend to use of trademarks within protocols used by mechanical engines in interactions, provided the trademark is not misleadingly exposed by a user interface (in particular, user interfaces to diagnostic, development, and system maintenance tools, applications, and logs, can render the trademark as long as the rendering does not falsely denote that the tool/app/log is a product of the trademark holder).


automatic trademark procedure for names of incorporation


no private party can be penalized by law for not providing for the needs of a person who has an irreversible loss of legal competence.


plea bargains: the key thing is that the government cannot charge a person with a different crime, contingent on the defendant pleading guilty/no-contest to that crime.   but possibly, a sentence, within the usual brackets for the crime, can be bindingly promised by the government in exchange for

eliminate innocent/guilty pleas in trials for crimes for which incarceration can be a penalty of conviction, and eliminate possibility of being charged any fees (other than those of one's own lawyers) in such cases.



a plea of "agree" cannot reduce the sentence voted by a justice relative to what he would vote, all else equal, if a plea of "disagree" were followed by a trial and conviction.

there is a vigilance requirement that some sort of substantial investigative proceeding determine the properness of the charge "agree"'d to.


puzzle: what to do about corporations with nexus in this country, that engage in conduct outside this country that would be illegal if conducted inside this country.


when a non-adult is arrested or hospitalized while not accompanied by one of his guardians, who remains unfettered, the government must report the arrest or hospitalization to at least one unfettered guardian, or failing that, an immediate family member of a guardian, as quickly as possible.


runaway non-adults?


when a cryptographic signature scheme currently in use by a government entity for any purpose, including for timestamp services or authentication of stored records, is materially compromised by cryptologic attack, that government entity must within one week start using a different scheme that is not compromised, and within two weeks stop using the compromised scheme.   Also within two weeks of the compromise, each record stored by that entity and authenticated using the compromised scheme, must have another layer of authentication added to it administratively, using the new, uncompromised scheme.


may want to have judges get small positive points for granting bail, but huge negative points when a bailee commits a crime.


judges can issue orders that coerce behavior only pursuant to the explicit penalty portions of applicable law.


construction and operation of crossings by roadways, railways, walkways, conduits, conveyors, etc., on bridges over and through tunnels under roadways and railways, is subject only to applicable laws, so that the owner of the preexisting roadway and/or railway does not have discretion.


the available units in a class of rental properties probably needs to be construed as a monopolizable thing.


bulk transporters must promptly (within less than an hour) and with detail notify the most local unit of government with jurisdiction whenever their vehicles or infrastructure suffer an accident or failure that does or might cause a release of hazardous materials, or impact the flow of traffic on public roadways or waterways.   the national hazmat transport exchange must also be informed in that timeframe of the incident in detail.


no law, or government policy or agency, can cause or direct the application of any tax regime that specifies or inherently singles out a particular individual or corporation for higher or lower taxes than would be due absent the specification.


special forces are exclusively volunteer.   have to define "special forces".


quorum for reading aloud of bill texts in legislatures?


discourage political parties by denying them trademark protection for their names?


use anonymity as a razor in determining whether transfer of a copyright-covered work is a right? (there's already something in there about parties to a distribution being personally acquainted.)


the military must take measures to assure that activated reservists have network connectivity, and free time of at least an hour a day, with which to maintain involvement in the business of their non-military affiliated company(ies), and can keep with them personal portable computing equipment for this purpose.

one month advance notice requirement for activations, except in declared and unforeseeable emergencies.

contract clock tick suspension for those activated, like that for those quarantined.

for reservists and for those quarantined, any maintenance requirements for licenses must also be relaxed, so that they can be renewed as though not lapsed, at the time of deactivation.


restrictions on government leasing its property to private parties

internal market in sales and leases of property inside the government


improper disclosure of secret business relationship information must, upon detection, be followed by notification by the proper custodian of the information, of exactly what was disclosed to each of the subjects of the disclosure.   this should probably be performed via the government, so that the authoritative notification method(s) recorded in the government ID database can be used.

similar notifications must accompany disclosure of personal information in the custody of the government.


retaliation by government policy against other governments that cause or allow the confiscation of the property of nationals of this country when the national law of this country forbids the confiscation in similar circumstances domestically


a judicial ruling must not be based in whole or in part on a rationale or system of rationales that can likewise be used to support a statute or regulation that violates the applicable constitution.


prisons must maintain economic responsibility for the inmates.   preferably their property should be private and secure, and they should buy their own food and prepare their own meals with it.   things bought in prison - particularly, food - must be bought using special money earned with labor inside the prison.   each prisoner must have a private cell accessible only to him and to prison staff, wherein he sleeps, prepares and consumes his food, washes/showers, and has a toilet.   he must keep his cell clean (or what?).


good idea: a person can be in the reserves by being an affiliate of a company which can be activated as a company, to act as a cohesive operational component coordinated with military branch assets.   the company must have a readiness regimen that meets or exceeds that of military branch reserve components, approved as such by the military branch.   the company must have a formal command hierarchy, and when it is activated for military operations its top commander becomes subject to the military branch command hierarchy.


deployment to an active theater of operations can be predicated upon commitment of up to two years.   once the fighting man has made his commitment, and for as long as the commitment is binding, in times of good behavior his rank and pay (cash and kind) cannot be reduced, and his duties cannot be substantively altered in kind without his consent.   bad behavior necessarily includes conviction after due process for a violation of applicable law, and penalties for bad behavior, including reductions in rank or pay and alterations in duties, must be appropriate for and proportionate to the behavior.


no company controlled wholly or in part by a foreign government, other than by laws and regulations to which all companies subject to that foreign jurisdiction are bound by that government, can own any real property in this country, nor purchase, be purchased by, or merge with, any company incorporated in this country.


restrictions on ownership of or material contribution to an educational or religious institution in this country, by a foreign government


privacy requirements of criminal records of non-adults after they become adults? special requirements of non-adults with criminal records, in order to attain adulthood?


the standard for approving a rules change in a legislative house must be defined by the applicable constitution.   for the national house of reps, vote-weight for minus vote-weight against must exceed one quarter of vote-weight cast, and a quorum of at least two thirds of the house's vote-weight is required.


mandatory vaccinations are set by each province separately.


make-whole not just for theft and destruction but for fraud and injury.


way to record a statement with perjury penalties associated - must be done like a contract, with continuing payment as long as enforceability is desired, by the interested party.


limited access toll highways: must obtain credential with serial number using driving license and present it at the toll point before entering the roadway.   the credential is unencrypted, but simply signed by the government robot that issues it.   the serial number gives the identity of the issuing robot, the date and time of issuance, and a sequence number that resets each day. the robot keeps no record of association between the driving license presented and the credential issued.   if a credential is used in a pattern that cannot result from driving - typically, is used at two toll booths with a time separation much less than that required to drive between them - then the credential is cancelled, and the driver must obtain a new credential, which he can do in an automated fashion at the tollbooth.


const section headings must be unique within a const (including all sections inherited from parent consts)

const sections must be referred to in law by their names and the const (name of unit of government) with which it originates.


a corporation must promptly publish the text of any contract it enters with an individual, eliding information in the contract that uniquely identifies the individual in a well-marked and well-explained fashion.   when an individual enters a contract with a corporation, the corporation must give him a document that includes a unique serial identifier associated with the contract he has entered, bearing the time and date of initial enforceability, cryptographically time-stamped by a government time stamp service, then cryptographically signed by the corporation.   each published contract must have associated with it list of these identifiers with their associated times/dates of initial enforceability, and for each identifier in that list with respect to which the contract is no longer enforceable, the most recent date and time of enforceability.   even contracts for which no identifiers remain enforceable must remain published with the complete list of all identifiers with respect to which the contract has ever, at any time, been enforceable.

contracts published by a corporation must be retrievable minimally via unique identifier and via an index of contract titles and brief descriptions of purpose, which must also include the date on which it was first entered by an individual.


estoppel between court decisions and standards of truth in slander cases and truth in regulated mass media cases.


death or serious injury of an employee acting as such must be published promptly by the employer, giving the date of the casualty, the general nature of the task during which the casualty occured, the apparent/estimated cause or causes of the casualty, and a description of the injury.


how to hold foot, bike, and auto races on public road courses?


broadcasters are completely indemnified with regard to content regulations when otherwise violative speech is a part of live coverage of an event attended by a government law enforcement agent in his official capacity, provided the transmission identifies the content as live and raw, and provided the broadcaster has no control over the events beyond that implicit in directing a camera and/or microphone toward an event.


overpasses/underpasses/bridges/tunnels that negotiate intersections involving rights of way that are not publicly accessible, must identify (with clearly visible signage) the owner and, if different, operator, of those rights of way.


for payment receipts, violation notices ("citations"), arrests, detentions, court dockets, etc.: for a given government agency, and a particular class of record, a unique serial number must be associated with each record, and the numbers must be allocated in order, without gaps, though if convenient, in small blocks of 250 or fewer, for allocation to individual government agents, whose identities must be recorded at the time of block allocation.


need to publish the identities of people granted entry visas, and a database must publish whether each such person is currently inside or outside the country.


may need to consider denying access to more-than-mild psychoactives in buying patterns associated with addiction.   can of worms though.

actually, it's not such a big problem.   the govt can issue a license to an individual, record that that person has been issued that type of license, but discard the association between the license # and the individual.   to suspend such a license, the individual is required to present his license. if he fails to do so, then a photo of his face is published, and a small bounty is paid to anyone who informs the govt of his license ID.

also, each such license has a lifespan of at most 3 months, and at least one week.


government units self-insuring w.r.t.   material assets - probably mandatory for national unit.   national unit insuring contained units?


need to articulate general principle(s) for reconciling conflicting interest when development in one location creates or exacerbates at another location, exposure to risk associated with natural phenomena, particularly floods and landslides.


within a unit of government, agency charters cannot produce overlapping/conflicting authorities.


proceedings of the national supreme court must be televised live, gavel to gavel.


need to emphasize that constitutions are "living documents" only to the degree that the amendment process allows it to adapt.

amendment process needs to be outlined in the charter.


where Senate confirmation needed: recess appointments and stopgap appointments


market in air and ocean/lake/river pollution credits (wherever there is an overall pollution cap) are a must-have.

however, for oceans and lakes, credits can't be fully fungible.   e.g.   lake credits are associated with a particular lake.   for rivers, a party can buy a credit only from a party upstream from it.


judges: may want enhanced points payoff for reversing a standing ruling.


there is a poisonous legal institution in US law, that holds that a person who has accepted care/custody of a person, must continue care/custody of the person even in (possibly unforeseeable) situations in which doing so is likely to result in death or serious injury for the caregiver.   realign the boundary of acceptable conduct, such that no one is ever legally obligated to die (and die a pointless death, in many cases).


special limits on employment contract terms negotiable by a union with a monopoly (includes the govt), and limits on ability to strike.


when is there a "defense of necessity" - e.g.   stealing food when you're starving


alteration/nullification by legislatures of contracts between private parties and the corresponding unit of government


refugees - of natural disasters, of social oppression


trials of unnamed-because-unidentified people can't happen.   have to identify the defending party.


responsibility for roads is as local as possible


allow contained levels of state to enact requirements to give prior notice to most local enforcement branch for assemblies of more than six people, engaging in coordinated expression in public urban areas, necessarily including either placards displayed by more than one person, or artificially amplified or choral speech, or the display by more than one person of a PDDW.   the prior notice must specify the place within a hundred feet, start time within an hour, and expected duration of the assembly, not to exceed six hours.   It must estimate the number of participants, must enumerate the varieties of coordinated expressions/displays, must identify at least one participant including his government ID number, must give the name(s) of any IEs that are donating funding or material to supply the assembly, and must outline the content of the message(s) the assembly is intended to propagate.   the notice must be filed at least 24 hours before the start time, and upon filing, the government must immediately supply a timestamped cryptographic receipt with which proof of prior notice can be supplied to any LEA.

need to publish the notices immediately.

need to deter frivolous notices.

need to allow organized counterdemonstrations with reduced lead time.


should dock a judge (points system) when a person he sentences to less than the midline aggregate term of incarceration for the crime(s) of which he has convicted the person, is convicted of an incarcerable crime committed after release but before that midline date is reached. the original judge cannot rule on the new case, but if the crime is in his jurisdiction, he must be the one to impose sentence, with similar terms regarding midline sentence.


requirements for spousal notification for abortions and sterilizations - must be coupled with completely voluntary divorce, which must always be available to any married person, though it cannot affect any contracts entered separately.


publication of comprehensive design and source code for machines used in law enforcement


corollary to one hearing per judge per case rule: appeals cannot be assigned to or accepted by judges who have already ruled on some portion of the case at issue and were subsequently promoted to a higher court.


lower threshold for legislative recall/reappointment after lieutenant assumes office by succession


might want to require immigrants to specify the place they will first reside as a citizen, and give the most local government of that place the authority to veto that person immigrating to there.   a non-vetoing destination must be secured before citizenship can be granted.


this may be covered already, at least in part, above, but: rationales in court decisions to uphold or reject laws must depend only on applicable constitutional tenets, not on court precedents.


make explicit that the weight of a legislature is not reduced during intervals when a voter transiently has no representation due to changing his vote.


change "non-commercial" broadcast limitation in § Radio Broadcast to signify simply that the channel cannot be an advertising arena. rename it non-advertising or somesuch.


gifts by private parties directly to government entities, and gifts to a government unit that are encumbered with conditions


without a party's consent, nothing can be seized from that party in payment, compensation, or penalty for a private debt to which that party is subject.   rather, only property and negotiable rights explicitly identified as collateral in a debt contract can be seized, and then only strictly by the terms of that contract.   a loan contract can specify types of property that become collateral if they are acquired subsequent to entry in the loan contract.

this requires more involved titling, and a lien database, and a prohibition on change of ownership without lienholder permission.


tax exemption of an owner-occupied residence extends no further than the region that is the union of all points each of which is less than 500 feet distant from some point in the structure wherein the owner resides.


all criminal complaints, whether initiated by the government or by a private party, must be subjected to a grand jury.   a government case cannot proceed if it is not certified.   a private case can proceed without certification, but the complainant thereby assumes liability for all court costs, and lost wages of the defendant, if he loses at trial.   citizens will volunteer and put themselves in a pool from which grand juries are drawn.   a grand jury consists of 16 people, chosen at random from the pool of available jurors for each hour.   the grand jury process for a given case must take at most one hour, and a grand juror must be able to make himself available for as little as one hour of jury time per year, and must be able to specify in which courthouse(s) and on which schedule (hours of each weekday) he is available to be a juror.   a juror must be able to alter his schedule with one or more weeks' notice, and must be given one week's notice if he has been scheduled to be a juror.   grand jury time must be uncompensated.   a grand juror must be eligible to vote for a representative in the national House of Representatives.   the grand jury certifies the complaint if votes for minus votes against exceeds half of the jury size, and jurors can abstain at their discretion.

one week in advance, each juror is supplied with a brief identifying the complainant, defendant, charge(s), penalty bracket(s), the complainant's description of the crime in up to 250 words, and if he volunteers one, the defendant's answer to the complainant's description, also up to 250 words.   in the jury hour, the hour begins with the complainant and defendant each making a statement of up to five minute's duration to the jury, with the complainant speaking first.   for the following 45 minutes, the jurors pose questions to either the complainant or the defendant, at their discretion, in order of juror number, in a round robin fashion.   the juror can enter a dialogue with the party of his choice, but the total time for a given juror turn must not exceed two minutes.   any juror can assign his turn for the current round to another juror whose turn is underway to extend the other juror's time by two minutes.   a juror can choose to pass.   if all jurors in the round pass, then questioning ends.   questioning ends, at the latest, five minutes before the end of the hour.   the final five minutes are spent on voting.   for two minutes, each juror makes a decision (consulting notes, for example), and, on a card that is imprinted with a unique case identifier, the date, time, and location, of the grand jury, and the juror number, he writes his vote.   the card includes autoduplication, and the juror separates the back juror retention copy from the front submission card.   each juror turns in the submission card to an attending state agent, and in the last three minutes, the agent reads out the vote and juror number on each card.   if, having read each card, no juror protests that a card was incorrectly read, the agent pronounces the verdict and the jury is dismissed.   if a juror protests, the agent can do one of three things: he can determine he made a reading error and correct himself, he can demand to see the juror's retention copy and correct himself, or he can yield to a new agent who will read all the votes.   if the verdict pronounced by the reading agent does not comport with the votes read, any juror can protest, and the agent must either correct the announced verdict, or yield to another agent who will redo the reading and counting process.

all statements by the complainant and defendant are under oath, including the complainant's written description and the defendant's answer.

the standard each juror is meant to apply in choosing a vote is that based on the sworn statements of the complainant and defendant, in his judgement the defendant probably committed the crime charged by the complainant.

when multiple charges are made by the complainant, the voting must be separate for each charge.

jury _vetoes_. prosecutor indicts.


the employer of a defendant must not penalize him for absences caused by the obligations of the case, other than by not paying him for time while he is absent.


probably better nomenclature: the state is the unique organization that facilitates and preserves the free market in all those practical ways that are not intrinsic to the free market, and within the state are government functions, which are coercive actions and stances to the common end of the state.


unchecked PDDW transfer seller joint liability ends one year after the transfer.


no government building, program, policy, office, or other institution, can bear a name that includes the name of a living person.


more on estate of crime victims: any relation that exists only by dint of connection to the decedent by way of a person criminally liable in the death of the decedent, cannot inherit any part of the decedent's estate, notwithstanding any provisions of the decedent's will to the contrary.


wages of judges: incremental pay for each case decided, but reversal of pay for it if after all avenues of appeal are exhausted or forfeited, the decision is reversed.   room for more detail here (partial reversals, magnitude of case decided, etc.).

judge base salary should be responsive in some fashion to points accrued.


LEA pursuits and arrests causing damage/destruction to/of the property of non-targets and of those arrestees not subsequently convicted: must be fully compensated by the unit of government that caused the destruction.


make clear that bail must be refunded to the party who posted it, when the bailee is a prisoner of any jurisdiction above or below the jurisdiction that accepted the bail, and when the bailee is a prisoner of any jurisdiction that has agreed to transfer the bailee only to the jurisdiction that accepted the bail, or to a jurisdiction that has entered the same agreement with the jurisdiction that accepted the bail.


contract payments to keep information classified secret must be directly proportional to the number of parties privy to the information.


Proviso to § Creation of Legislation: a referendum-empowered act in the laws of a unit of state cannot be altered or repealed by the legislature of that unit except if the legislature meets the higher standard of vote-weight for minus vote-weight against exceeding half the legislature's total vote weight.


add ban on human embryo sales (or predication on entry into a contract that benefits the party abandoning custody of the embryo)


all aircraft must be outfitted with a transceiver, like that required for land vehicles operated on state roadways, which in particular is capable of presenting to cockpit crew government-disseminated alerts about exclusion zones.   this must also be mentioned explicitly as a use of the land vehicle transceivers.


tardy trial evidence/testimony: if something is available to be entered in the proceedings administered by a given judge, then it cannot be entered in the proceedings of a subsequent appeal phase of the trial.


ambassadors and consuls must be appointed by the national Senate.   but what are their authorities?


when a law is contradicted by another law, and particularly when it contradicts itself, neither "agree" nor "disagree" is reasonable, so it is unreasonable to demand that a person charged under such a law plead one or the other.   thus a third plea must be allowed, "dispute the constitutionality of the law under which I am charged".   the effect this should have procedurally is unclear, but for starters it must be treated as a "disagree" plea.


without the voluntary and informed consent of the affected party, a jurisdiction cannot impose a legal handicap or other penalty as a consequence of a determination made or penalty imposed by a jurisdiction that is not a parent of the first jurisdiction.


mandatory reporting of injury and disease incidence to the government, for epidemiological statistics


contracts between competitors


betting contracts - have to structure so that tax is paid on the payoff amount


need to consider banning centralized control of computers not in the same corporation -- Microsoft WGA FUD, I Robot the movie.


national preemption of contracts and sub-national laws that restrict or forbid certain types and numbers/arrangements of antennas, particularly those used for mesh network nodes.


rather than saying that a given single criminal act can only be prosecuted as a single criminal infraction, allow simultaneous prosecution for a single under multiple laws, but upon conviction under one or more of those laws, only one sentence for a single act can be imposed, and the sentence bracket for it is formed using the highest minimum and highest maximum sentence (using equivalencies as necessary) associated with the crimes of which the defendant is convicted.


property tax: for a period of two years after cessation of owner occupation of a residence, the implicated property remains immune from property taxation.


government liquidating some of its assets: must be by auction lasting at least a week with 10 minute rule (how to set reserves?), each lot must consist entirely of items designed to be used together, and such lots must be formed and maintained to the greatest degree possible.


people on welfare can vote directly in legislature? and non-landowners can vote directly in senates?


activation of reservists who are members of sub-national legislatures


the Ken Lay effect: death before exhaustion of appeals causes a conviction to be automatically vacated?


for non-criminals, biometric data can be stored by the government for no more than one day except as part of a criminal investigation, and biometric data generated or signed by the government and stored outside the government can't exceed digests of toeprints and digests of exterior photos of an individual.

authentication is done by verifying the crypto signature in the personal ID token and checking a revocation database.


weight of a house of reps legislator is n/(1+n/p) where n is the number of people voting for him and p is the number of voters eligible to vote for him.   total vote-weight of the legislature is the sum of the weights of the legislators.


forcible repatriation of illegal immigrants


impeachment of legislative appointees: indictment by either the house or the senate, referred to the enforcement branch for decision


§ Separation of Military from Domestic Law Enforcement needs rehabilitation.


issuing visas for the unstated purpose of arresting the person upon entry


needs to be explicit if not already: notwithstanding any contractual provisions, a legislator can abdicate a voting contract at any time, without penalty beyond loss of the authority to vote with the weight endowed by votes cast for that voting contract.

ballot problem: how to cast a vote for a particular voting contract of a particular candidate with multiple outstanding voting contracts?


in case not nailed down: enrollment in higher education government loan program is only allowed for adults


oopyrights - must display/voice license ID in any inclusion/exhibition covered by copyright law


any contract in which the owed party can unilaterally transfer its interest in the contract to another party is money.


try to implement a judge-points type system elsewhere in government


license suspension/revocation database: key has to be blinded in some robust fashion.   a record block can and must always be retrieved completely anonymously, and without the cooperation of the person at issue, it cannot be determined from the full record contents which real person the record belongs to.   almost certainly want to encrypt each record with the public key of the person the record covers.   inside the encryption envelope is a crypto-signed datestamped version of the record, so that the person can supply the record on demand without the risk of disclosing a private key.

need to be able to charge uniform at-cost fee for accesses to the db using anonymous EFT system.


probably best if each senator's salary is paid by the unit of government associated with his electoral territory.


when term limits kick in, the successor must not be entangled with the predecessor, using the standard for disinterested judges or something like it.


each identified legal right/entitlement/authority, in the const and in laws and regs, needs to be tagged with a note specifying forms of permissible contractual dilution.


in dealings with government, every vote, indeed every decision, must have at least two hand-signed paper exposition, to be filed in an organized fashion in at least two widely separated physically secure locations.   formal chain of custody must be maintained for each record, with a hand signature at each transfer of custody.   throughout transit, and when deposited, the corresponding electronic record must be annotated with the physical location and custodian of the record.   When deposited, the location entered into the electronic record must uniquely identify (by whatever organizational system) a spatial volume that fits within a cube two meters on each side.


in any agreement, testimonial, declaration, deposition, or other disclosure, in which untruthfulness carries contractual or criminal penalties, no such penalty can be imposed on an individual for untruthfulness regarding legal proceedings against that individual that, before the occasion of untruthfulness, had culminated in irreversible acquittal or exoneration.


when a party enters a contract that conflicts with a contract that party previously entered, the previous contract takes precedence.


if two crimes are defined such that they differ only in the internal mental state of one or more persons, the lower bound of the penalty brackets designated for the two cannot differ by more than a factor of 3, and likewise, the upper bounds cannot differ by more than a factor of 3.


a declaration of war must specifically identify an enemy by political allegiance.


unencrypted over-the-air broadcasts can be simulcast without permission by broadcast or cablecast to households capable of receiving the original broadcast using an over the air antenna.


if the identity of a complainant or witness in a criminal prosecution or subsequent appeal or administrative process is concealed, the identity of a respondent or defendant must be similarly concealed, unless the latter formally insists that his identity be disclosed.


an unelected unappointed member of the public, who is not an accredited journalist, who, at a public hearing in an enclosed space owned or leased by a government component, behaves contrary to published rules of conduct and attire, can be forcibly removed (but not otherwise punished except as set forth in law) by a procedure defined within those published rules.   The aforementioned published rules are regulations, and must be defined and promulgated by the aforementioned government component by the process whereby that component defines and publishes regulations.


in sealed bids for government contracts, the procuring agency can choose at its discretion among bids less than 3% above the lowest bid.


isolation prison cells must be acoustically, visually, and pneumatically isolated from other prison cells and prisoner common areas.


during the review period of an approved bill, if affirming legislators whose weight is 50% of all affirming legislators vote to revote the bill, it must be revoted, resetting the review clock (or rejecting the bill).   however, at most two such revotes are permitted.   that is, the second revote is binding.


any information with disclosure restrictions under law or contract must be stored in encrypted form such that attempts by unauthorized parties to access the information are substantially frustrated.


extensive contingency order of succession for presidents.


without diluting other legal preconditions of disclosure, a necessary precondition for disclosure of a recording of a party by another party is that the subject(s) of the recording is/are informed of the act of recording before it begins (or the act of recording is made obvious by a plainly visible camera and/or microphone within ten meters of the recorded party), or the recorded party provides specific permission for the disclosure.


penalty for kidnapping of a non-adult who is not one's child, with more than 24 hours of retention, is permanent incarceration.


national legislature cannot vote on non-binding motions or resolutions.


taxation is imposed directly on discrete contracts, which must at any given moment specify entitlements for exactly one party.

discrete contracts can be grouped together by reference within the discrete contracts, into a compound contract with dependencies, such that the breach of one discrete contract automatically induces the breach of another contract.   to make this work, people must be able to reserve contract IDs before assigning text to them, and atomically assign text to and pay initial taxes on a set of discrete interlinked contracts.


no state employee can have tenure (inherent in contract lifespan limits, but worth mentioning explicitly).


general principles governing laws that restrict the contents of contracts


need to eliminate military adventures to halt perceived or apparent environmental misconduct in other nations.   however, such misconduct by foreign agents or nationals outside their sovereign territory must remain an acceptable target.


inspectors should have initial positions and salaries in the inspector corps commensurate with their positions in the non-inspector hierarchy prior to their whistle blowing.


would be good to have legal institutions that deter organizations akin to B5's "Nightwatch".


Vaccination for a disease can be compelled by government only for diseases in which a human is likely to infect another human purely through airborne or saliva-born particles or through simple contact such as a handshake, and for which untreated human infection has a rate of death, permanent incapacitation, or serious irreversible injury, attributable to the disease, greater than 5% within ten years of initial infection.   Furthermore, there must be a simultaneous outbreak in two populations, separated by at least one hundred miles, in each of which at least three previously healthy people are killed, permanently incapacitated, or seriously and irreversibly injured through infection.   Moreover, a person can satisfy any vaccination requirement by having the vaccination performed by the physician of his choice, provided he identifies the physician in an affidavit delivered to the agency administering the vaccination requirement, and that physician delivers an affidavit to the agency identifying all the individuals he has vaccinated (which can include himself).   The government cannot restrict the selection of vaccine supplier from which a given physician purchases or otherwise obtains the vaccine, except that it can require that the supplier be domestic, and that the vaccine be of domestic manufacture.   The national government can supply vaccine, and when it does so, it can (but need not necessarily) require that vaccination in a given town be performed within 72 hours of when vaccine sufficient for the town's population is delivered to the individuals appointed by that town's government to perform emergency vaccinations.


there is probably a role for public referendum and petition thresholds driven by the number of standing representative votes (number of citizens with standing representatives) in the unit at issue.


surreptitious audio and/or video recording by students of their teachers in the classroom, and dissemination of such recordings, cannot be forbidden or punished by law, contract, or policy.


trade in endangered species - zoos and captive breeding, import/export, pet trade, etc.


composite currency can be realized strictly by user software.   no need to allow metacurrencies, and shouldn't allow them.


in Congress, an individual funding bill must confine allocations to an individual chartered agency.


currency must become redeemable at most one year after being issued.


encumbering of redist of periodicals: problem with interleaving, e.g.   same entity has a daily and a monthly which is inserted in the daily, or engages in prima facie evasion by renaming their daily each day achieving a false annual (or decadal, etc.) periodicity.

if not already there, need ceiling on period.


may already be in there, but: leases of non-residential real property have to be subject to an auction system that parallels the ownership auction system, to keep the rates (and hence taxes) honest.   if real property currently bound by lease is bought outright, the new owner remains bound by the lease(s).


penalties for employing ineligible people (minors, non-work aliens), and for renting a residence to an individual who is in the country illegally


prohibition on masquerading as an official/authorized publication or representative of an entity or individual


equal rate for property taxes and contract taxes

lease MMSE must be driven by market valuation of property (usual auction system)

contract taxes on leases must be paid to same jurisdiction as property taxes would otherwise be paid.


a unit of government cannot compel the agents of any contained unit of government to actively enforce any law, but a unit of government can pursuant to its constitution compel the agents of any contained unit of government to refrain from actively enforcing any law.


currency expiration must consist of automatic redemption or renewal at the issuer's discretion.   renewal is a one-for-one issue identical to the initial issue, but at the current escrow rate, and exhaustively assigned to the holders of the expiring currency.

terms of currency: >= 2 years, <= 20 years

the issuer must issue a binding declaration of intent on disposition of expiring currency, at most one year before expiration, and at least two months before expiration.   all can be renewed, all can be redeemed, or an arbitrary proportion can be renewed with the remainder redeemed.   any taxes (escrow) are paid on the day of renewal, at the rate applicable on that day.

a reissue must be precisely the size required to replace outstanding currency to be renewed (which may be only a fraction of the currency outstanding), plus that required to be escrowed, as a fraction of the replacement currency at current tax rates for the lifetime of the reissue.

currency can be presented for renewal one month before expiration, or any time thereafter.   when some portion is to be forcibly redeemed, renewal is first-come-first-served.


money holders' claim to liquidated assets of issuer: money portfolio is divvied up by the fraction of total issued money held.

(where do other creditors fit in here?)

there must be a formal process for this, and inevitably it will be called bankruptcy of some sort.   probably call it liquidation bankruptcy.

there also needs to be a rearrangement bankruptcy, whereby a currency issuer can make arrangements to meet its obligations on revised terms.


if not already there: note that a currency issuer can retire currency by buying it back in open market operations, triggering corresponding nullification of escrowed currency.


if not already there: contract taxes can be paid up to 20 years in advance (at current tax rate), but no more.


gifts to the government


likely: legislators not only can but must have revenue derived from a source other than their legislative wages, and the annual income so derived must exceed average annual income of working adults.


may need to require consent of branch presidents to enact a constitutional amendment -- i.e., vetos with teeth.


whenever possible, protections specific to journalists must in fact be protections specific to journalistic activity.   so define journalistic activity.


except as prohibited by applicable legal privacy and secrecy requirements, presentations produced, raw data collected, and source code for software developed, in programs that are funded in whole or in part by government payments, and data derived from that raw data, must be openly published in unabridged, fully annotated and structured, searchable form, and for homogeneous datasets for which this is impractical due to data volume greater than one terabyte, must be made available to facility visitors by copying at the visitor's expense.


more on problems with insane (deluded/hallucinating) people: a patent untruth believed sincerely counter to reason can make a charge of perjury seem silly.   worse yet, an insane person can sincerely believe he is engaging in just self-defense while in fact committing murder.   since the criminality of an act cannot pivot on state of mind, all of these are crimes.   this means telling an untruth under oath must be some sort of crime in itself, regardless of whether it is an honest error/delusion.   this in turn means there must be stringent constraints on askable questions, and in particular, any question asked of a person under oath is accompanied implicitly by the proviso that the subject's response need only reflect information delivered to the subject.   thus, a subject is not culpable for telling a falsehood that is consistent with the evidence available to the subject, because all questions answered under oath are actually no more than reports of evidence gathered by the subject.


chain immigration: an immigration applicant must enumerate anyone he wants to immigrate with him, not to exceed his children under 18 years of age (hereditary, or adopted more than two years before time of application and when the child was less than seven years of age) and at most one of those children's other parents (hereditary, or adoptive more than two years before time of application and when the child was less than seven years of age).   Before immigrating, an immigrant must explicitly accept the government's decision regarding immigration of relatives.


need particularly strong provisions regarding reassignment of one side of a contract, because a debtor party could pay an irresponsible party to take over the contract.   thus (I think this is already above) the creditor party to a contract must always consent to transfer of the debtor party.


adjudication of mental dysfunction accompanied by latent-danger-to-others, when ruled with the subject physically present in a courtroom before the judge making the adjudication, causes a note in the license revocation database that any firearm transfer, to immunize the seller, must before transfer notify the authority/ies identified, that the firearm is so transfered, and identify the firearm by type and serial identifiers, and must notify the buyer that this notification has occured.

judges must not reap any penalty whatever for failing to adjudicate a person mentally ill who later commits a crime consistent with the rejected hypothesis of illness.

maximum duration of the notation in the revocation db is five years.   it can be extended, but only by a judge who has not previously ruled on the mental status of the subject.

the subject must be permitted to make a statement of ten minutes duration, or less at the subject's discretion, to the adjudicating judge, before the ruling.

the subject must be permitted to present an arbitrary number of witnesses to testify, in statements of up to 10 minutes, to his character.

hearing must be public unless the subject requests a private hearing in writing.


need an explicit auction (open competitive bidding) requirement for any asset a company sells to one of its competitors.


if not clear: agents of a contained unit of government can directly enforce laws enacted by a containing unit of government, and no law enacted by a contained unit can prevent or penalize enforcement of a law enacted by a containing unit.


a judge must be able to recuse himself without penalty for either conflict of interest or lack of qualification, except that no justice of the supreme court can recuse himself for lack of qualification, and if all justices of the supreme court recuse for conflict of interest, then none of them can do so.


railroads: have to divorce right-of-way ownership/construction/maintenance from train operators


running database of PDDW recipients against suspension/revocation database -- require reporting hits to government? require that this be run periodically?

those who have sold more than 5 guns in the last year, or who have registered as record custodians, must run checks daily.   failure to report a sale directly affected by a license suspension/revocation, within 25 hours of insertion of the change to the license db, is in itself a minor crime of some sort.   Crimes committed with PDDW items bought from the seller, affected directly by a license suspension/revocation, but not reported by the seller within 25 hours of the insertion, incur proportional criminal liability for the seller.

sellers who have sold 5 or fewer guns in the last year can assign their PDDW item sales records to a record custodian.

sellers who have sold 5 or fewer guns in the last year, and who are not record custodians, and who have sold PDDW items without assigning the corresponding records to a record custodian, must run checks at least once per week and report hits within 25 hours of discovering them.   Crimes committed with PDDW items bought from the seller, affected directly by a license suspension/revocation, for which the corresponding record has not been assigned to a record custodian, and for which the db hit is not reported by the seller within one week plus 25 hours of the insertion, incur proportional criminal liability for the seller.

any license db query must generate a timestamped crypto receipt.

(allowances for delays and technical difficulties with the license db have to be incorporated in the above)


need anti-dumping tariffs targeting foreign trusts


welfare: must publish a timestamped note that names the government as inheritor for all real property and contractual assets when entering program.   for contractual assets, responding entities retain 10% as a bounty when assigning the asset to the government.   all non-monetary assets must be publicly auctioned within three months of assignment, but of course a government entity can bid on the asset at its discretion.


items in households where one or more of the residents have their possession rights for the items suspended/revoked


government buying private insurance?


detecting, reporting, purging, and punishing corruption in the inspector corps.


property taxes on linear properties - utility corridors, roads, railroads.   here, it is irrational to divorce land from infrastructure, so if a hostile takeover is done, the infrastructure must be unmolested.   (what about trade secrets?) the stickier wicket is how to parcel an asset.   clearly divisions can only be made at junctions of ownership or of topology, but it is certainly not the case that any segment formed by partition at topological junctions is biddable.   in fact, likely the only feasible mechanism is to allow only ownership junctions, so that it is only whole networks that are biddable.


vigilantism directed at state agents: require two separate warnings, separated by not less than two weeks nor more than one month.


nice to have: a judge can promulgate a dissenting opinion regarding any ruling by a judge in a superior court, without effect in se, but garnering a fraction of a point for the dissenting judge if the final result of the appeals process affirms the dissenting position.


need to allow removal of a judge by concurrance of the legislature and the chief investigator of same unit of government.


what about when a branch chief or president is a whistleblower? can't shuffle off to inspector corps.


Abe Lincoln law: fraud whistleblowers keep a portion of the recovered asset?


cyclical dependency in bill predication networks


vision and auditory acuity tests for drivers

the vehicle-to-vehicle radio system must be configurable to accept only crypto-signed transmissions that identify the transmitter by national unique ID.   the radio system must record all transmissions, incoming and outgoing, for at least one week.


no person is constitutionally entitled to any of the rights enumerated in this document, who is not a citizen of this nation and who is captured -- preparing, equipped for, or committing open violence against citizens of this nation themselves acting lawfully by the laws of this nation -- by agents of the governments of this nation within the geographic territory of this nation, or in a location defined by prior act of the national legislature of this nation to be within a combat zone.   However, such people can be extended legal and material entitlements by act of Congress and, particularly, by treaty, provided that combatants not in uniform, and combatants who target or attack non-combatants, remain subject to coercive interrogation, and are in no case entitled to or afforded legal representation or right of legal appeal.

time constraint to duration of hostilities?

(clearly there are some constitutional provisions, and some not-yet-enumerated provisions, that do in fact encompass unlawful combatants.   torture provisions, for example, must apply.)


media trueness proceedings: probably need to say that claimant pays if loses, government pays if claimant wins.   defendant never pays, but must issue correction as ordered by the court.   also sweep up in the purview of the section, any work for which some copyright has been claimed by the creator.


need spelled-out mechanism for citizen to bring a court challenge to the constitutionality of a law


by internal provision, a bill cannot be predicated on another bill, but rather, can be predicated only on a law that is enacted and in force throughout the jurisdiction of the legislature, at the time the bill is entered into the bill database.

allow legislators to atomically cast a compound vote, one or more of whose constituent votes is predicated on the outcome of voting on another constituent vote.   (problem: how to determine votes when some legislators predicate upon that vote, and others predicate that vote upon other votes, such that there are predication cycles.)

predication can be upon any bill in the current bill database that has not yet become law.   at the end of the legislative year, any bill not voted into law is considered for the purposes of predication to be voted down.

allow Condorcet style voting on legislative bills: a legislator can enter his bill on its own, or toss it into the bin of an existing bill as an alternative to the bills in that bin.   voting is on bins, not individual bills, and at most one bill in the bin is chosen by the Condorcet method.   the legislator defines a boundary between positive votes and negative votes.

abolish the legislative amendment process per se



government placing microphones that record sounds in public places


need restrictions on land ownership that roughly resemble those for broadcast spectrum.


if, within a jurisdiction, manufacture, purchase, or possession of a therapeutic or prophylactic substance or item is predicated on the permission ("prescription") of a party possessing credentials bestowed by a state agent or officer, with or without designated intermediaries, then all parties possessing those credentials within that jurisdiction must supply that permission, when and where medically indicated, without charge for the examination, for production of the permission, or for any other aspect or component of the permission granting process, except that where a diagnostic test is required to determine applicability of a treatment, the patient can be required to undergo that test, at the facility of his choice, but at his own expense, provided that more than half of paying patients given permission by that party to buy the substance or item at issue are also required to undergo that test.


welfare beneficiaries: no recreational euphoric or hallucinogenic drugs, and no drugs introduced to the body in an injurious manner or that are carcinogenic.


votes for a given member of a unit of government's senate can be cast only by a person who resides on real property owned by him outright, or who owns his residence the purchase price of which exceeds 2000 hours' average wage, or who owns real property subject to property or contractual taxation and valued for property tax purposes at greater than 2000 hours' average wage, and in any case, only if the associated real property is located within the jurisdiction of that unit of government.   Where ownership is partial due to a lien, sharing arrangement, or other dilution, the purchase price or valuation is multiplied by the fraction of outright ownership and the product is the quantity subject to the eligibility threshold.   legislative vote weighting etc.   is as in that unit of government's house of reps.

legislative votes cast directly by non-members increase the voting denominator by one per voter.


right of defendant to a translator does not extend to any native or naturalized citizen, but a privately hired translator must always be permitted.

have to add right to realtime visual translation (as text or sign language, and manually or automatically generated) for deaf defendants.


vigilantism when government fails to enforce laws of its own jurisdiction


need to consider restricting loan contracts so that interest rate cannot rise nor mandatory payment frequency and proportion increase as long as timely payments are made.   this eliminates variable rate loans.


a legislator who withdraws or alters a legislative vote during the bill review period is not susceptible to handicap for voting for an unconstitutional vote

handicap applies to legislator, not to voting contracts, but are proportionated when a legislator splits his vote.

an abstention, or a vote against a bill, can never be construed as unconstitutional for purposes of legislative handicaps.


consider, july '07 ordinance in greater Atlanta GA: minimum 360ft^2/adult resident (it's the idea not the number that's at issue)


the lending party to an ordinary monetary loan, such as a mortgage, can sell its interest in the loan to another party without the consent of the borrowing party.


a person cannot go on welfare if he is a non-adult and the guardian is an individual person who is not on welfare.

need a mechanism whereby a non-adult can cause termination of a guardianship through judicial process when the guardian fails in one or more of the constitutionally enumerated responsibilities of guardianship.   when this process succeeds, the non-adult can no longer be an heir of the former guardian even by explicit provision in a will, and the guardian must be punished as specified in law for failure to meet the responsibilties of guardianship.


need to be very wary of any arrangement in which a govt official cannot fire people he commands.


confirming above proposals: direct voting in house of reps and senate is accessible to all adult citizens not incarcerated


need to consider requiring licenses and govt-registered transfers of deadly weapons that intrinsically leave no forensically trackable residue when used.   this applies to directed energy weapons, and in general to deadly weapons that are not projectile-based.   (knives? obviously not, so where is the line?)


penalty-free second trimester abortion if a disease or deformity is detected in the fetus.


non-citizens cannot own company shares.


temporal separation of acts from consequences as relates to criminal culpability.   also double jeopardy question.   (c.f.   William Barnes)


need some bright line thresholds for charter/constitutional amendments that induce constitutional convention or otherwise abnegate the standing of this document in its entirety.


centralia, pennsylvania


when a private party designates an information or authority failover party, neither party can be required to disclose the designation unless and until the failover occurs.   multiple failover parties can be simultaneously designated, with a numerical priority attached to each (lowest number is highest priority) and priority ties broken by giving the most recently designated party priority.


homosexual couples can adopt children.

thus homosexual couples must be able to get married under the rubric "marriage".

a married homosexual couple takes priority over an unmarried "stable" couple in contentious adoptions.




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